Research Repository

See what's under the surface


Seasonal scheduling of shellfish collection in the Middle and Later Stone Ages of southern Africa (2019)
Journal Article
Loftus, E., Lee-Thorp, J., Leng, M., Marean, C., & Sealy, J. (2019). Seasonal scheduling of shellfish collection in the Middle and Later Stone Ages of southern Africa. Journal of Human Evolution, 128, 1-16. doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2018.12.009

This study assesses the seasonal scheduling of shellfish harvesting among hunter-gatherer populations along the southernmost coast of South Africa, based on a large number of serial oxygen isotope analyses of marine mollusk shells from four archaeolo... Read More

Nuclear weapons fallout 137Cs in temperate and tropical pine forest soils, 50 years post-deposition (2019)
Journal Article
Itthipoonthanakorn, T., Dann, S., Crout, N., & Shaw, G. (2019). Nuclear weapons fallout 137Cs in temperate and tropical pine forest soils, 50 years post-deposition. Science of the Total Environment, 660, 807-816. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.01.073

Following nuclear releases to the environment, 137Cs (half-life 30 years) is a long-term contaminant of many ecosystems, including forests. We recently sampled soils under pine forests in temperate and tropical climates to test the hypothesis that mi... Read More

Red Sea Palaeoclimate: Stable Isotope and Element-Ratio Analysis of Marine Mollusc Shells (2018)
Book Chapter
Hausmann, N., Kokkinaki, O., & Leng, M. J. (2019). Red Sea Palaeoclimate: Stable Isotope and Element-Ratio Analysis of Marine Mollusc Shells. In N. M. Rasullan, & C. F. Stewart (Eds.), Geological Setting, Palaeoenvironment and Archaeology of the Red Sea, 725-740. Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-99408-6_33

The southern Red Sea coast is the location of more than 4,200 archaeological shell midden sites. These shell middens preserve archaeological and climatic archives of unprecedented resolution and scale. By using shells from these contexts, it is possi... Read More

Assessing the long-term effects of zero-tillage on the macroporosity of Brazilian soils using X-ray computed tomography (2018)
Journal Article
Galdos, M., Pires, L., Cooper, H., Calonego, J., Rosolem, C., & Mooney, S. (2019). Assessing the long-term effects of zero-tillage on the macroporosity of Brazilian soils using X-ray computed tomography. Geoderma, 337, 1126-1135. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.11.031

Zero-tillage (ZT) is being increasingly adopted globally as a conservationist management system due to the environmental and agronomic benefits it provides. However, there remains little information on the tillage effect on soil pore characteristics... Read More

X-ray microtomography to evaluate the efficacy of paraffin wax coating for soil bulk density evaluation (2018)
Journal Article
Pires, L. F., Mooney, S. J., Auler, A. C., Atkinson, B., & Sturrock, C. J. (2019). X-ray microtomography to evaluate the efficacy of paraffin wax coating for soil bulk density evaluation. Geoderma, 337, 935-944. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.11.017

The paraffin-coated method is a well-used approach to measure the soil bulk density (BD). BD is a physical property of great importance for studies of soil quality and health. Therefore, representative measurements of this property are highly valued.... Read More

Field phenotyping for the future (2018)
Book Chapter
Atkinson, J. A., Jackson, R. J., Bentley, A. R., Ober, E., & Wells, D. M. (2018). Field phenotyping for the future. In Annual Plant Reviews OnlineWiley. doi:10.1002/9781119312994.apr0651

Global agricultural production has to double by 2050 to meet the demands of an increasing population and the challenges of a changing climate. Plant phenomics (the characterization of the full set of phenotypes of a given species) has been proposed a... Read More

Investigating the microstructure of plant leaves in 3D with lab-based X-ray computed tomography (2018)
Journal Article
Mathers, A. W., Hepworth, C., Baillie, A. L., Sloan, J., Jones, H., Lundgren, M., …Sturrock, C. J. (2018). Investigating the microstructure of plant leaves in 3D with lab-based X-ray computed tomography. Plant Methods, 14(1), doi:10.1186/s13007-018-0367-7

Background Leaf cellular architecture plays an important role in setting limits for carbon assimilation and, thus, photosynthetic performance. However, the low density, fine structure, and sensitivity to desiccation of plant tissue has presented c... Read More

Seed priming enhances early growth and improves area of soil exploration by roots (2018)
Journal Article
Blunk, S., De Heer, M. I., Malik, A. H., Fredlund, K., Ekblad, T., Sturrock, C. J., & Mooney, S. J. (2019). Seed priming enhances early growth and improves area of soil exploration by roots. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 158, 1-11. doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2018.11.003

Introduction: Seed priming has been conducted for centuries with growth advantages reported for a variety of different crops. Previous work has suggested priming does not offer a yield advantage despite an increased early growth if grown under ideal... Read More

Analysis of the inherent energy-food dilemma of the Nigerian Biofuels Policy using Partial Equilibrium Model: the Nigerian Energy-Food Model (NEFM) (2018)
Journal Article
Ndukwe Agbai, D., & Wilson, P. (2018). Analysis of the inherent energy-food dilemma of the Nigerian Biofuels Policy using Partial Equilibrium Model: the Nigerian Energy-Food Model (NEFM). Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 98, 500-514. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2018.09.043

The Nigerian government plans to produce bioethanol from its staple food crops to increase transport fuel supply, reduce imported motors fuels, create jobs and diversify its oil dependent economy. However, the conflicts between the benefits of biofue... Read More

Soil compaction effects on litter decomposition in an arable field: implications for management of crop residues and headlands (2018)
Journal Article
Carlesso, L., Beadle, A., Cook, S. M., Evans, J., Hartwell, G., Ritz, K., …Murray, P. J. (2019). Soil compaction effects on litter decomposition in an arable field: implications for management of crop residues and headlands. Applied Soil Ecology, 134, 31-37. doi:10.1016/j.apsoil.2018.10.004

Soil compaction is a major threat to agricultural soils. Heavy machinery is responsible for damaging soil chemical, physical and biological properties. Among these, organic matter decomposition, which is predominantly mediated by the soil biota, is a... Read More

Middle-late quaternary palaeoclimate variability from lake and wetland deposits in the Nefud Desert, Northern Arabia (2018)
Journal Article
Parton, A., Clark-Balzan, L., Parker, A. G., Preston, G. W., Sung, W. W., Breeze, P. S., …Petraglia, M. D. (2018). Middle-late quaternary palaeoclimate variability from lake and wetland deposits in the Nefud Desert, Northern Arabia. Quaternary Science Reviews, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.10.010. ISSN 0277-3791

Records of former lake and wetland development in present day arid/hyper-arid environments provide an important source of information for palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental studies. In Arabia, such records are typically confined to eccentricity-m... Read More

Biochar enhances soil hydraulic function but not soil aggregation in a sandy loam: Biochar effects on soil hydraulic function and aggregation (2018)
Journal Article
Zhou, H., Fang, H., Zhang, Q., Wang, Q., Chen, C., Mooney, S. J., …Du, Z. (2018). Biochar enhances soil hydraulic function but not soil aggregation in a sandy loam: Biochar effects on soil hydraulic function and aggregation. European Journal of Soil Science, doi:10.1111/ejss.12732. ISSN 1351-0754

Biochar has the potential to modify soil structure and soil hydraulic properties because of its small particle density, highly porous structure, grain size distribution and surface chemistry. However, knowledge of the long‐term effects of biochar on... Read More

What agricultural practices are most likely to deliver ‘sustainable intensification’ in the UK? (2018)
Journal Article
Dicks, L., Rose, D., Ang, F., Aston, S., Birch, A., Boatman, N., …Sutherland, W. (2019). What agricultural practices are most likely to deliver ‘sustainable intensification’ in the UK?. Food and Energy Security, 8(1), doi:10.1002/fes3.148

Sustainable intensification is a process by which agricultural productivity is enhanced whilst also creating environmental and social benefits. We aimed to identify practices likely to deliver sustainable intensification, currently available for UK f... Read More

Wheat straw availability for bioenergy in England (2018)
Journal Article
Townsend, T., Sparkes, D., Ramsden, S., Glithero, N., & Wilson, P. (2018). Wheat straw availability for bioenergy in England. Energy Policy, 122, (349-357). doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2018.07.053. ISSN 0301-4215

In an effort to meet energy demands while reducing carbon emissions, crop residues, such as wheat straw, have been investigated for their use as feedstock for biofuel production. In order to identify the feasibility of utilising crop residues as bioe... Read More

Effects of cropping systems upon the three-dimensional architecture of soil systems are modulated by texture (2018)
Journal Article
Bacq-Labreuil, A., Crawford, J., Mooney, S. J., Neal, A. L., Akkari, E., McAuliffe, C., …Ritz, K. (2018). Effects of cropping systems upon the three-dimensional architecture of soil systems are modulated by texture. Geoderma, 332, doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.07.002

Soil delivers fundamental ecosystem functions via interactions between physical and biological processes mediated by soil structure. The structure of soil is also dynamic and modified by natural factors and management intervention. The aim of this st... Read More

Soil seedbed engineering and its impact on germination and establishment in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) as affected by seed-soil contact (2018)
Journal Article
Blunk, S., De Heer, M. I., Sturrock, C., & Mooney, S. J. (2018). Soil seedbed engineering and its impact on germination and establishment in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) as affected by seed-soil contact. Seed Science Research, 28(3), (236-244 ). doi:10.1017/S0960258518000168. ISSN 0960-2585

Seed-soil contact plays an essential role in the process of germination as seeds absorb water through direct contact with the moist soil aggregates that surround them. Factors influencing seed-soil contact can be considered as those pertaining to soi... Read More

Metrics and methods for characterizing dairy farm intensification using farm survey data (2018)
Journal Article
Gonzalez-Mejia, A., Styles, D., Wilson, P., & Gibbons, J. (2018). Metrics and methods for characterizing dairy farm intensification using farm survey data. PLoS ONE, 13(5), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0195286

Evaluation of the sustainability of intensification requires comprehensive analysis of trends in farm performance across physical and socio-economic aspects, which may diverge across farm types. Typical reporting of economic indicators at sectorial o... Read More