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A retrospective analysis of responsible innovation for low-technology innovation in the Global South (2019)
Journal Article
Hartley, S., McLeod, C., Clifford, M., Jewitt, S., & Ray, C. (in press). A retrospective analysis of responsible innovation for low-technology innovation in the Global South. Journal of Responsible Innovation,

The role of low-technology innovation in addressing global challenges is undervalued. Responsible innovation (RI) has the potential to direct low-technology innovation toward global challenges in the Global South, yet this possibility remains largely... Read More

Experiences with improved cookstoves in Southern Africa (2018)
Journal Article
Pailman, W., De Groot, J., Clifford, M., Jewitt, S., & Ray, C. (2018). Experiences with improved cookstoves in Southern Africa. 00 Journal not listed, 29(4), 13-26. doi:10.17159/2413-3051/2018/v29i4a5072

This study explores user experiences with improved cookstoves, drawing on findings from household surveys conducted in South Africa, Mozambique, Malawi and Zambia. Investigations were conducted on fuel and stove preferences; experiences with improved... Read More

Exploring the Pentecostal faith—sustainability—entrepreneurship nexus in Zimbabwe (2018)
Book Chapter
Anderson, A. H., Clifford, M., Madziva, R., Thondhlana, J., & Goronga, P. (2018). Exploring the Pentecostal faith—sustainability—entrepreneurship nexus in Zimbabwe. In W. L. Filo, & A. C. McCrea (Eds.), Sustainability and the humanities, 225-238. Springer Publishing Company. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-95336-6_13

The aim of this paper is to explore the intersection between sustainability and the humanities, specifically the Pentecostal faith—entrepreneurship—sustainability nexus in Zimbabwe. It focuses on The Zimbabwe Assemblies of God Africa (ZAOGA) and asso... Read More

Toilet training: what can the cookstove sector learn from improved sanitation promotion? (2018)
Journal Article
Sesan, T., Jewitt, S., Clifford, M., & Ray, C. (in press). Toilet training: what can the cookstove sector learn from improved sanitation promotion?. International Journal of Environmental Health Research, doi:10.1080/09603123.2018.1503235. ISSN 0960-3123

Within the domain of public health, commonalities exist between the sanitation and cookstove sectors. Despite these commonalities and the grounds established for cross-learning between both sectors, however, there has not been much evidence of knowle... Read More

Finance and the improved cookstove sector in East Africa: barriers and opportunities for value-chain actors (2018)
Journal Article
Hewitt, J., Ray, C., Jewitt, S., & Clifford, M. (2018). Finance and the improved cookstove sector in East Africa: barriers and opportunities for value-chain actors. Energy Policy, 117, doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2018.02.044. ISSN 0301-4215

Despite a long history of diverse approaches designed to increase the adoption of improved cookstoves (ICS), multiple barriers continue to exist which stunt their uptake in many developing countries. This paper focuses specifically on the financial b... Read More

Culture, tradition, and taboo: understanding the social shaping of fuel choices and cooking practices in Nigeria (2017)
Journal Article
Akintan, O., Jewitt, S., & Clifford, M. (2018). Culture, tradition, and taboo: understanding the social shaping of fuel choices and cooking practices in Nigeria. Energy Research and Social Science, 40, doi:10.1016/j.erss.2017.11.019. ISSN 2214-6296

Wood fuel remains the most widely used domestic fuel amongst resource poor groups in many low-income countries, despite the environmental and health problems associated with exposure to wood smoke. Studies on household air pollution concentrate predo... Read More

What's for dinner? Gendered decision-making and energy efficient cookstoves in Benue State, North Central Nigeria (2017)
Conference Proceeding
Atagher, P., Clifford, M., Jewitt, S., & Ray, C. (2017). What's for dinner? Gendered decision-making and energy efficient cookstoves in Benue State, North Central Nigeria. In C. Brebbia, & J. Sendra (Eds.), WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, volume 224,, 101-111. doi:10.2495/ESUS170101

Solid biomass collection such as firewood rests mostly on women and children in settings where traditional fuels dominates household energy choices. A 2015 World Health Organisation (WHO) report estimated that 3.5 million people globally rely on soli... Read More

Engineering education for sustainable development: using online learning to support the new paradigms (2017)
Journal Article
Sivapalan, S., Clifford, M. J., & Speight, S. (in press). Engineering education for sustainable development: using online learning to support the new paradigms. doi:10.1080/22054952.2017.1307592. ISSN 2205-4952

This paper explores the experiences of three academic members of the University of Nottingham Open Online Course (NOOC) and Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) team, comprising an engineer (tutor), an engineering education specialist (facilitator) and... Read More

An evaluation of a biomass stove safety protocol used for testing household cookstoves, in low-middle income countries (2016)
Journal Article
Gallagher, M., Beard, M., Clifford, M., & Watson, M. (2016). An evaluation of a biomass stove safety protocol used for testing household cookstoves, in low-middle income countries. Energy for Sustainable Development, 33, doi:10.1016/j.esd.2016.03.008

To mitigate the impact of: excess pollution, deforestation and injuries attributable to cookstoves in low-middle income countries, humanitarian and private sector organisations have made a commitment to distribute 100 million improved cookstoves (ICS... Read More

Why do we observe significant differences between measured and ‘back-calculated’ properties of natural fibres? (2016)
Journal Article
Shah, D. U., Nag, R. K., & Clifford, M. (2016). Why do we observe significant differences between measured and ‘back-calculated’ properties of natural fibres?. Cellulose, doi:10.1007/s10570-016-0926-x. ISSN 0969-0239

The drive towards sustainability, even in materials technologies, has fuelled an increasing interest in bio-based composites. Cellulosic fibres, such as flax and jute, are being considered as alternatives to technical synthetic fibres, such as glass,... Read More

Compaction, permeability and flow simulation for liquid composite moulding of natural fibre composites (2015)
Book Chapter
Shah, D. U., & Clifford, M. (2015). Compaction, permeability and flow simulation for liquid composite moulding of natural fibre composites. In M. Salit, M. Jawaid, N. Yusoff, & M. Hoque (Eds.), Manufacturing of Natural Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites, 65-99. Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-07944-8_4

With the growing interest in developing high-performance natural fibre composites (NFRPs) for (semi-)-structural applications, researchers are increasingly considering liquid composite moulding (LCM) processes and investigating key manufacturing-rela... Read More