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Multisensor navigation systems: a remedy for GNSS vulnerabilities? (2016)
Journal Article
Grejner-Brzezinska, D. A., Toth, C. K., Moore, T., Raquet, J. F., Miller, M. M., & Kealy, A. (2016). Multisensor navigation systems: a remedy for GNSS vulnerabilities?. Proceedings of the IEEE, 104(6), doi:10.1109/JPROC.2016.2528538

Space-based positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) technologies, such as the global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) provide position, velocity, and timing information to an unlimited number of users around the world. In recent years, PNT infor... Read More about Multisensor navigation systems: a remedy for GNSS vulnerabilities?.

Characterisation of potato crisp effective porosity using micro-CT (2016)
Journal Article
Renshaw, R. C., Robinson, J. P., Dimitrakis, G., Bows, J. R., & Kingman, S. W. (2016). Characterisation of potato crisp effective porosity using micro-CT. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 96(13), doi:10.1002/jsfa.7655

Background The effective porosity is an important quantitative parameter for food products that has a significant effect on taste and quality. It is challenging to quantify the apparent porosity of fried potato crisps as they have a thin irregular... Read More about Characterisation of potato crisp effective porosity using micro-CT.

Quantification of R-Fuzzy sets (2016)
Journal Article
Singh Khuman, A., Yang, Y., & John, R. (2016). Quantification of R-Fuzzy sets. Expert Systems with Applications, 55, doi:10.1016/j.eswa.2016.02.010

The main aim of this paper is to connect R-Fuzzy sets and type-2 fuzzy sets, so as to provide a practical means to express complex uncertainty without the associated difficulty of a type-2 fuzzy set. The paper puts forward a significance measure, to... Read More about Quantification of R-Fuzzy sets.

Understanding anionic Chugaev elimination in pericyclic tetracene formation (2016)
Journal Article
Burroughs, L., Ritchie, J., & Woodward, S. (2016). Understanding anionic Chugaev elimination in pericyclic tetracene formation. Tetrahedron, 72(13), doi:10.1016/j.tet.2016.02.025

The reaction pathway for the formation of tetracenes from the diols 1,2-C6H4(CHOHC≡CAr)2 , LiHDMS, CS2 and MeI has been modelled by computational methods at the CBS-QB3 level of theory. Comparison of PhCHOC(=S)YCCPh (Y = S- or SMe) indicates a sligh... Read More about Understanding anionic Chugaev elimination in pericyclic tetracene formation.

The NHS Health Check in England: an evaluation of the first 4 years (2016)
Journal Article
Robson, J., Dostal, I., Sheikh, A., Eldridge, S., Madurasinghe, V., Griffiths, C., …Hippisley-Cox, J. (2016). The NHS Health Check in England: an evaluation of the first 4 years. BMJ Open, 6(1), doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008840

Objectives: To describe implementation of a new national preventive programme to reduce cardiovascular morbidity. Design: Observational study over 4 years (April 2009—March 2013). Setting: 655 general practices across England from the QResear... Read More about The NHS Health Check in England: an evaluation of the first 4 years.

Baseline characteristics, analysis plan and report on feasibility for the Prevention Of Decline in Cognition After Stroke Trial (PODCAST) (2015)
Journal Article
Scutt, P., Blackburn, D., Krishnan, K., Ballard, C., Burns, A., Ford, G. A., …Bath, P. M. (2015). Baseline characteristics, analysis plan and report on feasibility for the Prevention Of Decline in Cognition After Stroke Trial (PODCAST). Trials, 16(1), doi:10.1186/s13063-015-1033-2

Background A common complication after stroke is development of cognitive impairment and dementia. However, effective strategies for reducing the risk of developing these problems remain undefined. Potential strategies include intensive lowering o... Read More about Baseline characteristics, analysis plan and report on feasibility for the Prevention Of Decline in Cognition After Stroke Trial (PODCAST).

Good Laboratory Practice for optimization research (2015)
Journal Article
Kendall, G., Bai, R., Blazewicz, J., De Causmaecker, P., Gendreau, M., John, R., …Yee, A. (2016). Good Laboratory Practice for optimization research. Journal of the Operational Research Society, 67(4), doi:10.1057/jors.2015.77

Good Laboratory Practice has been a part of non-clinical research for over 40 years yet. Optimization Research, despite having many papers discussing standards being published over the same period of time, has yet to embrace standards that underpin i... Read More about Good Laboratory Practice for optimization research.

Computing Nash equilibria and evolutionarily stable states of evolutionary games (2015)
Journal Article
Li, J., Kendall, G., & John, R. (in press). Computing Nash equilibria and evolutionarily stable states of evolutionary games. IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation, 20(3), doi:10.1109/TEVC.2015.2490076

Stability analysis is an important research direction in evolutionary game theory. Evolutionarily stable states have a close relationship with Nash equilibria of repeated games, which are characterized by the folk theorem. When applying the folk theo... Read More about Computing Nash equilibria and evolutionarily stable states of evolutionary games.

Fuzzy multi-criteria decision making for carbon dioxide geological storage in Turkey (2015)
Journal Article
Deveci, M., Çetin Demirel, N., John, R., & Özcan, E. (in press). Fuzzy multi-criteria decision making for carbon dioxide geological storage in Turkey. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 27(2), doi:10.1016/j.jngse.2015.09.004

The problem of choosing the best location for CO2 storage is a crucial and challenging multi-criteria decision problem for some companies. This study compares the performance of three fuzzy-based multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) methods, includi... Read More about Fuzzy multi-criteria decision making for carbon dioxide geological storage in Turkey.

One-pot Cannizzaro cascade synthesis of ortho-Fused Cycloocta-2,5-dien-1-ones from 2-Bromo(hetero)aryl aldehydes (2015)
Journal Article
Burroughs, L., Eccleshare, L., Ritchie, J., Kulkarni, O., Lygo, B., Woodward, S., & Lewis, W. (2015). One-pot Cannizzaro cascade synthesis of ortho-Fused Cycloocta-2,5-dien-1-ones from 2-Bromo(hetero)aryl aldehydes. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 54(36), https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201505347

An intramolecular Cannizzaro-type hydride transfer to an in situ prepared allene enables the synthesis of orthofused 4-substituted cycloocta-2,5-dien-1-ones with unprecedented technical ease for an eight-ring carboannulation. Various derivatives coul... Read More about One-pot Cannizzaro cascade synthesis of ortho-Fused Cycloocta-2,5-dien-1-ones from 2-Bromo(hetero)aryl aldehydes.

Optimisation of extraction and sludge dewatering efficiencies of bio-flocculants extracted from Abelmoschus esculentus (okra) (2015)
Journal Article
Lee, S. L., Chong, M. F., Robinson, J. P., & Binner, E. (2015). Optimisation of extraction and sludge dewatering efficiencies of bio-flocculants extracted from Abelmoschus esculentus (okra). Journal of Environmental Management, 157, doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.04.028

The production of natural biopolymers as flocculants for water treatment is highly desirable due to their inherent low toxicity and low environmental footprint. In this study, bio-flocculants were extracted from Hibiscus/Abelmoschus esculentus (okra)... Read More about Optimisation of extraction and sludge dewatering efficiencies of bio-flocculants extracted from Abelmoschus esculentus (okra).

Anionic sigmatropic-electrocyclic-Chugaev cascades: accessing 12-aryl-5-(methylthiocarbonylthio)tetracenes and a related anthra[2,3-b]thiophene (2015)
Journal Article
Burroughs, L., Ritchie, J., Ngwenya, M., Khan, D., Lewis, W., & Woodward, S. (2015). Anionic sigmatropic-electrocyclic-Chugaev cascades: accessing 12-aryl-5-(methylthiocarbonylthio)tetracenes and a related anthra[2,3-b]thiophene. Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry, 11, https://doi.org/10.3762/bjoc.11.31

1,4-Diols resulting from the double addition of ArCCLi (Ar = Ph, substituted phenyl, 2-thienyl) to ortho-C6H4(CHO)2 undergo cascades to tetracenes on simple admixture of LiHDMS, CS2 and MeI. Acene formation proceeds by [3,3]-sigmatropic rearrangement... Read More about Anionic sigmatropic-electrocyclic-Chugaev cascades: accessing 12-aryl-5-(methylthiocarbonylthio)tetracenes and a related anthra[2,3-b]thiophene.

A review on development and application of plant-based bioflocculants and grafted bioflocculants (2014)
Journal Article
Lee, C. S., Chong, M. F., Robinson, J. P., & Binner, E. (2014). A review on development and application of plant-based bioflocculants and grafted bioflocculants. Industrial && Engineering Chemistry Research, 53(48), doi:10.1021/ie5034045

Flocculation is extensively employed for clarification through sedimentation. Application of eco-friendly plant-based bioflocculants in wastewater treatment has attracted significant attention lately with high removal capability in terms of solids, t... Read More about A review on development and application of plant-based bioflocculants and grafted bioflocculants.

Microwave processing of oil sands and contribution of clay minerals (2014)
Journal Article
Robinson, J. P., Binner, E., Saeid, A., Al-Harahsheh, M., & Kingman, S. (2014). Microwave processing of oil sands and contribution of clay minerals. Fuel, 135, doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2014.06.057

This study establishes the feasibility of microwave heating for extracting oil from Oil Sands in ex-situ processes. Previous studies in this area have shown some potential, but have not characterised the dielectric properties of the Oil Sands used, n... Read More about Microwave processing of oil sands and contribution of clay minerals.

Interval-valued fuzzy decision trees with optimal neighbourhood perimeter (2014)
Journal Article
Lertworaprachaya, Y., Yang, Y., & John, R. (2014). Interval-valued fuzzy decision trees with optimal neighbourhood perimeter. Applied Soft Computing, 24, doi:10.1016/j.asoc.2014.08.060

This research proposes a new model for constructing decision trees using interval-valued fuzzy membership values. Most existing fuzzy decision trees do not consider the uncertainty associated with their membership values, however, precise values of f... Read More about Interval-valued fuzzy decision trees with optimal neighbourhood perimeter.

Factors affecting the microwave coking of coals and the implications on microwave cavity design (2014)
Journal Article
Binner, E., Medeira-Munoyerro, M., Huddle, T., Kingman, S., Dodds, C., Dimitrakis, G., …Lester, E. (2014). Factors affecting the microwave coking of coals and the implications on microwave cavity design. Fuel Processing Technology, 125, doi:10.1016/j.fuproc.2014.03.006

The work carried out in this paper assessed how processing conditions and feedstock affect the quality of the coke produced during microwave coke making. The aim was to gather information that would support the development of an optimised microwave c... Read More about Factors affecting the microwave coking of coals and the implications on microwave cavity design.

Uncertainty representation of grey numbers and grey sets (2014)
Journal Article
Yang, Y., Liu, S., & John, R. (2014). Uncertainty representation of grey numbers and grey sets. IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics, 44(9), doi:10.1109/TCYB.2013.2288731

In the literature there is a presumption that a grey set and an interval-valued fuzzy set are equivalent. This presumption ignores the existence of discrete components in a grey number. In this paper new measurements of uncertainties of grey numbers... Read More about Uncertainty representation of grey numbers and grey sets.

Neuropsychosocial profiles of current and future adolescent alcohol misusers (2014)
Journal Article
Whelan, R., Watts, R., Orr, C. A., Althoff, R. R., Artiges, E., Banaschewski, T., …Ziesch, V. (in press). Neuropsychosocial profiles of current and future adolescent alcohol misusers. Nature, 512(7513), doi:10.1038/nature13402

A comprehensive account of the causes of alcohol misuse must accommodate individual differences in biology, psychology and environment, and must disentangle cause and effect. Animal models1 can demonstrate the effects of neurotoxic substances; howeve... Read More about Neuropsychosocial profiles of current and future adolescent alcohol misusers.

Investigation into the mechanisms by which microwave heating enhances separation of water-in-oil emulsions (2014)
Journal Article
Binner, E., Robinson, J. P., Silvester, S., Kingman, S., & Lester, E. (2014). Investigation into the mechanisms by which microwave heating enhances separation of water-in-oil emulsions. Fuel, 116, doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2013.08.042

The separation of water-in-oil emulsions made with Azeri crude was investigated using natural gravity settling and microwave heating techniques. Separation times could be reduced by an order of magnitude compared with untreated emulsions. Increasing... Read More about Investigation into the mechanisms by which microwave heating enhances separation of water-in-oil emulsions.


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