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Patient reported distress can aid clinical decision making in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: analysis of the PROFILE cohort (2019)
Journal Article
Stewart, I., McKeever, T., Braybrooke, R., Oballa, E., Simpson, J. K., Maher, T. M., …Saini, G. (2019). Patient reported distress can aid clinical decision making in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: analysis of the PROFILE cohort. European Respiratory Journal, doi:10.1183/13993003.01925-2018

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a progressive and fatal interstitial lung disease. We aimed to determine if patient response to a palliative assessment survey could predict disease progression or death. We undertook a cross-sectional study in a U... Read More

Genetic landscape of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease identifies heterogeneous cell type and phenotype associations (2019)
Journal Article
Sakornsakolpat, P., Prokopenko, D., Lamontagne, M., Reeve, N. F., Guyatt, A. L., Jackson, V. E., …Cho, M. H. (2019). Genetic landscape of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease identifies heterogeneous cell type and phenotype associations. Nature Genetics, doi:10.1038/s41588-018-0342-2

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the leading cause of respiratory mortality worldwide. Genetic risk loci provide novel insights into disease pathogenesis. We performed a genome-wide association study in 35,735 cases and 222,076 control... Read More

New genetic signals for lung function highlight pathways and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease associations across multiple ancestries (2019)
Journal Article
Shrine, N., Guyatt, A. L., Erzurumluoglu, A. M., Jackson, V. E., Hobbs, B. D., Melbourne, C. A., …Wain, L. V. (2019). New genetic signals for lung function highlight pathways and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease associations across multiple ancestries. Nature Genetics, doi:10.1038/s41588-018-0321-7

Reduced lung function predicts mortality and is key to the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In a genome-wide association study in 400,102 individuals of European ancestry, we define 279 lung function signals, 139 of which ar... Read More

Genetic risk factors for the development of pulmonary disease identified by genome-wide association (2018)
Journal Article
Hall, R., Hall, I. P., & Sayers, I. (2018). Genetic risk factors for the development of pulmonary disease identified by genome-wide association. Respirology, doi:10.1111/resp.13436

Chronic respiratory diseases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) combined affect over 500 million people worldwide. While environmental factors are important in disease progression, as... Read More

Hip fracture outcomes in patients with COPD (2018)
Journal Article
Buss, L., McKeever, T. M., Nightingale, J., Akyea, R., Ollivere, B., Moppett, I., & Bolton, C. E. (2018). Hip fracture outcomes in patients with COPD. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 121(6), 1377-1379. doi:10.1016/j.bja.2018.09.008 hideArticle Info

Hip fractures are common in patients with COPD and contemporary outcome data is needed. Patients admitted with a hip fracture to one acute trust (2010-2015) were assessed prospectively (UK National Hip Fracture Database audit) and mortality data col... Read More

Enhanced oxidative stress in smoking and ex-smoking severe asthma in the U-BIOPRED cohort (2018)
Journal Article
Emma, R., Bansal, A. T., Kolmert, J., Wheelock, C. E., Dahlen, S., Loza, M. J., …U-BIOPRED Study Group, . (2018). Enhanced oxidative stress in smoking and ex-smoking severe asthma in the U-BIOPRED cohort. PLoS ONE, 13(9), (1-16). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0203874. ISSN 1932-6203

Oxidative stress is believed to be a major driver of inflammation in smoking asthmatics. The U-BIOPRED project recruited a cohort of Severe Asthma smokers/ex-smokers (SAs/ex) and non-smokers (SAn) with extensive clinical and biomarker information ena... Read More

Impact of hydration status on haemodynamics, effects of acute blood pressure lowering treatment, and prognosis after stroke (2018)
Journal Article
Billington, C. K., Appleton, J. P., Berge, E., Sprigg, N., Glover, M., & Bath, P. M. (2018). Impact of hydration status on haemodynamics, effects of acute blood pressure lowering treatment, and prognosis after stroke. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 84(12), 2914-2922. doi:10.1111/bcp.13761

Background High blood pressure (BP) is common in acute stroke and associated with poor outcome, but the Efficacy of Nitric Oxide in Stroke (ENOS) trial showed no beneficial effect of antihypertensive treatment in this situation. Antihypertensive a... Read More

The vitamin D binding protein axis modifies disease severity in lymphangioleiomyomatosis (2018)
Journal Article
Miller, S., Coveney, C., Johnson, J., Farmaki, A., Gupta, N., Tobin, M. D., …Johnson, S. R. (2018). The vitamin D binding protein axis modifies disease severity in lymphangioleiomyomatosis. European Respiratory Journal, 52(5), doi:10.1183/13993003.00951-2018

Background: Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare disease of women. Decline in lung function is variable making appropriate targeting of therapy difficult. We used unbiased serum proteomics to identify markers associated with outcome in LAM. Meth... Read More

Magnetic resonance imaging on sodium nuclei: potential medical applications of 23Na MRI (2018)
Journal Article
Sadykhov, E., Pirogov, Y., Anisimov, N., Gulyaev, M., Pavlovskaya, G., Meersmann, T., …Fomina, D. (2018). Magnetic resonance imaging on sodium nuclei: potential medical applications of 23Na MRI. Applied Magnetic Resonance, 925-957. doi:10.1007/s00723-018-1045-7

Sodium is a key element in a living organism. The increase of its concentration is an indicator of many pathological conditions. 23Na magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a quantitative method that allows to determine the sodium content in tissues and... Read More

Impact of straight to test pathways on time to diagnosis in oesophageal and gastric cancer (2018)
Journal Article
Jones, J. A., Catton, J., Howard, G., Leeder, P., Brewer, L., Hatton, J., & Shaw, D. E. (2018). Impact of straight to test pathways on time to diagnosis in oesophageal and gastric cancer. BMJ Open Quality, 7(3), (e000328). doi:10.1136/bmjoq-2018-000328. ISSN 2399-6641

Background: Cancer survival in the UK has doubled in the last 40 years; however, 1-year and 5-year survival rates are still lower than other countries. One cause may be a delay between referral into secondary care and subsequent investigation. We set... Read More

PEGylated enhanced cell penetrating peptide nanoparticles for lung gene therapy (2018)
Journal Article
Osman, G., Rodriguez, J., Chan, S. Y., Chisholm, J., Duncan, G., Kim, N., …Dixon, J. E. (2018). PEGylated enhanced cell penetrating peptide nanoparticles for lung gene therapy. Journal of Controlled Release, 285, (35-45). doi:10.1016/j.jconrel.2018.07.001. ISSN 0168-3659

The lung remains an attractive target for the gene therapy of monogenetic diseases such as cystic fibrosis (CF). Despite over 27 clinical trials, there are still very few gene therapy vectors that have shown any improvement in lung function; highligh... Read More

A theoretical model of inflammation- and mechanotransduction- driven asthmatic airway remodelling (2018)
Journal Article
Hill, M., Philp, C. J., Billington, C. K., Tatler, A. L., Johnson, S. R., O'Dea, R. D., & Brook, B. S. (in press). A theoretical model of inflammation- and mechanotransduction- driven asthmatic airway remodelling. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, doi:10.1007/s10237-018-1037-4. ISSN 1617-7959

Inflammation, airway hyper-responsiveness and airway remodelling are well-established hallmarks of asthma, but their inter-relationships remain elusive. In order to obtain a better understanding of their inter-dependence, we develop a mechanochemical... Read More

Electrospun gelatin-based scaffolds as a novel 3D platform to study the function of contractile smooth muscle cells in vitro (2018)
Journal Article
Bridge, J. C., Amer, M. H., Morris, G. E., Martin, N., Player, D. J., Knox, A. J., …Rose, F. R. (2018). Electrospun gelatin-based scaffolds as a novel 3D platform to study the function of contractile smooth muscle cells in vitro. Biomedical Physics and Engineering Express, 4(4), doi:10.1088/2057-1976/aace8f

Contractile dysfunction of smooth muscle (SM) is a feature of chronic cardiovascular, respiratory and gastro-intestinal diseases. Owing to the low availability of human ex vivo tissue for the assessment of SM contractile function, the aim of this stu... Read More

Epithelial IL-6 trans-signaling defines a new asthma phenotype with increased airway inflammation (2018)
Journal Article
Jevnikar, Z., Östling, J., Ax, E., Calvén, J., Thörn, K., Israelsson, E., …Olsson, H. K. (in press). Epithelial IL-6 trans-signaling defines a new asthma phenotype with increased airway inflammation. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2018.05.026

Background: Although several studies link high levels of IL-6 and soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) with asthma severity and decreased lung function, the role of IL-6 trans-signaling (IL-6TS) in asthma is unclear. Objective: To explore the association... Read More

Fluid flow in a porous medium with transverse permeability discontinuity (2018)
Journal Article
Pavlovskaya, G. E., Meersmann, T., Jin, C., & Rigby, S. P. (2018). Fluid flow in a porous medium with transverse permeability discontinuity. Physical Review Fluids, 3(4), doi:10.1103/PhysRevFluids.3.044102

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) velocimetry methods were used to study fully developed axially symmetric fluid flow in a model porous medium of cylindrical symmetry with a transverse permeability discontinuity. Spatial mapping of fluid ow resulted i... Read More

Sputum proteomics and airway cell transcripts of current and ex-smokers with severe asthma in U-BIOPRED: an exploratory analysis (2018)
Journal Article
Takahashi, K., Pavlidis, S., Ng Kee Kwong, F., Hoda, U., Rossios, C., Sun, K., …Chung, K. F. (2018). Sputum proteomics and airway cell transcripts of current and ex-smokers with severe asthma in U-BIOPRED: an exploratory analysis. European Respiratory Journal, 51(5), doi:10.1183/13993003.02173-2017

Background: Severe asthma patients with a significant smoking history have airflow obstruction with reported neutrophilia. We hypothesise that multi-omic analysis will enable the definition of smoking and ex-smoking severe asthma molecular phenotypes... Read More

Clinical and molecular features of thiazide-induced hyponatremia (2018)
Journal Article
Nadal, J., Channavajjhala, S. K., Jia, W., Clayton, J., Hall, I. P., & Glover, M. (2018). Clinical and molecular features of thiazide-induced hyponatremia. Current Hypertension Reports, 20(4),

Hypertension affects more than 30% of the world’s adult population and thiazide (and thiazide-like) diuretics are amongst the most widely used, effective and least costly treatments available, with all-cause mortality benefits equivalent to ACE inhib... Read More

Fibrinogen does not relate to cardiovascular or muscle manifestations in COPD: cross-sectional data from the ERICA study (2018)
Journal Article
Mohan, D., Forman, J. R., Allinder, M., McEniery, C. M., Bolton, C. E., Cockcroft, J. R., …Polkey,, M. I. (2018). Fibrinogen does not relate to cardiovascular or muscle manifestations in COPD: cross-sectional data from the ERICA study. Thorax, 73(12), 1182-1185. doi:10.1136/thoraxjnl-2018-211556

Cardiovascular and skeletal muscle manifestations constitute important comorbidities in COPD, with systemic inflammation proposed as a common mechanistic link. Fibrinogen has prognostic role in COPD. We aimed to determine whether aortic stiffness and... Read More

Risk of fall in patients with COPD (2018)
Journal Article
Hakamy, A., Bolton, C. E., Gibson, J. E., & McKeever, T. M. (in press). Risk of fall in patients with COPD. Thorax, doi:10.1136/thoraxjnl-2017-211008

A matched cohort study was conducted to determine the incidence of falls in patients following a diagnosis of COPD using a UK primary care database. 44 400 patients with COPD and 175 545 non-COPD subjects were identified. The incidence rate of fall p... Read More

Variation in lung function and alterations in cardiac 1 structure and function: analysis of the UK Biobank 2 cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging substudy (2018)
Journal Article
Thomson, R. J., Aung, N., Sanghvi, M. M., Paiva, J. M., Lee, A. M., Fung, K., …Petersen, S. E. (2018). Variation in lung function and alterations in cardiac 1 structure and function: analysis of the UK Biobank 2 cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging substudy. PLoS ONE, 13(3), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0194434

Background Reduced lung function is common and associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, even in asymptomatic individuals without diagnosed respiratory disease. Previous studies have identified relationships between lung fu... Read More