Research Repository

See what's under the surface


TopCap: a tool to quantify soil surface topology and subsurface structure (2018)
Journal Article
Garbout, A., Sturrock, C. J., Armenise, E., Ahn, S., Simmons, R. W., Doerr, S., …Mooney, S. J. (2018). TopCap: a tool to quantify soil surface topology and subsurface structure. Vadose Zone Journal, 17(1), doi:10.2136/vzj2017.05.0091. ISSN 1539-1663

The surface of a material such as soil, as characterised by its topology and roughness, typically has a profound effect on its functional behaviour. Whilst non-destructive imaging techniques such as X-ray Computed Tomography (CT) have been extensivel... Read More

The application of X-ray micro Computed Tomography imaging for tracing particle movement in soil (2018)
Journal Article
Grayling, K., Young, S. D., Roberts, C. J., de Heer, M. I., Shirley, I., Sturrock, C., & Mooney, S. J. (2018). The application of X-ray micro Computed Tomography imaging for tracing particle movement in soil. Geoderma, 321, doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.01.038. ISSN 0016-7061

Despite significant advances in recent years in the application of sensing and imaging technologies to the study of the hydraulic behaviour of soils, our understanding of how solutes and particulate matter move through soil is still limited and often... Read More

LARGE ROOT ANGLE1, encoding OsPIN2, is involved in root system architecture in rice (2017)
Journal Article
Wang, L., Guo, M., Li, Y., Ruan, W., Mo, X., Wu, Z., …Mao, C. (in press). LARGE ROOT ANGLE1, encoding OsPIN2, is involved in root system architecture in rice. Journal of Experimental Botany, doi:10.1093/jxb/erx427. ISSN 0022-0957

Root system architecture is very important for plant growth and crop yield. It is essential for nutrient and water uptake, anchoring, and mechanical support. Root growth angle (RGA) is a vital constituent of root system architecture and is used as a... Read More

Soil seal development under simulated rainfall: structural, physical and hydrological dynamics (2017)
Journal Article
Armenise, E., Simmons, R. W., Ahn, S., Garbout, A., Doen, S. H., Mooney, S. J., …Ritz, K. (2018). Soil seal development under simulated rainfall: structural, physical and hydrological dynamics. Journal of Hydrology, 556, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2017.10.073. ISSN 0022-1694

This study delivers new insights into rainfall-induced seal formation through a novel approach in the use of X-ray Computed Tomography (CT). Up to now seal and crust thickness have been directly quantified mainly through visual examination of sealed/... Read More

The emergent rhizosphere: imaging the development of the porous architecture at the root-soil interface (2017)
Journal Article
porous architecture at the root-soil interface. Scientific Reports, 7(14875), doi:10.1038/s41598-017-14904-w. ISSN 2045-2322

The rhizosphere is the zone of soil infuenced by a plant root and is critical for plant health and nutrient acquisition. All below ground resources must pass through this dynamic zone prior to their capture by plant roots. However, researching the un... Read More

Roots-eye view: using microdialysis and microCT to non-destructively map root nutrient depletion and accumulation zones (2017)
Journal Article
Brackin, R., Atkinson, B. S., Sturrock, C. J., & Rasmussen, A. (2017). Roots-eye view: using microdialysis and microCT to non-destructively map root nutrient depletion and accumulation zones. Plant, Cell and Environment, 40(12), doi:10.1111/pce.13072. ISSN 0140-7791

Improvement in fertiliser use efficiency is a key aspect for achieving sustainable agriculture in order to minimise costs, greenhouse gas emissions and pollution from nutrient runoff. To optimise root architecture for nutrient uptake and efficiency w... Read More

Cell density and airspace patterning in the leaf can be manipulated to increase leaf photosynthetic capacity (2017)
Journal Article
Lehmeier, C., Pajor, R., Lundgren, M. R., Mathers, A., Sloan, J., Bauch, M., …Fleming, A. J. (2017). Cell density and airspace patterning in the leaf can be manipulated to increase leaf photosynthetic capacity. Plant Journal, 92(6), doi:10.1111/tpj.13727. ISSN 0960-7412

The pattern of cell division, growth and separation during leaf development determines the pattern and volume of airspace in a leaf. The resulting balance of cellular material and airspace is expected to significantly influence the primary function o... Read More

A one-pot-one-reactant synthesis of platinum compounds at the nanoscale (2017)
Journal Article
Stoppiello, C. T., Biskupek, J., Li, Z., Rance, G. A., Botos, A., Fogarty, R. M., …Khlobystov, A. N. (2017). A one-pot-one-reactant synthesis of platinum compounds at the nanoscale. Nanoscale, 9(38), doi:10.1039/C7NR05976K. ISSN 2040-3364

The preparation of inorganic nanomaterials with a desired structure and specific properties requires the ability to strictly control their size, shape and composition. A series of chemical reactions with platinum compounds carried out within the 1.5... Read More

Shaping 3D root system architecture (2017)
Journal Article
Morris, E. C., Griffiths, M., Golebiowska, A., Mairhofer, S., Burr-Hersey, J., Goh, T., …Bennett, M. J. (in press). Shaping 3D root system architecture. Current Biology, 27(17), doi:10.1016/j.cub.2017.06.043. ISSN 0960-9822

Plants are sessile organisms rooted in one place. The soil resources that plants require are often distributed in a highly heterogeneous pattern. To aid foraging, plants have evolved roots whose growth and development are highly responsive to soil si... Read More

Quantification of seed–soil contact of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) using X-ray Computed Tomography (2017)
Journal Article
Blunk, S., Malik, A. H., de Heer, M. I., Ekblad, T., Bussell, J. S., Sparkes, D. L., …Mooney, S. J. (in press). Quantification of seed–soil contact of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) using X-ray Computed Tomography. Plant Methods, 13(71), doi:10.1186/s13007-017-0220-4. ISSN 1746-4811

Abstract Background: Seed–soil contact is important to ensure successful germination, however, there is a paucity of reported studies that have quantified the microstructure at and around this critical interface, mainly due to the opacity of soil.... Read More

3D reactive inkjet printing of polydimethylsiloxane (2017)
Journal Article
Sturgess, C., Tuck, C., Ashcroft, I., & Wildman, R. D. (in press). 3D reactive inkjet printing of polydimethylsiloxane. Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 5, doi:10.1039/C7TC02412F. ISSN 2050-7526

Material jetting is a process whereby liquid material can be deposited onto a substrate to solidify. Through a process of progressive additional layers, this deposition can then be used to produce 3D structures. However, the current material jetting... Read More

Computed tomography in veterinary medicine: currently published and tomorrow’s vision (2017)
Book
Keane, M., Paul, E., Sturrock, C., Rauch, C., & Rutland, C. S. (in press). Computed tomography in veterinary medicine: currently published and tomorrow’s vision. In A. M. Halefoğlu (Ed.), Computed tomography: advanced applicationsInTechOpen. doi:10.5772/intechopen.68556

The utilisation of Computed Tomography (CT) in veterinary practice has been increasing rapidly in line with reduced cost, improved availability and the increase in expertise and technology. This review briefly examines the recent technological advanc... Read More

Root hydrotropism is controlled via a cortex-specific growth mechanism (2017)
Journal Article
Dietrich, D., Pang, L., Kobayashi, A., Fozard, J. A., Boudolf, V., Bhosale, R., …Bennett, M. J. (in press). Root hydrotropism is controlled via a cortex-specific growth mechanism. Nature Plants, 3, doi:10.1038/nplants.2017.57. ISSN 2055-026X

Plants can acclimate by using tropisms to link the direction of growth to environmental conditions. Hydrotropism allows roots to forage for water, a process known to depend on abscisic acid (ABA) but whose molecular and cellular basis remains unclear... Read More

A herbivore tag-and-trace system reveals contact- and density-dependent repellence of a root toxin (2017)
Journal Article
Bont, Z., Arce, C., Huber, M., Huang, W., Mestrot, A., Sturrock, C., & Erb, M. (2017). A herbivore tag-and-trace system reveals contact- and density-dependent repellence of a root toxin. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 43(3), doi:10.1007/s10886-017-0830-3. ISSN 0098-0331

Foraging behavior of root feeding organisms strongly affects plant-environment-interactions and ecosystem processes. However, the impact of plant chemistry on root herbivore movement in the soil is poorly understood. Here, we apply a simple technique... Read More