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Landmark Papers no. 8: Burgess, T.M. & Webster, R. 1980. Optimal interpolation and isarithmic mapping of soil properties. I. The semi-variogram and punctual kriging. Journal of Soil Science, 31, 315-331: Commentary on the impact of Burgess & Webster (1980 (2019)
Journal Article
Lark, R., Heuvelink, G., & Bishop, T. (2019). Landmark Papers no. 8: Burgess, T.M. & Webster, R. 1980. Optimal interpolation and isarithmic mapping of soil properties. I. The semi-variogram and punctual kriging. Journal of Soil Science, 31, 315-331: Commentary on the impact of Burgess & Webster (1980a). European Journal of Soil Science, 70(1), 7-10. doi:10.1111/ejss.12749

This landmark paper by Burgess & Webster (1980a) signalled a new era in the spatial mapping of the soil. The emergence of pedometrics as a distinct subdiscipline of soil science was a gradual process, and had its roots in earlier studies than this on... Read More

Enhancing supervised classifications with metamorphic relations (2018)
Conference Proceeding
Xu, L., Towey, D., French, A. P., Benford, S., Zhou, Z. Q., & Chen, T. Y. (2018). Enhancing supervised classifications with metamorphic relations. In MET '18: Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Metamorphic Testing, 46-53. doi:10.1145/3193977.3193978

We report on a novel use of metamorphic relations (MRs) in machine learning: instead of conducting metamorphic testing, we use MRs for the augmentation of the machine learning algorithms themselves. In particular, we report on how MRs can enable enha... Read More

A 6,000-year record of environmental change from the eastern Pacific margin of central Mexico (2018)
Journal Article
Davies, S. J., Metcalfe, S. E., Aston, B. J., Byrne, A. R., Champagne, M. R., Jones, M. D., …Noren, A. (2018). A 6,000-year record of environmental change from the eastern Pacific margin of central Mexico. Quaternary Science Reviews, 202, 211-224. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.11.008

The transition from the mid- to late-Holocene in MesoAmerica saw increasing complexity in spatial patterns of change. Records from the western part of the region are sparse, with lacustrine sequences affected by long term anthropogenic disturbance or... Read More

A regulatory module controlling GA-mediated endosperm cell expansion is critical for seed germination in Arabidopsis (2018)
Journal Article
Sánchez-Montesino, R., Bouza-Morcillo, L., Marquez, J., Ghita, M., Duran-Nebreda, S., Gómez, L., …Oñate-Sánchez, L. (2019). A regulatory module controlling GA-mediated endosperm cell expansion is critical for seed germination in Arabidopsis. Molecular Plant, 12(1), 71-85. doi:10.1016/j.molp.2018.10.009

A key component of seed germination is the interplay of mechanical forces governing embryo growth and the surrounding restraining endosperm tissue. Endosperm cell separation is therefore thought to play a critical role in the control of this developm... Read More

Methane transport in agricultural soil after injection of isotopically-enriched methane in the sub-surface (2018)
Journal Article
Shaw, G., Atkinson, B., Meredith, W., Snape, C., Lever, D., & Hoch, A. (2018). Methane transport in agricultural soil after injection of isotopically-enriched methane in the sub-surface. Scientific Data, 5, (180208). doi:10.1038/sdata.2018.208

Small quantities of radioactive methane (14CH4) may be released over prolonged periods from geological disposal facilities for radioactive waste. The impact of this release depends on the capacity of soil to oxidise 14CH4 to 14CO2 during transport fr... Read More

Paleoclimate change in Ethiopia around the last interglacial derived from annually-resolved stalagmite evidence (2018)
Journal Article
Asrat, A., Baker, A., Leng, M. J., Hellstrom, J., Mariethoz, G., Boomer, I., …Gunn, J. (2018). Paleoclimate change in Ethiopia around the last interglacial derived from annually-resolved stalagmite evidence. Quaternary Science Reviews, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.06.016. ISSN 0277-3791

Oxygen and carbon (δ18Ο/δ13C) isotope, growth rate and trace element data are reported for a U-Th dated, annually-laminated stalagmite, GM1 from Goda Mea Cave, Ethiopia. The stalagmite grew intermittently around the last interglacial. The proxy recor... Read More

Combining two national-scale data sets to map soil properties, the case of available magnesium in England and Wales: combining two soil surveys (2018)
Journal Article
Lark, R. M., Ander, E. L., & Broadley, M. R. (2018). Combining two national-scale data sets to map soil properties, the case of available magnesium in England and Wales: combining two soil surveys. European Journal of Soil Science, doi:10.1111/ejss.12743

Given the costs of soil survey it is necessary to make the best use of available data sets, but data which differ with respect to some aspect of the sampling or analytical protocol cannot be combined simply. In this paper we consider a case where two... Read More

Insulin-like peptide 3 (INSL3) is a major regulator of female reproductive physiology (2018)
Journal Article
Ivell, R., & Anand-Ivell, R. (2018). Insulin-like peptide 3 (INSL3) is a major regulator of female reproductive physiology. Human Reproduction Update, 24(6), (639-651). doi:10.1093/humupd/dmy029. ISSN 1355-4786

BACKGROUND Insulin-like peptide 3 (INSL3) is a member of the relaxin family of neohormones which has evolved to address specifically mammalian aspects of reproduction related to viviparity and internal fertilization. It was originally identified as... Read More

Analytical ultracentrifugation in saliva research: Impact of green tea astringency and its significance on the in-vivo aroma release (2018)
Journal Article
Dinu, V., Liu, C., Ali, J., Ayed, C., Gershkovich, P., Adams, G. G., …Fisk, I. (2018). Analytical ultracentrifugation in saliva research: Impact of green tea astringency and its significance on the in-vivo aroma release. Scientific Reports, 8, (1-9). doi:10.1038/s41598-018-31625-w

Current saliva testing methods rely on cutting edge yet expensive techniques for the detection and analysis of genetic material, proteins and biomarkers for clinical use. However, these techniques are limited in scope and often cannot be used with co... Read More

Towards low-cost image-based plant phenotyping using reduced-parameter CNN (2018)
Conference Proceeding
Atanbori, J., Chen, F., French, A. P., & Pridmore, T. (2018). Towards low-cost image-based plant phenotyping using reduced-parameter CNN

Segmentation is the core of most plant phenotyping applications. Current state-of-the-art plant phenotyping applications rely on deep Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs). However, these networks have many layers and parameters, increasing training a... Read More

Metallome of cerebrovascular endothelial cells infected with Toxoplasma gondii using μ-XRF imaging and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (2018)
Journal Article
Al-sandaqchi, A. T., Brignell, C., Collingwood, J. F., Geraki, K., Mirkes, E. M., Kong, K., …Elsheikha, H. M. (2018). Metallome of cerebrovascular endothelial cells infected with Toxoplasma gondii using μ-XRF imaging and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Metallomics, 1401-1414 . doi:10.1039/C8MT00136G

In this study, we measured the levels of elements in human brain microvascular endothelial cells (ECs) infected with T. gondii. ECs were infected with tachyzoites of the RH strain, and at 6, 24, and 48 hours post infection (hpi), the intracellular co... Read More

Characterization of Southeast Asia mangoes (Mangifera indica L) according to their physicochemical attributes (2018)
Journal Article
Lawson, T., Lycett, G. W., Ali, A., & Chin, C. F. (2019). Characterization of Southeast Asia mangoes (Mangifera indica L) according to their physicochemical attributes. Scientia Horticulturae, 243, 189-196. doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2018.08.014

Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is an economically important fruit crop grown in the tropics. One of the important traits of mango for successful commercial production is the storage quality of the fruit. This study was conducted to evaluate the postharv... Read More

Sensitivity of simulated crop yield and nitrate leaching of the wheat-maize cropping system in the North China Plain to model parameters (2018)
Journal Article
Jabloun, M., Li, X., Zhang, X., Tao, F., Hu, C., & Olesen, J. E. (2018). Sensitivity of simulated crop yield and nitrate leaching of the wheat-maize cropping system in the North China Plain to model parameters. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 263, (25-40). doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.08.002. ISSN 0168-1923

Process-based crop simulation models are often over-parameterised and are therefore difficult to calibrate properly. Following this rationale, the Morris screening sensitivity method was carried out on the DAISY model to identify the most influential... Read More

Chloroplast-rich material from the physical fractionation of pea vine (Pisum sativum) postharvest field residue (Haulm) (2018)
Journal Article
Torcello-Gómez, A., Gedi, M. A., Ibbett, R., Husain, K. N., Briars, R., & Gray, D. (2019). Chloroplast-rich material from the physical fractionation of pea vine (Pisum sativum) postharvest field residue (Haulm). Food Chemistry, 272, (18-25). doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2018.08.018. ISSN 0308-8146

An innovative procedure for plant chloroplasts isolation has been proposed, which consists of juice extraction by physical fractionation from plant material and recovery of its chloroplast-rich fraction (CRF) by centrifugation. This simple method has... Read More

The stable isotope composition of organic and inorganic fossils in lake sediment records: current understanding, challenges, and future directions (2018)
Journal Article
van Hardenbroek, M., Chakraborty, A., Davies, K., Harding, P., Heiri, O., Henderson, A., …Wooller, M. (in press). The stable isotope composition of organic and inorganic fossils in lake sediment records: current understanding, challenges, and future directions. Quaternary Science Reviews, ISSN 0277-3791

This paper provides an overview of stable isotope analysis (H, C, N, O, Si) of the macro and microscopic remains from aquatic organisms found in lake sediment records and their application in (palaeo)environmental science. Aquatic organisms, includin... Read More

Immunological effects of altering the concentrate inclusion level in a grass silage-based diet for early lactation Holstein Friesian cows (2018)
Journal Article
Little, M. W., Wylie, A. R. G., O’Connell, N. E., Welsh, M. D., Grelet, C., Bell, M. J., …Ferris, C. P. (2018). Immunological effects of altering the concentrate inclusion level in a grass silage-based diet for early lactation Holstein Friesian cows. animal, doi:10.1017/s1751731118001891. ISSN 1751-7311

Concentrate inclusion levels in dairy cow diets are often adjusted so that the milk yield responses remain economic. While changes in concentrate level on performance is well known, their impact on other biological parameters, including immune functi... Read More

Evidence for functional state transitions in intensively-managed soil ecosystems (2018)
Journal Article
Todman, L., Fraser, F., Corstanje, R., Harris, J., Pawlett, M., Ritz, K., & Whitmore, A. (2018). Evidence for functional state transitions in intensively-managed soil ecosystems. Scientific Reports, 8, doi:10.1038/s41598-018-29925-2

Soils are fundamental to terrestrial ecosystem functioning and food security, thus their resilience to disturbances is critical. Furthermore, they provide effective models of complex natural systems to explore resilience concepts over experimentally-... Read More