Research Repository

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Greater loss of mitochondrial function with ageing is associated with earlier onset of sarcopenia in C. elegans (2018)
Journal Article
Gaffney, C. J., Pollard, A., Barratt, T. F., Constantin-Teodosiu, D., Greenhaff, P. L., & Szewczyk, N. J. (2018). Greater loss of mitochondrial function with ageing is associated with earlier onset of sarcopenia in C. elegans. Aging, 10(3), 3382-3396. doi:10.18632/aging.101654

Sarcopenia, the age-related decline of muscle, is a significant and growing public health burden. C. elegans, a model organism for investigating the mechanisms of ageing, also displays sarcopenia, but the underlying mechanism(s) remain elusive. Here,... Read More

Increasing cardiac pyruvate dehydrogenase flux during chronic hypoxia improves acute hypoxic tolerance (2018)
Journal Article
Handzlik, M., Constantin-Teodosiu, D., Greenhaff, P. L., & Cole, M. (in press). Increasing cardiac pyruvate dehydrogenase flux during chronic hypoxia improves acute hypoxic tolerance. Journal of Physiology, doi:10.1113/JP275357. ISSN 0022-3751

The pattern of metabolic reprogramming in chronic hypoxia shares similarities with that following myocardial infarction or hypertrophy, however the response of the chronically hypoxic heart to subsequent acute injury, and the role of metabolism is no... Read More

Inflammation-mediated muscle metabolic dysregulation local and remote to the site of major abdominal surgery (2017)
Journal Article
Varadhan, K. K., Constantin-Teodosiu, D., Constantin, D., Greenhaff, P. L., & Lobo, D. N. (2017). Inflammation-mediated muscle metabolic dysregulation local and remote to the site of major abdominal surgery. Clinical Nutrition, 37(6, Part A), 2178-2185. doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2017.10.020

Background & aims: Postoperative hyperglycaemia is common in patients having major surgery and is associated with adverse outcomes. This study aimed to determine whether bacteraemia contributed to postoperative systemic inflammation, and whether incr... Read More

Physiological adaptations to resistance exercise as a function of age (2017)
Journal Article
Phillips, B. E., Williams, J. P., Greenhaff, P. L., Smith, K., & Atherton, P. J. (in press). Physiological adaptations to resistance exercise as a function of age. JCI insight, 2(17), doi:10.1172/jci.insight.95581. ISSN 2379-3708

BACKGROUND. The impact of resistance exercise training (RE-T) across the life span is poorly defined. METHODS. To resolve this, we recruited three distinct age cohorts of young (18–28 years; n = 11), middle-aged (45–55 years; n = 20), and older (n... Read More

Muscle carnitine availability plays a central role in regulating fuel metabolism in the rodent (2017)
Journal Article
Porter, C., Constantin-Teodosiu, D., Constantin, D., Leighton, B., Poucher, S. M., & Greenhaff, P. L. (2017). Muscle carnitine availability plays a central role in regulating fuel metabolism in the rodent. Journal of Physiology, 595(17), (5765-5780). doi:10.1113/JP274415. ISSN 0022-3751

The body carnitine pool is primarily confined to skeletal muscle, where it regulates carbohydrate (CHO) and fat usage. Mildronate (3-(2,2,2-trimethylhydrazinium)-propionate) inhibits carnitine synthesis and tissue uptake, but the impact of carnitine... Read More

Protein ingestion acutely inhibits insulin-stimulated muscle carnitine uptake in healthy young men (2015)
Journal Article
Shannon, C. E., Nixon, A. V., Greenhaff, P. L., & Stephens, F. B. (2016). Protein ingestion acutely inhibits insulin-stimulated muscle carnitine uptake in healthy young men. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 103(1), doi:10.3945/ajcn.115.119826. ISSN 0002-9165

BACKGROUND: Increasing skeletal muscle carnitine content represents an appealing intervention in conditions of perturbed lipid metabolism such as obesity and type 2 diabetes but requires chronic L-carnitine feeding on a daily basis in a high-carbohy... Read More