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The prognostic significance of wild type isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (IDH2) in breast cancer (2019)
Journal Article
Aljohani, A. I., Toss, M. S., Kurozumi, S., Joseph, C., Aleskandarany, M. A., Miligy, I. M., …Rakha, E. (2019). The prognostic significance of wild type isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (IDH2) in breast cancer. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10549-019-05459-7

Background: Lymphovascular invasion (LVI) is a prerequisite step in breast cancer (BC) metastasis. We have previously identified wild type isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (IDH2) as a key putative driver of LVI. Thus, we explored the prognostic significanc... Read More

Activated zinc transporter ZIP7 as an indicator of anti-hormone resistance in breast cancer (2019)
Journal Article
Zilio, S., Gee, J. M. W., Ellis, I. O., Green, A. R., Finlay, P., Gobbato, A., & Taylor, K. M. (2019). Activated zinc transporter ZIP7 as an indicator of anti-hormone resistance in breast cancer. Metallomics, https://doi.org/10.1039/C9MT00136K

ZIP7, a member of the ZIP family of zinc importers, resides on the endoplasmic reticulum membrane and transports zinc from intracellular stores to the cytoplasm after activation by CK2 phosphorylation on two serine residues (S275 and S276). ZIP7 is k... Read More

The prognostic significance of Cathepsin V (CTSV/CTSL2) in breast ductal carcinoma in situ (2019)
Journal Article
Toss, M. S., Miligy, I. M., Gorringe, K. L., Mittal, K., Green, A. R., Aneja, R., …Rakha, E. A. (2019). The prognostic significance of Cathepsin V (CTSV/CTSL2) in breast ductal carcinoma in situ. Journal of Clinical Pathology, doi:10.1136/jclinpath-2019-205939

Aims: Cathepsin V (CTSV/CTSL2) is a lysosomal cystine proteinase and plays a role in extracellular matrix degradation. It is associated with poor prognosis in invasive breast cancer (IBC), but its role in breast ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) remain... Read More

Clinicopathological Characteristics of Basal-like Breast Cancer (BLBC): a Comparative Study between Egyptian and British Patients (2019)
Journal Article
Mohammed, R. A. A., El-Deek, H. E. M., Aleskandarany, M. A., Green, A. R., Ellis, I. O., & Rakha, E. A. (in press). Clinicopathological Characteristics of Basal-like Breast Cancer (BLBC): a Comparative Study between Egyptian and British Patients. Egyptian Journal of Pathology,

Background and aims: Clinicopathological features of Basal-like Breast Cancer (BLBC) in African American women have been extensively studied. Comparatively, less is known about these tumors in patients from countries in the North African region. The... Read More

Machine learning-based prediction of breast cancer growth rate in-vivo (2019)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, S., Klimov, S., Aleskandarany, M. A., Burrell, H., Wormall, A., Green, A. R., …Aneja, R. (2019). Machine learning-based prediction of breast cancer growth rate in-vivo. British Journal of Cancer, 121, 497–504. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41416-019-0539-x

Background Determining the rate of breast cancer (BC) growth in vivo, which can predict prognosis, has remained elusive despite its relevance for treatment, screening recommendations and medicolegal practice. We developed a model that predicts the r... Read More

Androgen Receptor Status Alone Not a Useful Prognostic Marker in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer (2019)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, S., Klimov, S., Mittal, K., Krishnamurti, U., Li, B., Oprea-Ilies, G., …Aneja, R. (in press). Androgen Receptor Status Alone Not a Useful Prognostic Marker in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer. Cancers,

Background: Androgen Receptor (AR) has emerged as a potential therapeutic target for AR-positive triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). However, conflicting reports regarding AR’s prognostic role in TNBC are putting its usefulness in question. Some st... Read More

Geometric characteristics of collagen have independent prognostic significance in breast ductal carcinoma in situ: an image analysis study (2019)
Journal Article
Toss, M. S., Miligy, I. M., Gorringe, K. L., Alkawaz, A., Mittal, K., Aneja, R., …Rakha, E. A. (2019). Geometric characteristics of collagen have independent prognostic significance in breast ductal carcinoma in situ: an image analysis study. Modern Pathology, 32, 1473-1485. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41379-019-0296-7

Collagen plays a key role in normal and malignant tissue homeostasis. While the prognostic significance of collagen fibre remodeling in invasive breast cancer has been studied, its role in ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) remains poorly defined. Using... Read More

Combining clustering and classification ensembles: A novel pipeline to identify breast cancer profiles (2019)
Journal Article
Agrawal, U., Soria, D., Wagner, C., Garibaldi, J., Ellis, I. O., Bartlett, J. M. S., …Green, A. R. (2019). Combining clustering and classification ensembles: A novel pipeline to identify breast cancer profiles. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, 97, 27-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artmed.2019.05.002

Breast Cancer is one of the most common causes of cancer death in women, representing a very complex disease with varied molecular alterations. To assist breast cancer prognosis, the classification of patients into biological groups is of great signi... Read More

The multifunctional solute carrier 3A2 (SLC3A2) confers a poor prognosis in the highly proliferative breast cancer subtypes (2018)
Journal Article
El Ansari, R., Craze, M. L., Diez-Rodriguez, M., Nolan, C. C., Ellis, I. O., Rakha, E. A., & Green, A. R. (2018). The multifunctional solute carrier 3A2 (SLC3A2) confers a poor prognosis in the highly proliferative breast cancer subtypes. British Journal of Cancer, 118(8), 1115-1122. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41416-018-0038-5

Background: Breast cancer (BC) is a heterogeneous disease characterised by variant biology, metabolic activity and patient outcome. This study aimed to evaluate the biological and prognostic value of the membrane solute carrier, SLC3A2 in BC with emp... Read More

Associations between genomic stratification of breast cancer and centrally reviewed tumour pathology in the METABRIC cohort (2018)
Journal Article
Mukherjee, A., Russell, R., Chin, S., Liu, B., Rueda, O., Ali, H., …Provenzano, E. (2018). Associations between genomic stratification of breast cancer and centrally reviewed tumour pathology in the METABRIC cohort. npj Breast Cancer, 4(1), doi:10.1038/s41523-018-0056-8

The integration of genomic and transcriptomic profiles of 2000 breast tumours from the METABRIC [Molecular Taxonomy of Breast Cancer International Consortium] cohort revealed ten subtypes, termed integrative clusters (IntClust/s), characterised by di... Read More

BQ323636.1, a novel splice variant to NCOR2, as a predictor for tamoxifen resistant breast cancer (2018)
Journal Article
Gong, C., Man, E. P., Tsoi, H., Lee, T. K., Paul, L., Mak, S., …Khoo, U. (2018). BQ323636.1, a novel splice variant to NCOR2, as a predictor for tamoxifen resistant breast cancer. Clinical Cancer Research, 24(15), 3681-3691. doi:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-17-2259

Purpose: Adjuvant tamoxifen treatment revolutionized the management of estrogen receptor (ER) positive breast cancers to prevent cancer recurrence; however drug resistance compromises its clinical efficacy. The mechanisms underlying tamoxifen resista... Read More

Cyclin E overexpression as a biomarker for combination treatment strategies in inflammatory breast cancer (2017)
Journal Article
Alexander, A., Karakas, C., Chen, X., Carey, J. P., Yi, M., Bondy, M., …Keyomarsi, K. (2017). Cyclin E overexpression as a biomarker for combination treatment strategies in inflammatory breast cancer. Oncotarget, 8, 14897-14911. doi:10.18632/oncotarget.14689

Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a virulent form of breast cancer, and novel treatment strategies are urgently needed. Immunohistochemical analysis of tumors from women with a clinical diagnosis of IBC (n = 147) and those with non-IBC breast cance... Read More

Camptothecin targets WRN protein: mechanism and relevance in clinical breast cancer (2016)
Journal Article
Shamanna, R. A., Lu, H., Croteau, D. L., Arora, A., Agarwal, D., Ball, G., …Bohr, V. A. (2016). Camptothecin targets WRN protein: mechanism and relevance in clinical breast cancer. Oncotarget, 7(12), 13269-13284. doi:10.18632/oncotarget.7906

Werner syndrome protein (WRN) is a RecQ helicase that participates in DNA repair, genome stability and cellular senescence. The five human RecQ helicases, RECQL1, Bloom, WRN, RECQL4 and RECQL5 play critical roles in DNA repair and cell survival after... Read More

Phosphorylation of activating transcription factor-2 (ATF-2) within the activation domain is a key determinant of sensitivity to tamoxifen in breast cancer (2014)
Journal Article
Rudraraju, B., Droog, M., Abdel-Fatah, T. M., Zwart, W., Giannoudis, A., Malki, M. I., …Palmieri, C. (2014). Phosphorylation of activating transcription factor-2 (ATF-2) within the activation domain is a key determinant of sensitivity to tamoxifen in breast cancer. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 147(2), 295-309. doi:10.1007/s10549-014-3098-0

Genomic and protein expression analysis reveals flap endonuclease 1 (FEN1) as a key biomarker in breast and ovarian cancer (2014)
Journal Article
Abdel-Fatah, T. M., Russell, R., Albarakati, N., Maloney, D. J., Dorjsuren, D., Rueda, O. M., …Madhusudan, S. (2014). Genomic and protein expression analysis reveals flap endonuclease 1 (FEN1) as a key biomarker in breast and ovarian cancer. Molecular Oncology, 8(7), 1326-1338. doi:10.1016/j.molonc.2014.04.009

FEN1 has key roles in Okazaki fragment maturation during replication, long patch base excision repair, rescue of stalled replication forks, maintenance of telomere stability and apoptosis. FEN1 may be dysregulated in breast and ovarian cancers and ha... Read More