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SDSS-IV MaNGA: the different quenching histories of fast and slow rotators (2017)
Journal Article
Smethurst, R. J., Masters, K. L., Lintott, C. J., Weijmans, A., Merrifield, M. R., Penny, S. J., …Nichol, R. C. (2018). SDSS-IV MaNGA: the different quenching histories of fast and slow rotators. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 473(2), doi:10.1093/mnras/stx2547

Do the theorised different formation mechanisms of fast and slow rotators produce an observable difference in their star formation histories? To study this we identify quenching slow rotators in the MaNGA sample by selecting those which lie below the... Read More about SDSS-IV MaNGA: the different quenching histories of fast and slow rotators.

Symmetries and conservation laws in non-Hermitian field theories (2017)
Journal Article
Alexandre, J., Millington, P., & Seynaeve, D. (2017). Symmetries and conservation laws in non-Hermitian field theories. Physical Review D, 96(6), doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.96.065027

Anti-Hermitian mass terms are considered, in addition to Hermitian ones, for PT-symmetric complex-scalar and fermionic field theories. In both cases, the Lagrangian can be written in a manifestly symmetric form in terms of the PT-conjugate variables,... Read More about Symmetries and conservation laws in non-Hermitian field theories.

Novel multifunctional of magnesium ions (Mg++) incorporated calcium phosphate nanostructures (2017)
Journal Article
Thanigai Arul, K., Ramesh, M., Chennakesavan, C., Karthikeyan, V., Manikandan, E., Umar, A., …Henini, M. (2018). Novel multifunctional of magnesium ions (Mg++) incorporated calcium phosphate nanostructures. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 730, doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2017.09.254

Magnesium ions incorporated calcium phosphate was synthesized by wet chemical route and followed by microwave assisted method. XRD analysis was confirmed that the presence of calcium phosphate (hydroxyapatite). TEM analysis was exhibited rod-like mor... Read More about Novel multifunctional of magnesium ions (Mg++) incorporated calcium phosphate nanostructures.

Seven-Tesla magnetization transfer imaging to detect multiple sclerosis white matter lesions (2017)
Journal Article
Chou, I., Lim, S., Tanasescu, R., Al-Radaideh, A., Mougin, O. E., Tench, C. R., …Constantinescu, C. S. (in press). Seven-Tesla magnetization transfer imaging to detect multiple sclerosis white matter lesions. Journal of Neuroimaging, doi:10.1111/jon.12474

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) imaging at 3 Tesla (T) field strength is the most sensitive modality for detecting white matter lesions in multiple sclerosis. While 7T FLAIR is effective in detecting cortical lesio... Read More about Seven-Tesla magnetization transfer imaging to detect multiple sclerosis white matter lesions.

Galaxy evolution in protoclusters (2017)
Journal Article
Muldrew, S. I., Hatch, N. A., & Cooke, E. A. (in press). Galaxy evolution in protoclusters. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, doi:10.1093/mnras/stx2454

We investigate galaxy evolution in protoclusters using a semi-analytic model applied to the Millennium Simulation, scaled to a Planck cosmology. We show that the model reproduces the observed behaviour of the star formation history (SFH) both in prot... Read More about Galaxy evolution in protoclusters.

The DES bright arcs survey: hundreds of candidate strongly lensed galaxy systems from the Dark Energy Survey Science Verification and Year 1 observations (2017)
Journal Article
Diehl, H., Buckley-Geer, E., Lindgren, K., Nord, B., Gaitsch, H., Gaitsch, S., …Walker, A. (2017). The DES bright arcs survey: hundreds of candidate strongly lensed galaxy systems from the Dark Energy Survey Science Verification and Year 1 observations. Astrophysical Journal Supplement, 232(1), doi:10.3847/1538-4365/aa8667

We report the results of searches for strong gravitational lens systems in the Dark Energy Survey (DES) Science Verification and Year 1 observations. The Science Verification data span approximately 250 sq. deg. with a median i-band limiting magnitud... Read More about The DES bright arcs survey: hundreds of candidate strongly lensed galaxy systems from the Dark Energy Survey Science Verification and Year 1 observations.

Eigenstate thermalization hypothesis in quantum dimer models (2017)
Journal Article
Lan, Z., & Powell, S. (in press). Eigenstate thermalization hypothesis in quantum dimer models. Physical Review B, 96(11), doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.115140

We use exact diagonalization to study the eigenstate thermalization hypothesis (ETH) in the quantum dimer model on the square and triangular lattices. Due to the nonergodicity of the local plaquette-ip dynamics, the Hilbert space, which consists of h... Read More about Eigenstate thermalization hypothesis in quantum dimer models.

An étude on global vacuum energy sequester (2017)
Journal Article
D’Amico, G., Kaloper, N., Padilla, A., Stefanyszyn, D., Westphal, A., & Zahariade, G. (2017). An étude on global vacuum energy sequester. Journal of High Energy Physics, 2017(9), doi:10.1007/JHEP09(2017)074

Recently two of the authors proposed a mechanism of vacuum energy sequester as a means of protecting the observable cosmological constant from quantum radiative corrections. The original proposal was based on using global Lagrange multipliers, but la... Read More about An étude on global vacuum energy sequester.

Gravity in the quantum lab (2017)
Journal Article
Howl, R., Hackermüller, L., Bruschi, D. E., & Fuentes, I. (in press). Gravity in the quantum lab. Advances in Physics, doi:10.1080/23746149.2017.1383184. ISSN 0001-8732

At the beginning of the previous century, Newtonian mechanics was advanced by two new revolutionary theories, Quantum Mechanics (QM) and General Relativity (GR). Both theories have transformed our view of physical phenomena, with QM accurately predic... Read More about Gravity in the quantum lab.

Shapes and fissility of highly charged and rapidly rotating levitated liquid drops (2017)
Journal Article
Liao, L., & Hill, R. J. (2017). Shapes and fissility of highly charged and rapidly rotating levitated liquid drops. Physical Review Letters, 119, doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.114501

We use diamagnetic levitation to investigate the shapes and the stability of free electrically charged and spinning liquid drops of volume ∼1 ml. In addition to binary fission and Taylor cone-jet fission modes observed at low and high charge density,... Read More about Shapes and fissility of highly charged and rapidly rotating levitated liquid drops.

A Rapid Urban De-carbonization Scenario Analysis Tool (2017)
Journal Article
Allen, A., Zakery, S., Mao, Y., & Robinson, D. (2017). A Rapid Urban De-carbonization Scenario Analysis Tool. Procedia Engineering, 198, 826-835. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.07.133

A rapid urban de-carbonization scenario analysis tool has been developed. The tool is able to efficiently and effectively generate and populate spatially resolved large scale building scenes, to generate XML input files for the building energy simula... Read More about A Rapid Urban De-carbonization Scenario Analysis Tool.

Thermodynamic entropy as an indicator for urban sustainability? (2017)
Journal Article
Purvis, B., Mao, Y., & Robinson, D. (in press). Thermodynamic entropy as an indicator for urban sustainability?. Procedia Engineering, 198, doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2017.07.131

As foci of economic activity, resource consumption, and the production of material waste and pollution, cities represent both a major hurdle and yet also a source of great potential for achieving the goal of sustainability. Motivated by the desire to... Read More about Thermodynamic entropy as an indicator for urban sustainability?.

Ultra-light hierarchical meta-materials on a body-centred cubic lattice (2017)
Journal Article
Rayneau-Kirkhope, D., Mao, Y., & Farr, R. (2017). Ultra-light hierarchical meta-materials on a body-centred cubic lattice. EPL, 119(1), doi:10.1209/0295-5075/119/14001

Modern fabrication techniques offer the freedom to design and manufacture structures with complex geometry on many lengthscales, offering many potential advantages. For example, fractal/hierarchical struts have been shown to be exceptionally strong a... Read More about Ultra-light hierarchical meta-materials on a body-centred cubic lattice.

Control of antiferromagnetic spin axis orientation in bilayer Fe/CuMnAs films (2017)
Journal Article
Wadley, P., Edmonds, K., Shahedkhah, M., Campion, R., Gallagher, B., Železný, J., …Dhesi, S. (in press). Control of antiferromagnetic spin axis orientation in bilayer Fe/CuMnAs films. Scientific Reports, 7, doi:10.1038/s41598-017-11653-8

Using x-ray magnetic circular and linear dichroism techniques, we demonstrate a collinear exchange coupling between an epitaxial antiferromagnet, tetragonal CuMnAs, and an Fe surface layer. A small uncompensated Mn magnetic moment is observed which i... Read More about Control of antiferromagnetic spin axis orientation in bilayer Fe/CuMnAs films.

Sodium MRI: a new frontier in imaging in nephrology (2017)
Journal Article
Francis, S. T., Buchanan, C., Prestwich, B., & Taal, M. W. (2017). Sodium MRI: a new frontier in imaging in nephrology. Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension, 26(6), doi:10.1097/MNH.0000000000000370

Purpose of review This review focuses on the recent technological advances in quantitative sodium (23Na) MRI to provide a noninvasive measure of tissue viability for use in clinical studies of patients with kidney disease. 23Na MRI is the only non... Read More about Sodium MRI: a new frontier in imaging in nephrology.

CANDELS: Elevated black hole growth in the progenitors of compact quiescent galaxies at z ∼ 2 (2017)
Journal Article
Kocevski, D. D., Barro, G., Faber, S., Dekel, A., Somerville, R. S., Young, J. A., …Yan, H. (2017). CANDELS: Elevated black hole growth in the progenitors of compact quiescent galaxies at z ∼ 2. Astrophysical Journal, 846(2), doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa8566

We examine the fraction of massive (M* > 1010 M) compact star-forming galaxies (cSFGs) that host an active galactic nucleus (AGN) at z ~ 2. These cSFGs are likely the direct progenitors of the compact quiescent galaxies observed at this epoch, which... Read More about CANDELS: Elevated black hole growth in the progenitors of compact quiescent galaxies at z ∼ 2.

Overdominant effect of a CHRNA4 polymorphism on cingulo-opercular network activity and cognitive control (2017)
Journal Article
Sadaghiani, S., Ng, B., Altmann, A., Poline, J., Banaschewski, T., Bokde, A. L., …Greicius, M. (2017). Overdominant effect of a CHRNA4 polymorphism on cingulo-opercular network activity and cognitive control. Journal of Neuroscience, 37(40), 9657-9666. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0991-17.2017

The nicotinic system plays an important role in cognitive control, and is implicated in several neuropsychiatric conditions. Yet, the contributions of genetic variability in this system to individuals' cognitive control abilities are poorly understoo... Read More about Overdominant effect of a CHRNA4 polymorphism on cingulo-opercular network activity and cognitive control.

Quantum dynamics of a Josephson junction driven cavity mode system in the presence of voltage bias noise (2017)
Journal Article
Wang, H., Blencowe, M., Armour, A., & Rimberg, A. (2017). Quantum dynamics of a Josephson junction driven cavity mode system in the presence of voltage bias noise. Physical Review B, 96(10), doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.104503

We give a semiclassical analysis of the average photon number as well as photon number variance (Fano factor F) for a Josephson junction (JJ) embedded microwave cavity system, where the JJ is subject to a fluctuating (i.e., noisy) bias voltage with f... Read More about Quantum dynamics of a Josephson junction driven cavity mode system in the presence of voltage bias noise.

The Herschel Bright Sources (HerBS): sample definition and SCUBA-2 observations (2017)
Journal Article
Bakx, T. J. L. C., Bakx, T. J., Eales, S. A., Negrello, M., Smith, M. W. L., Valiante, E., …Yang, C. (2018). The Herschel Bright Sources (HerBS): sample definition and SCUBA-2 observations. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 473(2), 1751-1773. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stx2267

We present the Herschel Bright Sources (HerBS) sample, a sample of bright, high-redshift Herschel sources detected in the 616.4 deg2 Herschel Astrophysical Terahertz Large Area Survey. The HerBS sample contains 209 galaxies, selected with a 500 μm fl... Read More about The Herschel Bright Sources (HerBS): sample definition and SCUBA-2 observations.

MRI assessment of the postprandial gastrointestinal motility and peptide response in healthy humans (2017)
Journal Article
Khalaf, A., Hoad, C., Menys, A., Nowak, A., Taylor, S. A., Paparo, S., …Moran, G. W. (2018). MRI assessment of the postprandial gastrointestinal motility and peptide response in healthy humans. Neurogastroenterology and Motility, 30(1), doi:10.1111/nmo.13182

Background: Feeding triggers inter-related gastrointestinal (GI) motor, peptide and appetite responses. These are rarely studied together due to methodological limitations. Recent MRI advances allow pan-intestinal, non-invasive assessment of motility... Read More about MRI assessment of the postprandial gastrointestinal motility and peptide response in healthy humans.