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Interval type-2 defuzzification using uncertainty weights (2017)
Journal Article
Runkler, T. A., Coupland, S., John, R., & Chen, C. (in press). Interval type-2 defuzzification using uncertainty weights. Studies in Computational Intelligence, 739, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-67789-7_4

One of the most popular interval type-2 defuzzification methods is the Karnik-Mendel (KM) algorithm. Nie and Tan (NT) have proposed an approximation of the KM method that converts the interval type-2 membership functions to a single type-1 membership... Read More about Interval type-2 defuzzification using uncertainty weights.

An Immune-Inspired Technique to Identify Heavy Goods Vehicles Incident Hot Spots (2017)
Journal Article
Figueredo, G. P., Triguero, I., Mesgarpour, M., Maciel Guerra, A., Garibaldi, J. M., & John, R. (2017). An Immune-Inspired Technique to Identify Heavy Goods Vehicles Incident Hot Spots. IEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computational Intelligence, 1(4), 248-258. https://doi.org/10.1109/TETCI.2017.2721960

We report on the adaptation of an immune-inspired instance selection technique to solve a real-world big data problem of determining vehicle incident hot spots. The technique, which is inspired by the Immune System self-regulation mechanism, was orig... Read More about An Immune-Inspired Technique to Identify Heavy Goods Vehicles Incident Hot Spots.

Straightforward synthesis of 2- and 2,8-substituted tetracenes (2017)
Journal Article
Woodward, S., Ackermann, M., Ahirwar, S., Burroughs, L., Robert Garrett, M., Ritchie, J., …Woodward, P. (in press). Straightforward synthesis of 2- and 2,8-substituted tetracenes. Chemistry - A European Journal, doi:10.1002/chem.201701170

A simple regiospecific route to otherwise problematic substituted tetracenes is described. The diverse cores (E)- 1,2-Ar1CH2(HOCH2)C=C(CH2OH)I (Ar1 = Ph, 4-MePh, 4-MeOPh, 4-FPh) and (E)-1,2-I(HOCH2)C=C(CH2OH)I, accessed from ultra-low cost HOCH2C≡CCH... Read More about Straightforward synthesis of 2- and 2,8-substituted tetracenes.

Microwave fluidized bed for biomass pyrolysis. Part II: Effect of process parameters (2017)
Journal Article
Adam, M., Beneroso, D., Katrib, J., Kingman, S., & Robinson, J. P. (in press). Microwave fluidized bed for biomass pyrolysis. Part II: Effect of process parameters. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, doi:10.1002/bbb.1781

The microwave fluidized bed process developed in Part I (DOI: 10.1002/bbb.1780), in which the heating heterogeneity issues are overcome, has been applied to the pyrolysis of biomass. The degree of pyrolysis was established by studying the behavior of... Read More about Microwave fluidized bed for biomass pyrolysis. Part II: Effect of process parameters.

Microwave fluidized bed for biomass pyrolysis. Part I: Process design (2017)
Journal Article
Adam, M., Beneroso, D., Katrib, J., Kingman, S., & Robinson, J. P. (in press). Microwave fluidized bed for biomass pyrolysis. Part I: Process design. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, doi:10.1002/bbb.1780

The production of bio-oils from microwave pyrolysis has received increasing attention from bioenergy researchers, but no studies reported to date have proposed reliable solutions to avoid thermal runaway. The motivation of this paper is to develop an... Read More about Microwave fluidized bed for biomass pyrolysis. Part I: Process design.

Factors influencing the decision to attend screening for cancer in the UK: a meta-ethnography of qualitative research (2017)
Journal Article
Young, B., Bedford, L., Kendrick, D., Vedhara, K., Robertson, J., & das Nair, R. (in press). Factors influencing the decision to attend screening for cancer in the UK: a meta-ethnography of qualitative research. Journal of Public Health, doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdx026

Background: This review aimed to better understand experiences of being invited to cancer screening and associated decision-making. Methods: Qualitative evidence explaining UK cancer screening attendance decisions was systematically identified. Data... Read More about Factors influencing the decision to attend screening for cancer in the UK: a meta-ethnography of qualitative research.

A Direct Approach for Determining the Switch Points in the Karnik–Mendel Algorithm (2017)
Journal Article
Chen, C., John, R., Twycross, J., & Garibaldi, J. M. (2018). A Direct Approach for Determining the Switch Points in the Karnik–Mendel Algorithm. IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems, 26(2), 1079-1085. https://doi.org/10.1109/tfuzz.2017.2699168

The Karnik-Mendel algorithm is used to compute the centroid of interval type-2 fuzzy sets, determining the switch points needed for the lower and upper bounds of the centroid, through an iterative process. It is commonly acknowledged that there is n... Read More about A Direct Approach for Determining the Switch Points in the Karnik–Mendel Algorithm.

Type-2 fuzzy linear systems (2017)
Journal Article
Najariyan, M., Mazandarani, M., & John, R. (2017). Type-2 fuzzy linear systems. International Journal of Granular Computing, Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems, 2(3), doi:10.1007/s41066-016-0037-y

Fuzzy Linear Systems (FLSs) are used in practical situations where some of the systems parameters or variables are uncertain. To date, investigations conducted on FLSs are restricted to those in which the uncertainty is assumed to be modeled by Type-... Read More about Type-2 fuzzy linear systems.

Enhancing evaporative mass transfer and steam stripping using microwave heating (2017)
Journal Article
Ogunniran, O., Binner, E., Sklavounos, A., & Robinson, J. P. (2017). Enhancing evaporative mass transfer and steam stripping using microwave heating. Chemical Engineering Science, 165, doi:10.1016/j.ces.2017.03.003

The effect of microwave heating on evaporative mass transfer of hydrocarbons was investigated for a number of contaminated solid materials. The rate of oil removal could be rationalised by the velocity of steam that was created by selective heating o... Read More about Enhancing evaporative mass transfer and steam stripping using microwave heating.

On Nie-Tan operator and type-reduction of interval type-2 fuzzy sets (2017)
Journal Article
Li, J., John, R., Coupland, S., & Kendall, G. (2018). On Nie-Tan operator and type-reduction of interval type-2 fuzzy sets. IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems, 26(2), doi:10.1109/TFUZZ.2017.2666842

Type-reduction of type-2 fuzzy sets is considered to be a defuzzification bottleneck because of the computational complexity involved in the process of type-reduction. In this research, we prove that the closed-form Nie-Tan operator, which outputs th... Read More about On Nie-Tan operator and type-reduction of interval type-2 fuzzy sets.

Multi-objective optimisation in inventory planning with supplier selection (2017)
Journal Article
Turk, S., Özcan, E., & John, R. (2017). Multi-objective optimisation in inventory planning with supplier selection. Expert Systems with Applications, 78, doi:10.1016/j.eswa.2017.02.014

Supplier selection and inventory planning are critical and challenging tasks in Supply Chain Management. There are many studies on both topics and many solution techniques have been proposed dealing with each problem separately. In this study, we pre... Read More about Multi-objective optimisation in inventory planning with supplier selection.

Multi-objective evolutionary algorithms and hyper-heuristics for wind farm layout optimisation (2016)
Journal Article
Li, W., Özcan, E., & John, R. (2017). Multi-objective evolutionary algorithms and hyper-heuristics for wind farm layout optimisation. Renewable Energy, 105, doi:10.1016/j.renene.2016.12.022

Wind farm layout optimisation is a challenging real-world problem which requires the discovery of trade-off solutions considering a variety of conflicting criteria, such as minimisation of the land area usage and maximisation of energy production. Ho... Read More about Multi-objective evolutionary algorithms and hyper-heuristics for wind farm layout optimisation.

Evaluating decision making units under uncertainty using fuzzy multi-objective nonlinear programming (2016)
Journal Article
Zerafat Angiz, M., Nawawi, M., Khalid, R., Mustafa, A., Emrouznejad, A., John, R., & Kendall, G. (in press). Evaluating decision making units under uncertainty using fuzzy multi-objective nonlinear programming. Information Systems and Operational Research, 55(1), doi:10.1080/03155986.2016.1240944

This paper proposes a new method to evaluate Decision Making Units (DMUs) under uncertainty using fuzzy Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). In the proposed multi-objective nonlinear programming methodology both the objective functions and the constraint... Read More about Evaluating decision making units under uncertainty using fuzzy multi-objective nonlinear programming.

Interval type–2 fuzzy decision making (2016)
Journal Article
Runkler, T., Coupland, S., & John, R. (2017). Interval type–2 fuzzy decision making. International Journal of Approximate Reasoning, 80, doi:10.1016/j.ijar.2016.09.007

This paper concerns itself with decision making under uncertainty and theconsideration of risk. Type-1 fuzzy logic by its (essentially) crisp nature is limited in modelling decision making as there is no uncertainty in the membership function. We are... Read More about Interval type–2 fuzzy decision making.

Diversification of ortho-fused cycloocta-2,5-dien-1-one cores and 8 to 6-Ring conversion by sigma bond C-C cleavage (2016)
Journal Article
Eccleshare, L., Lozada-Rodriguez, L., Cooper, P., Burroughs, L., Ritchie, J., Lewis, W., & Woodward, S. (in press). Diversification of ortho-fused cycloocta-2,5-dien-1-one cores and 8 to 6-Ring conversion by sigma bond C-C cleavage. Chemistry - A European Journal, 22(35), doi:10.1002/chem.201601970

Sequential treatment of 2-C6H4Br(CHO) with LiC≡CR1 (R1 = SiMe3, tBu), nBuLi, CuBr∙SMe2 and HC≡CCHClR2 [R2 = Ph, 4-CF3Ph, 3-CNPh, 4-(MeO2C)Ph] at -50 oC leads to formation of an intermediate carbanion (Z)-1,2-C6H4{CA(=O)C≡CBR1}{CH=CH(CH–)R2} (4). Low... Read More about Diversification of ortho-fused cycloocta-2,5-dien-1-one cores and 8 to 6-Ring conversion by sigma bond C-C cleavage.

Human blood autoantibodies in the detection of colorectal cancer (2016)
Journal Article
Negm, O. H., Hamed, M. R., Schoen, R. E., Whelan, R. L., Steele, R. J., Scholefield, J., …Sewell, H. F. (2016). Human blood autoantibodies in the detection of colorectal cancer. PLoS ONE, 11(7), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0156971

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common malignancy in the western world. Early detection and diagnosis of all cancer types is vital to improved prognosis by enabling early treatment when tumours should be both resectable and curable. Sera f... Read More about Human blood autoantibodies in the detection of colorectal cancer.

Type-2 fuzzy alpha-cuts (2016)
Journal Article
Hamrawi, H., Coupland, S., & John, R. (2017). Type-2 fuzzy alpha-cuts. IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems, 25(3), doi:10.1109/TFUZZ.2016.2574914

Type-2 fuzzy logic systems make use of type-2 fuzzy sets. To be able to deliver useful type-2 fuzzy logic applications we need to be able to perform meaningful operations on these sets. These operations should also be practically tractable. However,... Read More about Type-2 fuzzy alpha-cuts.

Learning of interval and general type-2 fuzzy logic systems using simulated annealing: theory and practice (2016)
Journal Article
Almaraashia, M., John, R., Hopgood, A., & Ahmadi, S. (2016). Learning of interval and general type-2 fuzzy logic systems using simulated annealing: theory and practice. Information Sciences, 360, doi:10.1016/j.ins.2016.03.047

This paper reports the use of simulated annealing to design more efficient fuzzy logic systems to model problems with associated uncertainties. Simulated annealing is used within this work as a method for learning the best configurations of interval... Read More about Learning of interval and general type-2 fuzzy logic systems using simulated annealing: theory and practice.

Multisensor navigation systems: a remedy for GNSS vulnerabilities? (2016)
Journal Article
Grejner-Brzezinska, D. A., Toth, C. K., Moore, T., Raquet, J. F., Miller, M. M., & Kealy, A. (2016). Multisensor navigation systems: a remedy for GNSS vulnerabilities?. Proceedings of the IEEE, 104(6), doi:10.1109/JPROC.2016.2528538

Space-based positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) technologies, such as the global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) provide position, velocity, and timing information to an unlimited number of users around the world. In recent years, PNT infor... Read More about Multisensor navigation systems: a remedy for GNSS vulnerabilities?.


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