Research Repository

See what's under the surface


Self-harm in midlife: an analysis using data from the Multicentre Study of Self-harm in England (2019)
Journal Article
Clements, C., Hawton, K., Geulayov, G., Waters, K., Ness, J., Rehman, M., …Kapur, N. (in press). Self-harm in midlife: an analysis using data from the Multicentre Study of Self-harm in England. British Journal of Psychiatry,

Background: Suicide rates in England are highest in men and women in midlife (defined here as people aged 40-59 years). Despite the link between self-harm and suicide there has been little focus on self-harm in this age-group. Method: Data from th... Read More

Value bias of verbal memory (2019)
Journal Article
Chakravarty, S., Fujiwara, E., Madan, C., Tomlinson, S., Ober, I., & Caplan, J. (in press). Value bias of verbal memory. Journal of Memory and Language,

Adaptation reveals multi-stage coding of visual duration (2019)
Journal Article
Heron, J., Fulcher, C., Collins, H., Whitaker, D., & Roach, N. W. (2019). Adaptation reveals multi-stage coding of visual duration. Scientific Reports, 9, 1-11. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-37614-3

In confict with historically dominant models of time perception, recent evidence suggests that the encoding of our environment’s temporal properties may not require a separate class of neurons whose raison d'être is the dedicated processing of tempor... Read More

Trajectories of pain predict disabilities affecting daily living in arthritis (2019)
Journal Article
James, R. J., Walsh, D. A., & Ferguson, E. (in press). Trajectories of pain predict disabilities affecting daily living in arthritis. British Journal of Health Psychology,

Purpose: To examine the interplay between pain and disability in arthritis when adjusting for patient heterogeneity in pain progression. There is consistent evidence to suggest that people experience osteoarthritis heterogeneously, with subgroups of... Read More

Involvement of hippocampal subfields and anterior-posterior subregions in encoding and retrieval of item, spatial, and associative memories: Longitudinal versus transverse axis (2019)
Journal Article
Hrybouski, S., MacGillivray, M., Huang, Y., Madan, C. R., Carter, R., Seres, P., & Malykhin, N. V. (2019). Involvement of hippocampal subfields and anterior-posterior subregions in encoding and retrieval of item, spatial, and associative memories: Longitudinal versus transverse axis. NeuroImage, 191, 568-586. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.01.061

The functional role of the hippocampal formation in episodic memory has been studied using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) for many years. The hippocampus can be segmented into three major anteroposterior sections, called head, body and... Read More

PsychoPy2: experiments in behavior made easy (2019)
Journal Article
Peirce, J., Gray, J. R., Simpson, S., MacAskill, M., Höchenberger, R., Sogo, H., …Lindeløv, J. (2019). PsychoPy2: experiments in behavior made easy. Behavior Research Methods, doi:10.3758/s13428-018-01193-y

PsychoPy is an application for the creation of experiments in behavioral science (psychology, neuroscience, linguistics, etc.) with precise spatial control and timing of stimuli. It now provides a choice of interface; users can write scripts Python i... Read More

What is the difference between irony and sarcasm? An fMRI study (2019)
Journal Article
Filik, R., Čšurcan, A., Ralph-Nearman, C., & Pitiot, A. (2019). What is the difference between irony and sarcasm? An fMRI study. Cortex, 115, 112-122. doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2019.01.025

Verbal irony is a figure of speech that communicates the opposite of what is said, while sarcasm is a form of irony that is directed at a person, with the intent to criticise. The current study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with t... Read More

Feasibility of a randomised controlled trial of remotely delivered problem-solving cognitive behaviour therapy versus usual care for young people with depression and repeat self-harm: lessons learnt (e-DASH) (2019)
Journal Article
Sayal, K., Roe, J., Ball, H., Atha, C., Kaylor-Hughes, C., Guo, B., …Morriss, R. (2019). Feasibility of a randomised controlled trial of remotely delivered problem-solving cognitive behaviour therapy versus usual care for young people with depression and repeat self-harm: lessons learnt (e-DASH). BMC Psychiatry, 19(1), doi:10.1186/s12888-018-2005-3

Background Self-harm and depression are strong risk factors for repeat self-harm and suicide. We aimed to investigate the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) of remotely delivered problem-solving cognitive behaviour therapy (PSCBT)... Read More

Gambling on smartphones: a study of a potentially addictive behaviour in a naturalistic setting (2019)
Journal Article
James, R. J., O 'Malley, C., & Tunney, R. J. (2019). Gambling on smartphones: a study of a potentially addictive behaviour in a naturalistic setting. European Addiction Research, 25(1), 30-40. doi:10.1159/000495663

Smartphone users engage extensively with their devices, on an intermittent basis for short periods of time. These patterns of behaviour have the potential to make mobile gambling especially perseverative. This paper reports the first empirical study... Read More

Comparative inspiration: from puzzles with pigeons to novel discoveries with humans in risky choice (2019)
Journal Article
Madan, C., Ludvig, E., & Spetch, M. (2019). Comparative inspiration: from puzzles with pigeons to novel discoveries with humans in risky choice. Behavioural Processes, 160, 10-19. doi:10.1016/j.beproc.2018.12.009

Both humans and non-human animals regularly encounter decisions involving risk and uncertainty. This paper provides an overview of our research program examining risky decisions in which the odds and outcomes are learned through experience in people... Read More

Personal growth in psychosis (2019)
Journal Article
Slade, M., Blackie, L. E., & Longden, E. (2019). Personal growth in psychosis. World Psychiatry, 18(1), 29-30. doi:10.1002/wps.20585

The relationship between the cortisol awakening response and cortisol reactivity to a laboratory stressor (2019)
Journal Article
Dienes, K., Gartland, N., & Ferguson, E. (2019). The relationship between the cortisol awakening response and cortisol reactivity to a laboratory stressor. British Journal of Health Psychology, doi:10.1111/bjhp.12352

Objectives The cortisol awakening response (CAR) and cortisol reactivity to an acute laboratory stressor both involve steep increases in cortisol secretion and are associated with preparing the body to deal with stressors ahead. Alterations in bot... Read More

Beauty is in the eye of the beholder: the appraisal of facial attractiveness and its relation to conscious awareness (2018)
Journal Article
Tsikandilakis, M., Bali, P., & Chapman, P. (2019). Beauty is in the eye of the beholder: the appraisal of facial attractiveness and its relation to conscious awareness. Perception, 48(1), 72-92. doi:10.1177/0301006618813035

Previous research suggests that facial attractiveness relies on features such as symmetry, averageness and above-average sexual dimorphic characteristics. Due to the evolutionary and sociobiological value of these characteristics, it has been suggest... Read More

Breathe Easy EDA: A MATLAB toolbox for psychophysiology data management, cleaning, and analysis (2018)
Journal Article
Ksander, J. C., Kark, S. M., & Madan, C. R. (2018). Breathe Easy EDA: A MATLAB toolbox for psychophysiology data management, cleaning, and analysis. F1000Research, 7, doi:10.12688/f1000research.13849.2

Electrodermal activity (EDA) recordings are widely used in experimental psychology to measure skin conductance responses (SCRs) that reflect sympathetic nervous system arousal. However, irregular respiration patterns and deep breaths can cause EDA fl... Read More

Experience of mental health diagnosis and perceived misdiagnosis in autistic, possibly autistic and non-autistic adults (2018)
Journal Article
Au-Yeung, S. K., Bradley, L., Robertson, A. E., Shaw, R., Baron-Cohen, S., & Cassidy, S. (2018). Experience of mental health diagnosis and perceived misdiagnosis in autistic, possibly autistic and non-autistic adults. Autism, doi:10.1177/1362361318818167

Previous research shows that autistic people have high levels of co-occurring mental health conditions. Yet, a number of case reports have revealed that mental health conditions are often misdiagnosed in autistic individuals. A total of 420 adults wh... Read More

Thinking outside of the box II: disrupting the cognitive map (2018)
Journal Article
Buckley, M. G., Smith, A. D., & Haselgrove, M. (2019). Thinking outside of the box II: disrupting the cognitive map. Cognitive Psychology, 108, 22-41. doi:10.1016/j.cogpsych.2018.11.001

A number of influential spatial learning theories posit that organisms encode a viewpoint independent (i.e. allocentric) representation of the global boundary shape of their environment in order to support spatial reorientation and place learning. In... Read More

A meta-analysis taxonomizing empathy in schizophrenia (2018)
Journal Article
Varachhia, S., Ferguson, E., & Doody, G. (2018). A meta-analysis taxonomizing empathy in schizophrenia. 00 Journal not listed, 4, doi:10.24966/PDA-0150/100016

Background: Trait empathy is integral to relationship development and maintenance. Therefore, impairment in this ability can have an adverse effect on many domains of life including social, sexual, and marital. Previous reviews show in schizophrenia,... Read More

"People like me don't get support": autistic adults' experiences of support and treatment for mental health difficulties, self-injury and suicidality (2018)
Journal Article
Camm-Crosbie, L., Bradley, L., Shaw, R., Baron-Cohen, S., & Cassidy, S. (2018). "People like me don't get support": autistic adults' experiences of support and treatment for mental health difficulties, self-injury and suicidality. Autism, doi:10.1177/1362361318816053

Autistic people are at high risk of mental health problems, self-injury and suicidality. However, no studies have explored autistic peoples’ experiences of treatment and support for these difficulties. In partnership with a steering group of autistic... Read More

Cortical beta power reflects decision dynamics and uncovers multiple facets of post-error adaptation (2018)
Journal Article
Fischer, A. G., Nigbur, R., Klein, T. A., Danielmeier, C., & Ullsperger, M. (2018). Cortical beta power reflects decision dynamics and uncovers multiple facets of post-error adaptation. Nature Communications, 9, doi:10.1038/s41467-018-07456-8

Adapting to errors quickly is essential for survival. Reaction slowing after errors is commonly observed but whether this slowing is adaptive or maladaptive is unclear. Here, we analyse a large dataset from a flanker task using two complementary app... Read More

Orientation tuning and contrast dependence of continuous flash suppression in amblyopia and normal vision (2018)
Journal Article
Gao, T. Y., Ledgeway, T., Lie, A. L., Anstice, N., Black, J., McGraw, P. V., & Thompson, B. (2018). Orientation tuning and contrast dependence of continuous flash suppression in amblyopia and normal vision. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 59(13), 5462-5472. doi:10.1167/iovs.18-23954

Purpose: Suppression in amblyopia may be an unequal form of normal interocular suppression or a distinct pathophysiology. To explore this issue, we examined the orientation tuning and contrast dependence of continuous flash suppression (CFS) in adult... Read More