Research Repository

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Multipole moments and universal relations for scalarized neutron stars (2019)
Journal Article
Pappas, G., Doneva, D. D., Sotiriou, T. P., Yazadjiev, S. S., & Kokkotas, K. D. (2019). Multipole moments and universal relations for scalarized neutron stars. Physical Review D, 99(10), doi:10.1103/physrevd.99.104014

In recent years there has been a surge of interest in what has come to be known as the “universal relations” between various global properties of neutron stars. These universal relations are equation of state independent relations between quantities... Read More

Applications of spatial light modulators in Raman spectroscopy (2019)
Journal Article
Sinjab, F., Liao, Z., & Notingher, I. (2019). Applications of spatial light modulators in Raman spectroscopy. Applied Spectroscopy, doi:10.1177/0003702819834575

Advances in consumer display screen technologies have historically been adapted by researchers across the fields of optics as they can be used as electronically controlled spatial light modulators (SLMs) for a variety of uses. The performance charact... Read More

Unraveling the large deviation statistics of Markovian open quantum systems (2019)
Journal Article
Carollo, F., Jack, R. L., & Garrahan, J. P. (2019). Unraveling the large deviation statistics of Markovian open quantum systems. Physical Review Letters, 122(13), doi:10.1103/physrevlett.122.130605

We analyze dynamical large deviations of quantum trajectories in Markovian open quantum systems in their full generality. We derive a quantum level-2.5 large deviation principle for these systems, which describes the joint fluctuations of time-averag... Read More

Quantum accelerated approach to the thermal state of classical all-to-all connected spin systems with applications to pattern retrieval in the Hopfield neural network (2019)
Journal Article
Fiorelli, E., Rotondo, P., Marcuzzi, M., Garrahan, J. P., & Lesanovsky, I. (2019). Quantum accelerated approach to the thermal state of classical all-to-all connected spin systems with applications to pattern retrieval in the Hopfield neural network. Physical Review A, 99(3), doi:10.1103/physreva.99.032126

We explore the question as to whether quantum effects can yield a speedup of the nonequilibrium evolution of fully connected quadratic spin models towards a classical thermal state. In our approach we exploit the fact that the thermal state of a spin... Read More

The time delay between star formation quenching and morphological transformation of galaxies in clusters: a phase–space view of EDisCS (2019)
Journal Article
Kelkar, K., Gray, M. E., Aragón-Salamanca, A., Rudnick, G., Jaffé, Y. L., Jablonka, P., …Milvang-Jensen, B. (2019). The time delay between star formation quenching and morphological transformation of galaxies in clusters: a phase–space view of EDisCS. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 486(1), 868-884. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz905

We explore the possible effect of cluster environments on the structure and star formation histories of galaxies by analysing the projected phase–space (PPS) of intermediate-redshift clusters (0.4 z 0.8). HST I−band imaging data from the ESO Distant... Read More

Symmetron scalar fields: modified gravity, dark matter, or both? (2019)
Journal Article
Burrage, C., Copeland, E. J., Käding, C., & Millington, P. (2019). Symmetron scalar fields: modified gravity, dark matter, or both?. Physical Review D, 99(4), doi:10.1103/physrevd.99.043539

Scalar fields coupled to gravity through the Ricci scalar have been considered both as dark matter candidates and as a possible modified gravity explanation for galactic dynamics. It has recently been demonstrated that the dynamics of baryonic matter... Read More

Frequency difference mapping applied to the corpus callosum at 7T (2018)
Journal Article
Tendler, B. C., & Bowtell, R. (2019). Frequency difference mapping applied to the corpus callosum at 7T. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 81(5), 3017-3031. doi:10.1002/mrm.27626

Purpose: Frequency difference mapping (FDM) is a phase processing technique which characterises the non-linear temporal evolution of the phase of gradient echo signals. Here, a novel FDM processing algorithm is introduced, which is shown to reveal in... Read More

Tidal interactions and mergers in intermediate redshift EDisCS clusters (2018)
Journal Article
Deger, S., Rudnick, G., Kelkar, K., Aragón-Salamanca, A., Desai, V., Lotz, J. M., …Zaritsky, D. (2018). Tidal interactions and mergers in intermediate redshift EDisCS clusters. Astrophysical Journal, 869(1), doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aaeb87

We study the fraction of tidal interactions and mergers with well identified observability timescales (fTIM) in group, cluster, and accompanying field galaxies and its dependence on redshift (z), cluster velocity dispersion (sigma) and environment an... Read More

Development of human electrophysiological brain networks (2018)
Journal Article
Briley, P. M., Liddle, E. B., Groom, M. J., Smith, H. J. F., Morris, P. G., Colclough, G. L., …Liddle, P. F. (2018). Development of human electrophysiological brain networks. Journal of Neurophysiology, 120(6), 3122-3130. doi:10.1152/jn.00293.2018

Functional activity in the human brain is intrinsically organized into independently active, connected brain regions. These networks include sensorimotor systems, as well as higher-order cognitive networks such as the default mode network (DMN), whic... Read More

Robust Rydberg gate via Landau-Zener control of Förster resonance (2018)
Journal Article
Huang, X., Ding, Z., Hu, C., Shen, L., Li, W., Wu, H., & Zheng, S. (2018). Robust Rydberg gate via Landau-Zener control of Förster resonance. Physical Review A, 98(5), doi:10.1103/physreva.98.052324

In this paper, we propose a scheme to implement the two-qubit controlled-Z gate via the Stark-tuned Förster interaction of Rydberg atoms, where the Förster defect is driven by a time-dependent electric field of a simple sinusoidal function while the... Read More

A direct test of density wave theory in a grand design spiral galaxy (2018)
Journal Article
Peterken, T. G., Merrifield, M. R., Aragón-Salamanca, A., Drory, N., Krawczyk, C. M., Masters, K. L., …Westfall, K. B. (2018). A direct test of density wave theory in a grand design spiral galaxy. Nature Astronomy, doi:10.1038/s41550-018-0627-5

The exact nature of the arms of spiral galaxies is still an open question1. It has been widely assumed that spiral arms in galaxies with two distinct symmetrical arms are the products of density waves that propagate around the disk, with the spiral a... Read More

Spin switching in antiferromagnets using Néel-order spin-orbit torques (2018)
Journal Article
Wadley, P., & Edmonds, K. (2018). Spin switching in antiferromagnets using Néel-order spin-orbit torques. Chinese Physics B, 27(10), doi:10.1088/1674-1056/27/10/107201

Antiferromagnets offer considerable potential for electronic device applications. This article reviews recent demonstrations of spin manipulation in antiferromagnetic devices using applied electrical currents. Due to spin-orbit coupling in environmen... Read More

SDSS-IV MaNGA: pattern speeds of barred galaxies (2018)
Journal Article
Guo, R., Mao, S., Athanassoula, E., Li, H., Ge, J., Long, R., …Masters, K. (2019). SDSS-IV MaNGA: pattern speeds of barred galaxies. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 482(2), 1733-1756. doi:10.1093/mnras/sty2715

The MaNGA project has obtained IFU data for several thousand nearby galaxies, including barred galaxies. With the two dimensional spectral and kinematic information provided by IFUs, we can measure the pattern speed of a barred galaxy, which determin... Read More

Enhancing correlation times for edge spins through dissipation (2018)
Journal Article
Vasiloiu, L. M., Carollo, F., & Garrahan, J. P. (2018). Enhancing correlation times for edge spins through dissipation. Physical Review B, 98(9), (1-6). doi:10.1103/physrevb.98.094308. ISSN 2469-9950

Spin chains with open boundaries, such as the transverse field Ising model, can display coherence times for edge spins that diverge with the system size as a consequence of almost conserved operators, the so-called strong zero modes. Here we discuss... Read More

Investigation of optical and electrical properties of erbium-doped TiO2 thin films for photodetector applications (2018)
Journal Article
Mondal, S., Ghosh, A., Rizzo Piton, M., Gomes, J. P., Felix, J. F., Galvão Gobato, Y., …Mondal, A. (2018). Investigation of optical and electrical properties of erbium-doped TiO2 thin films for photodetector applications. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 29(22), (19588–19600). doi:10.1007/s10854-018-0090-1. ISSN 0957-4522

We have investigated the electrical and optical properties of erbium (Er3+) doped TiO2 thin films (Er:TiO2 TFs) grown by sol–gel technique on glass and silicon substrates. The samples were characterized by field emission gun–scanning electron microsc... Read More

Evaluation on La2O3 garlanded ceria heterostructured binary metal oxide nanoplates for UV/ visible light induced removal of organic dye from urban wastewater (2018)
Journal Article
Magdalane, C. M., Kaviyarasu, K., Matinise, N., Mayedwa, N., Mongwaketsi, N., Letsholathebe, D., …Jeyaraj, B. (2018). Evaluation on La2O3 garlanded ceria heterostructured binary metal oxide nanoplates for UV/ visible light induced removal of organic dye from urban wastewater. South African Journal of Chemical Engineering, 26, (49-60). doi:10.1016/j.sajce.2018.09.003

A low energy bandgap between Ce3+ and Ce4+ states in cerium oxides, high oxygen mobility and high oxygen storage capacity are the properties that qualify them to be the most widely used heterogeneous catalysts. This present work is an account of stud... Read More

Attenuated post-movement beta rebound associated with schizotypal features in healthy people (2018)
Journal Article
Hunt, B. A., Liddle, E. B., Gascoyne, L. E., Magazzini, L., Routley, B. C., Singh, K. D., …Liddle, P. F. (2018). Attenuated post-movement beta rebound associated with schizotypal features in healthy people. Schizophrenia Bulletin, doi:10.1093/schbul/sby117

Introduction: Schizophrenia and Schizotypal Personality Disorder (SPD) lie on a single spectrum of mental illness and converging evidence suggests similarities in the etiology of the two conditions. However, schizotypy is a heterogeneous facet of per... Read More

Solvent evaporation driven entrapment of magnetic nanoparticles in mesoporous frame for designing a highly efficient MRI contrast probe (2018)
Journal Article
Saikia, K., Bhattacharya, K., Sen, D., Kaushik, S., Biswas, J., Lodha, S., …Deb, P. (2019). Solvent evaporation driven entrapment of magnetic nanoparticles in mesoporous frame for designing a highly efficient MRI contrast probe. Applied Surface Science, 464, (567-576). doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2018.09.117. ISSN 0169-4332

The present work reports a novel strategy of assembling maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) nanoparticles (NPs) in mesoporous silica host for developing a highly efficient MRI contrast probe. Shrinkage of hydrophobic environment due to the continuous evaporation of... Read More

Metallome of cerebrovascular endothelial cells infected with Toxoplasma gondii using μ-XRF imaging and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (2018)
Journal Article
Al-sandaqchi, A. T., Brignell, C., Collingwood, J. F., Geraki, K., Mirkes, E. M., Kong, K., …Elsheikha, H. M. (2018). Metallome of cerebrovascular endothelial cells infected with Toxoplasma gondii using μ-XRF imaging and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Metallomics, 1401-1414 . doi:10.1039/C8MT00136G

In this study, we measured the levels of elements in human brain microvascular endothelial cells (ECs) infected with T. gondii. ECs were infected with tachyzoites of the RH strain, and at 6, 24, and 48 hours post infection (hpi), the intracellular co... Read More