Research Repository

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Assessment of toxicity reduction in ZnS substituted CdS:P3HT bulk heterojunction solar cells fabricated using a single-source precursor deposition (2019)
Journal Article
Bishop, M. T., Tomatis, M., Zhang, W., Peng, C., Chen, G. Z., He, J., & Hu, D. (2019). Assessment of toxicity reduction in ZnS substituted CdS:P3HT bulk heterojunction solar cells fabricated using a single-source precursor deposition. Sustainable Energy and Fuels, doi:10.1039/c9se00123a

Utilisation of cadmium sulphide (CdS) for the preparation of hybrid bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells is limited due to its high human, soil and marine toxicity. This work aims to reduce the toxicity of the cadmium based hybrid bulk heterojunctio... Read More

Characterising droplet breakup rates of shear-thinning dispersed phase in microreactors (2019)
Journal Article
Wong, V., Loizou, K., Lau, P., Graham, R. S., & Hewkandamby, B. N. (2019). Characterising droplet breakup rates of shear-thinning dispersed phase in microreactors. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 144, 370-385. doi:10.1016/j.cherd.2019.02.024

A two-phase flow predictive model with the integration of conservative level-set method (LSM) and Carreau-Yasuda constitutive equation was developed herein. The LSM was chosen as a potential interface capturing scheme for elucidating the interfacial... Read More

Numerical simulation of the impact of geological heterogeneity on performance and safety of THAI heavy oil production process (2018)
Journal Article
Ado, M. R., Greaves, M., & Rigby, S. P. (2019). Numerical simulation of the impact of geological heterogeneity on performance and safety of THAI heavy oil production process. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 173, 1130-1148. doi:10.1016/j.petrol.2018.10.087

The Toe-to-Heel Air Injection (THAI) in-situ combustion process is an efficient way to extract heavy oil and bitumen. However, such reservoirs are often geologically heterogeneous. This work studied the impact of a range of different geological heter... Read More

Ion - reagent interactions contributing to ionic liquid solvent effects on a condensation reaction (2018)
Journal Article
Keaveney, S. T., Harper, J. B., & Croft, A. K. (2018). Ion - reagent interactions contributing to ionic liquid solvent effects on a condensation reaction. ChemPhysChem, doi:10.1002/cphc.201800695

Molecular dynamics simulations of solutions of hexan-1-amine or 4-methoxybenzaldehyde in acetonitrile, an ionic liquid/ acetonitrile mixture (XIL = 0.2), and a number of different (neat) ionic liquids were performed, to further understand the solvent... Read More

Importance of biomass and binder selection for coking briquette preparation: their effect on coal thermoplastic properties. (2018)
Journal Article
Florentino-Madiedo, L., Diaz-Faes, E., Barriocanal, C., CASTRO DIAZ, M., & SNAPE, C. (2018). Importance of biomass and binder selection for coking briquette preparation: their effect on coal thermoplastic properties. Energy and Fuels, 32(10), 10727–10736. doi:10.1021/acs.energyfuels.8b02555

Blends consisting of a high volatile bituminous coal, biomass and binder that were used in the preparation of briquettes were analyzed in order to select the best components from the viewpoint of their influence on the coal’s thermoplastic properties... Read More

The stoichiometry of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in peat (2018)
Journal Article
Moore, T. R., Large, D., Talbot, J., Wang, M., & Riley, J. L. (2018). The stoichiometry of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in peat. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, doi:10.1029/2018jg004574

Carbon (C), hydrogen (H), and oxygen (O) form ~90% by mass of peat, a product of the input of plant tissues and litter and the output of decomposition under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. We examined patterns of these elements, as the O:C and H:C... Read More

Development a modified crossing point temperature (CPTHR) method to assess spontaneous combustion propensity of coal and its chemo-metric analysis (2018)
Journal Article
Mohalik, N., Lester, E., & Lowndes, I. (2018). Development a modified crossing point temperature (CPTHR) method to assess spontaneous combustion propensity of coal and its chemo-metric analysis. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 56, 359-369. doi:10.1016/j.jlp.2018.09.00

Spontaneous combustion of Indian coals was investigated using spontaneous combustion rig at University of Nottingham, UK to assess their susceptibility. In the present study authors have used eleven coal samples collected from the Jharia coalfield (J... Read More

Latitudinal limits to the predicted increase of the peatland carbon sink with warming (2018)
Journal Article
Gallego-Sala, A. V., Charman, D. J., Brewer, S., Page, S. E., Prentice, I. C., Friedlingstein, P., …Zhao, Y. (2018). Latitudinal limits to the predicted increase of the peatland carbon sink with warming. Nature Climate Change, 8(10), 907-913. doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0271-1

The carbon sink potential of peatlands depends on the balance of carbon uptake by plants and microbial decomposition. The rates of both these processes will increase with warming but it remains unclear which will dominate the global peatland response... Read More

The relationship of dielectric response and water activity in food (2018)
Journal Article
Renshaw, R. C., Dimitrakis, G. A., Robinson, J. P., & Kingman, S. W. (2019). The relationship of dielectric response and water activity in food. Journal of Food Engineering, 244, (80-90). doi:10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2018.08.037. ISSN 0260-8774

This study has deduced a correlation between points of inflection of water activity and loss factor with respect to moisture content. A point of inflection in loss factor with respect to moisture content was found to coincide with the sorption isothe... Read More

High efficiency synthesis of HKUST-1 under mild conditions with high BET surface area and CO2 uptake capacity (2018)
Journal Article
Chen, Y., Mu, X., Lester, E., & Wu, T. (2018). High efficiency synthesis of HKUST-1 under mild conditions with high BET surface area and CO2 uptake capacity. Progress in Natural Science, doi:10.1016/j.pnsc.2018.08.002. ISSN 1002-0071

This study focuses on the development of a hydrothermal method for the rapid synthesis of good quality copper benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylate (referred to as HKUST-1) with high yield under mild preparation conditions to address the issues associated wit... Read More

Options for managing alkaline steel slag leachate: a life cycle assessment (2018)
Journal Article
Gomes, H. I., Mayes, W. M., Baxter, H. A., Jarvis, A. P., Burke, I. T., Stewart, D. I., & Rogerson, M. (2018). Options for managing alkaline steel slag leachate: a life cycle assessment. Journal of Cleaner Production, doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.08.163. ISSN 0959-6526

Management of steel slag (a major by-product of the steel industry) includes the treatment of highly alkaline leachate (pH > 11.5) from rainwater infiltration of slag deposits to prevent adverse impact upon surface or ground waters. This study aims t... Read More

Monitoring tropical peat related settlement using ISBAS InSAR, Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) (2018)
Journal Article
Marshall, C., Large, D. J., Athab, A., Evers, S. L., Sowter, A., Marsh, S., & Sjögersten, S. (2018). Monitoring tropical peat related settlement using ISBAS InSAR, Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA). Engineering Geology, 244, (57-65). doi:10.1016/j.enggeo.2018.07.015. ISSN 0013-7952

Rapid population growth in South-East Asia has placed immense pressure upon lowland regions both to supply food and employment and space for residential, commercial and infrastructure development. This pressure has led to sites on tropical peatland p... Read More

Wet steam measurement techniques (2018)
Journal Article
Walker, D., Barham, S., Giddings, D., & Dimitrakis, G. (in press). Wet steam measurement techniques. Reviews in Chemical Engineering, doi:10.1515/revce-2017-0078

In recent years a greater need for power station efficiency has become evident; improving turbine blade efficiency is one of the methods proposed. This efficiency relies upon the wetness of the steam that comes into contact with the blades of the low... Read More

Synthesis of hydrophobic MIL-53 (Al) nanoparticles in low molecular weight alcohols: systematic investigation of solvent effects (2018)
Journal Article
Warfsman, J., Tokay, B., & Champness, N. (2018). Synthesis of hydrophobic MIL-53 (Al) nanoparticles in low molecular weight alcohols: systematic investigation of solvent effects. CrystEngComm, 20(32), (4666-4675). doi:10.1039/C8CE00913A

The effects of using low-weight alcohols, methanol and ethanol, for the synthesis of MIL-53(Al) are investigated and the results directly compared with analogous synthesis in water and N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF). When methanol is employed in the syn... Read More

Exploring drivers of litter decomposition in a greening Arctic: results from a transplant experiment across a tree-line (2018)
Journal Article
Parker, T. C., Sanderman, J., Holden, R. D., Blume-Werry, G., Sjögersten, S., Large, D., …Wookey, P. A. (2018). Exploring drivers of litter decomposition in a greening Arctic: results from a transplant experiment across a tree-line. Ecology, 99(10), 2284-2294. doi:10.1002/ecy.2442

Decomposition of plant litter is a key control over carbon (C) storage in the soil. The biochemistry of the litter being produced, the environment in which the decomposition is taking place, and the community composition and metabolism of the decompo... Read More

A multi-scale approach interpreting sediment processes and distribution from desert sand colour in central Saudi Arabia (2018)
Journal Article
Bradley, A. V., McLaren, S. J., Al-Dughairi, A., & Khalaf, N. R. (2018). A multi-scale approach interpreting sediment processes and distribution from desert sand colour in central Saudi Arabia. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 43(14), 2847-2862. doi:10.1002/esp.4438

In central Saudi Arabia the redness of sands observed on satellite imagery, often related to iron oxide amount, was used to better interpret geomorphic processes operating in the area. To compare variations between dune and interdune morphology, line... Read More

Atmospheric CO2 sequestration in iron and steel slag: Consett, County Durham, UK (2018)
Journal Article
Mayes, W. M., Riley, A. L., Gomes, H. I., Brabham, P., Hamlyn, J., Pullin, H., & Renforth, P. (2018). Atmospheric CO2 sequestration in iron and steel slag: Consett, County Durham, UK. Environmental Science and Technology, 52(14), 7892-7900. doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b01883

Carbonate formation in waste from the steel industry could constitute a non-trivial proportion of global requirements to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere at potentially low cost. To constrain this potential, we examined atmospheric carbon di... Read More

Atmospheric air plasma induces increased cell aggregation during the formation of Escherichia coli biofilms (2018)
Journal Article
during the formation of Escherichia coli biofilms. Plasma Processes and Polymers, doi:10.1002/ppap.201700212

Atmospheric air plasma has previously been shown to be a novel and effective method for biofilm eradication. Here we study the effects of plasma on both microbial inactivation and induced structural modification for forming biofilms. New structures a... Read More

Dynamics of charcoal alteration in a tropical biome: a biochar-based study (2018)
Journal Article
Ascough, P., Bird, M., Meredith, W., Snape, C. E., Large, D., Tilston, E., …Shen, L. (2018). Dynamics of charcoal alteration in a tropical biome: a biochar-based study. Frontiers in Earth Science, 6, doi:10.3389/feart.2018.00061

Pyrogenic carbon (PyC) is a polyaromatic residue of the incomplete combustion of biomass or fossil fuels. There is a growing recognition that PyC forms an important part of carbon budgets, due to production rates of 116–385 Tg C yr, and the size and... Read More

Sampling effects on the quantification of sodium content in infant formula using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) (2018)
Journal Article
Cama-Moncunill, X., Markiewicz-Keszycka, M., Cama-Moncunill, R., Dixit, Y., Casado-Gavalda, M. P., Cullen, P., & Sullivan, C. (2018). Sampling effects on the quantification of sodium content in infant formula using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). International Dairy Journal, 85, doi:10.1016/j.idairyj.2018.04.014

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) was employed to predict the sodium content of infant formula (IF) over the range 0.5–4 mg Na g−1. Calibration models were built using partial least squares regression (PLS), correlating the LIBS spectral da... Read More