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Not all play equipment is created equal: associations between equipment at home and children's physical activity (2019)
Journal Article
Moss, K. M., Dobson, A. J., Edwards, K., Hesketh, K. D., Chang, Y., & Mishra, G. D. (2019). Not all play equipment is created equal: associations between equipment at home and children's physical activity. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 16(11), 945–951. https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2019-0075

Background: Play equipment at home could be targeted in interventions to increase children’s physical activity (PA), but evidence is mixed, potentially because current methods do not reflect children’s lived experience. This study investigated associ... Read More

Mechanistic investigations into the encapsulation and release of small molecules and proteins from a supramolecular nucleoside gel in vitro and in vivo (2019)
Journal Article
Faidra Angelerou, M. G., Markus, R., Paraskevopoulou, V., Foralosso, R., Clarke, P., Alvarez, C. V., …Marlow, M. (2019). Mechanistic investigations into the encapsulation and release of small molecules and proteins from a supramolecular nucleoside gel in vitro and in vivo. Journal of Controlled Release, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconrel.2019.10.011

Supramolecular gels have recently emerged as promising biomaterials for the delivery of a wide range of bioactive molecules, from small hydrophobic drugs to large biomolecules such as proteins. Although it has been demonstrated that each encapsulated... Read More

Commissioning social care for people with dementia living at home: findings from a national survey (2019)
Journal Article
Davies, S., Hughes, J., Ahmed, S., Clarkson, P., Challis, D., & HoSt-D (Home Support in Dementia) Programme Management Group, . (2019). Commissioning social care for people with dementia living at home: findings from a national survey. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, https://doi.org/10.1002/gps.5214

Objective: To explore the complexities, circumstances, and range of services commissioned for people with dementia living at home. Methods: A national survey was used to collect data from English local authorities in 2015. Commissioners of servic... Read More

A randomized, controlled, double-blind crossover study on the effects of isoeffective and isovolumetric intravenous crystalloid and gelatin on blood volume, and renal and cardiac hemodynamics (2019)
Journal Article
Bradley, C. R., Bragg, D. D., Cox, E. F., El-Sharkawy, A. M., Buchanan, C. E., Chowdhury, A. H., …Lobo, D. N. (2019). A randomized, controlled, double-blind crossover study on the effects of isoeffective and isovolumetric intravenous crystalloid and gelatin on blood volume, and renal and cardiac hemodynamics. Clinical Nutrition, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2019.09.011

Background & aims Blood volume expanding properties of colloids are superior to crystalloids. In addition to oncotic/osmotic properties, the electrolyte composition of infusions may have important effects on visceral perfusion, with infusions contai... Read More

Computer Tomography-Based Psoas Skeletal Muscle Area and Radiodensity are Poor Sentinels for Whole L3 Skeletal Muscle Values (2019)
Journal Article
Rollins, K. E., Gopinath, A., Awwad, A., Macdonald, I. A., & Lobo, D. N. (2019). Computer Tomography-Based Psoas Skeletal Muscle Area and Radiodensity are Poor Sentinels for Whole L3 Skeletal Muscle Values. Clinical Nutrition, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2019.10.003

Background and aims Computed tomography (CT)-based measurement of skeletal muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) and Hounsfield unit (HU) radiodensity are used to assess the presence of sarcopenia and myosteatosis, respectively. The validated CT-based t... Read More

A double-blind randomized controlled trial of the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid supplementation on muscle inflammation and physical function in patients undergoing colorectal cancer resection (2019)
Journal Article
Hossain, T., Phillips, B. E., Doleman, B., Lund, J. N., & Williams, J. P. (2019). A double-blind randomized controlled trial of the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid supplementation on muscle inflammation and physical function in patients undergoing colorectal cancer resection. Clinical Nutrition, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2019.09.009

Background Resection of colorectal cancer (CRC) initiates inflammation, mediated at least partly by NFĸB (nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B-cells), leading to muscle catabolism and reduced physical performance. Eicosapentaen... Read More

Leveraging writing systems changes for deep learning based Chinese affective analysis (2019)
Journal Article
Xiang, R., Liu, Q., Jiao, Y., Zheng, Y., Ying, W., & Long, Y. (2019). Leveraging writing systems changes for deep learning based Chinese affective analysis. International Journal of Machine Learning and Cybernetics, 10(11), 3313-3325. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13042-019-01019-z

Affective analysis of social media text is in great demand. Online text written in Chinese communities often contains mixed scripts including major text written in Chinese, an ideograph-based writing system, and minor text using Latin letters, an alp... Read More

A mixed-methods study of challenges and benefits of clinical academic careers for nurses, midwives and allied health professionals (2019)
Journal Article
Trusson, D., Rowley, E., & Bramley, L. (2019). A mixed-methods study of challenges and benefits of clinical academic careers for nurses, midwives and allied health professionals. BMJ Open, 9(10), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-030595

Objectives: The clinical academic trajectory for doctors and dentists is well-established, with research embedded in their career development. Recent years have also seen a burgeoning interest and push for nurses, midwives and allied health professio... Read More

Identifying 'avoidable harm' in family practice: a RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method consensus study (2019)
Journal Article
Carson-Stevens, A., Campbell, S., Cooper, A., Armstrong, S., Ashcroft, D., Boyd, M., …Avery, A. (2019). Identifying 'avoidable harm' in family practice: a RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method consensus study. BMC Family Practice, 20, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12875-019-0990-z

Background: Health care-related harm is an internationally recognized threat to public health. The United Kingdom’s national health services demonstrate that upwards of 90% of health care encounters can be delivered in ambulatory settings. Other coun... Read More

UK Postal Delivery Workers’ Occupational Sun Safety: Using Behavior Change Theories to Identify Intervention Pathways (2019)
Journal Article
Houdmont, J., Randall, R., Cheyne, A., Davis, S., Evans, H., & Faichney, J. (2019). UK Postal Delivery Workers’ Occupational Sun Safety: Using Behavior Change Theories to Identify Intervention Pathways. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(19), https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193712

Postal delivery workers have substantial sun exposure. In the United Kingdom (UK) a high proportion of workers possesses a sun sensitive skin type. This population is at elevated risk for skin cancer, yet uptake of sun safety practices is low. Studie... Read More

New concepts in C. difficile management (2019)
Journal Article
Mahida, Y. (2019). New concepts in C. difficile management. British Medical Bulletin, 131(1), 109–118. https://doi.org/10.1093/bmb/ldz029

Background Clostridium difficile infection is transmitted via spores, and the disease is mediated via secreted toxins. It represents a significant healthcare problem, and clinical presentation can range from asymptomatic carriage to life-threatening... Read More

Support Workers in Community Mental Health Teams for Older People: Exploring Sources of Satisfaction and Stress (2019)
Journal Article
Jasper, R., Wilberforce, M., Abendstern, M., Tucker, S., & Challis, D. (2019). Support Workers in Community Mental Health Teams for Older People: Exploring Sources of Satisfaction and Stress. Journal of Long-Term Care, 2019, 111–118

Context: Support workers play an essential role in multidisciplinary community mental health teams for older people (CMHTsOP) in England. However, little is known about how they perceive their role or the impact this has on their levels of stress, we... Read More

Behavioural Activation Therapy for Depression after Stroke (BEADS): A feasibility randomised controlled pilot trial of a psychological intervention for post-stroke depression (2019)
Journal Article
Thomas, S. A., Drummond, A. E., Lincoln, N., Palmer, R., das Nair, R., Latimer, N. R., …Topcu, G. (2019). Behavioural Activation Therapy for Depression after Stroke (BEADS): A feasibility randomised controlled pilot trial of a psychological intervention for post-stroke depression. Health Technology Assessment, 23(47), https://doi.org/10.3310/hta23470

Obesity is the most common risk factor for chronic liver disease: Results from risk stratification pathway using transient elastography (2019)
Journal Article
Harris, R., Card, T. R., Delahooke, T., Aithal, G. P., & Guha, I. N. (2019). Obesity is the most common risk factor for chronic liver disease: Results from risk stratification pathway using transient elastography. American Journal of Gastroenterology, doi:10.14309/ajg.0000000000000357

Introduction Obesity has been associated with liver fibrosis yet guidelines do not emphasise it as an independent risk factor in which to have a high index of suspicion of advanced disease. We aimed to elucidate the effect of a raised body mass inde... Read More

A randomized crossover trial assessing the effects of acute exercise on appetite, circulating ghrelin concentrations, and butyrylcholinesterase activity in normal-weight males with variants of the obesity-linked FTO rs9939609 polymorphism (2019)
Journal Article
Jones, J., Dorling, J. L., Clayton, D. J., King, J. A., Carter, W. G., Thackray, A. E., …Stensel, D. J. (2019). A randomized crossover trial assessing the effects of acute exercise on appetite, circulating ghrelin concentrations, and butyrylcholinesterase activity in normal-weight males with variants of the obesity-linked FTO rs9939609 polymorphism. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqz188

Applying a new concept of embedding qualitative research: an example from a quantitative study of carers of people in later stage dementia (2019)
Journal Article
Abendstern, M., Davies, K., Chester, H., Clarkson, P., Sutcliffe, C., Hughes, J., …Challis, D. (2019). Applying a new concept of embedding qualitative research: an example from a quantitative study of carers of people in later stage dementia. BMC Geriatrics, 19(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-019-1240-x

Background Qualitative methods are increasingly included in larger studies to provide a richer understanding of people’s experience. This paper explores the potential of using a novel approach to embedded qualitative design as part of an observation... Read More