Research Repository

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Determinants of motivation to quit in smokers screened for the early detection of lung cancer: a qualitative study (2018)
Journal Article
Young, B., Vedhara, K., Kendrick, D., Littleford, R., Robertson, J. F. R., Sullivan, F. M., …in collaboration with the ECLS study team, . (2018). Determinants of motivation to quit in smokers screened for the early detection of lung cancer: a qualitative study. BMC Public Health, 18(1), doi:10.1186/s12889-018-6211-1

Background: The promotion of smoking cessation within lung cancer screening could lead to benefits for smoking-related disease and improve cost-effectiveness of screening. Little is known about how smokers respond to lung cancer screening and how thi... Read More

The red leg dilemma: a scoping review of the challenges of diagnosing lower limb cellulitis (2018)
Journal Article
Patel, M., Kai, J., Lee, S., & Thomas, K. (2018). The red leg dilemma: a scoping review of the challenges of diagnosing lower limb cellulitis. British Journal of Dermatology, doi:10.1111/bjd.17415

Background: Suspected lower limb cellulitis presentations are commonly misdiagnoses, resulting in avoidable antibiotic prescribing or hospital admissions. Understanding the challenges posed in diagnosing cellulitis may help enhance future care. Ob... Read More

Innovative, paired careers tutorials: increasing the number of medical students choosing general practice as a career (2018)
Journal Article
Allsopp, G., & Taggar, J. (2018). Innovative, paired careers tutorials: increasing the number of medical students choosing general practice as a career. Education for Primary Care, 29(5), 301-306. doi:10.1080/14739879.2018.1483742

Background: With a crisis in general practice recruitment, to maintain the current workforce, the Department of Health and Social Care quote a need for 50% of our medical students to choose general practice as a career. There is much variety between... Read More

Low salivary cortisol levels in patients with rheumatoid arthritis exposed to oral glucocorticoids: a cross-sectional study set within UK electronic health records (2018)
Journal Article
Joseph, R. M., Ray, D. W., Keevil, B., van Staa, T. P., & Dixon, W. G. (2018). Low salivary cortisol levels in patients with rheumatoid arthritis exposed to oral glucocorticoids: a cross-sectional study set within UK electronic health records. RMD Open, 4(2), doi:10.1136/rmdopen-2018-000700

Background: Glucocorticoids (GCs) suppress endogenous cortisol levels which can lead to adrenal insufficiency (AI). The frequency of GC-induced AI remains unclear. In this cross-sectional study, low morning salivary cortisol (MSC) levels were used as... Read More

The need-relevant instructor behaviours scale (NIBS): development and initial validation (2018)
Journal Article
Quested, E., Ntoumanis, N., Stenling, A., Thogersen-Ntoumani, C., & Hancox, J. (2018). The need-relevant instructor behaviours scale (NIBS): development and initial validation. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 40(5), 259-268. doi:10.1123/jsep.2018-0043

Purpose. This article outlines the development and validation of the Need-Relevant Instructor Behaviors Scale (NIBS). Drawing from self-determination theory, the NIBS is the first observation tool designed to code the frequency and the intensity of a... Read More

Poisoning substances taken by young people: a population-based cohort study (2018)
Journal Article
Tyrrell, E. G., Kendrick, D., Sayal, K., & Orton, E. (2018). Poisoning substances taken by young people: a population-based cohort study. British Journal of General Practice, 68(675), (e703-e710). doi:10.3399/bjgp18X698897. ISSN 0960-1643

Background: Globally, poisonings account for most medically-attended self-harm. Recent data on poisoning substances are lacking, but needed to inform self-harm prevention. Aim: To assess poisoning substance patterns and trends among 10-24 year olds... Read More

Medical students’ attitudes towards increasing early clinical exposure to primary care (2018)
Journal Article
van Oppen, J., Camm, C., Sahota, G., Taggar, J., & Knox, R. (2018). Medical students’ attitudes towards increasing early clinical exposure to primary care. Education for Primary Care, 29(5), 312-313. doi:10.1080/14739879.2018.1495107

Context: The sustainability of the future UK General Practice (GP) workforce is reliant on half of medical graduates choosing a career in primary care (1), but while good quality undergraduate GP placements (particularly those which are early in the... Read More

Injury among children and young people with and without attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder in the community: the risk of fractures, thermal injuries and poisonings (2018)
Journal Article
Prasad, V., West, J., Sayal, K., & Kendrick, D. (2018). Injury among children and young people with and without attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder in the community: the risk of fractures, thermal injuries and poisonings. Child: Care, Health and Development, 44(6), 871-878. doi:10.1111/cch.12591

Background: Injuries commonly cause morbidity and mortality in children and young people (CYP). Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the commonest neurobehavioural disorder in CYP and is associated with increased injury risk. However, l... Read More

Do individual versus illness belief schema differ in the prediction of post-stroke recovery? (2018)
Journal Article
Aujla, N., Walker, M. F., Sprigg, N., & Vedhara, K. (in press). Do individual versus illness belief schema differ in the prediction of post-stroke recovery?. Journal of Health Psychology, doi:10.1177/1359105318785446

This longitudinal observational study examined how individual versus illness belief schema compare as predictors of post-stroke recovery. Forty-two stroke survivors (mean age=66.9 years/range=29-96 years; 68% male), were involved. The primary outcome... Read More

Risks and benefits of direct oral anticoagulants versus warfarin in a real world setting: cohort study in primary care (2018)
Journal Article
Vinogradova, Y., Coupland, C., Hill, T., & Hippisley-Cox, J. (2018). Risks and benefits of direct oral anticoagulants versus warfarin in a real world setting: cohort study in primary care. BMJ, 362, doi:10.1136/bmj.k2505

Objective: To investigate the associations between direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) and risks of bleeding, ischaemic stroke, venous thromboembolism, and all cause mortality compared with warfarin. Design: Prospective open cohort study. Settin... Read More

Using electronic health records to quantify and stratify the severity of type 2 diabetes in primary care in England: rationale and cohort study design (2018)
Journal Article
Zghebi, S. S., Rutter, M. K., Ashcroft, D. M., Salisbury, C., Mallen, C., Chew-Graham, C. A., …Planner, C. (2018). Using electronic health records to quantify and stratify the severity of type 2 diabetes in primary care in England: rationale and cohort study design. BMJ Open, 8(6),

Introduction: The increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) presents a significant burden on affected individuals and health-care systems internationally. There is, however, no agreed validated measure to infer diabetes severity from electronic... Read More

Lung cancer stage-shift following a symptom awareness campaign (2018)
Journal Article
Kennedy, M., Cheyne, L., Darby, M., Plant, P., Milton, R., Robson, J., …Callister, M. E. (2018). Lung cancer stage-shift following a symptom awareness campaign. Thorax, 73(12), 1128-1136. doi:10.1136/thoraxjnl-2018-211842

Background: Lung cancer outcomes in the UK are worse than in many other developed nations. Symptom awareness campaigns aim to diagnose patients at an earlier stage to improve cancer outcomes. Methods: An early diagnosis campaign for lung cancer co... Read More

Evaluating a stroke-specific version of the Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised, using the Think-Aloud method (2018)
Journal Article
Aujla, N., Vedhara, K., Walker, M., & Sprigg, N. (in press). Evaluating a stroke-specific version of the Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised, using the Think-Aloud method. Journal of Health Psychology, doi:10.1177/1359105318781942

The main purpose was to evaluate, using the Think-Aloud method, a version of the Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised (IPQ-R) for stroke survivors (the Stroke IPQ-R). Six stroke survivors (mean age=58.8 years, range=31 to 78 years, SD=18.9 years)... Read More

Processing of discharge summaries in general practice: a retrospective record review (2018)
Journal Article
Spencer, R., Spencer, S. E., Rodgers, S., Campbell, S., & Avery, A. (2018). Processing of discharge summaries in general practice: a retrospective record review. British Journal of General Practice, 68(673), e576-e585. doi:10.3399/bjgp18X697877

Background: There is a need for greater understanding of the epidemiology of primary care patient safety in order to generate solutions to prevent future harm. Aim: To estimate the rate of failures in processing actions requested in hospital discha... Read More

Views on and experiences of electronic cigarettes: a qualitative study of women who are pregnant or have recently given birth. (2018)
Journal Article
Bowker, K., Orton, S., Cooper, S., Naughton, F., Whitemore, R., Lewis, S., …Ussher, M. (in press). Views on and experiences of electronic cigarettes: a qualitative study of women who are pregnant or have recently given birth. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 18, doi:10.1186/s12884-018-1856-4

Background: Electronic cigarettes (ECs) are increasingly used for reducing or stopping smoking, with some studies showing positive outcomes. However, little is known about views on ECs during pregnancy or postpartum and previous studies have nearly a... Read More

Effects on abstinence of nicotine patch treatment prior to quitting smoking: a parallel, two-arm, pragmatic randomised trial (2018)
Journal Article
Aveyard, P., Lewis, S., Coleman, T., Dickinson, A., Randall, C., Orton, S., & Perdue, J. (2018). Effects on abstinence of nicotine patch treatment prior to quitting smoking: a parallel, two-arm, pragmatic randomised trial. BMJ, 361, doi:10.1136/bmj.k2164. ISSN 0959-8138

Objectives: Standard smoking cessation pharmacotherapy is recommended in the post-quit period, but may also facilitate abstinence if used prior to quitting. The objective was to examine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of nicotine patch worn... Read More

Developing a measure of polypharmacy appropriateness in primary care: systematic review and expert consensus study (2018)
Journal Article
Burt, J., Elmore, N., Campbell, S. M., Rodgers, S., Avery, A. J., & Payne, R. A. (2018). Developing a measure of polypharmacy appropriateness in primary care: systematic review and expert consensus study. BMC Medicine, 16, (1-15). doi:10.1186/s12916-018-1078-7. ISSN 1741-7015

Background: Polypharmacy is an increasing challenge for primary care. Although sometimes clinically justified, polypharmacy can be inappropriate, leading to undesirable outcomes. Optimising care for polypharmacy necessitates effective targeting and m... Read More