Research Repository

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Factors influencing adherence to home-based strength and balance exercises among older adults with mild cognitive impairment and early dementia: Promoting Activity, Independence and Stability in Early Dementia (PrAISED) (2019)
Journal Article
Hancox, J. E., Van Der Wardt, V., Pollock, K., Booth, V., Vedhara, K., & Harwood, R. H. (in press). Factors influencing adherence to home-based strength and balance exercises among older adults with mild cognitive impairment and early dementia: Promoting Activity, Independence and Stability in Early Dementia (PrAISED). PLoS ONE,

Psychological interventions as vaccine adjuvants: A systematic review (2019)
Journal Article
Vedhara, K., Ayling, K., Sunger, K., Caldwell, D. M., Halliday, V., Fairclough, L., …Royal, S. (2019). Psychological interventions as vaccine adjuvants: A systematic review. Vaccine, doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.04.091

Objectives: The effectiveness of vaccines is known to be altered by a range of psychological factors. We conducted a systematic review to evaluate the effects of psychological interventions on the ability of vaccines to protect against disease, as me... Read More

Effectiveness of interventions to identify and manage patients with familial cancer risk in primary care: a systematic review (2019)
Journal Article
Ing Lee, S., Patel, M., Dutton, B., Weng, S., Luveta, J., & Qureshi, N. (2019). Effectiveness of interventions to identify and manage patients with familial cancer risk in primary care: a systematic review. Journal of Community Genetics, doi:10.1007/s12687-019-00419-6

This systematic review evaluated the effectiveness of strategies to identify and manage patients with familial risk of breast, ovarian, colorectal and prostate cancer in primary careto improve clinical outcomes. MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and Cochrane l... Read More

Knowledge and education as barriers and facilitators to nicotine replacement therapy use for smoking cessation in pregnancy: a qualitative study with healthcare professionals (2019)
Journal Article
Thomson, R., McDaid, L., Emery, J., Naughton, F., Cooper, S., Dyas, J., & Coleman, T. (2019). Knowledge and education as barriers and facilitators to nicotine replacement therapy use for smoking cessation in pregnancy: a qualitative study with healthcare professionals. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(10), doi:10.3390/ijerph16101814

Smoking during pregnancy is a leading cause of negative pregnancy and perinatal outcomes. While UK guidelines recommend nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) for smoking cessation during pregnancy, adherence to NRT is generally low and may partially exp... Read More

Feasibility and Acceptability of ‘Opt-In’ Referrals for Stop Smoking Support in Pregnancy (2019)
Journal Article
Campbell, K. A., Campbell, K. A., Orton, S., Bowker, K., Cooper, S., & Coleman, T. (2019). Feasibility and Acceptability of ‘Opt-In’ Referrals for Stop Smoking Support in Pregnancy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(8), 1-10. doi:10.3390/ijerph16081358

Background: International guidelines recommend that following an early-pregnancy 'opt-out' referral for smoking cessation support, pregnant women who smoke should also be offered referrals at subsequent antenatal appointments ('opt-in' referrals). We... Read More

Physical activity engagement strategies in people with dementia – a focus group study (2019)
Journal Article
Harwood, R. H., van der Wardt, V., Hancox, J., Pollock, K., Logan, P., Vedhara, K., & Harwood, R. (2019). Physical activity engagement strategies in people with dementia – a focus group study. Aging and Mental Health, 1-8. doi:10.1080/13607863.2019.1590308

Objective: This focus group study aimed to explore how to motivate people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia and their carers to engage in exercise and physical activity. Methods: Four focus groups were conducted with six people with... Read More

Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a tailored text message programme (MiQuit) for smoking cessation in pregnancy: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial and meta-analysis (2019)
Journal Article
Whitemore, R., Leonardi-Bee, J., Naughton, F., Sutton, S., Cooper, S., Parrott, S., …Coleman, T. (in press). Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a tailored text message programme (MiQuit) for smoking cessation in pregnancy: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial and meta-analysis. Trials,

Background: Smoking in pregnancy is a major international public health problem. Self-help support (SHS) increases the likelihood of women stopping smoking in pregnancy and delivering this kind of support by text message could be a cost-effective way... Read More

Determinants of motivation to quit in smokers screened for the early detection of lung cancer: a qualitative study (2018)
Journal Article
Young, B., Vedhara, K., Kendrick, D., Littleford, R., Robertson, J. F. R., Sullivan, F. M., …in collaboration with the ECLS study team, . (2018). Determinants of motivation to quit in smokers screened for the early detection of lung cancer: a qualitative study. BMC Public Health, 18(1), doi:10.1186/s12889-018-6211-1

Background: The promotion of smoking cessation within lung cancer screening could lead to benefits for smoking-related disease and improve cost-effectiveness of screening. Little is known about how smokers respond to lung cancer screening and how thi... Read More

The red leg dilemma: a scoping review of the challenges of diagnosing lower limb cellulitis (2018)
Journal Article
Patel, M., Kai, J., Lee, S., & Thomas, K. (2019). The red leg dilemma: a scoping review of the challenges of diagnosing lower limb cellulitis. British Journal of Dermatology, 180(5), 993-1000. doi:10.1111/bjd.17415

Background: Suspected lower limb cellulitis presentations are commonly misdiagnoses, resulting in avoidable antibiotic prescribing or hospital admissions. Understanding the challenges posed in diagnosing cellulitis may help enhance future care. Ob... Read More

Barriers to a software reminder system for risk assessment of stroke in atrial fibrillation: a process evaluation of a cluster randomised trial in general practice (2018)
Journal Article
Holt, T. A., Dalton, A. R., Kirkpatrick, S., Hislop, J., Marshall, T., Fay, M., …Hobbs, F. R. (2018). Barriers to a software reminder system for risk assessment of stroke in atrial fibrillation: a process evaluation of a cluster randomised trial in general practice. British Journal of General Practice, 68(677), e844-e851. doi:10.3399/bjgp18x699809

Background: Oral anticoagulants reduce the risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), but are underused. AURAS-AF (AUtomated Risk Assessment for Stroke in AF) is a software tool designed to identify eligible patients and promote discus... Read More

Innovative, paired careers tutorials: increasing the number of medical students choosing general practice as a career (2018)
Journal Article
Allsopp, G., & Taggar, J. (2018). Innovative, paired careers tutorials: increasing the number of medical students choosing general practice as a career. Education for Primary Care, 29(5), 301-306. doi:10.1080/14739879.2018.1483742

Background: With a crisis in general practice recruitment, to maintain the current workforce, the Department of Health and Social Care quote a need for 50% of our medical students to choose general practice as a career. There is much variety between... Read More

Low salivary cortisol levels in patients with rheumatoid arthritis exposed to oral glucocorticoids: a cross-sectional study set within UK electronic health records (2018)
Journal Article
Joseph, R. M., Ray, D. W., Keevil, B., van Staa, T. P., & Dixon, W. G. (2018). Low salivary cortisol levels in patients with rheumatoid arthritis exposed to oral glucocorticoids: a cross-sectional study set within UK electronic health records. RMD Open, 4(2), doi:10.1136/rmdopen-2018-000700

Background: Glucocorticoids (GCs) suppress endogenous cortisol levels which can lead to adrenal insufficiency (AI). The frequency of GC-induced AI remains unclear. In this cross-sectional study, low morning salivary cortisol (MSC) levels were used as... Read More

The need-relevant instructor behaviours scale (NIBS): development and initial validation (2018)
Journal Article
Quested, E., Ntoumanis, N., Stenling, A., Thogersen-Ntoumani, C., & Hancox, J. (2018). The need-relevant instructor behaviours scale (NIBS): development and initial validation. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 40(5), 259-268. doi:10.1123/jsep.2018-0043

Purpose. This article outlines the development and validation of the Need-Relevant Instructor Behaviors Scale (NIBS). Drawing from self-determination theory, the NIBS is the first observation tool designed to code the frequency and the intensity of a... Read More

Poisoning substances taken by young people: a population-based cohort study (2018)
Journal Article
Tyrrell, E. G., Kendrick, D., Sayal, K., & Orton, E. (2018). Poisoning substances taken by young people: a population-based cohort study. British Journal of General Practice, 68(675), (e703-e710). doi:10.3399/bjgp18X698897. ISSN 0960-1643

Background: Globally, poisonings account for most medically-attended self-harm. Recent data on poisoning substances are lacking, but needed to inform self-harm prevention. Aim: To assess poisoning substance patterns and trends among 10-24 year olds... Read More

Medical students’ attitudes towards increasing early clinical exposure to primary care (2018)
Journal Article
van Oppen, J., Camm, C., Sahota, G., Taggar, J., & Knox, R. (2018). Medical students’ attitudes towards increasing early clinical exposure to primary care. Education for Primary Care, 29(5), 312-313. doi:10.1080/14739879.2018.1495107

Context: The sustainability of the future UK General Practice (GP) workforce is reliant on half of medical graduates choosing a career in primary care (1), but while good quality undergraduate GP placements (particularly those which are early in the... Read More

Injury among children and young people with and without attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder in the community: the risk of fractures, thermal injuries and poisonings (2018)
Journal Article
Prasad, V., West, J., Sayal, K., & Kendrick, D. (2018). Injury among children and young people with and without attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder in the community: the risk of fractures, thermal injuries and poisonings. Child: Care, Health and Development, 44(6), 871-878. doi:10.1111/cch.12591

Background: Injuries commonly cause morbidity and mortality in children and young people (CYP). Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the commonest neurobehavioural disorder in CYP and is associated with increased injury risk. However, l... Read More

Do individual versus illness belief schema differ in the prediction of post-stroke recovery? (2018)
Journal Article
Aujla, N., Walker, M. F., Sprigg, N., & Vedhara, K. (2018). Do individual versus illness belief schema differ in the prediction of post-stroke recovery?. Journal of Health Psychology, doi:10.1177/1359105318785446

This longitudinal observational study examined how individual versus illness belief schema compare as predictors of post-stroke recovery. Forty-two stroke survivors (mean age=66.9 years/range=29-96 years; 68% male), were involved. The primary outcome... Read More