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Globalisation of Ayurveda: importance of scientific evidence base (2019)
Book Chapter
Chattopadhyay, K. (2019). Globalisation of Ayurveda: importance of scientific evidence base. In S. Sen, & R. Chakraborty (Eds.), Herbal Medicine in India: Indigenous Knowledge, Practice, Innovation and its ValueSpringer Nature. doi:10.1007/978-981-13-7248-3

Ayurveda, one of the world’s oldest medical systems, is popular or is gaining popularity not only in South Asia but globally, especially for preventing and managing chronic diseases. However, strong concerns remain about the sub-optimal management an... Read More

Impact of integrated district level mental health care on clinical and social outcomes of people with severe mental illness in rural Ethiopia: an intervention cohort study (2019)
Journal Article
Hanlon, C., Medhin, G., Selamu, M., Birhane, R., Dewey, M., Tirfessa, K., …Fekadu, A. (2019). Impact of integrated district level mental health care on clinical and social outcomes of people with severe mental illness in rural Ethiopia: an intervention cohort study. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, doi:10.1017/S2045796019000398

Aim There is limited evidence of the safety and impact of task-shared care for people with severe mental illnesses (SMI; psychotic disorders and bipolar disorder) in low-income countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and impact o... Read More

Interest in and use of smoking cessation support across pregnancy and postpartum (2019)
Journal Article
Naughton, F., Reeves Vaz, L., Coleman, T., Orton, S., Bowker, K., Leonardi-Bee, J., …Ussher, M. (in press). Interest in and use of smoking cessation support across pregnancy and postpartum. Nicotine and Tobacco Research,

Background: Limited research exists on interest in and use of smoking cessation support in pregnancy and postpartum. Methods: A longitudinal cohort of pregnant smokers and recent ex-smokers were recruited in Nottinghamshire, UK (N=850). Data were... Read More

Do β-adrenoreceptor blocking drugs associate with reduced risk of symptomatic osteoarthritis and total joint replacement in the general population?: A primary-care based prospective cohort study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (2019)
Journal Article
Nakafero, G., Grainge, M., Valdes, A., Townsend, N., Mallen, C., Zhang, W., …Abhishek, A. (2019). Do β-adrenoreceptor blocking drugs associate with reduced risk of symptomatic osteoarthritis and total joint replacement in the general population?: A primary-care based prospective cohort study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink. BMJ Open, 9(8), doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032050

Effect of tobacco smoking on the risk of developing community acquired pneumonia: A systematic review and meta-analysis (2019)
Journal Article
Baskaran, V., Murray, R. L., Hunter, A., Lim, W. S., & McKeever, T. M. (2019). Effect of tobacco smoking on the risk of developing community acquired pneumonia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE, 14(7), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0220204

Aim To summarise and quantify the effect of tobacco smoking on the risk of developing community acquired pneumonia (CAP) in adults. Methods We systematically searched MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PsychINFO and Web of Science, from inception to Octob... Read More

Prevalence and predictors of polypharmacy prescription among type 2 diabetes patients at a tertiary care department in Ningbo, China: a retrospective database study (2019)
Journal Article
Li, J., Chattopadhyay, K., Xu, M., Chen, Y., Hu, F., Wang, X., & Li, L. (2019). Prevalence and predictors of polypharmacy prescription among type 2 diabetes patients at a tertiary care department in Ningbo, China: a retrospective database study. PLoS ONE, 14(7), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0220047

Objectives To determine the prevalence of polypharmacy prescription among type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients at a tertiary care department in Ningbo, China, and to determine factors that independently predict this polypharmacy prescription. Methods... Read More

Neuraminidase Inhibitors and Hospital Length of Stay: A Meta-analysis of Individual Participant Data to Determine Treatment Effectiveness Among Patients Hospitalized With Nonfatal 2009 Pandemic Influenza A(H1N1) Virus Infection (2019)
Journal Article
Venkatesan, S., Myles, P. R., Bolton, K. J., Muthuri, S. G., Al Khuwaitir, T., Anovadiya, A. P., …Nguyen-Van-Tam, J. S. (2019). Neuraminidase Inhibitors and Hospital Length of Stay: A Meta-analysis of Individual Participant Data to Determine Treatment Effectiveness Among Patients Hospitalized With Nonfatal 2009 Pandemic Influenza A(H1N1) Virus Infection. Journal of Infectious Diseases, doi:10.1093/infdis/jiz152

A Rapid Evidence Appraisal of influenza vaccination in health workers: an important policy in an area of imperfect evidence (2019)
Journal Article
Jenkin, D. C., Mahgoub, H., Morales, K. F., Lambach, P., & Nguyen-Van-Tam, J. S. (2019). A Rapid Evidence Appraisal of influenza vaccination in health workers: an important policy in an area of imperfect evidence. Vaccine, 2, doi:10.1016/j.jvacx.2019.100036

Introduction The World Health Organization recommends vaccination of health workers (HWs) against influenza, but low uptake is intransigent. We conducted a Rapid Evidence Appraisal on: the risk of influenza in HWs, transmission risk from HWs to... Read More

‘I Felt Welcomed in Like They’re a Little Family in There, I Felt Like I Was Joining a Team or Something’: Vape Shop Customers’ Experiences of E-Cigarette Use, Vape Shops and the Vaping Community (2019)
Journal Article
Langley, T., Bell-Williams, R., Pattinson, J., Britton, J., & Bains, M. (2019). ‘I Felt Welcomed in Like They’re a Little Family in There, I Felt Like I Was Joining a Team or Something’: Vape Shop Customers’ Experiences of E-Cigarette Use, Vape Shops and the Vaping Community. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(13), 1-11. doi:10.3390/ijerph16132341

Background: Specialist electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) shops, known as vape shops, provide access to a less harmful alternative to smoking. This study aimed to understand customers’ experiences of vaping and vape shops, and the extent to which smo... Read More

What is the association between price and economic activity with cigarette consumption in Cuba from 1980 to 2014? (2019)
Journal Article
Varona-Perez*, P., Bridges, S., Lorenzo-Vazquez, E., Suarez-Medina, R., Venero-Fernandez, S., Langley, T., …Fogarty, A. W. (2019). What is the association between price and economic activity with cigarette consumption in Cuba from 1980 to 2014?. Public Health, 173, 126-129. doi:10.1016/j.puhe.2019.05.014

Objectives: Cuba is a tobacco producing country that has been economically isolated as a consequence of an embargo imposed by the USA, and has also experienced a severe economic depression in the 1990s after the withdrawal of support by the former So... Read More

Evaluation of a nudge intervention providing simple feedback to clinicians of the consequence of radiation exposure on demand for computerised tomography scans: a prospective, controlled study (2019)
Journal Article
Lewis, S., Shaw, D., Langley, T., Fogarty, A., Young, B., & Cranwell, O. (2019). Evaluation of a nudge intervention providing simple feedback to clinicians of the consequence of radiation exposure on demand for computerised tomography scans: a prospective, controlled study. Clinical Medicine, 19(4), 290-293. doi:10.7861/clinmedicine.19-4-290

Computerised tomography (CT) is readily available in developed countries. As one of the side-effects includes an increased risk of cancer, interventions that may encourage more judicious use of CT scans are important. Behavioural economics theory inc... Read More

Changes in the testing for and incidence of celiac disease in the UK 2005-2015: a population based cohort study (2019)
Journal Article
West, J., Otete, H., Sultan, A. A., & Crooks, C. J. (2019). Changes in the testing for and incidence of celiac disease in the UK 2005-2015: a population based cohort study. Epidemiology, 30(4), e23-e24. doi:10.1097/EDE.0000000000001006

The diagnosis rates of coeliac disease differ substantially between countries. Intriguingly, there has been recent evidence from Olmstead County, USA and Finland that in the last 5-10 years incidence has plateaued or even declined. In most population... Read More

Is the apparently protective effect of maternal nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) used in pregnancy on infant development explained by smoking cessation?: secondary analyses of a randomised controlled trial. (2019)
Journal Article
Iyen, B., Vaz, L. R., Taggar, J., Cooper, S., Lewis, S., & Coleman, T. (2019). Is the apparently protective effect of maternal nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) used in pregnancy on infant development explained by smoking cessation?: secondary analyses of a randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open, 9(7), doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024923

Objective: To investigate relationships between maternal smoking status in pregnancy and infant development. The largest RCT of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) for smoking cessation in pregnancy, the Smoking and Nicotine in Pregnancy (SNAP) trial... Read More

Incidence, prevalence, risk factors and health consequences of polypharmacy among adults in South Asia: a systematic review protocol (2019)
Journal Article
Khan, N., Chattapadhay, K., & Leonardi Bee, J. (2019). Incidence, prevalence, risk factors and health consequences of polypharmacy among adults in South Asia: a systematic review protocol. JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports, doi:10.11124/JBISRIR-D-18-00001

Objective: The objective of the systematic review is to summarize the incidence, prevalence, risk factors and health consequences of polypharmacy in adults in South Asia. Introduction: Several studies have been conducted in South Asia on the incid... Read More

Enhanced smoking cessation support for newly abstinent smokers discharged from hospital (The Hospital to Home trial): A randomised controlled trial (2019)
Journal Article
Thorley, R., Britton, J., Nyakutsikwa, B., Opazo Breton, M., Lewis, S. A., & Murray, R. L. (2019). Enhanced smoking cessation support for newly abstinent smokers discharged from hospital (The Hospital to Home trial): A randomised controlled trial. Addiction, doi:10.1111/add.14720

Background and aims The United Kingdom's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidance (NICE PH48) recommends that pharmacotherapy combined with behavioural support be provided for all smokers admitted to hospital; however, relapse to s... Read More

An observational study to determine the utility of hospital administrative data to support case finding of English patients at higher risk of severe healthcare-related harm (2019)
Journal Article
Hogan, H., Cooke-O’Dowd, N., Chattopadhyay, K., van der Meulen, J., Sherlaw-Johnson, C., & Black, N. (2019). An observational study to determine the utility of hospital administrative data to support case finding of English patients at higher risk of severe healthcare-related harm. BMJ Open, 9, doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025372

Objectives: To identify ways of using routine hospital data to improve the efficiency of retrospective reviews of case records for identifying avoidable severe harm Design: Development and testing of thresholds and criteria for two indirect indica... Read More