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Soft-bound synaptic plasticity increases storage capacity (2012)
Journal Article
van Rossum, M. C., Shippi, M., & Barrett, A. B. (2012). Soft-bound synaptic plasticity increases storage capacity. PLoS Computational Biology, 8(12), doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002836

Accurate models of synaptic plasticity are essential to understand the adaptive properties of the nervous system and for realistic models of learning and memory. Experiments have shown that synaptic plasticity depends not only on pre- and post-synapt... Read More about Soft-bound synaptic plasticity increases storage capacity.

Decisions for others become less impulsive the further away they are on the family tree (2012)
Journal Article
Ziegler, F. V., & Tunney, R. J. (2012). Decisions for others become less impulsive the further away they are on the family tree. PLoS ONE, 7(11), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0049479

People tend to prefer a smaller immediate reward to a larger but delayed reward. Although this discounting of future rewards is often associated with impulsivity, it is not necessarily irrational. Instead it has been suggested that it reflects the de... Read More about Decisions for others become less impulsive the further away they are on the family tree.

Contribution of large scale biases in decoding of direction-of-motion from high-resolution fMRI data in human early visual cortex (2012)
Journal Article
Beckett, A., Peirce, J., Sanchez-Panchuelo, R., Francis, S., & Schluppeck, D. (2012). Contribution of large scale biases in decoding of direction-of-motion from high-resolution fMRI data in human early visual cortex. NeuroImage, 63(3), doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.07.066

Previous studies have demonstrated that the perceived direction of motion of a visual stimulus can be decoded from the pattern of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) responses in occipital cortex using multivariate analysis methods (Kamitani... Read More about Contribution of large scale biases in decoding of direction-of-motion from high-resolution fMRI data in human early visual cortex.

Dopamine D1 receptor involvement in latent inhibition and overshadowing (2012)
Journal Article
Nelson, A. J., Thur, K. E., & Cassaday, H. J. (2012). Dopamine D1 receptor involvement in latent inhibition and overshadowing. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 15(10), doi:10.1017/S1461145711001751

Latent inhibition (LI) manifests as poorer conditioning to a stimulus that has previously been experienced without consequence. There is good evidence of dopaminergic modulation of LI, as the effect is reliably disrupted by the indirect dopamine (DA... Read More about Dopamine D1 receptor involvement in latent inhibition and overshadowing.

Processing of native and foreign language subtitles in films: an eye tracking study (2012)
Journal Article
Bisson, M., van Heuven, W. J., Conklin, K., & Tunney, R. J. (2014). Processing of native and foreign language subtitles in films: an eye tracking study. Applied Psycholinguistics, 35(2), 399-418. doi:10.1017/S0142716412000434

Foreign language (FL) films with subtitles are becoming increasingly popular, and many European countries use subtitling as a cheaper alternative to dubbing. However, the extent to which people process subtitles under different subtitling conditions... Read More about Processing of native and foreign language subtitles in films: an eye tracking study.

Perceptual learning reconfigures the effects of visual adaptation (2012)
Journal Article
McGovern, D. P., Roach, N. W., & Webb, B. S. (2012). Perceptual learning reconfigures the effects of visual adaptation. Journal of Neuroscience, 32(39), doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1363-12.2012

Our sensory experiences over a range of different timescales shape our perception of the environment. Two particularly striking short-term forms of plasticity with manifestly different time courses and perceptual consequences are those caused by visu... Read More about Perceptual learning reconfigures the effects of visual adaptation.

Cognitive control over motor output in Tourette syndrome (2012)
Journal Article
Jung, J., Jackson, S. R., Parkinson, A., & Jackson, G. M. (2013). Cognitive control over motor output in Tourette syndrome. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 37(6), doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2012.08.009

Tourette syndrome [TS] is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by chronic vocal and motor tics. TS has been associated with dysfunctional cognitive (inhibitory) control of behaviour, however the evidence for this, beyond the occurrence of tics... Read More about Cognitive control over motor output in Tourette syndrome.

Kamin blocking is associated with reduced medial-frontal gyrus activation: implications for prediction error abnormality in schizophrenia (2012)
Journal Article
Moran, P. M., Rouse, J. L., Cross, B., Corcoran, R., & Schürmann, M. (2012). Kamin blocking is associated with reduced medial-frontal gyrus activation: implications for prediction error abnormality in schizophrenia. PLoS ONE, 7(8), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0043905

The following study used 3-T functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the neural signature of Kamin blocking. Kamin blocking is an associative learning phenomenon seen where prior association of a stimulus (A) with an outcome block... Read More about Kamin blocking is associated with reduced medial-frontal gyrus activation: implications for prediction error abnormality in schizophrenia.

High reward makes items easier to remember, but harder to bind to a new temporal context (2012)
Journal Article
Madan, C. R., Fujiwara, E., Gerson, B. C., & Caplain, J. B. (2012). High reward makes items easier to remember, but harder to bind to a new temporal context. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 6, doi:10.3389/fnint.2012.00061

Learning through reward is central to adaptive behavior. Indeed, items are remembered better if they are experienced while participants expect a reward, and people can deliberately prioritize memory for high- over low-valued items. Do memory advantag... Read More about High reward makes items easier to remember, but harder to bind to a new temporal context.

Parallel distractor rejection as a binding mechanism in search (2012)
Journal Article
Dent, K., Allen, H. A., Braithwaite, J. J., & Humphreys, G. W. (2012). Parallel distractor rejection as a binding mechanism in search. Frontiers in Psychology, 3(278), doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00278

The relatively common experimental visual search task of finding a red X amongst red O’s and green X’s (conjunction search) presents the visual system with a binding problem. Illusory conjunctions (ICs) of features across objects must be avoided and... Read More about Parallel distractor rejection as a binding mechanism in search.

When to hold that thought: an experimental study showing reduced inhibition of pre-trained associations in schizophrenia (2012)
Journal Article
He, Z., Cassaday, H. J., Park, S. B. G., & Bonardi, C. (2012). When to hold that thought: an experimental study showing reduced inhibition of pre-trained associations in schizophrenia. PLoS ONE, 7(7), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0042175

Schizophrenia encompasses a wide variety of cognitive dysfunctions, a number of which can be understood as deficits of inhibition. To date, no research has examined ‘conditioned inhibition’ in schizophrenia - the ability of a stimulus that signal... Read More about When to hold that thought: an experimental study showing reduced inhibition of pre-trained associations in schizophrenia.

The rapid emergence of stimulus specific perceptual learning (2012)
Journal Article
Hussain, Z., McGraw, P. V., Sekuler, A. B., & Bennett, P. J. (2012). The rapid emergence of stimulus specific perceptual learning. Frontiers in Psychology, 3(226), doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00226

Is stimulus specific perceptual learning the result of extended practice or does it emerge early in the time course of learning? We examined this issue by manipulating the amount of practice given on a face identification task on Day 1, and altering... Read More about The rapid emergence of stimulus specific perceptual learning.

US specificity of occasion setting: hierarchical or configural learning? (2012)
Journal Article
Bonardi, C., Bartle, C., & Jennings, D. (2012). US specificity of occasion setting: hierarchical or configural learning?. Behavioural Processes, 90(3), doi:10.1016/j.beproc.2012.03.005

Four experiments in rats examined whether occasion setters and target CSs play qualitatively different roles in occasion-setting discriminations. Two visual occasion setters, A and B, signalled reinforcement of two auditory target CSs, x and y, with... Read More about US specificity of occasion setting: hierarchical or configural learning?.

Does the butcher-on-the-bus phenomenon require a dual-process explanation? A signal detection analysis (2012)
Journal Article
Tunney, R. J., Mullett, T. L., Moross, C. J., & Gardner, A. (2012). Does the butcher-on-the-bus phenomenon require a dual-process explanation? A signal detection analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 3(208), doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00208

The butcher-on-the-bus is a rhetorical device or hypothetical phenomenon that is often used to illustrate how recognition decisions can be based on different memory processes (Mandler, 1980). The phenomenon describes a scenario in which a person is r... Read More about Does the butcher-on-the-bus phenomenon require a dual-process explanation? A signal detection analysis.

Systematic biases in early ERP and ERF components as a result of high-pass filtering (2012)
Journal Article
Acunzo, D. J., Mackenzie, G., & van Rossum, M. C. (2012). Systematic biases in early ERP and ERF components as a result of high-pass filtering. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 209(1), doi:10.1016/j.jneumeth.2012.06.011

The event-related potential (ERP) and event-related field (ERF) techniques provide valuable insights into the time course of processes in the brain. Because neural signals are typically weak, researchers commonly filter the data to increase the signa... Read More about Systematic biases in early ERP and ERF components as a result of high-pass filtering.

Social top-down response modulation (STORM): a model of the control of mimicry in social interaction (2012)
Journal Article
Wang, Y., & Hamilton, A. F. D. C. (2012). Social top-down response modulation (STORM): a model of the control of mimicry in social interaction. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6(153), doi:10.3389/fnhum.2012.00153

As a distinct feature of human social interactions, spontaneous mimicry has been widely investigated in the past decade. Research suggests that mimicry is a subtle and flexible social behavior which plays an important role for communication and affil... Read More about Social top-down response modulation (STORM): a model of the control of mimicry in social interaction.

Opposing effects of 5,7-DHT lesions to the core and shell of the nucleus accumbens on the processing of irrelevant stimuli (2012)
Journal Article
Nelson, A. J., Thur, K. E., Marsden, C. A., & Cassaday, H. J. (2012). Opposing effects of 5,7-DHT lesions to the core and shell of the nucleus accumbens on the processing of irrelevant stimuli. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 15(4), doi:10.1017/S1461145711000599

There is good evidence that forebrain serotonergic systems modulate cognitive flexibility. Latent inhibition (LI) is a cross-species phenomenon which manifests as poor conditioning to a stimulus that has previously been experienced without consequenc... Read More about Opposing effects of 5,7-DHT lesions to the core and shell of the nucleus accumbens on the processing of irrelevant stimuli.

Dorsal hippocampal involvement in appetitive trace conditioning and interval timing (2012)
Journal Article
Tam, S. K. E., & Bonardi, C. (2012). Dorsal hippocampal involvement in appetitive trace conditioning and interval timing. Behavioral Neuroscience, 126(2), 258-269. doi:10.1037/a0027164

Involvement of the dorsal hippocampus (DHPC) in acquisition of Pavlovian trace conditioning and interval timing was examined in an appetitive preparation in which presentations of one conditioned stimulus (CS) were immediately followed by food (delay... Read More about Dorsal hippocampal involvement in appetitive trace conditioning and interval timing.

Dorsal hippocampal lesions disrupt Pavlovian delay conditioning and conditioned-response timing (2012)
Journal Article
Tam, S. K., & Bonardi, C. (2012). Dorsal hippocampal lesions disrupt Pavlovian delay conditioning and conditioned-response timing. Behavioural Brain Research, 230(1), 259-267. doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2012.02.016

The involvement of the rat dorsal hippocampus (dhpc) in Pavlovian conditioning and timing of conditioned responding was examined in an appetitive preparation in which presentation of a relatively long, 40-s auditory conditioned stimulus (CS) was foll... Read More about Dorsal hippocampal lesions disrupt Pavlovian delay conditioning and conditioned-response timing.