Research Repository

See what's under the surface


sPlot : a new tool for global vegetation analyses (2019)
Journal Article
Bruelheide, H., Dengler, J., Jiménez-Alfaro, B., Purschke, O., Hennekens, S. M., Chytrý, M., …and other 116 authors, . (2019). sPlot : a new tool for global vegetation analyses. Journal of Vegetation Science, doi:10.1111/jvs.12710

Questions: Vegetation-plot records provide information on presence and cover or abundance of plants co-occurring in the same community. Vegetation-plot data are spread across research groups, environmental agencies and biodiversity research centers,... Read More

A view from above: Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) provide a new tool for assessing liana infestation in tropical forest canopies (2019)
Journal Article
Waite, C. E., van der Heijden, G. M. F., Field, R., & Boyd, D. S. (2019). A view from above: Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) provide a new tool for assessing liana infestation in tropical forest canopies. Journal of Applied Ecology, doi:10.1111/1365-2664.13318

1. Tropical forests store and sequester large quantities of carbon, mitigating climate change. Lianas (woody vines) are important tropical forest components, most conspicuous in the canopy. Lianas reduce forest carbon uptake and their recent incre... Read More

Global trait-environment relationships of plant communities (2018)
Journal Article
Bruelheide, H., Dengler, J., Purschke, O., Lenoir, J., Jiménez-Alfaro, B., Hennekens, S. M., …Knollová, I. (2018). Global trait-environment relationships of plant communities. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 2, 1906–1917. doi:10.1038/s41559-018-0699-8

Plant functional traits directly affect ecosystem functions. At the species level, trait combinations depend on trade-offs representing different ecological strategies, but at the community level trait combinations are expected to be decoupled from t... Read More

No empirical evidence to support the hypothesis that daily climate variation has an effect on species’ elevational range size: Reply to Chan et al. (2018)
Journal Article
Field, R., & Qian, H. (2018). No empirical evidence to support the hypothesis that daily climate variation has an effect on species’ elevational range size: Reply to Chan et al. Journal of Biogeography, 45(12), 2827-2832. doi:10.1111/jbi.13372

Following our critique, Chan et al. defend the approach used in their original paper. They reveal their “iterative strategy of SEM” (structural equation modelling), which they claim is “standard” (we show otherwise) and “required for the proper and m... Read More

Models of upland species’ distributions are improved by accounting for geodiversity (2018)
Journal Article
Bailey, J. J., Boyd, D. S., & Field, R. (2018). Models of upland species’ distributions are improved by accounting for geodiversity. Landscape Ecology, 33(12), 2071-2087. doi:10.1007/s10980-018-0723-z

Context: Recent research suggests that novel geodiversity data on landforms, hydrology and surface materials can improve biodiversity models at the landscape scale by quantifying abiotic variability more effectively than commonly used measures of spa... Read More

Refining area of occupancy to address the modifiable areal unit problem in ecology and conservation (2018)
Journal Article
Moat, J., Bachman, S. P., Field, R., & Boyd, D. S. (in press). Refining area of occupancy to address the modifiable areal unit problem in ecology and conservation. Conservation Biology, doi:10.1111/cobi.13139. ISSN 0888-8892

The ‘modifiable areal unit problem’ is prevalent across many aspects of spatial analysis within ecology and conservation. The problem is particularly manifest when calculating metrics for extinction risk estimation, for example, area of occupancy (AO... Read More

Uniqueness of protected areas for conservation strategies in the European Union (2018)
Journal Article
Hoffmann, S., Beierkuhnlein, C., Field, R., Provenzale, A., & Chiarucci, A. (2018). Uniqueness of protected areas for conservation strategies in the European Union. Scientific Reports, 8, doi:10.1038/s41598-018-24390-3. ISSN 2045-2322

Protected areas (PAs) constitute major tools in nature conservation. In the European Union (EU), the Birds and Habitats Directives are the most important policies for conservation strategy, legally preserving Europe’s characteristic, rare, endemic an... Read More

Phylogenetic classification of the world’s tropical forests (2018)
Journal Article
Slik, J. F., Franklin, J., Arroyo-Rodríguez, V., Field, R., Aguilar, S., Aguirre, N., …Zang, R. (in press). Phylogenetic classification of the world’s tropical forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, doi:10.1073/pnas.1714977115. ISSN 1091-6490

Knowledge about the biogeographic affinities of the world’s tropical forests helps to better understand regional differences in forest structure, diversity, composition, and dynamics. Such understanding will enable anticipation of region-specific res... Read More

The incidence function model as a tool for landscape ecological impact assessments (2017)
Journal Article
Graham, L. J., Haines-Young, R., & Field, R. (2018). The incidence function model as a tool for landscape ecological impact assessments. Landscape and Urban Planning, 170, doi:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.10.008

Landscape-scale approaches to assessing the impact of land-use change on species' persistence are necessary because species depend on processes acting at varying scales, yet existing approaches to ecological impact assessment tend only to be site-bas... Read More

Does daily climate variation have an effect on species’ elevational range size? (2017)
Journal Article
Qian, H., Field, R., Zhang, J., & Zhang, Y. (2017). Does daily climate variation have an effect on species’ elevational range size?. Journal of Biogeography, 44(10), 2432-2436. doi:10.1111/jbi.13065

In their recent paper published in Science (2016, 351, 1437–1439), Chan et al. analysed 137 montane gradients, concluding that they found a novel pattern—a negative relationship between mean elevational range size of species and daily temperature var... Read More

Scrubbing up: multi-scale investigation of woody encroachment in a southern African savannah (2017)
Journal Article
Marston, C. G., Aplin, P., Wilkinson, D. M., Field, R., & O'Regan, H. J. (2017). Scrubbing up: multi-scale investigation of woody encroachment in a southern African savannah. Remote Sensing, 9(5), doi:10.3390/rs9050419. ISSN 2072-4292

Changes in the extent of woody vegetation represent a major conservation question in many savannah systems around the globe. To address the problem of the current lack of broad-scale cost-effective tools for land cover monitoring in complex savannah... Read More

Spatial relationship between biodiversity and geodiversity across a gradient of land-use intensity in high-latitude landscapes (2017)
Journal Article
Tukiainen, H., Alahuhta, J., Field, R., Ala-Hulkko, T., Lampinen, R., & Hjort, J. (2017). Spatial relationship between biodiversity and geodiversity across a gradient of land-use intensity in high-latitude landscapes. Landscape Ecology, 32(5), 1049-1063. doi:10.1007/s10980-017-0508-9

Context: ‘Conserving Nature’s stage’ has been advanced as an important conservation principle because of known links between biodiversity and abiotic environmental diversity, especially in sensitive high-latitude environments and at the landscape sca... Read More

Metapopulation modelling of long-term urban habitat-loss scenarios (2017)
Journal Article
Graham, L. J., Haines-Young, R. H., & Field, R. (2017). Metapopulation modelling of long-term urban habitat-loss scenarios. Landscape Ecology, 32(5), 989-1003. doi:10.1007/s10980-017-0504-0

Context: Increasing human populations in urban areas pose a threat to species’ persistence through habitat loss and fragmentation. It is therefore essential that we develop methods to investigate critical habitat loss thresholds and least detrimental... Read More

Modelling native and alien vascular plant species richness: at which scales is geodiversity most relevant? (2017)
Journal Article
Bailey, J. J., Boyd, D. S., Hjort, J., Lavers, C. P., & Field, R. (2017). Modelling native and alien vascular plant species richness: at which scales is geodiversity most relevant?. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 26(7), doi:10.1111/geb.12574. ISSN 1466-822X

Aim: To explore the scale-dependency of relationships between novel geodiversity measures and 26 both native and alien vascular plant species richness. Location: Great Britain Time period: Data collected 1995-2015 Major taxa: Vascular plants Meth... Read More

Combining geodiversity with climate and topography to account for threatened species richness (2016)
Journal Article
Tukiainen, H., Bailey, J. J., Field, R., Kangas, K., & Hjort, J. (in press). Combining geodiversity with climate and topography to account for threatened species richness. Conservation Biology, doi:10.1111/cobi.12799. ISSN 0888-8892

Improved understanding of threatened species diversity is important for long-term conservation planning and natural area management, especially under ongoing global change. Geodiversity – the diversity of earth surface materials, forms and processes... Read More

Topography-driven isolation, speciation and a global increase of endemism with elevation (2016)
Journal Article
Steinbauer, M. J., Field, R., Grytnes, J. A., Trigas, P., Ah-Peng, C., Attore, F., …De Sanctis, M. (in press). Topography-driven isolation, speciation and a global increase of endemism with elevation. Global Ecology and Biogeography, doi:10.1111/geb.12469. ISSN 1466-822X

Aim: Higher-elevation areas on islands and continental mountains tend to be separated by longer distances, predicting higher endemism at higher elevations; our study is the first to test the generality of the predicted pattern. We also compare it emp... Read More