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Return to the sea, get huge, beat cancer: an analysis of cetacean genomes including an assembly for the humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) (2019)
Journal Article
Tollis, M., Robbins, J., Webb, A. E., Kuderna, L. F., Caulin, A. F., Garcia, J. D., …Maley, C. C. (2019). Return to the sea, get huge, beat cancer: an analysis of cetacean genomes including an assembly for the humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae). Molecular Biology and Evolution, doi:10.1093/molbev/msz099

Cetaceans are a clade of highly specialized aquatic mammals that include the largest animals that have ever lived. The largest whales can have ~1000X more cells than a human, with long lifespans, leaving them theoretically susceptible to cancer. Howe... Read More

Meta-analysis of goal directed fluid therapy using transoesophageal doppler in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery (2019)
Journal Article
Rollins, K., Mathias, N., & Lobo, D. (in press). Meta-analysis of goal directed fluid therapy using transoesophageal doppler in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery. BJS Open,

Background: Intraoperative goal-directed fluid therapy (GDFT) is recommended for intraoperative fluid management for elective colorectal surgery in most perioperative guidelines. However, the evidence in elective colorectal surgery alone is not welle... Read More

Psychological interventions as vaccine adjuvants: A systematic review (2019)
Journal Article
Vedhara, K., Ayling, K., Sunger, K., Caldwell, D. M., Halliday, V., Fairclough, L., …Royal, S. (2019). Psychological interventions as vaccine adjuvants: A systematic review. Vaccine, doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.04.091

Objectives: The effectiveness of vaccines is known to be altered by a range of psychological factors. We conducted a systematic review to evaluate the effects of psychological interventions on the ability of vaccines to protect against disease, as me... Read More

Vocal instability over time in individual male European nightjars, Caprimulgus europaeus: recommendations for acoustic monitoring and surveys (2019)
Journal Article
Raymond, S., Spotswood, S., Clarke, H., Zielonka, N., Lowe, A., & Durrant, K. L. (2019). Vocal instability over time in individual male European nightjars, Caprimulgus europaeus: recommendations for acoustic monitoring and surveys. Bioacoustics, doi:10.1080/09524622.2019.1603121

Acoustic monitoring of birds is developing rapidly as equipment, methods and analyses improve. However, most population monitoring studies still utilise traditional techniques like mark-recapture or line transects. Rebbeck et al. (2001) used vocal re... Read More

Heritability and genetic variance of dementia with Lewy bodies (2019)
Journal Article
Guerreiro, R., Escott-Price, V., Hernandez, D., Kun-Rodrigues, C., Ross, O., Orme, T., …Bras, J. (2019). Heritability and genetic variance of dementia with Lewy bodies. Neurobiology of Disease, 127, 492-501. doi:10.1016/j.nbd.2019.04.004

Recent large-scale genetic studies have allowed for the first glimpse of the effects of common genetic variability in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), identifying risk variants with appreciable effect sizes. However, it is currently well established... Read More

Inadvertent paralog inclusion drives artefactual topologies and timetree estimates in phylogenomics (2019)
Journal Article
Siu-Ting, K., Torres-Sánchez, M., San Mauro, D., Wilcockson, D., Wilkinson, M., Pisani, D., …Creevey, C. J. (in press). Inadvertent paralog inclusion drives artefactual topologies and timetree estimates in phylogenomics. Molecular Biology and Evolution,

Increasingly, large phylogenomic datasets include transcriptomic data from non-model organisms. This has allowed controversial and unexplored evolutionary relationships in the tree of life to be addressed but also increases the risk of inadvertent in... Read More

Genetic meta-analysis of diagnosed Alzheimer’s disease identifies new risk loci and implicates Aβ, tau, immunity and lipid processing (2019)
Journal Article
Kunkle, B. W., Grenier-Boley, B., Sims, R., Bis, J. C., Naj, A. C., Boland, A., …Genetic and Environmental Risk in Alzheimer's Disease Consortium (GERAD/PERADES), . (2019). Genetic meta-analysis of diagnosed Alzheimer’s disease identifies new risk loci and implicates Aβ, tau, immunity and lipid processing. Nature Genetics, 51, 414-430. doi:20.1038/s41588-019-0358-2

Risk for late-onset Alzheimer’s disease (LOAD), the most prevalent dementia, is partially driven by genetics. To identify LOAD risk loci, we performed a large genome-wide association meta-analysis of clinically diagnosed LOAD (94,437 individuals). We... Read More

Role of the multidrug resistance efflux pump MexCD-OprJ in the Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing response (2018)
Journal Article
Alcalde-Rico, M., Olivares Pacheco, J. A., Alvarez-Ortega, C., Camara, M., & Martinez, J. L. (2018). Role of the multidrug resistance efflux pump MexCD-OprJ in the Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing response. Frontiers in Microbiology, 9, doi:10.3389/fmicb.2018.02752

Multidrug efflux pumps constitute a category of antibiotic resistance determinants that are a part of the core bacterial genomes. Given their conservation, it is conceivable that they present functions beyond the extrusion of antibiotics currently us... Read More

Measurement of the total angiotensinogen and its reduced and oxidised forms in human plasma using targeted LC-MS/MS (2018)
Journal Article
Dahabiyeh, L. A., Tooth, D., Carrell, R. W., Read, R. J., Yan, Y., Pipkin, F. B., & Barrett, D. A. (2019). Measurement of the total angiotensinogen and its reduced and oxidised forms in human plasma using targeted LC-MS/MS. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 411(2), 427–437. doi:10.1007/s00216-018-1455-2

Angiotensinogen (AGT) is a critical protein in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and may have an important role in the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia. The disulphide linkage between cysteines 18 and 138 has a key role in the redox switch of AGT... Read More

New generation of bioreactors that advance extracellular matrix modelling and tissue engineering (2018)
Journal Article
Ahmed, S., Chauhan, V. M., Ghaemmaghami, A. M., & Aylott, J. W. (2019). New generation of bioreactors that advance extracellular matrix modelling and tissue engineering. Biotechnology Letters, 41(1), 1–25. doi:10.1007/s10529-018-2611-7

Bioreactors hold a lot of promise for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine applications. They have multiple uses including cell cultivation for therapeutic production and for in vitro organ modelling to provide a more physiologically relevant... Read More

A comprehensive screening of copy-number variability in dementia with Lewy bodies (2018)
Journal Article
Kun-Rodrigues, C., Orme, T., Carmona, S., Hernandez, D. G., Ross, O. A., Eicher, J. D., …Bras, J. (2019). A comprehensive screening of copy-number variability in dementia with Lewy bodies. Neurobiology of Aging, 75, 223.e1-223.e10. doi:10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2018.10.019

The role of genetic variability in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is now indisputable, however data regarding copy number variation (CNV) in this disease has been lacking. Here, we used whole genome genotyping of 1,454 DLB cases and 1,525 controls t... Read More

The significance of prey avoidance behaviour for the maintenance of a predator colour polymorphism (2018)
Journal Article
Ajuria Ibarra, H., Kinahan, M., Marcetteau, J., Mehigan, A., Ziegelmeier, R., & Reader, T. (2019). The significance of prey avoidance behaviour for the maintenance of a predator colour polymorphism. Behavioral Ecology, 30(1), 240–248. doi:10.1093/beheco/ary129

The existence of conspicuous colour polymorphisms in animals provides an ideal opportunity to examine the mechanisms which determine genetic and phenotypic variation in populations. It is well known that directional and negative frequency-dependent s... Read More

Gfi1aa and Gfi1b set the pace for primitive erythroblast differentiation from hemangioblasts in the zebrafish embryo (2018)
Journal Article
Moore, C., Richens, J. L., Hough, Y., Ucanok, D., Malla, S., Sang, F., …Gering, M. (2018). Gfi1aa and Gfi1b set the pace for primitive erythroblast differentiation from hemangioblasts in the zebrafish embryo. Blood Advances, 2(20), 2589-2606. doi:10.1182/bloodadvances.2018020156

The transcriptional repressors Gfi1(a) and Gfi1b are epigenetic regulators with unique and overlapping roles in hematopoiesis. In different contexts, Gfi1 and Gfi1b restrict or promote cell proliferation, prevent apoptosis, influence cell fate decisi... Read More

Preassembled GPCR signaling complexes mediate distinct cellular responses to ultralow ligand concentrations (2018)
Journal Article
Civciristov, S., Ellisdon, A. M., Suderman, R., Pon, C. K., Evans, B. A., Kleifeld, O., …Halls, M. L. (2018). Preassembled GPCR signaling complexes mediate distinct cellular responses to ultralow ligand concentrations. Science Signaling, 11(551), doi:10.1126/scisignal.aan1188

G protein–coupled receptors (GPCRs) are the largest class of cell surface signaling proteins, participate in nearly all physiological processes, and are the targets of 30% of marketed drugs. Typically, nanomolar to micromolar concentrations of ligand... Read More

Mutation rates: simpler than we thought? (2018)
Journal Article
Brookfield, J. F. (2018). Mutation rates: simpler than we thought?. Current Biology, 28(19), (R1149-R1151). doi:10.1016/j.cub.2018.07.067. ISSN 0960-9822

Mutation rate variation is often explained by varying optimal rates, or through effective population sizes determining the effectiveness of selection. But a rate difference between humans and owl monkeys is now explained mechanistically as a conseque... Read More

Analgesic effects of the cathepsin K inhibitor L-006235 in the monosodium iodoacetate model of osteoarthritis pain (2018)
Journal Article
Nwosu, L. N., Gowler, P. R., Burston, J. J., Rizoska, B., Tunblad, K., Lindström, E., …Chapman, V. (2018). Analgesic effects of the cathepsin K inhibitor L-006235 in the monosodium iodoacetate model of osteoarthritis pain. PAIN Reports, 5(6), doi:10.1097/PR9.0000000000000685

Introduction: The mounting evidence that osteoclasts play an important role in osteoarthritis (OA) pain lead us to investigate the effects of L-006235, a potent and selective inhibitor of cathepsin K, on pain behaviour and joint pathology in a model... Read More

Chemical modulation of autophagy as an adjunct to chemotherapy in childhood and adolescent brain tumors (2018)
Journal Article
Servante, J., Estranero, J., Meijer, L., Layfield, R., & Grundy, R. (2018). Chemical modulation of autophagy as an adjunct to chemotherapy in childhood and adolescent brain tumors. Oncotarget, 9(81), 35266-35277. doi:10.18632/oncotarget.26186

Brain tumors are the leading cause of cancer-related death in children and are the most challenging childhood cancer in relation to diagnosis, treatment, and outcome. One potential novel strategy to improve outcomes in cancer involves the manipulati... Read More

Photocrosslinkable gelatin hydrogels modulate the production of the major pro-inflammatory cytokine, TNF-α, by human mononuclear cells (2018)
Journal Article
Donaldson, A. R., Edi Tanase, C., Awuah, D., Vasanthi Bathri Narayanan, P., Hall, L., Nikkhah, M., …Ghaemmaghami, A. M. (2018). Photocrosslinkable gelatin hydrogels modulate the production of the major pro-inflammatory cytokine, TNF-α, by human mononuclear cells. Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, 6, doi:10.3389/fbioe.2018.00116. ISSN 2296-4185

Hydrogels are an attractive class of biomaterials in tissue engineering due to their inherently compatible properties for cell culture. Gelatin methacryloyl (GelMA) has shown significant promise in the fields of tissue engineering and drug delivery,... Read More

Immunization with a synthetic consensus hepatitis C virus E2 glycoprotein ectodomain elicits virus-neutralizing antibodies (2018)
Journal Article
Tarr, A. W., Backx, M., Hamed, M. R., Urbanowicz, R. A., McClure, C. P., Brown, R. J., & Ball, J. K. (2018). Immunization with a synthetic consensus hepatitis C virus E2 glycoprotein ectodomain elicits virus-neutralizing antibodies. Antiviral Research, 160, 25-37. doi:10.1016/j.antiviral.2018.09.005

Global eradication of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection will require an efficacious vaccine capable of eliciting protective immunity against genetically diverse HCV strains. Natural spontaneous resolution of HCV infection is associated with productio... Read More

CRISPR-Cas adaptation in Escherichia coli requires RecBCD helicase but not nuclease activity, is independent of homologous recombination, and is antagonised by 5’ ssDNA exonucleases (2018)
Journal Article
Radovčić, M., Killelea, T., Savitskaya, E., Wettstein, L., Bolt, E. L., & Ivančić-Baće, I. (2018). CRISPR-Cas adaptation in Escherichia coli requires RecBCD helicase but not nuclease activity, is independent of homologous recombination, and is antagonised by 5’ ssDNA exonucleases. Nucleic Acids Research, 46(19), 10173–10183. doi:10.1093/nar/gky799

Prokaryotic adaptive immunity is established against mobile genetic elements (MGEs) by ‘naïve adaptation’ when DNA fragments from a newly encountered MGE are integrated into CRISPR–Cas systems. In Escherichia coli, DNA integration catalyzed by Cas1–C... Read More