Research Repository

See what's under the surface


The polyadenylation inhibitor cordycepin reduces pain, inflammation and joint pathology in rodent models of osteoarthritis (2019)
Journal Article
Ashraf, S., Radhi, M., Gowler, P., Burston, J. J., Gandhi, R. D., Thorn, G. J., …Chapman, V. (2019). The polyadenylation inhibitor cordycepin reduces pain, inflammation and joint pathology in rodent models of osteoarthritis. Scientific Reports, 9, 1-17

Clinically, osteoarthritis (OA) pain is significantly associated with synovial inflammation. Identification of the mechanisms driving inflammation could reveal new targets to relieve this prevalent pain state. Herein, a role of polyadenylation in OA... Read More

GSK3β-SCF FBXW7α mediated phosphorylation and ubiquitination of IRF1 are required for its transcription-dependent turnover (2019)
Journal Article
Garvin, A. J., Khalaf, A. H., Rettino, A., Xicluna, J., Butler, L., Morris, J. R., …Clarke, N. M. (2019). GSK3β-SCF FBXW7α mediated phosphorylation and ubiquitination of IRF1 are required for its transcription-dependent turnover. Nucleic Acids Research, doi:10.1093/nar/gkz163

IRF1 (Interferon Regulatory Factor-1) is the prototype of the IRF family of DNA binding transcription factors. IRF1 protein expression is regulated by transient up-regulation in response to external stimuli followed by rapid degradation via the ubiqu... Read More

Antifungal and mucoadhesive properties of an orally administered chitosan-coated amphotericin B 1 nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC) (2019)
Journal Article
Ling, J. T. S., Roberts, C., & Billa, N. (2019). Antifungal and mucoadhesive properties of an orally administered chitosan-coated amphotericin B 1 nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC). AAPS PharmSciTech, 20, doi:10.1208/s12249-019-1346-7

Surface - modified nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) is a promising formulation to prolong the retention time of the therapeutic agent at the site of absorption. Chitosan-coated AmpB-loaded NLC (ChiAmpB NLC) were developed showing particle size of... Read More

New genetic signals for lung function highlight pathways and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease associations across multiple ancestries (2019)
Journal Article
Shrine, N., Guyatt, A. L., Erzurumluoglu, A. M., Jackson, V. E., Hobbs, B. D., Melbourne, C. A., …Wain, L. V. (2019). New genetic signals for lung function highlight pathways and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease associations across multiple ancestries. Nature Genetics, doi:10.1038/s41588-018-0321-7

Reduced lung function predicts mortality and is key to the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In a genome-wide association study in 400,102 individuals of European ancestry, we define 279 lung function signals, 139 of which ar... Read More

1-Hydroxy-xanthine derivatives inhibit the human Caf1 nuclease and Caf1-containing nuclease complexes via Mg2+-dependent binding (2019)
Journal Article
Airhihen, B., Pavanello, L., Jadhav, G. P., Fischer, P. M., & Winkler, G. S. (2019). 1-Hydroxy-xanthine derivatives inhibit the human Caf1 nuclease and Caf1-containing nuclease complexes via Mg2+-dependent binding. FEBS Open Bio, doi:10.1002/2211-5463.12605

In eukaryotic cells, cytoplasmic mRNA is characterised by a 3’ poly(A) tail. The shortening and removal of poly(A) tails (deadenylation) by the Ccr4‐Not nuclease complex leads to reduced translational efficiency and RNA degradation. Using recombinant... Read More

Insight into imiquimod skin permeation and increased delivery using microneedle pre-treatment (2019)
Journal Article
Al-Mayahy, M. H., Sabri, A. H., Rutland, C. S., Holmes, A., McKenna, J., Marlow, M., & Scurr, D. J. (2019). Insight into imiquimod skin permeation and increased delivery using microneedle pre-treatment. European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, 139, 33-43. doi:10.1016/j.ejpb.2019.02.006

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common skin cancer in humans. Topical treatment with imiquimod provides a non-invasive, self-administered treatment with relatively low treatment cost. Despite displaying excellent efficacy, imiquimod is only li... Read More

Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of truncated deguelin derivatives as Hsp90 inhibitors (2019)
Journal Article
Yao, H., Xu, F., Wang, G., Xie, S., Li, W., Yao, H., …Xu, S. (2019). Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of truncated deguelin derivatives as Hsp90 inhibitors. European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 167, 485-498. doi:10.1016/j.ejmech.2019.02.014

A series of novel B and C-rings truncated deguelin derivatives have been designed and synthesized in the present study as heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) inhibitors. The synthesized compounds exhibited micromolar antiproliferative potency toward a pane... Read More

Remotely controlled in situ growth of silver microwires forming bioelectronic interfaces (2019)
Journal Article
Sanjuan-Alberte, P., Saleh, E., Shaw, A. J., Lacalendola, N., Willmott, G., Vaithilingam, J., …Rawson, F. J. (2019). Remotely controlled in situ growth of silver microwires forming bioelectronic interfaces. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, doi:10.1021/acsami.8b22075

There is a pressing need to advance our ability to construct three-dimensional (3D) functional bioelectronic interfaces. Additionally, to ease the transition to building cellular electronic systems, a remote approach to merge electrical components wi... Read More

Investigating the intracellular effects of hyperbranched polycation-DNA complexes on lung cancer cells using LC-MS-based metabolite profiling (2019)
Journal Article
Alazzo, A., Al-Natour, M., Spriggs, K., Stolnik, S., Ghaemmaghami, A., Kim, D., & Alexander, C. (2019). Investigating the intracellular effects of hyperbranched polycation-DNA complexes on lung cancer cells using LC-MS-based metabolite profiling. 00 Journal not listed, 15(1), 77-87 . doi:10.1039/C8MO00139A

Cationic polymers have emerged as a promising alternative to viral vectors in gene therapy. They are cheap to scale up, easy to functionalise and also presume to be safer than the viral vectors, however many of them are cytotoxic. The large number of... Read More

Intracellular processing of silica-coated superparamagnetic iron nanoparticles in human mesenchymal stem cells (2019)
Journal Article
Harrison, R. P., Chauhan, V. M., Onion, D., Aylott, J. W., & Sottile, V. (2019). Intracellular processing of silica-coated superparamagnetic iron nanoparticles in human mesenchymal stem cells. RSC Advances, 9, 3176-3184. doi:10.1039/C8RA09089K

Silica-coated Superparamagnetic Iron Nanoparticles (SiMAGs) are an exciting biomedical technology capable of targeted delivery of cell-based therapeutics and disease diagnosis. However, in order to realise their full clinical potential, their intrace... Read More

Development of novel apoferritin formulations for antitumour benzothiazoles (2019)
Journal Article
Breen, A. F., Wells, G., Turyanska, L., & Bradshaw, T. D. (2019). Development of novel apoferritin formulations for antitumour benzothiazoles. Cancer Reports, 1-7. doi:10.1002/cnr2.1155

Background The benzothiazole structure is important in medicinal chemistry, and 5‐fluoro‐2‐(3,4‐dimethoxyphenyl) benzothiazole (GW 610) is of particular interest as it shows outstanding anticancer activity in sensitive breast and colorectal carcinom... Read More

Ex vivo MRI cell tracking of autologous mesenchymal stromal cells in an ovine osteochondral defect model (2019)
Journal Article
Markides, H., Newell, K. J., Rudorf, H., Ferreras, L. B., Dixon, J. E., Morris, R. H., …El Haj, A. J. (2019). Ex vivo MRI cell tracking of autologous mesenchymal stromal cells in an ovine osteochondral defect model. Stem Cell Research and Therapy, 10, 1-15. doi:10.1186/s13287-018-1123-7

Background Osteochondral injuries represent a significant clinical problem requiring novel cell-based therapies to restore function of the damaged joint with the use of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) leading research efforts. Pre-clinical studies... Read More

In vitro evaluation of electrospun blends of gelatin and PCL for application as a partial thickness corneal graft (2018)
Journal Article
Rose, J., Sidney, L., Patient, J., White, L., Dua, H., El Haj, A., …Rose, F. (2018). In vitro evaluation of electrospun blends of gelatin and PCL for application as a partial thickness corneal graft. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, doi:10.1002/jbm.a.36598

The advent of innovative surgical procedures utilizing partial thickness corneal grafts has created a need for the development of synthetic implants to recreate corneal stromal tissue. This work evaluates electrospun gelatin and polycaprolactone (PCL... Read More

Hydrophobicity of surface-immobilised molecules influences architectures formed via interfacial self-assembly of nucleoside-based gelators (2018)
Journal Article
Angelerou, M. G. F., Yang, B., Arnold, T., Rawle, J., Marlow, M., & Zelzer, M. (2018). Hydrophobicity of surface-immobilised molecules influences architectures formed via interfacial self-assembly of nucleoside-based gelators. Soft Matter, 48, 9851-9855. doi:10.1039/C8SM01868E

Surface-mediated self-assembly has potential in biomaterial development but underlying rules governing surface-gelator interactions are poorly understood. Here, we correlate surface properties with structural characterization data of nucleoside-based... Read More

Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of quinoline-indole derivatives as anti-tubulin agents targeting the colchicine binding site (2018)
Journal Article
Li, W., Shuai, W., Sun, H., Xu, F., Bi, Y., Xu, J., …Xu, S. (2019). Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of quinoline-indole derivatives as anti-tubulin agents targeting the colchicine binding site. European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 163, 428-442. doi:10.1016/j.ejmech.2018.11.070

A series of novel isocombretastatin A-4 (isoCA-4) analogs were designed and synthesized by replacing 3,4,5-trimethoylphenyl and isovanillin of isoCA-4 with quinoline and indole moieties, respectively. The structure activity relationships (SARs) of th... Read More

New perspectives on iron uptake in eukaryotes (2018)
Journal Article
Sherman, H. G., Jovanovic, C., Stolnik, S., Baronian, K., Downard, A. J., & Rawson, F. J. (2018). New perspectives on iron uptake in eukaryotes. Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences, 5, doi:10.3389/fmolb.2018.00097

All eukaryotic organisms require iron to function. Malfunctions within iron homeostasis have a range of physiological consequences, and can lead to the development of pathological conditions that can result in an excess of non-transferrin bound iron... Read More

Application of biorelevant saliva-based dissolution for optimisation of orally disintegrating formulations of felodipine (2018)
Journal Article
Ali, J., Zgair, A., Hameed, G. S., Garnett, M. C., Roberts, C. J., Burley, J. C., & Gershkovich, P. (2019). Application of biorelevant saliva-based dissolution for optimisation of orally disintegrating formulations of felodipine. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 555, 228-236. doi:10.1016/j.ijpharm.2018.11.051

The oral cavity is of great importance to the performance of orally retained formulations, including: orally disintegrating tablets, taste-masked formulations, and buccal/sublingual delivery systems. With regards to in vitro dissolution assessment of... Read More

Small molecules as inhibitors of PCSK9: current status and future challenges (2018)
Journal Article
Xu, S., Luo, S., Zhu, Z., & Xu, J. (2019). Small molecules as inhibitors of PCSK9: current status and future challenges. European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 162, 212-233. doi:10.1016/j.ejmech.2018.11.011

Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) plays an important role in regulating lipoprotein metabolism by binding to low-density lipoprotein receptors (LDLRs), leading to their degradation. LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering drugs that oper... Read More