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Understanding the influence of processing conditions on the extraction of rhamnogalacturonan-I “hairy” pectin from sugar beet pulp (2019)
Journal Article
Mao, Y., Lei, R., Ryan, J., Arrutia Rodriguez, F., Rastall, B., Chatzifragkou, A., …Binner, E. (2019). Understanding the influence of processing conditions on the extraction of rhamnogalacturonan-I “hairy” pectin from sugar beet pulp. Food Chemistry: X, 2, doi:10.1016/j.fochx.2019.100026

Sugar beet pectin is rich in rhamnogalacturonan-I (RG-I) region, which is a potential source of prebiotics. RG-I pectin cannot be extracted the same way as commercial homogalacturan-rich pectin using hot acid. Therefore, this study has explored sever... Read More

Submaxillary Mucin: its Effect on Aroma Release from Acidic Drinks and New Insight into the Effect of Aroma Compounds on its Macromolecular Integrity (2019)
Journal Article
Dinu, V., Gillis, R. B., MacCalman, T., Lim, M., Adams, G. G., Harding, S. E., & Fisk, I. D. (2019). Submaxillary Mucin: its Effect on Aroma Release from Acidic Drinks and New Insight into the Effect of Aroma Compounds on its Macromolecular Integrity. Food Biophysics, doi:10.1007/s11483-019-09574-2

Submaxillary mucin is a major component that defines the makeup and functionality of saliva. Understanding its structure and function during food intake is key to designing appropriate strategies for enhancing the delivery of flavour. In the present... Read More

Understanding “corruption” in regulatory agencies: The case of food inspection in Saudi Arabia (2019)
Journal Article
Al-Mutairi, S., Cinnerton, I., & Dingwall, R. (2019). Understanding “corruption” in regulatory agencies: The case of food inspection in Saudi Arabia. Regulation and Governance, doi:10.1111/rego.12247

Corruption is a relatively neglected topic in studies of regulatory agencies. The label is applied to a wide range of deviations from behavioral standards ultimately derived from Weber's account of the ideals of Prussian bureaucracy. This paper draws... Read More

Varying magnesium concentration elicits changes in inflammatory response in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) (2018)
Journal Article
Almousa, L. A., Salter, A. M., & Langley-Evans, S. C. (2018). Varying magnesium concentration elicits changes in inflammatory response in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Magnesium Research, 31(3), 99-109. doi:10.1684/mrh.2018.0439

The aims of this study were to determine whether low concentrations of magnesium in vitro exacerbated the human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) response to inflammatory challenge, and whether expression of the nuclear factor kappa-light-chain... Read More

Public health strategies to reduce sugar intake in the UK: an exploration of public perceptions using digital spaces (2018)
Journal Article
Swift, J., Strathearn, L., Morris, A., Chi, Y., Townsend, T., & Pearce, J. (2018). Public health strategies to reduce sugar intake in the UK: an exploration of public perceptions using digital spaces. Nutrition Bulletin, 43(3), (238-247). doi:10.1111/nbu.12346. ISSN 1471-9827

Background: To explore UK public perceptions of children’s sugar consumption, Public Health England’s Change4Life Sugar Smart App and the Soft Drinks Industry Levy, using solicited and unsolicited digital data. Methods: Data from three digital space... Read More

A proposed biomass char classification system (2018)
Journal Article
Lester, E., Avila, C., Pang, C. H., Williams, O., Perkins, J., Gaddipatti‚Ā†, S., …Wu, T. (2018). A proposed biomass char classification system. Fuel, 232, doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2018.05.153

A new classification system is proposed for the morphological characterisation of char structures from biomass. These char structures are unlike the coal chars that have an established nomenclature via the International Committee of Coal and Organic... Read More

Garlic and gaseous mediators (2018)
Journal Article
Rose, P., Moore, P. K., & Zhu, Y. (in press). Garlic and gaseous mediators. Trends in Pharmacological Sciences, doi:10.1016/j.tips.2018.03.009

Garlic (Allium sativum) and allied plant species are rich sources of sulfur compounds. Major roles for garlic and its sulfur constituents include the regulation of vascular homeostasis and the control of metabolic systems linked to nutrient metabolis... Read More

Maternal obesity-induced decreases in plasma, hepatic and uterine polyunsaturated fatty acids during labour is reversed through improved nutrition at conception (2018)
Journal Article
Muir, R. D., Liu, G., Khan, R., Shmygol, A., Quenby, S., Gibson, R. A., …Elmes, M. (2018). Maternal obesity-induced decreases in plasma, hepatic and uterine polyunsaturated fatty acids during labour is reversed through improved nutrition at conception. Scientific Reports, 8, doi:10.1038/s41598-018-21809-9

Maternal obesity is associated with prolonged and dysfunctional labour, potentially through decreased synthesis of prostaglandins that stimulate myometrial contractions. We assessed the impact of maternal obesity on concentrations of precursor fatty... Read More

Treatment of dragonfruit ( Hylocereus polyrhizus ) with salicylic acid and methyl jasmonate improves postharvest physico-chemical properties and antioxidant activity during cold storage (2017)
Journal Article
Mustafa, M. A., Ali, A., Seymour, G. B., & Tucker, G. A. (2018). Treatment of dragonfruit ( Hylocereus polyrhizus ) with salicylic acid and methyl jasmonate improves postharvest physico-chemical properties and antioxidant activity during cold storage. Scientia Horticulturae, 231, doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2017.09.041

As the market for tropical fruit constantly expands, cold storage is increasingly used for transporting fruits over long distances. This is an economic postharvest tool, yet challenges tropical fruits by exposure to chilling injury. An assessment of... Read More

Effects of insulin like growth factors on early embryonic chick limb myogenesis (2017)
Journal Article
Mohammed, R. H., Anderton, H., Brameld, J. M., & Sweetman, D. (2017). Effects of insulin like growth factors on early embryonic chick limb myogenesis. PLoS ONE, 12(10), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0185775

Limb muscles derive from pax3 expressing precursor cells that migrate from the hypaxial somite into the developing limb bud. Once there they begin to differentiate and express muscle determination genes such as MyoD. This process is regulated by a co... Read More

Digital technology to facilitate Proactive Assessment of Obesity Risk during Infancy (ProAsk): a feasibility study (2017)
Journal Article
Redsell, S. A., Rose, J., Weng, S., Ablewhite, J., Swift, J. A., Siriwardena, A. N., …Glazebrook, C. (2017). Digital technology to facilitate Proactive Assessment of Obesity Risk during Infancy (ProAsk): a feasibility study. BMJ Open, 7, doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017694

Objective: To assess the feasibility and acceptability of using digital technology for Proactive Assessment of Obesity Risk during Infancy (ProAsk) with the UK health visitors (HVs) and parents. Design: Multicentre, pre- and post-intervention feas... Read More

Identification and characterization of the proteins bound by specific phage-displayed recombinant antibodies (scFv) obtained against Brazil nut and almond extracts (2017)
Journal Article
de la Cruz, S., Madrid, R., García, A., Alcocer, M., Martín, R., González, I., & García, T. (in press). Identification and characterization of the proteins bound by specific phage-displayed recombinant antibodies (scFv) obtained against Brazil nut and almond extracts. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 30(6), doi:10.1002/jsfa.8640

BACKGROUND Almonds and Brazil nuts are widely consumed allergenic nuts whose presence must be declared according to food labelling regulations. Their detection in food products has been recently achieved by ELISA methods with recombinant antibodie... Read More

LIM kinase function and renal growth: potential role for LIM kinases in fetal programming of kidney development (2017)
Journal Article
Sparrow, A. J., Sweetman, D., & Welham, S. J. (2017). LIM kinase function and renal growth: potential role for LIM kinases in fetal programming of kidney development. Life Sciences, 186, (17-24). doi:10.1016/j.lfs.2017.07.034. ISSN 0024-3205

Aims Maternal dietary restriction during pregnancy impairs nephron development and results in offspring with fewer nephrons. Cell turnover in the early developing kidney is altered by exposure to maternal dietary restriction and may be regulated b... Read More

The effects of probiotics and symbiotics on risk factors for hepatic encephalopathy (2017)
Journal Article
Viramontes Hörner, D., Avery, A., & Stow, R. (2017). The effects of probiotics and symbiotics on risk factors for hepatic encephalopathy. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, 51(4), doi:10.1097/MCG.0000000000000789

Alterations in the levels of intestinal microbiota, endotoxemia, and inflammation are novel areas of interest in the pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy (HE). Probiotics and symbiotics are a promising treatment option for HE due to possible benefi... Read More

Gene expression of inflammatory markers in adipose tissue between obese women with polycystic ovary and normal obese women (2017)
Journal Article
Alshammari, G., Khan, R., Brameld, J. M., Amer, S. A., & Lomax, M. A. (2017). Gene expression of inflammatory markers in adipose tissue between obese women with polycystic ovary and normal obese women. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences, 21(5),

OBJECTIVE: The pathogenesis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a common endocrine disease and metabolic disturbance, is still unknown. The aim of the study was to investigate whether patients with PCOS display increased expression of inflammatory m... Read More

Associations between children's diet quality and watching television during meal or snack consumption: a systematic review (2017)
Journal Article
Avery, A., Anderson, C., & McCullough, F. (2017). Associations between children's diet quality and watching television during meal or snack consumption: a systematic review. Maternal and Child Nutrition, 13(4), doi:10.1111/mcn.12428

Studies have identified an association between watching television (TV) and childhood obesity. This review adds context to existing research by examining the associations between TV viewing, whilst eating, and children's diet quality. Web of Science... Read More

Factors associated with universal infant free school meal take up and refusal in a multicultural urban community (2017)
Journal Article
Goodchild, G., Faulks, J., Swift, J., Mhesuria, J., Jethwa, P., & Pearce, J. (2017). Factors associated with universal infant free school meal take up and refusal in a multicultural urban community. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 30(4), doi:10.1111/jhn.12442

Background Universal infant free school meals (UIFSM) were introduced in September 2014 and are available to all key stage 1 (4–7 years) children attending state-maintained infant and primary schools in England. The present study aimed to investig... Read More

Antenatal weight management: diet, physical activity, and gestational weight gain in early pregnancy (2017)
Journal Article
Swift, J. A., Elliott-Sale, K. J., Pearce, J., Jethwa, P. H., Taylor, M. A., Avery, A., …McMullen, S. (2017). Antenatal weight management: diet, physical activity, and gestational weight gain in early pregnancy. Midwifery, 49, doi:10.1016/j.midw.2017.01.016

Objective to investigate women's physical activity levels, diet and gestational weight gain, and their experiences and motivations of behavior change. Design analysis of cross-sectional data collected during a longitudinal, cohort study examin... Read More