Research Repository

See what's under the surface


Mediterranean winter rainfall in phase with African monsoons during the past 1.36 million years (2019)
Journal Article
Wagner, B., Vogel, H., Francke, A., Friedrich, T., Donders, T., Lacey, J. H., …Zhang, X. (2019). Mediterranean winter rainfall in phase with African monsoons during the past 1.36 million years. Nature, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1529-0

Mediterranean climates are characterized by strong seasonal contrasts between dry summers and wet winters. Changes in winter rainfall are critical for regional socioeconomic development, but are difficult to simulate accurately1 and reconstruct on Qu... Read More

Temporal variability in foraminiferal morphology and geochemistry at the West Antarctic Peninsula: a sediment trap study (2019)
Journal Article
Mikis, A., Hendry, K. R., Pike, J., Schmidt, D. N., Edgar, K. M., Peck, V., …Ducklow, H. (2019). Temporal variability in foraminiferal morphology and geochemistry at the West Antarctic Peninsula: a sediment trap study. Biogeosciences, 16, 3267-3282. doi:10.5194/bg-16-3267-2019

The West Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) exhibits strong spatial and temporal oceanographic variability, resulting in highly heterogeneous biological productivity. Calcifying organisms that live in the waters off the WAP respond to temporal and spatial var... Read More

Characterization of human FcεRIα chain expression and gene copy number in humanized rat basophilic leukaemia (RBL) reporter cell lines (2019)
Journal Article
Ali Ali, E., Kalli, M., Wan, D., Nakamura, R., Onion, D., Alanine, D. G., …Falcone, F. H. (2019). Characterization of human FcεRIα chain expression and gene copy number in humanized rat basophilic leukaemia (RBL) reporter cell lines. PLoS ONE, 14(8), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.+pone.0221034

Several laboratories have created rat basophil leukemia (RBL) cell lines stably transfected with the human high affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI H). More recently, humanized RBL cell lines saw the introduction of reporter genes such as luciferase (RS-ATL... Read More

miRNAs in plant development (2019)
Book Chapter
Swarup, R., & Denyer, T. (2019). miRNAs in plant development. Wiley. doi:10.1002/9781119312994.apr0649

Since the discovery of the first microRNA (miRNA) in Caenorhabditis elegans about 25 years ago, small RNAs have emerged as key players in the broad regulation of gene expression in most developmental processes in both plants and animals. miRNAs are... Read More

The influence of charge on the multiple thermal transitions observed in xanthan (2019)
Journal Article
Abbaszadeh, A., Lad, M., Morris, G., MacNaughtan, W., Sworn, G., & Foster, T. (2019). The influence of charge on the multiple thermal transitions observed in xanthan. Food Hydrocolloids, 97, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodhyd.2019.105184

Helix-coil transitions in xanthans occur at lower temperatures when the pyruvate group is charged, destabilising the polymer chains. Increasing salt content increases the transition temperature by reducing the effective charge on the pyruvate. A simp... Read More

Hydro-mechanical processing of brewer's spent grain as a novel route for separation of protein products with differentiated techno-functional properties (2019)
Journal Article
Ibbett, R., White, R., Tucker, G., & Foster, T. (2019). Hydro-mechanical processing of brewer's spent grain as a novel route for separation of protein products with differentiated techno-functional properties. Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies, 56, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ifset.2019.102184

Hydro-mechanical processing using a colloid mill with a large gap setting leads to the preferential breakup of the residual aleurone and endosperm tissues of brewer's spent grain, forming a protein rich fines material with small particle size around... Read More

Molecular phenotyping of the surfaceome of migratory chondroprogenitors and mesenchymal stem cells using biotinylation, glycocapture and quantitative LC-MS/MS proteomic analysis (2019)
Journal Article
Matta, C., Boocock, D. J., Fellows, C. R., Miosge, N., Dixon, J. E., Liddell, S., …Mobasheri, A. (2019). Molecular phenotyping of the surfaceome of migratory chondroprogenitors and mesenchymal stem cells using biotinylation, glycocapture and quantitative LC-MS/MS proteomic analysis. Scientific Reports, 9, doi:10.1038/s41598-019-44957-y

The biogeochemical impact of glacial meltwater from Southwest Greenland (2019)
Journal Article
Hendry, K. R., Huvenne, V. A., Robinson, L. F., Annett, A., Badger, M., Jacobel, A. W., …Woodward, E. M. S. (2019). The biogeochemical impact of glacial meltwater from Southwest Greenland. Progress in Oceanography, 176, doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2019.102126

Biogeochemical cycling in high-latitude regions has a disproportionate impact on global nutrient budgets. Here, we introduce a holistic, multi-disciplinary framework for elucidating the influence of glacial meltwaters, shelf currents, and biological... Read More

Natural variation of arsenic fractions in soils of the Brazilian Amazon (2019)
Journal Article
Da Silva Júnior, E. C., Martins, G. C., De Oliveira Wadt, L. H., Da Silva, K. E., Bezerra De Lima, R. M., Dias Batista, K., …Guimarães Guilherme, R. (2019). Natural variation of arsenic fractions in soils of the Brazilian Amazon. Science of the Total Environment, 687, 1219-1231. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.05.446

Arsenic (As) in native soils of the Amazon rainforest is a concern due to its likely origin from the Andean rivers, which transport loads of sediments containing substantial amounts of trace elements coming from the cordilleras. Yet, unveiling soil A... Read More

The role of saliva in oral processing: Reconsidering the breakdown path paradigm (2019)
Journal Article
Boehm, M. W., Yakubov, G. E., Stokes, J. R., & Baier, S. K. (2019). The role of saliva in oral processing: Reconsidering the breakdown path paradigm. Journal of Texture Studies, doi:10.1111/jtxs.12411

We discuss food oral processing research over the last two decades and consider strategies for quantifying the food breakdown model, originally conceptualised by Hutchings and Lillford . The key innovation in their seminal 1988 paper was shifting t... Read More

Field evaluation of synthetic and neem-derived alternative insecticides in developing action thresholds against cauliflower pests (2019)
Journal Article
Shah, F. M., Razaq, M., Ali, Q., Shad, S. A., Aslam, M., & Hardy, I. C. W. (2019). Field evaluation of synthetic and neem-derived alternative insecticides in developing action thresholds against cauliflower pests. Scientific Reports, 9, doi:10.1038/s41598-019-44080-y

Synthetic chemical pesticides can enhance crop yields but also have undesired effects. Alternative ‘botanical insecticides’ may also have non-target effects on pollinators and biocontrol services. Employing action thresholds (ATs) can reduce pesticid... Read More

Cover crop species have contrasting influence upon soil structural genesis and microbial community phenotype (2019)
Journal Article
Bacq-Labreuil, A., Crawford, J., Mooney, S. J., Neal, A. L., & Ritz, K. (2019). Cover crop species have contrasting influence upon soil structural genesis and microbial community phenotype. Scientific Reports, 9, doi:10.1038/s41598-019-43937-6

Cover crops (plants grown in an agricultural rotation between cash crops) can significantly improve soil quality via sequestering carbon, retaining nutrients, decreasing soil erosion, and maintaining belowground biodiversity. However, little is know... Read More

The risk of selenium deficiency in Malawi is large and varies over multiple spatial scales (2019)
Journal Article
Phiri, F. P., Ander, E. L., Bailey, E. H., Chilima, B., Chilimba, A. D. C., Gondwe, J., …Broadley, M. R. (2019). The risk of selenium deficiency in Malawi is large and varies over multiple spatial scales. Scientific Reports, 9(1), doi:10.1038/s41598-019-43013-z

Selenium (Se) is an essential human micronutrient. Deficiency of Se decreases the activity of selenoproteins and can compromise immune and thyroid function and cognitive development, and increase risks from non-communicable diseases. The prevalence o... Read More

Material properties of cocoa butter emulsions: effect of dispersed phase droplet size and compression speed on mechanical response (2019)
Journal Article
di Bari, V., Sullo, A., Norton, J., & Norton, I. (2019). Material properties of cocoa butter emulsions: effect of dispersed phase droplet size and compression speed on mechanical response. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 575, 292-298. doi:10.1016/j.colsurfa.2019.04.028

Water-in-cocoa butter (CB) emulsions material properties were investigated using uniaxial compression test. Emulsions containing 20% (wt%) water and with a range of droplet size were manufactured to assess the role of defect size on emulsions mechani... Read More

Role of Asian summer monsoon subsystems in the inter-hemispheric progression of deglaciation (2019)
Journal Article
Nilsson-Kerr, K., Anand, P., Sexton, P. F., Leng, M. J., Misra, S., Clemens, S. C., & Hammond, S. J. (2019). Role of Asian summer monsoon subsystems in the inter-hemispheric progression of deglaciation. Nature Geoscience, doi:10.1038/s41561-019-0319-5

The responses of Asian monsoon subsystems to both hemispheric climate forcing and external orbital forcing are currently issues of vigorous debate. The Indian summer monsoon is the dominant monsoon subsystem in terms of energy flux, constituting one... Read More

A core mechanism for specifying root vascular pattern can replicate the anatomical variation seen in diverse plant species (2019)
Journal Article
Mellor, N., Vaughan-Hirsch, J., Kümpers, B. M., Help-Rinta-Rahko, H., Miyashima, S., Pekka Mähönen, A., …Bishopp, A. (2019). A core mechanism for specifying root vascular pattern can replicate the anatomical variation seen in diverse plant species. Development, 146, doi:10.1242/dev.172411

Pattern formation is typically controlled through the interaction between molecular signals within a given tissue. During early embryonic development, roots of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana have a radially symmetric pattern, but a heterogeneou... Read More