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ELF5 drives lung metastasis in luminal breast cancer through recruitment of Gr1+ CD11b+ myeloid-derived suppressor cells (2015)
Journal Article
Gallego-Ortega, D., Ledger, A., Roden, D. L., Law, A. M., Magenau, A., Kikhtyak, Z., …Ormandy, C. J. (2015). ELF5 drives lung metastasis in luminal breast cancer through recruitment of Gr1+ CD11b+ myeloid-derived suppressor cells. PLoS Biology, 13(12), doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1002330

During pregnancy, the ETS transcription factor ELF5 establishes the milk-secreting alveolar cell lineage by driving a cell fate decision of the mammary luminal progenitor cell. In breast cancer, ELF5 is a key transcriptional determinant of tumor subt... Read More

Citrullinated vimentin presented on MHC-II in tumor cells is a target for CD4+ T-cell-mediated antitumor immunity (2015)
Journal Article
Brentville, V. A., Metheringham, R. L., Gunn, B., Symonds, P., Daniels, I., Gijon, M., …Durrant, L. (2016). Citrullinated vimentin presented on MHC-II in tumor cells is a target for CD4+ T-cell-mediated antitumor immunity. Cancer Research, 76(3), doi:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-15-1085

Stressful conditions in the harsh tumor microenvironment induce autophagy in cancer cells as a mechanism to promote their survival. However, autophagy also causes post-translational modification of proteins that are recognized by the immune system. I... Read More

Autologous Hematopoetic Stem Cell Transplantation for Refractory Crohn Disease: A Randomized Clinical Trial (2015)
Journal Article
Hawkey, C. J., Allez, M., Clark, M. M., Labopin, M., Lindsay, J. O., Ricart, E., …Farge, D. (2015). Autologous Hematopoetic Stem Cell Transplantation for Refractory Crohn Disease: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 314(23), 2524-2534. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16700

Importance: Case reports and series suggest hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) may benefit some patients with Crohn disease. Objective: To evaluate the effect of autologous HSCT on refractory Crohn disease. Design, Setting, and Pa... Read More

An approach to the diagnosis of spindle cell lesions of the breast (2015)
Journal Article
Rakha, E. A., Aleskandarany, M. A., Lee, A. H. S., & Ellis, I. O. (2016). An approach to the diagnosis of spindle cell lesions of the breast. Histopathology, 68(1), 33-44. doi:10.1111/his.12865

Although most breast spindle cell lesions (BSCLs) are rare, they constitute a wide spectrum of diseases, ranging from reactive processes to aggressive malignant tumours. Despite their varied histogenesis and behaviour, some lesions show an overlap of... Read More

Clinicopathological and prognostic significance of RECQL5 helicase expression in breast cancers (2015)
Journal Article
Arora, A., Abdel-Fatah, T. M., Agarwal, D., Doherty, R., Croteau, D. L., Moseley, P. M., …Madhusudan, S. (2016). Clinicopathological and prognostic significance of RECQL5 helicase expression in breast cancers. Carcinogenesis, 37(1), 63-71. doi:10.1093/carcin/bgv163

RECQL5 is a member of the RecQ family of DNA helicases and has key roles in homologous recombination, base excision repair, replication and transcription. The clinicopathological significance of RECQL5 expression in breast cancer is unknown. In this... Read More

Ki67/SATB1 ratio is an independent prognostic factor of overall survival in patients with early hormone receptor-positive invasive ductal breast carcinoma (2015)
Journal Article
Laurinavicius, A., Green, A. R., Laurinaviciene, A., Smailyte, G., Ostapenko, V., Meskauskas, R., & Ellis, I. O. (2015). Ki67/SATB1 ratio is an independent prognostic factor of overall survival in patients with early hormone receptor-positive invasive ductal breast carcinoma. Oncotarget, 6(38), 41134-41145. doi:10.18632/oncotarget.5838

Biological diversity of breast cancer presents challenges for personalized therapy and necessitates multiparametric approaches to understand and manage the disease. Multiple protein biomarkers tested by immunohistochemistry (IHC), followed by digital... Read More

Concise review: Reprogramming, behind the scenes: noncanonical neural stem cell signaling pathways reveal new, unseen regulators of tissue plasticity with therapeutic implications (2015)
Journal Article
Poser, S. W., Chenoweth, J. G., Colantuoni, C., Masjkur, J., Chrousos, G., Bornstein, S. R., …Androutsellis-Theotokis, A. (2015). Concise review: Reprogramming, behind the scenes: noncanonical neural stem cell signaling pathways reveal new, unseen regulators of tissue plasticity with therapeutic implications. STEM CELLS, 4(11), doi:10.5966/sctm.2015-0105

Interest is great in the new molecular concepts that explain, at the level of signal transduction, the process of reprogramming. Usually, transcription factors with developmental importance are used, but these approaches give limited information on t... Read More

Impact of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibition on immunostimulatory properties of human 6-sulfo LacNAc dendritic cells (2015)
Journal Article
Langosch, S., Wehner, R., Malecka, A., Franks, H. A., Schäkel, K., Bachmann, M., …Schmitz, M. (2016). Impact of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibition on immunostimulatory properties of human 6-sulfo LacNAc dendritic cells. Immunobiology, 221(2), 166-174. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.imbio.2015.09.012

p38 Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) plays a crucial role in the induction and regulation of innate and adaptive immunity. Furthermore, p38 MAPK can promote tumor invasion, metastasis, and angiogenesis. Based on these properties, p38 MAPK inhi... Read More

PKCα attenuates jagged-1-mediated notch signaling in ErbB-2-positive breast cancer to reverse trastuzumab resistance (2015)
Journal Article
Pandya, K., Wyatt, D., Gallagher, B., Shah, D., Baker, A., Bloodworth, J., …Osipo, C. (2016). PKCα attenuates jagged-1-mediated notch signaling in ErbB-2-positive breast cancer to reverse trastuzumab resistance. Clinical Cancer Research, 22(1), 175-186. doi:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-15-0179

Purpose: Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer mortality among women worldwide. The major problem with current treatments is tumor resistance, recurrence, and disease progression. ErbB-2–positive breast tumors are aggressive and frequen... Read More

Breast Neoplasms with Dermal Analogue Differentiation (Mammary Cylindroma): Report of 3 Cases and a Proposal for a New Terminology (2015)
Journal Article
Rakha, E. A., Lee, A. H., Sheeran, R., Abbosh, C., Hodi, Z., Merchant, W., …Shaaban, A. M. (2015). Breast Neoplasms with Dermal Analogue Differentiation (Mammary Cylindroma): Report of 3 Cases and a Proposal for a New Terminology. Pathobiology, 82(3-4), 172-178. doi:10.1159/000433600

Salivary gland-like and dermal analogue tumours of the breast are rare lesions that can be diagnostically challenging for pathologists. Data on the clinical behaviour and molecular characterisation of these mammary tumours are limited and their desig... Read More

Direct detection and measurement of wall shear stress using a filamentous bio-nanoparticle (2015)
Journal Article
Salmon, A. H. J., Lobo, D. P., Wemyss, A. M., Smith, D. J., Straube, A., Betteridge, K. B., …Arkill, K. P. (2015). Direct detection and measurement of wall shear stress using a filamentous bio-nanoparticle. Nano Research, 8(10), 3307-3315. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-015-0831-x

The wall shear stress (WSS) that a moving fluid exerts on a surface affects many processes including those relating to vascular function. WSS plays an important role in normal physiology (e.g. angiogenesis) and affects the microvasculature's primary... Read More

Construction of tissue microarrays from core needle biopsies: a systematic literature review (2015)
Journal Article
Albanghali, M., Green, A., Rakha, E., Aleskandarany, M., Nolan, C., Ellis, I., & Cheung, K. (2016). Construction of tissue microarrays from core needle biopsies: a systematic literature review. Histopathology, 68(3), 323-332. doi:10.1111/his.12802

In some clinical circumstances, core needle biopsy (CNB) may be the only source of material from cancer tissue for diagnostic use. The volume of tissue available in a CNB is low, and opportunities for research use can therefore be limited. The tissue... Read More

Morphogenesis of the papillary lesions of the breast: phenotypic observation (2015)
Journal Article
Rakha, E. A. (2016). Morphogenesis of the papillary lesions of the breast: phenotypic observation. Journal of Clinical Pathology, 69(1), 64-69. doi:10.1136/jclinpath-2015-203191

Papillary lesions of the breast are a heterogeneous group of diseases characterised by the presence epithelial proliferation supported by fibrovascular stalks. Normal breast tissue does not show papillary morphology and the mechanisms underlying papi... Read More

HAGE in triple-negative breast cancer is a novel prognostic, predictive, and actionable biomarker: a transcriptomic and protein expression analysis (2015)
Journal Article
Abdel-Fatah, T. M., McArdle, S. E., Agarwal, D., Moseley, P. M., Green, A. R., Ball, G. R., …Chan, S. Y. (2015). HAGE in triple-negative breast cancer is a novel prognostic, predictive, and actionable biomarker: a transcriptomic and protein expression analysis. Clinical Cancer Research, 22(4), 905-914. doi:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-15-0610

A defined synthetic substrate for serum-free culture of human stem cell derived cardiomyocytes with improved functional maturity identified using combinatorial materials microarrays (2015)
Journal Article
Patel, A. K., Celiz, A. D., Rajamohan, D., Anderson, D. G., Langer, R., Davies, M. C., …Denning, C. (2015). A defined synthetic substrate for serum-free culture of human stem cell derived cardiomyocytes with improved functional maturity identified using combinatorial materials microarrays. Biomaterials, 61, doi:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2015.05.019

Cardiomyocytes from human stem cells have applications in regenerative medicine and can provide models for heart disease and toxicity screening. Soluble components of the culture system such as growth factors within serum and insoluble components suc... Read More