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Patient reported distress can aid clinical decision making in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: analysis of the PROFILE cohort (2019)
Journal Article
Stewart, I., McKeever, T., Braybrooke, R., Oballa, E., Simpson, J. K., Maher, T. M., …Saini, G. (2019). Patient reported distress can aid clinical decision making in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: analysis of the PROFILE cohort. European Respiratory Journal, doi:10.1183/13993003.01925-2018

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a progressive and fatal interstitial lung disease. We aimed to determine if patient response to a palliative assessment survey could predict disease progression or death. We undertook a cross-sectional study in a U... Read More

Changes in roll-your-own tobacco and cigarette sales volume and prices before, during and after plain packaging legislation in the United Kingdom (2019)
Journal Article
Opazo-Breton, M., Britton, J., & Bogdanovica, I. (in press). Changes in roll-your-own tobacco and cigarette sales volume and prices before, during and after plain packaging legislation in the United Kingdom. Tobacco Control,

Background: Plain packaging and minimum pack size legislation for tobacco products was introduced in the UK in May 2016, with a one-year sell-off period until May 2017 during which both fully branded and plain packs of various sizes were legally avai... Read More

Corticosteroids as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of influenza (2019)
Journal Article
Lansbury, L., Rodrigo, C., Leonardi-Bee, J., Nguyen-Van-Tam, J., & Lim, W. S. (2019). Corticosteroids as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of influenza. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, doi:10.1002/14651858.CD010406.pub3

Background Specific treatments for influenza are limited to neuraminidase inhibitors and adamantanes. Corticosteroids show evidence of benefit in sepsis and related conditions, most likely due to their antiÔÇÉinflammatory and immunomodulatory properti... Read More

Assessment of tobacco imagery and compliance with tobacco free rules in popular Indian films (2019)
Journal Article
Muralidhar, K., Veena, K., Joanne, C., John, B., Gaurang, N., Monika, A., …Asha, K. (2019). Assessment of tobacco imagery and compliance with tobacco free rules in popular Indian films. Tobacco Control, doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2018-054613

Background: Exposure to smoking in films causes smoking uptake among adolescents. Investigation of the extent to which tobacco imagery appears, or tobacco control laws are complied with in Indian films is limited, and especially so for films in regio... Read More

Quantifying tobacco and alcohol imagery in Netflix and Amazon Prime Instant Video original programming accessed from the UK: a content analysis (2019)
Journal Article
Barker, A. B., Smith, J., Hunter, A., Britton, J., & Murray, R. L. (2019). Quantifying tobacco and alcohol imagery in Netflix and Amazon Prime Instant Video original programming accessed from the UK: a content analysis. BMJ Open, 9, doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025807

Objectives: Exposure to tobacco and alcohol content in audio-visual media is a risk factor for smoking and alcohol us in young people. Previous UK research has quantified tobacco and alcohol content in films and broadcast television but not that of v... Read More

NHS Health Check and healthy lifestyle in Leicester, England: analysis of a survey dataset (2019)
Journal Article
Chattopadhyay, K., Biswas, M., & Moore, R. (in press). NHS Health Check and healthy lifestyle in Leicester, England: analysis of a survey dataset. Perspectives in Public Health,

Aims: A major component of the NHS Health Check in England is to provide lifestyle advice to eligible participants. The aims of the study were to explore the variations (in terms of uptake) in the NHS Health Check in Leicester and to determine its as... Read More

Clinical management of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy and hyperemesis gravidarum across primary and secondary care: a population based study (2019)
Journal Article
Fiaschi, L., Nelson-Piercy, C., Deb, S., King, R., & Tata, L. (in press). Clinical management of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy and hyperemesis gravidarum across primary and secondary care: a population based study. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology,

Objectives: To assess how nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) and hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) are managed and treated across primary and secondary care. Design: Population-based pregnancy cohort Setting: Medical records (CPRD-GOLD) from England... Read More

Changing causes of death for chronic respiratory disease patients in England, 2005-2015 (2019)
Journal Article
Gayle, A. V., Axson, E. L., Bloom, C. I., Navaratnam, V., & Quint, J. K. (2019). Changing causes of death for chronic respiratory disease patients in England, 2005-2015. Thorax, doi:10.1136/thoraxjnl-2018-212514

Background: Chronic respiratory diseases (CRD) are common, increasing in prevalence, and cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. However, we have limited knowledge on causes of death of patients with CRD in the general population. Ob... Read More

A service evaluation of FIT and anaemia for risk stratification in the two week wait pathway for colorectal cancer (2019)
Journal Article
Chapman, C., Bunce, J., Oliver, S., Ng, O., Tangri, A., Rogers, R., …Banerjea, A. (2019). A service evaluation of FIT and anaemia for risk stratification in the two week wait pathway for colorectal cancer. BJS Open, doi:10.1002/bjs5.50131

Introduction: New national guidance on urgent referral for investigation for Colorectal Cancer (CRC) included faecal occult blood testing in 2015. We evaluated faecal immunochemical testing (FIT) and anaemia as risk stratification tools in symptomati... Read More

Exploration of policy makers` views on the implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in The Gambia: a qualitative study (2019)
Journal Article
Jallow, I. K., Britton, J., & Langley, T. (2019). Exploration of policy makers` views on the implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in The Gambia: a qualitative study. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, doi:10.1093/ntr/ntz003

Background: The World Health Organization’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) is the first international health treaty and has now been ratified by 181 countries. However, there are concerns that in many countries, particularly in Su... Read More

Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a Yoga-based Cardiac Rehabilitation (Yoga-CaRe) program following acute myocardial infarction: study rationale and design of a multi-centre randomized controlled trial (2019)
Journal Article
Chandrasekaran, A. M., Kinra, S., Ajay, V. S., Chattopadhyay, K., Singh, K., Singh, K., …Yoga-CaRe Trial Team, . (2019). Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a Yoga-based Cardiac Rehabilitation (Yoga-CaRe) program following acute myocardial infarction: study rationale and design of a multi-centre randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Cardiology, 280, 14-18. doi:10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.01.012

Measuring health related quality of life of care home residents: comparison of self-report with staff proxy responses (2019)
Journal Article
Usman, A., Lewis, S., Hinsliff-Smith, K., Long, A., Housley, G., Jordan, J., …Gordon, A. L. (2019). Measuring health related quality of life of care home residents: comparison of self-report with staff proxy responses. Age and Ageing, doi:10.1093/ageing/afy191

Introduction: Care home residents are often unable to complete Health Related Quality of Life questionnaires for themselves because of prevalent cognitive impairment. This study compared care home resident and staff proxy responses for two measures,... Read More

Healthcare utilisation, morbidities and alcohol use monitoring prior to alcoholic psychosis diagnosis (2018)
Journal Article
Otete, H., Fleming, K. M., West, J., & Orton, E. (2018). Healthcare utilisation, morbidities and alcohol use monitoring prior to alcoholic psychosis diagnosis. Alcohol and Alcoholism, doi:10.1093/alcalc/agy085

Aims: This study aimed to describe healthcare utilisation, morbidities and monitoring of alcohol use in patients prior to a diagnosis of alcoholic psychosis in order to inform the early identification of patients at risk. Method: Using linked gene... Read More

Temporal relationships between systemic lupus erythematosus and comorbidities (2018)
Journal Article
Kuo, C., Chou, I., Rees, F., Grainge, M. J., Lanyon, P., Davenport, G., …Doherty, M. (2018). Temporal relationships between systemic lupus erythematosus and comorbidities. Rheumatology, doi:10.1093/rheumatology/key335

Objective To examine the burden of comorbidities prior to and after the diagnosis of SLE and its impact on mortality. Methods We identified 1605 incident cases of SLE and 6284 matched controls from the UK primary care. The risks of comorbidities... Read More

Understanding the effect of indoor air pollution on pneumonia in children under five in low and middle income countries: a systematic review of evidence (2018)
Journal Article
Adaji, E. E., Ekezie, W., Clifford, M., & Phalkey, R. (2019). Understanding the effect of indoor air pollution on pneumonia in children under five in low and middle income countries: a systematic review of evidence. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 26(4), 3208–3225. doi:10.1007/s11356-018-3769-1

Background Exposure to indoor air pollution increases the risk of pneumonia in children, accounting for about a million deaths globally. This study investigates the individual effect of solid fuel, carbon monoxide (CO), black carbon (BC) and PM2.... Read More

Cochrane reviews and dermatological trials outcome concordance: why Core Outcome Sets could make trial results more usable (2018)
Journal Article
Schmitt, J., Lange, T., Kottner, J., Prinsen, C. A. C., Weberschock, T., Hahnel, E., …Cochrane Skin Core Outcome Set Initiative (CS-COUSIN), . (2018). Cochrane reviews and dermatological trials outcome concordance: why Core Outcome Sets could make trial results more usable. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, doi:10.1016/j.jid.2018.11.019

Evidence-based healthcare requires that relevant outcomes for patients are included in clinical trials which investigating treatment effects allowing subsequent systematic reviews to summarize all relevant evidence to guide clinical practice. Current... Read More

Optical coherence tomography for the diagnosis of skin cancer in adults (2018)
Journal Article
Ferrante di Ruffano, L., Dinnes, J., Deeks, J. J., Chuchu, N., Bayliss, S. E., Davenport, C., …Williams, H. C. (2018). Optical coherence tomography for the diagnosis of skin cancer in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, doi:10.1002/14651858.CD013189

Background: Early accurate detection of all skin cancer types is essential to guide appropriate management and to improve morbidity and survival. Melanoma and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are high-risk skin cancers, which have the potential to meta... Read More