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Reconnaissance sampling and determination of hexavalent chromium in potentially-contaminated agricultural soils in Copperbelt Province, Zambia (2020)
Journal Article
Hamilton, E. M., Lark, R. M., Young, S. D., Bailey, E. H., Sakala, G. M., Maseka, K. K., & Watts, M. J. (2020). Reconnaissance sampling and determination of hexavalent chromium in potentially-contaminated agricultural soils in Copperbelt Province, Zambia. Chemosphere, 247, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.125984

© 2020 The distribution of elemental species of chromium (Cr) in potentially-contaminated soil samples warrants investigation due to the differing mobilities and toxicities of trivalent [Cr(III)] and hexavalent chromium [(Cr(VI)]. In addition, the po... Read More about Reconnaissance sampling and determination of hexavalent chromium in potentially-contaminated agricultural soils in Copperbelt Province, Zambia.

Human occupation and ecosystem change on Upolu (Samoa) during the Holocene (2020)
Journal Article
Gosling, W. D., Sear, D. A., Hassall, J. D., Langdon, P. G., Bönnen, M. N. T., Driessen, T. D., …McMichael, C. N. H. (2020). Human occupation and ecosystem change on Upolu (Samoa) during the Holocene. Journal of Biogeography, https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.13783

Aim To track the peopling of the South Pacific and assess their impact on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Location Upolu, Samoa. Taxon Ancient charcoal, pollen, sprores, algae and cyanobacteria types are recorded. Methods A s... Read More about Human occupation and ecosystem change on Upolu (Samoa) during the Holocene.

Geographical and seasonal variation in Iodine content of cow’s milk in the UK and consequences for the consumer´s supply (2020)
Journal Article
Coneyworth, L. J., Welham, S. J., Coulthard, L. C., Bailey, E. H., Young, S. D., Stubberfield, J., …Homer, E. M. (2020). Geographical and seasonal variation in Iodine content of cow’s milk in the UK and consequences for the consumer´s supply. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, 59, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtemb.2020.126453

Background. Dairy products provide a crucial source of dietary iodine for the majority of the UK population, contributing approximately 30-40 % of daily intake. Fluctuations in the iodine content of purchased milk both seasonally and annually implies... Read More about Geographical and seasonal variation in Iodine content of cow’s milk in the UK and consequences for the consumer´s supply.

X-ray microtomography analysis of soil pore structure dynamics under wetting and drying cycles (2020)
Journal Article
Pires, L. F., Auler, A. C., Roque, W. L., & Mooney, S. J. (2020). X-ray microtomography analysis of soil pore structure dynamics under wetting and drying cycles. Geoderma, 362, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2019.114103

The soil water retention curve is one of the most important properties used to predict the amount of water available to plants, pore size distribution and hydraulic conductivity, as well as knowledge for drainage and irrigation modeling. Depending on... Read More about X-ray microtomography analysis of soil pore structure dynamics under wetting and drying cycles.

Interactions between labile carbon, temperature and land use regulate carbon dioxide and methane production in tropical peat (2019)
Journal Article
Girkin, N. T., Dhandapani, S., Evers, S., Ostle, N., Turner, B. L., & Sjӧgersten, S. (2020). Interactions between labile carbon, temperature and land use regulate carbon dioxide and methane production in tropical peat. Biogeochemistry, 147(1), 87-97. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-019-00632-y

Tropical peatlands are a significant carbon store and contribute to global carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) emissions. Tropical peatlands are threatened by both land use and climate change, including the alteration of regional precipitation pat... Read More about Interactions between labile carbon, temperature and land use regulate carbon dioxide and methane production in tropical peat.

Using chemical fractionation and speciation to describe uptake of technetium, iodine and selenium by Agrostis capillaris and Lolium perenne (2019)
Journal Article
Wang, J., Bailey, E. H., Sanders, H. K., Izquierdo, M., Crout, N. M., Shaw, G., …Young, S. D. (2020). Using chemical fractionation and speciation to describe uptake of technetium, iodine and selenium by Agrostis capillaris and Lolium perenne. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 212, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2019.106131

© 2019 Elsevier Ltd To understand the dynamic mechanisms governing soil-to-plant transfer of selenium (Se), technetium-99 (99Tc) and iodine (I), a pot experiment was undertaken using 30 contrasting soils after spiking with 77Se, 99Tc and 129I, and in... Read More about Using chemical fractionation and speciation to describe uptake of technetium, iodine and selenium by Agrostis capillaris and Lolium perenne.

Goniozus omanensis (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae) an important parasitoid of the lesser date moth Batrachedra amydraula Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Batrachedridae) in Oman (2019)
Journal Article
Polaszek, A., Almandhari, T., Fusu, L., Al-Khatri, S. A. H., Al Naabi, S., Al Shidi, R. H., …Hardy, I. C. W. (2019). Goniozus omanensis (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae) an important parasitoid of the lesser date moth Batrachedra amydraula Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Batrachedridae) in Oman. PLoS ONE, 14(12), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0223761

A new species of bethylid parasitoid wasp, Goniozus omanensis Polaszek sp. n., is described based on morphology and DNA sequence data. The species is currently known only from the lesser date moth Batrachedra amydraula, a pest of economic importance,... Read More about Goniozus omanensis (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae) an important parasitoid of the lesser date moth Batrachedra amydraula Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Batrachedridae) in Oman.

Magnesium biofortification of Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.) via agronomy and breeding as a potential way to reduce grass tetany in grazing ruminants (2019)
Journal Article
Kumssa, D. B., Lovatt, J. A., Graham, N. S., Palmer, S., Hayden, R., Wilson, L., …Broadley, M. R. (2019). Magnesium biofortification of Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.) via agronomy and breeding as a potential way to reduce grass tetany in grazing ruminants. Plant and Soil, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-019-04337-x

Insights into the evolution of the young Lake Ohrid ecosystem and vegetation succession from a southern European refugium during the Early Pleistocene (2019)
Journal Article
Panagiotopoulos, K., Holtvoeth, J., Kouli, K., Marinova, E., Francke, A., Cvetkoska, A., …Wilke, T. (2020). Insights into the evolution of the young Lake Ohrid ecosystem and vegetation succession from a southern European refugium during the Early Pleistocene. Quaternary Science Reviews, 227, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.106044

© 2019 Mediterranean mid-altitude sites are critical for the survival of plant species allowing for elevational vegetation shifts in response to high-amplitude climate variability. Pollen records from the southern Balkans have underlined the importan... Read More about Insights into the evolution of the young Lake Ohrid ecosystem and vegetation succession from a southern European refugium during the Early Pleistocene.

Cover crops affect the partial nitrogen balance in a maize-forage cropping system (2019)
Journal Article
Rocha, K., Souza, M., Almeida, D., Chadwick, D., Jones, D., & Mooney, S. (2020). Cover crops affect the partial nitrogen balance in a maize-forage cropping system. Geoderma, 360,

Part of the nitrogen (N) fertilizer applied to crops is lost to the environment, contributing to global warming, eutrophication, and groundwater contamination. However, low N supply stimulates soil organic N turnover and carbon (C) loss, since the so... Read More about Cover crops affect the partial nitrogen balance in a maize-forage cropping system.

Developmental roles of AUX1/LAX auxin influx carriers in plants (2019)
Journal Article
Swarup, R., & Bhosale, R. (2019). Developmental roles of AUX1/LAX auxin influx carriers in plants. Frontiers in Plant Science, https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.01306

Plant hormone auxin regulates several aspects of plant growth and development. Auxin is predominantly synthesized in the shoot apex and developing leaf primordia and from there it is transported to the target tissues e.g. roots. Auxin transport is po... Read More about Developmental roles of AUX1/LAX auxin influx carriers in plants.

Future socioeconomic conditions may have a larger impact than climate change on nutrient loads to the Baltic Sea (2019)
Journal Article
Bartosova, A., Capell, R., Olesen, J. E., Jabloun, M., Refsgaard, J. C., Donnelly, C., …Arheimer, B. (2019). Future socioeconomic conditions may have a larger impact than climate change on nutrient loads to the Baltic Sea. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, 48(11), 1325-1336. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-019-01243-5

© 2019, The Author(s). The Baltic Sea is suffering from eutrophication caused by nutrient discharges from land to sea, and these loads might change in a changing climate. We show that the impact from climate change by mid-century is probably less tha... Read More about Future socioeconomic conditions may have a larger impact than climate change on nutrient loads to the Baltic Sea.

Methane emissions from tree stems in neotropical peatlands (2019)
Journal Article
Sjögersten, S., Siegenthaler, A., Lopez, O. R., Aplin, P., Turner, B., & Gauci, V. (2020). Methane emissions from tree stems in neotropical peatlands. New Phytologist, 225(2), 769-781. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.16178

Neotropical peatlands emit large amounts of methane (CH4) from the soil surface, but fluxes from tree stems in these ecosystems are unknown. In this study we investigated CH4 emissions from five tree species in two forest types common to neotropical... Read More about Methane emissions from tree stems in neotropical peatlands.

Zinc uptake and phyto-toxicity: Comparing intensity- and capacity-based drivers (2019)
Journal Article
Mossa, A., Young, S. D., & Crout, N. M. (2020). Zinc uptake and phyto-toxicity: Comparing intensity- and capacity-based drivers. Science of the Total Environment, 699, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134314

© 2019 Elsevier B.V. Metal bioavailability and phytotoxicity may be exaggerated when derived from studies based on amending soils with soluble metal salts. It is therefore important to evaluate soil tests for their consistency in estimating plant upt... Read More about Zinc uptake and phyto-toxicity: Comparing intensity- and capacity-based drivers.

Stable isotopes reveal independent carbon pools across an Arctic hydro‐climatic gradient: Implications for the fate of carbon in warmer and drier conditions (2019)
Journal Article
Osburn, C. L., Anderson, N. J., Leng, M. J., Barry, C. D., & Whiteford, E. J. (2019). Stable isotopes reveal independent carbon pools across an Arctic hydro‐climatic gradient: Implications for the fate of carbon in warmer and drier conditions. Limnology and Oceanography Letters, https://doi.org/10.1002/lol2.10119

Arctic lakes are poised for substantial changes to their carbon (C) cycles in the near future. Autochthonous processes in lakes which consume inorganic C and create biomass that can be sequestered in sediments are accompanied by allochthonous inputs... Read More about Stable isotopes reveal independent carbon pools across an Arctic hydro‐climatic gradient: Implications for the fate of carbon in warmer and drier conditions.

Uptake of trace elements by food crops grown within the Kilembe copper mine catchment, Western Uganda (2019)
Journal Article
Mwesigye, A. R., Young, S. D., Bailey, E. H., & Tumwebaze, S. B. (2019). Uptake of trace elements by food crops grown within the Kilembe copper mine catchment, Western Uganda. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 207, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gexplo.2019.106377

The mining and processing of copper from the Kilembe mine between 1956 and 1982 left behind millions of tons of cupriferous and cobalt ferrous mine tailings within the Kilembe mine catchment. Subsequent erosion and deposition of the tailings into adj... Read More about Uptake of trace elements by food crops grown within the Kilembe copper mine catchment, Western Uganda.

Ginkgo leaf cuticle chemistry across changing pCO2 regimes (2019)
Journal Article
Jardine, P. E., Kent, M., Fraser, W. T., & Lomax, B. H. (2019). Ginkgo leaf cuticle chemistry across changing pCO2 regimes. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 93(3), 549-558. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12542-019-00486-7

Cuticles have been a key part of palaeobotanical research since the mid-19th Century. Recently, cuticular research has moved beyond morphological traits to incorporate the chemical signature of modern and fossil cuticles, with the aim of using this a... Read More about Ginkgo leaf cuticle chemistry across changing pCO2 regimes.

Dynamic climate-driven controls on the deposition of the Kimmeridge Clay Formation in the Cleveland Basin, Yorkshire, UK (2019)
Journal Article
Atar, E., März, C., Aplin, A. C., Dellwig, O., Herringshaw, L. G., Lamoureux-Var, V., …Wagner, T. (2019). Dynamic climate-driven controls on the deposition of the Kimmeridge Clay Formation in the Cleveland Basin, Yorkshire, UK. Climate of the Past, 15(4), 1581-1601. doi:10.5194/cp-15-1581-2019

The Kimmeridge Clay Formation (KCF) is a laterally extensive, total-organic-carbon-rich succession deposited throughout northwest Europe during the Kimmeridgian–Tithonian (Late Jurassic). It has recently been postulated that an expanded Hadley cell,... Read More about Dynamic climate-driven controls on the deposition of the Kimmeridge Clay Formation in the Cleveland Basin, Yorkshire, UK.