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Accuracy of methods for detecting an irregular pulse and suspected atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis (2015)
Journal Article
Taggar, J. S., Coleman, T., Lewis, S., Heneghan, C., & Jones, M. (2016). Accuracy of methods for detecting an irregular pulse and suspected atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 23(12), (1330-1338). doi:10.1177/2047487315611347. ISSN 2047-4873

Background: Pulse palpation has been recommended as the first step of screening to detect atrial fibrillation. We aimed to determine and compare the accuracy of different methods for detecting pulse irregularities caused by atrial fibrillation. Me... Read More about Accuracy of methods for detecting an irregular pulse and suspected atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Clinically significant chronic liver disease in people with type 2 diabetes: the Edinburgh Type 2 Diabetes Study (2015)
Journal Article
Morling, J. R., Fallowfield, J. A., Guha, I. N., Williamson, R. M., Glancy, S., Strachan, M. W., & Price, J. F. (2016). Clinically significant chronic liver disease in people with type 2 diabetes: the Edinburgh Type 2 Diabetes Study. QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, 109(4), doi:10.1093/qjmed/hcv191

Background: Type 2 diabetes is an independent risk factor for chronic liver disease, however disease burden estimates and knowledge of prognostic indicators are lacking in community populations. Aims: To describe the prevalence and incidence of cl... Read More about Clinically significant chronic liver disease in people with type 2 diabetes: the Edinburgh Type 2 Diabetes Study.

Change in quality of life for patients with irritable bowel syndrome following referral to a gastroenterologist: a cohort study (2015)
Journal Article
Canavan, C., West, J., & Card, T. R. (2015). Change in quality of life for patients with irritable bowel syndrome following referral to a gastroenterologist: a cohort study. PLoS ONE, 10(10), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0139389

BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a chronic functional condition, considerably reduces quality of life (QoL) and referral to gastroenterology is common. Until now, however, the impact of seeing a gastroenterologist for IBS on patients’ QoL... Read More about Change in quality of life for patients with irritable bowel syndrome following referral to a gastroenterologist: a cohort study.

Development of processes allowing near real-time refinement and validation of triage tools during the early stage of an outbreak in readiness for surge: the FLU-CATs Study (2015)
Journal Article
Venkatesan, S., Myles, P. R., McCann, G., Kousoulis, A. A., Hashmi, M., Belatri, R., …Semple, M. G. (2015). Development of processes allowing near real-time refinement and validation of triage tools during the early stage of an outbreak in readiness for surge: the FLU-CATs Study. Health Technology Assessment, 19(89), doi:10.3310/hta19890

BACKGROUND: During pandemics of novel influenza and outbreaks of emerging infections, surge in health-care demand can exceed capacity to provide normal standards of care. In such exceptional circumstances, triage tools may aid decisions in identifyin... Read More about Development of processes allowing near real-time refinement and validation of triage tools during the early stage of an outbreak in readiness for surge: the FLU-CATs Study.

Sex and age differences in the early identification and treatment of alcohol use: a population-based study of patients with alcoholic cirrhosis (2015)
Journal Article
Otete, H. E., Orton, E., West, J., & Fleming, K. M. (2015). Sex and age differences in the early identification and treatment of alcohol use: a population-based study of patients with alcoholic cirrhosis. Addiction, 110(12), doi:10.1111/add.13081

Aim: To estimate sex differences in health-care utilization among harmful/hazardous drinkers in the period before alcoholic cirrhosis diagnosis, and estimate sex differences in the extent to which alcohol use and brief alcohol interventions were docu... Read More about Sex and age differences in the early identification and treatment of alcohol use: a population-based study of patients with alcoholic cirrhosis.

Variation in the risk of venous thromboembolism following colectomy (2015)
Journal Article
Humes, D., Walker, A., Blackwell, J., Hunt, B., & West, J. (2015). Variation in the risk of venous thromboembolism following colectomy. British Journal of Surgery, 102(13), doi:10.1002/bjs.9923

Background: Guidelines recommend extended thromboprophylaxis following colectomy for malignant disease, but not for non-malignant disease. The aim of this study was to determine absolute and relative rates of venous thromboembolism (VTE) following co... Read More about Variation in the risk of venous thromboembolism following colectomy.

Understanding pregnant smokers’ adherence to nicotine replacement therapy during a quit attempt: a qualitative study (2015)
Journal Article
Bowker, K., Campbell, K., Coleman, T., & Lewis, S. (in press). Understanding pregnant smokers’ adherence to nicotine replacement therapy during a quit attempt: a qualitative study. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 18(5), doi:10.1093/ntr/ntv205

Background: Pregnant smokers may be offered nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) alongside behavioral support to assist with a quit attempt. Yet trials of NRT have found adherence to be low among pregnant women, and this has made it difficult to determ... Read More about Understanding pregnant smokers’ adherence to nicotine replacement therapy during a quit attempt: a qualitative study.

Self‐help educational booklets for the prevention of smoking relapse following smoking cessation treatment: a randomized controlled trial (2015)
Journal Article
Maskrey, V., Blyth, A., Brown, T. J., Barton, G. R., Notley, C., Aveyard, P., …Leonardi-Bee, J. (2015). Self‐help educational booklets for the prevention of smoking relapse following smoking cessation treatment: a randomized controlled trial. Addiction, 110(12), doi:10.1111/add.13080

Aims: Most people who quit smoking for a short term will return to smoking again in 12 months. We tested whether self-help booklets can reduce relapse in short-term quitters after receiving behavioural and pharmacological cessation treatment. Des... Read More about Self‐help educational booklets for the prevention of smoking relapse following smoking cessation treatment: a randomized controlled trial.

The effectiveness of tobacco control television advertisements in increasing the prevalence of smoke-free homes (2015)
Journal Article
Lewis, S., Sims, M., Richardson, S., Langley, T., Szatkowski, L., McNeill, A., & Gilmore, A. B. (2015). The effectiveness of tobacco control television advertisements in increasing the prevalence of smoke-free homes. BMC Public Health, 15, doi:10.1186/s12889-015-2207-2

BACKGROUND: There is considerable evidence that tobacco control mass media campaigns can change smoking behaviour. In the UK, campaigns over the last decade have contributed to declines in smoking prevalence and been associated with falls in cigarett... Read More about The effectiveness of tobacco control television advertisements in increasing the prevalence of smoke-free homes.

Smoking in the home after childbirth: prevalence and determinants in an English cohort (2015)
Journal Article
Orton, S., Coleman, T., Jones, L. L., Cooper, S., & Lewis, S. (2015). Smoking in the home after childbirth: prevalence and determinants in an English cohort. BMJ Open, 5(9), doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008856

Objectives Children's exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) is causally linked to childhood morbidity and mortality. Over 38% of English children (aged 4–15) whose parents are smokers are exposed to SHS in the home. Little is known about the prevale... Read More about Smoking in the home after childbirth: prevalence and determinants in an English cohort.

Influenza vaccines really work? Keeping apart the true from the false (2015)
Journal Article
Nguyen-Van-Tam, J., Gross, D., Sturkenboom, M., & Parrish-Sprowl, J. (2015). Influenza vaccines really work? Keeping apart the true from the false. Vaccine, 33(49), doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.08.052

A yearly seasonal flu vaccine is the best preventive method we have against influenza at this time. Even then, vaccination adoption is hampered by on-going discussions about safety and effectiveness. In order to dot the I's and cross the T's at the f... Read More about Influenza vaccines really work? Keeping apart the true from the false.

Evaluation of the ‘Live Life Better Service’, a community-based weight management service, for morbidly obese patients (2015)
Journal Article
Wallace, D., Myles, P., Holt, R., & Van-Tam, J. N. (2016). Evaluation of the ‘Live Life Better Service’, a community-based weight management service, for morbidly obese patients. Journal of Public Health, 38(2), (e138-e149). doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdv103. ISSN 1741-3842

Background There is a limited evidence on the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions in achieving and maintaining a significant level of weight loss in morbidly obese patients. This study evaluated the impact on weight loss and psychological wel... Read More about Evaluation of the ‘Live Life Better Service’, a community-based weight management service, for morbidly obese patients.

Patients' attitudes to risk in lung cancer surgery: a qualitative study (2015)
Journal Article
Powell, H. A., Jones, L. L., Baldwin, D. R., Duffy, J. P., Hubbard, R. B., Tod, A. M., …Bains, M. (2015). Patients' attitudes to risk in lung cancer surgery: a qualitative study. Lung Cancer, 90(2), doi:10.1016/j.lungcan.2015.08.014

Objectives Lung cancer surgery leads to long term survival for some patients but little is known about how patients decide whether to accept the associated surgical risks. The objective of this qualitative study was to explore patients’ attitudes to... Read More about Patients' attitudes to risk in lung cancer surgery: a qualitative study.

Treating tobacco dependence in older adults: a survey of primary care clinicians’ knowledge, attitudes, and practice (2015)
Journal Article
Huddlestone, L., Walker, G. M., Hussain-Mills, R., & Ratschen, E. (2015). Treating tobacco dependence in older adults: a survey of primary care clinicians’ knowledge, attitudes, and practice. BMC Family Practice, 16, doi:10.1186/s12875-015-0317-7

BACKGROUND: The benefits of smoking cessation among older people are well documented. Despite this, evidence suggests that older smokers are rarely engaged in smoking cessation efforts, and that existing tobacco dependence treatments require further... Read More about Treating tobacco dependence in older adults: a survey of primary care clinicians’ knowledge, attitudes, and practice.

Decreased fertility rates in 9639 women diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease: a United Kingdom population-based cohort study (2015)
Journal Article
Ban, L., Tata, L. J., Humes, D., Fiaschi, L., & Card, T. R. (2015). Decreased fertility rates in 9639 women diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease: a United Kingdom population-based cohort study. Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 42(7), doi:10.1111/apt.13354

Background: Clinical studies have reported reduced fertility in women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Aim: To compare fertility rates in women with IBD to those in women without IBD and assess whether the relative fertility differed followi... Read More about Decreased fertility rates in 9639 women diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease: a United Kingdom population-based cohort study.

Changes in the rate of nicotine metabolism across pregnancy: a longitudinal study (2015)
Journal Article
Bowker, K., Lewis, S., Coleman, T., & Cooper, S. (2015). Changes in the rate of nicotine metabolism across pregnancy: a longitudinal study. Addiction, 110(11), doi:10.1111/add.13029

Aims: Increased nicotine metabolism during pregnancy could explain why nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) appears to be less effective on smoking cessation in pregnancy than in non-pregnant smokers, but little is known about nicotine metabolism acros... Read More about Changes in the rate of nicotine metabolism across pregnancy: a longitudinal study.

Health-care interventions to promote and assist tobacco cessation: a review of efficacy, effectiveness and affordability for use in national guideline development (2015)
Journal Article
West, R., Raw, M., McNeill, A., Stead, L., Aveyard, P., Britton, J., …Borland, R. (2015). Health-care interventions to promote and assist tobacco cessation: a review of efficacy, effectiveness and affordability for use in national guideline development. Addiction, 110(9), doi:10.1111/add.12998

Aims: This paper provides a concise review of the efficacy, effectiveness and affordability of health-care interventions to promote and assist tobacco cessation, in order to inform national guideline development and assist countries in planning their... Read More about Health-care interventions to promote and assist tobacco cessation: a review of efficacy, effectiveness and affordability for use in national guideline development.

Systematic review of current efforts to quantify the impacts of climate change on undernutrition (2015)
Journal Article
Phalkey, R. K., Aranda-Jan, C., Marx, S., Höfle, B., & Sauerborn, R. (in press). Systematic review of current efforts to quantify the impacts of climate change on undernutrition. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(33), doi:10.1073/pnas.1409769112

The World Health Organization and the Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change propose undernutrition as the most significant impact of climate change on child health. The question then arises: Where does the empirical evidence to back this claim c... Read More about Systematic review of current efforts to quantify the impacts of climate change on undernutrition.

Familial Aggregation of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Coaggregation of Autoimmune Diseases in Affected Families (2015)
Journal Article
Kuo, C., Grainge, M. J., Valdes, A. M., See, L., Luo, S., Yu, K., …Doherty, M. (2015). Familial Aggregation of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Coaggregation of Autoimmune Diseases in Affected Families. JAMA Internal Medicine, 175(9), 1518-1526. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.3528

IMPORTANCE: Relatives of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) appear to be at higher risk of SLE and other autoimmune diseases, but estimates of individual familial risks are largely unavailable or unreliable. Furthermore, relative contri... Read More about Familial Aggregation of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Coaggregation of Autoimmune Diseases in Affected Families.