Research Repository

See what's under the surface


Dynamic climate-driven controls on the deposition of the Kimmeridge Clay Formation in the Cleveland Basin, Yorkshire, UK (2019)
Journal Article
Atar, E., März, C., Aplin, A. C., Dellwig, O., Herringshaw, L. G., Lamoureux-Var, V., …Wagner, T. (2019). Dynamic climate-driven controls on the deposition of the Kimmeridge Clay Formation in the Cleveland Basin, Yorkshire, UK. Climate of the Past, 15(4), 1581-1601. doi:10.5194/cp-15-1581-2019

The Kimmeridge Clay Formation (KCF) is a laterally extensive, total-organic-carbon-rich succession deposited throughout northwest Europe during the Kimmeridgian–Tithonian (Late Jurassic). It has recently been postulated that an expanded Hadley cell,... Read More

The uptake of different tillage practices in England (2019)
Journal Article
Alskaf, K., Sparkes, D. L., Mooney, S. J., Sjögersten, S., & Wilson, P. (2019). The uptake of different tillage practices in England. Soil Use and Management, doi:10.1111/sum.12542

Reduced tillage systems have been argued to provide several potential benefits to soil, environment and to farm incomes. In England, while many farms have partially adopted such practices, a large proportion of arable farmers do not undertake reduced... Read More

Analysis of 129 I and 127 I in soils of the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, 29 years after the deposition of 129 I (2019)
Journal Article
Shaw, G., Bailey, E., Crout, N., Field, L., Freeman, S., Gaschak, S., …Young, S. (2019). Analysis of 129 I and 127 I in soils of the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, 29 years after the deposition of 129 I. Science of the Total Environment, 692, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.07.319

The Chernobyl Exclusion Zone (CEZ) represents a unique natural laboratory that received significant 129I contamination across a range of soils and land-use types in a short time period in 1986. Data are presented on 129I and 127I in soil samples coll... Read More

A heritable subset of the core rumen microbiome dictates dairy cow productivity and emissions (2019)
Journal Article
Wallace, R. J., Sasson, G., Garnsworthy, P. C., Tapio, I., Gregson, E., Bani, P., …Mizrahi, I. (2019). A heritable subset of the core rumen microbiome dictates dairy cow productivity and emissions. Science Advances, 5(7), doi:10.1126/sciadv.aav8391

A 1000-cow study across four European countries was undertaken to understand to what extent ruminant microbiomes can be controlled by the host animal and to identify characteristics of the host rumen microbiome axis that determine productivity and me... Read More

Mesophyll porosity is modulated by the presence of functional stomata (2019)
Journal Article
Lundgren, M. R., Mathers, A., Baillie, A. L., Dunn, J., Wilson, M. J., Hunt, L., …Fleming, A. J. (2019). Mesophyll porosity is modulated by the presence of functional stomata. Nature Communications, 10, doi:10.1038/s41467-019-10826-5

The formation of stomata and leaf mesophyll airspace must be coordinated to establish an efficient and robust network that facilitates gas exchange for photosynthesis, however the mechanism by which this coordinated development occurs remains unclear... Read More

Evaluation of vegetation communities, water table, and peat composition as drivers of greenhouse gas emissions in lowland tropical peatlands (2019)
Journal Article
Hoyos-Santillan, J., Lomax, B. H., Large, D., Turner, B. L., Lopez, O. R., Boom, A., …Sjögersten, S. (2019). Evaluation of vegetation communities, water table, and peat composition as drivers of greenhouse gas emissions in lowland tropical peatlands. Science of the Total Environment, 688, 1193-1204. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.06.366

Agronomic biofortification of cowpea with selenium: effects of selenate and selenite applications on selenium and phytate concentrations in seeds (2019)
Journal Article
Silva, V. M., Boleta, E. H., Martins, J. T., Santos, F. L., Rocha Silva, A. C., Alcock, T. D., …Reis, A. R. (2019). Agronomic biofortification of cowpea with selenium: effects of selenate and selenite applications on selenium and phytate concentrations in seeds. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, doi:10.1002/jsfa.9872

BACKGROUND Selenium (Se) is a nutrient for animals and humans, and is considered beneficial to higher plants. Selenium concentrations are low in most soils, which can result in a lack of Se in plants, and consequently in human diets. Phytic acid (PA... Read More

Chemotaxonomy of domesticated grasses: a pathway to understanding the origins of agriculture (2019)
Journal Article
Jardine, P. E., Gosling, W. D., Lomax, B. H., Julier, A. C. M., & Fraser, W. T. (2019). Chemotaxonomy of domesticated grasses: a pathway to understanding the origins of agriculture. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 38(1), 83-95. doi:10.5194/jm-38-83-2019

The grass family (Poaceae) is one of the most economically important plant groups in the world today. In particular many major food crops, including rice, wheat, maize, rye, barley, oats and millet, are grasses that were domesticated from wild progen... Read More

A method for reconstructing temporal changes in vegetation functional trait composition using Holocene pollen assemblages (2019)
Journal Article
Carvalho, F., Brown, K. A., Waller, M. P., Bunting, M. J., Boom, A., & Leng, M. J. (2019). A method for reconstructing temporal changes in vegetation functional trait composition using Holocene pollen assemblages. PLoS ONE, 14(5), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0216698

Methods of reconstructing changes in plant traits over long time scales are needed to understand the impact of changing environmental conditions on ecosystem processes and services. Although Holocene pollen have been extensively used to provide recor... Read More

Spatial variability of 2H and 18O composition of meteoric freshwater lakes in Scotland (2019)
Journal Article
Hoogewerff, J., Kemp, H. F., Leng, M. J., & Meier-Augenstein, W. (2019). Spatial variability of 2H and 18O composition of meteoric freshwater lakes in Scotland. Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies, 1-17. doi:10.1080/10256016.2019.1609958

Coastal regions, and in particular islands where precipitation from clouds formed out at sea occurs for the first time, are prime candidates for regions where 2H and 18O composition of precipitation will deviate significantly from the global mean geo... Read More

Chemical and isotopic fractionation of lead in the surface soils of Egypt (2019)
Journal Article
Shetaya, W. H., Marzouk, E. R., Mohamed, E. F., Bailey, E. H., & Young, S. D. (2019). Chemical and isotopic fractionation of lead in the surface soils of Egypt. Applied Geochemistry, 106, 7-16. doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2019.04.013

Chemical fractionation via sequential extraction (SEP) combined with isotopic analysis of Pb was used to investigate the origins and reactivity of Pb in 66 topsoil samples collected from 12 different locations in Egypt. The total soil Pb concentratio... Read More

Iodine bioavailability in acidic soils of Northern Ireland (2019)
Journal Article
Bowley, H., Young, S., Ander, E., Crout, N., Watts, M., & Bailey, E. (2019). Iodine bioavailability in acidic soils of Northern Ireland. Geoderma, 348, 97-106. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2019.04.020

Iodine is an essential trace element for humans and grazing animals and is often deficient. Our aim was to investigate the role of soil properties in retaining and ‘fixing' iodine in soils and thereby controlling its phyto-availability to grass. Soil... Read More

3D analysis of the soil porous architecture under long term contrasting management systems by X-ray Computed Tomography (2019)
Journal Article
Pires, L., Roque, W., Rosa, J., & Mooney, S. (2019). 3D analysis of the soil porous architecture under long term contrasting management systems by X-ray Computed Tomography. Soil and Tillage Research, 191, 197-206. doi:10.1016/j.still.2019.02.018

The development of adequate soil structure is important for achieving good physical status, which influences the sustainability of agricultural areas. Different management systems lead to the development of a wide range of soil pore network character... Read More

Controls on amorphous organic matter type and sulphurization in a Mississippian black shale (2019)
Journal Article
Emmings, J. F., Hennissen, J. A., Stephenson, M. H., Poulton, S. W., Vane, C. H., Davies, S. J., …Moss-Hayes, V. (2019). Controls on amorphous organic matter type and sulphurization in a Mississippian black shale. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 268, 1-18. doi:10.1016/j.revpalbo.2019.04.004

Paleoredox proxies (Fe speciation, trace element and δ34Spy) integrated with sedimentological and palynological observations link the distribution and type of particulate organic matter (OM) preserved to hydrocarbon source rock potential. In the Miss... Read More

A High‐Fidelity Benthic Stable Isotope Record of Late Cretaceous–Early Eocene Climate Change and Carbon‐Cycling (2019)
Journal Article
Barnet, J., Littler, K., Westerhold, T., Kroon, D., Leng, M., Bailey, I., …Zachos, J. (2019). A High‐Fidelity Benthic Stable Isotope Record of Late Cretaceous–Early Eocene Climate Change and Carbon‐Cycling. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 34(4), 672-691. doi:10.1029/2019pa003556

The Late Cretaceous–Early Paleogene is the most recent period in Earth history that experienced sustained global greenhouse warmth on multimillion year timescales. Yet, knowledge of ambient climate conditions and the complex interplay between various... Read More

Plant responses to simulated carbon capture and storage (CCS) CO2 pipeline leakage: the effect of soil type (2019)
Journal Article
Lake, J. A., & Lomax, B. H. (2019). Plant responses to simulated carbon capture and storage (CCS) CO2 pipeline leakage: the effect of soil type. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology, 9(2), 397-408. doi:10.1002/ghg.1858

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) has been proposed as a bridging technology to enable the transition to an energy system based on renewable sources. Many high CO2‐emitting industries (such as the power industry) are distant from potential carbon stor... Read More

Seasonal scheduling of shellfish collection in the Middle and Later Stone Ages of southern Africa (2019)
Journal Article
Loftus, E., Lee-Thorp, J., Leng, M., Marean, C., & Sealy, J. (2019). Seasonal scheduling of shellfish collection in the Middle and Later Stone Ages of southern Africa. Journal of Human Evolution, 128, 1-16. doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2018.12.009

This study assesses the seasonal scheduling of shellfish harvesting among hunter-gatherer populations along the southernmost coast of South Africa, based on a large number of serial oxygen isotope analyses of marine mollusk shells from four archaeolo... Read More