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Fertilizer management and soil type influence grain zinc and iron concentration under contrasting smallholder cropping systems in Zimbabwe (2019)
Journal Article
Manzeke, M. G., Mtambanengwe, F., Watts, M. J., Hamilton, E. M., Lark, R. M., Broadley, M. R., & Mapfumo, P. (2019). Fertilizer management and soil type influence grain zinc and iron concentration under contrasting smallholder cropping systems in Zimbabwe. Scientific Reports, 9, 1-13. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-42828-0

Micronutrient defciencies remain prevalent in food systems of southern Africa, although advances in biofortifcation through crop breeding and agronomy provide opportunities to address these. We determined baseline soil availability of zinc (Zn) and i... Read More

Optimizing dry-matter partitioning for increased spike growth, grain number and harvest index in spring wheat (2019)
Journal Article
Rivera-Amado, C., Trujillo-Negrellos ⁠, E., Molero, G., Reynolds, M. P., Sylvester-Bradley, R., & Foulkes, M. J. (in press). Optimizing dry-matter partitioning for increased spike growth, grain number and harvest index in spring wheat. Field Crops Research, doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2019.04.016

Improving biomass is an important goal for future genetic gains in yield potential in wheat, but it will also be crucial to identify physiological traits to maximize harvest index (HI, proportion of aboveground biomass in grain). Increased grain part... Read More

Rice plants overexpressing OsEPF1 show reduced stomatal density and increased root cortical aerenchyma formation (2019)
Journal Article
Mohammed, U., Caine, R., Atkinson, J., Harrison, E., Wells, D., Chater, C., …Murchie, E. (2019). Rice plants overexpressing OsEPF1 show reduced stomatal density and increased root cortical aerenchyma formation. Scientific Reports, 9, doi:10.1038/s41598-019-41922-7

Stomata are adjustable pores in the aerial epidermis of plants. The role of stomata is usually described in terms of the trade-off between CO2 uptake and water loss. Little consideration has been given to their interaction with below-ground developme... Read More

Identification of nitrogen-dependent QTL and underlying genes for root system architecture in hexaploid wheat (2019)
Other
Griffiths, M., Atkinson, J. A., Gardiner, L., Swarup, R., Pound, M. P., Wilson, M. H., …Wells, D. M. (2019). Identification of nitrogen-dependent QTL and underlying genes for root system architecture in hexaploid wheat

The root system architecture (RSA) of a crop has a profound effect on the uptake of nutrients and consequently the potential yield. However, little is known about the genetic basis of RSA and resource dependent response in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.... Read More

Molecular characterization of Phytophthora palmivora responsible for bud rot disease of oil palm in Colombia (2019)
Journal Article
Maizatul-Suriza, M., Dickinson, M., & Idris, A. S. (2019). Molecular characterization of Phytophthora palmivora responsible for bud rot disease of oil palm in Colombia. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 35(3), doi:10.1007/s11274-019-2618-9

Bud rot disease is a damaging disease of oil palm in Colombia. The pathogen responsible for this disease is a species of oomyctes, Phytophthora palmivora which is also the causal pathogen of several tropical crop diseases such as fruit rot and stem c... Read More

F-box proteins in plants (2019)
Journal Article
Zhang, X., Gonzalez-Carranza, Z. H., Zhang, S., Miao, Y., Liu, J., & Roberts, J. A. (2019). F-box proteins in plants. 00 Journal not listed, February 2019(1), doi:10.1002/9781119312994.apr0701

The F-box domain containing protein is one of the super protein families in Eukaryotic cells including yeast, plant and mammals. For example, the model plant Arabidopsis and Medicago genomes contain nearly 700 and 1000 F-box protein encoding genes re... Read More

Development and validation of an exome-based SNP marker set for identification of the St, Jr and Jvs genomes of Thinopyrym intermedium in a wheat background (2019)
Journal Article
Cseh, A., Yang, C., Hubbart-Edwards, S., Scholefield, D., Ashling, S. S., Burridge, A. J., …Grewal, S. (2019). Development and validation of an exome-based SNP marker set for identification of the St, Jr and Jvs genomes of Thinopyrym intermedium in a wheat background. TAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 132(5), 1555–1570. doi:10.1007/s00122-019-03300-9

Thinopyrum intermedium (2n = 6x = 42, StJrJvs) is one of the most promising reservoirs of useful genes including tolerance to abiotic stresses, perenniality and disease resistance not available in the cultivated bread wheat. The transfer of genetic d... Read More

Development and interaction between plant architecture and yield-related traits in winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L.) DC.) (2019)
Journal Article
Tanzi, A. S., Ho, W. K., Massawe, F., & Mayes, S. (2019). Development and interaction between plant architecture and yield-related traits in winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L.) DC.). Euphytica, 215, 1-14. doi:10.1007/s10681-019-2359-8

Winged bean (P. tetragonolobus (L.) DC.) is a leguminous crop that could contribute towards food security in tropical areas, but whose growth and development is still poorly understood. In order to develop improved individuals for increased green pod... Read More

Deep Hourglass for Brain Tumor Segmentation (2019)
Book Chapter
Benson, E., Pound, M. P., French, A. P., Jackson, A. S., & Pridmore, T. P. (2019). Deep Hourglass for Brain Tumor Segmentation. In BrainLes 2018: Brainlesion: Glioma, Multiple Sclerosis, Stroke and Traumatic Brain Injuries, 419-428. Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-11726-9_37

The segmentation of a brain tumour in an MRI scan is a challenging task, in this paper we present our results for this problem via the BraTS 2018 challenge, consisting of 210 high grade glioma (HGG) and 75 low grade glioma (LGG) volumes for training.... Read More

Developing a high-throughput SNP-based marker system to facilitate the introgression of traits from Aegilops species into bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) (2019)
Journal Article
Przewieslik-Allen, A. M., Burridge, A. J., Wilkinson, P. A., Winfield, M. O., Shaw, D. S., McAusland, L., …Barker, G. L. (2019). Developing a high-throughput SNP-based marker system to facilitate the introgression of traits from Aegilops species into bread wheat (Triticum aestivum). Frontiers in Plant Science, 9, doi:10.3389/fpls.2018.01993

The genus Aegilops contains a diverse collection of wild species exhibiting variation in geographical distribution, ecological adaptation, ploidy and genome organization. Aegilops is the most closely related genus to Triticum which includes cultivate... Read More

Mobile PEAR transcription factors integrate positional cues to prime cambial growth (2019)
Journal Article
Miyashima, S., Roszak, P., Sevilem, I., Toyokura, K., Blob, B., Heo, J., …Helariutta, Y. (2019). Mobile PEAR transcription factors integrate positional cues to prime cambial growth. Nature, 565, 490–494. doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0839-y

Apical growth in plants initiates upon seed germination, whereas radial growth is primed only during early ontogenesis in procambium cells and activated later by the vascular cambium1. Although it is not known how radial growth is organized and regul... Read More

An investigation of genotype-phenotype association in a festulolium forage grass population containing genome-spanning Festuca pratensis chromosome segments in a Lolium perenne background (2018)
Journal Article
Harper, J., Gasior, D., Mathews, R., Thomas, A., Evans, C., King, J., …Armstead, I. (2018). An investigation of genotype-phenotype association in a festulolium forage grass population containing genome-spanning Festuca pratensis chromosome segments in a Lolium perenne background. PLoS ONE, 13(11), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0207412

Alien chromosome introgression is used for the transfer of beneficial traits in plant breeding. For temperate forage grasses, much of the work in this context has focused on species within the ryegrasses (Lolium spp.) and the closely related fescues... Read More

Genome-Wide Association Studies Reveal the Genetic Basis of Ionomic Variation in Rice (2018)
Journal Article
Yang, M., Lu, K., Zhao, F., Xie, W. X., Ramakrishna, P., Wang, G., …Lian, X. (2018). Genome-Wide Association Studies Reveal the Genetic Basis of Ionomic Variation in Rice. Plant Cell, 30(11), 2720–2740. doi:10.1105/tpc.18.00375

Rice (Oryza sativa) is an important dietary source of both essential micronutrients and toxic trace elements for humans. The genetic basis underlying the variations in the mineral composition, the ionome, in rice remains largely unknown. Here, we des... Read More

N6-methyladenosine inhibits local ribonucleolytic cleavage to stabilise mRNAs in Arabidopsis (2018)
Journal Article
Anderson, S. J., Kramer, M. C., Gosai, S. J., Liu, X., Vandivier, L. E., Nelson, A. D., …Gregory, B. D. (2018). N6-methyladenosine inhibits local ribonucleolytic cleavage to stabilise mRNAs in Arabidopsis. Cell Reports, 25(5), 1146-1157. doi:10.1016/j.celrep.2018.10.020

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is a dynamic, reversible, covalently modified ribonucleotide that occurs predominantly toward 30 ends of eukaryotic mRNAs and is essential for their proper function and regulation. In Arabidopsis thaliana, many RNAs contain a... Read More

Detection of T. urartu introgressions in wheat and development of a panel of interspecific introgression lines (2018)
Journal Article
Grewal, S., Edwards, S. H., Yang, C., Scholefield, D., Ashling, S., Burridge, A., …King, J. (2018). Detection of T. urartu introgressions in wheat and development of a panel of interspecific introgression lines. Frontiers in Plant Science, 9, doi:10.3389/fpls.2018.01565

Tritcum urartu (2n = 2x = 14, AuAu), the A genome donor of wheat, is an important source for new genetic variation for wheat improvement due to its high photosynthetic rate and disease resistance. By facilitating the generation of genome-wide introgr... Read More

Soil compaction effects on litter decomposition in an arable field: implications for management of crop residues and headlands (2018)
Journal Article
Carlesso, L., Beadle, A., Cook, S. M., Evans, J., Hartwell, G., Ritz, K., …Murray, P. J. (2019). Soil compaction effects on litter decomposition in an arable field: implications for management of crop residues and headlands. Applied Soil Ecology, 134, 31-37. doi:10.1016/j.apsoil.2018.10.004

Soil compaction is a major threat to agricultural soils. Heavy machinery is responsible for damaging soil chemical, physical and biological properties. Among these, organic matter decomposition, which is predominantly mediated by the soil biota, is a... Read More

Species-wide variation in shoot nitrate concentration, and genetic loci controlling nitrate, phosphorous and potassium accumulation in Brassica napus L (2018)
Journal Article
Alcock, T. D., Havlickova, L., He, Z., Wilson, L., Bancroft, I., White, P. J., …Graham, N. S. (2018). Species-wide variation in shoot nitrate concentration, and genetic loci controlling nitrate, phosphorous and potassium accumulation in Brassica napus L. Frontiers in Plant Science, 9, doi:10.3389/fpls.2018.01487. ISSN 1664-462X