Research Repository

See what's under the surface


Yoga and Cardiovascular Health Trial (YACHT): a UK-based randomised mechanistic study of a yoga intervention plus usual care vs usual care alone following an acute coronary event (2019)
Journal Article
Tillin, T., Tuson, C., Sowa, B., Chattopadhyay, K., Sattar, N., Welsh, P., …Chaturvedi, N. (2019). Yoga and Cardiovascular Health Trial (YACHT): a UK-based randomised mechanistic study of a yoga intervention plus usual care vs usual care alone following an acute coronary event. BMJ Open, 9(11),

Objective: To determine effects of yoga practice on subclinical cardiovascular measures, risk factors and neuro-endocrine pathways in patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation following acute coronary events. Design: 3-month, two arm (yoga+usual... Read More

Clinical significance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa 2-alkyl-4-quinolone quorum-sensing signal molecules for long-term outcomes in adults with cystic fibrosis (2019)
Journal Article
Webb, K., Fogarty, A., Barrett, D. A., Nash, E. F., Whitehouse, J. L., Smyth, A. R., …Cámara, M. (2019). Clinical significance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa 2-alkyl-4-quinolone quorum-sensing signal molecules for long-term outcomes in adults with cystic fibrosis. Journal of Medical Microbiology, https://doi.org/10.1099/jmm.0.001099

Introduction : Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important respiratory pathogen in cystic fibrosis (CF), which is associated with an accelerated decline in lung function, frequent pulmonary exacerbations and increased mortality. P. aeruginosa produces in... Read More

A novel framework for evaluating the impact of individual decision-making on public health outcomes and its potential application to study antiviral treatment collection during an influenza pandemic (2019)
Journal Article
Venkatesan, S., Nguyen-Van-Tam, J., & Siebers, P. (2019). A novel framework for evaluating the impact of individual decision-making on public health outcomes and its potential application to study antiviral treatment collection during an influenza pandemic. PLoS ONE, 14(10), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0223946

Rojiroti microfinance and child nutrition: a cluster randomised trial (2019)
Journal Article
Ojha, S., Szatkowski, L., Sinha, R., Yaron, G., Fogarty, A., Allen, S., …Smyth, A. R. (2019). Rojiroti microfinance and child nutrition: a cluster randomised trial. Archives of Disease in Childhood, https://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2018-316471+

Objective To determine whether Rojiroti microfinance, for poor Indian women, improves child nutrition. Design Cluster randomised trial. Setting Tolas (village communities) in Bihar State. Participants Women and children under 5 years. Int... Read More

Weight, height and mid-upper arm circumference are associated with haemoglobin levels in adolescent girls living in rural India: A cross-sectional study (2019)
Journal Article
Ahankari, A., Tata, L., & Fogarty, A. (in press). Weight, height and mid-upper arm circumference are associated with haemoglobin levels in adolescent girls living in rural India: A cross-sectional study. Maternal and Child Nutrition,

Objective: We aimed to explore the association of physical parameters with haemoglobin (Hb) levels to test the hypothesis that impaired physical development is associated with anaemia. Methods: A cross-sectional survey study recruited adolescent... Read More

Globalisation of Ayurveda: importance of scientific evidence base (2019)
Book Chapter
Chattopadhyay, K. (2019). Globalisation of Ayurveda: importance of scientific evidence base. In S. Sen, & R. Chakraborty (Eds.), Herbal Medicine in India: Indigenous Knowledge, Practice, Innovation and its ValueSpringer Nature. doi:10.1007/978-981-13-7248-3

Ayurveda, one of the world’s oldest medical systems, is popular or is gaining popularity not only in South Asia but globally, especially for preventing and managing chronic diseases. However, strong concerns remain about the sub-optimal management an... Read More

Does cost feedback modify demand for common blood tests in secondary care? A prospective controlled intervention study (2019)
Journal Article
Lewis, S., Young, B., Thurley, P., Shaw, D., Cranwell, J., Skelly, R., …Andrew Fogarty, . (2019). Does cost feedback modify demand for common blood tests in secondary care? A prospective controlled intervention study. Future Healthcare Journal, 6(3), 204-208. https://doi.org/10.7861/fhj.2019-0001

Background: Behavioural insights or ‘nudge’ theory suggests that non-directional interventions may be used to modify human behaviour. We have tested the hypothesis that the provision of the cost of common blood tests with their results may modify sub... Read More

Corticosteroids as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of influenza: an updated Cochrane systematic review and meta-analysis (2019)
Journal Article
Lansbury, L. E., Rodrigo, C., Leonardi-Bee, J., Nguyen-Van-Tam, J., & Shen Lim, W. (in press). Corticosteroids as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of influenza: an updated Cochrane systematic review and meta-analysis. Critical Care Medicine,

Objective: Corticosteroids may be beneficial in sepsis but uncertainty remains over their effects in severe influenza. This systematic review updates the current evidence regarding corticosteroids in the treatment of influenza and examines the effect... Read More

Epidemiology of bronchiectasis in the UK: Findings from the British lung foundation’s ‘Respiratory health of the nation’ project (2019)
Journal Article
Snell, N., Gibson, J., Jarrold, I., & Quint, J. K. (2019). Epidemiology of bronchiectasis in the UK: Findings from the British lung foundation’s ‘Respiratory health of the nation’ project. Respiratory Medicine, 158, 21-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2019.09.012

Key findings of this national survey of non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis epidemiology were that its prevalence, incidence and mortality have all increased over recent years; we estimate that around 212,000 people are currently living with bronchiec... Read More

Changes in Asthma Mortality in England and Wales since 2001 (2019)
Journal Article
Shaw, D. E., Gaynor, C. M., & Fogarty, A. (2019). Changes in Asthma Mortality in England and Wales since 2001. Thorax, https://doi.org/10.1136/thoraxjnl-2019-213350

The number of deaths from asthma in England and Wales has not changed significantly over the last decade. This lack of improvement has received attention from both national asthma guidelines and the media. We examined asthma death data from the Offic... Read More

Experience of Identity Change in People Who Reported a Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis : A Qualitative Inquiry (2019)
Journal Article
Barker, A. B., Smale, K., Hunt, N., Lincoln, N. B., & das Nair, R. (2019). Experience of Identity Change in People Who Reported a Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis : A Qualitative Inquiry. International Journal of Ms Care, 21(5), 235-242. https://doi.org/10.7224/1537-2073.2018-069

Background: A diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) can lead to changes to a person’s sense of self. The aim of this study was to investigate the subjective experience of identity change and subsequent adjustment to MS. Methods: Semi-structured in... Read More

Obesity is the most common risk factor for chronic liver disease: Results from risk stratification pathway using transient elastography (2019)
Journal Article
Harris, R., Card, T. R., Delahooke, T., Aithal, G. P., & Guha, I. N. (2019). Obesity is the most common risk factor for chronic liver disease: Results from risk stratification pathway using transient elastography. American Journal of Gastroenterology, doi:10.14309/ajg.0000000000000357

Introduction Obesity has been associated with liver fibrosis yet guidelines do not emphasise it as an independent risk factor in which to have a high index of suspicion of advanced disease. We aimed to elucidate the effect of a raised body mass inde... Read More

Interest in and use of smoking cessation support across pregnancy and postpartum (2019)
Journal Article
Naughton, F., Reeves Vaz, L., Coleman, T., Orton, S., Bowker, K., Leonardi-Bee, J., …Ussher, M. (2019). Interest in and use of smoking cessation support across pregnancy and postpartum. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntz151

Background: Limited research exists on interest in and use of smoking cessation support in pregnancy and postpartum. Methods: A longitudinal cohort of pregnant smokers and recent ex-smokers were recruited in Nottinghamshire, UK (N=850). Data were... Read More

Impact of integrated district level mental health care on clinical and social outcomes of people with severe mental illness in rural Ethiopia: an intervention cohort study (2019)
Journal Article
Hanlon, C., Medhin, G., Selamu, M., Birhane, R., Dewey, M., Tirfessa, K., …Fekadu, A. (2019). Impact of integrated district level mental health care on clinical and social outcomes of people with severe mental illness in rural Ethiopia: an intervention cohort study. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 1-10. doi:10.1017/S2045796019000398

Aim There is limited evidence of the safety and impact of task-shared care for people with severe mental illnesses (SMI; psychotic disorders and bipolar disorder) in low-income countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and impact o... Read More