Research Repository

See what's under the surface


“I am Rwandan”: unity and reconciliation in post-genocide Rwanda (2018)
Journal Article
Blackie, L. E., & Hitchcott, N. (2018). “I am Rwandan”: unity and reconciliation in post-genocide Rwanda. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 12(1), doi:10.5038/1911-9933.12.1.1480. ISSN 1911-0359

Drawing on a corpus of ten oral interviews with survivors and perpetrators of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda, we examine how the government’s policy of unity and reconciliation has shaped post-genocide identities and intergroup relatio... Read More

Randomized controlled trial of SecondStory, an intervention targeting posttraumatic growth, with bereaved adults (2018)
Journal Article
Roepke, A. M., Forgeard, M. J., Tsukayama, E., Blackie, L. E., & Jayawickreme, E. (in press). Randomized controlled trial of SecondStory, an intervention targeting posttraumatic growth, with bereaved adults. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, ISSN 0022-006X

Objective: People often report positive psychological changes after adversity, a phenomenon known as posttraumatic growth (PTG). Few PTG-focused interventions have been rigorously tested, and measurement strategies have had significant limitations. T... Read More

Situation-based contingencies underlying wisdom-content manifestations: examining intellectual humility in daily life (2018)
Journal Article
Zachry, C. E., Phan, L. V., Blackie, L. E., & Jayawickreme, E. (2018). Situation-based contingencies underlying wisdom-content manifestations: examining intellectual humility in daily life. Journals of Gerontology, Series B, 73(8), 1404–1415. doi:10.1093/geronb/gby016

Objectives: Existing assessments of intellectual humility (IH)—a key component of wisdom—do not examine its manifestation in daily life while sufficiently focusing on the core idea of the construct: owning up to one’s intellectual shortcomings. The p... Read More

Looking for post-traumatic growth in perpetrators of the 1994 genocide in Rwanda: a discussion of theoretical and ethical issues (2017)
Journal Article
Blackie, L. E., Hitchcott, N., & Joseph, S. (2017). Looking for post-traumatic growth in perpetrators of the 1994 genocide in Rwanda: a discussion of theoretical and ethical issues. doi:10.21039/jpr.v1i1.39

The theory of post-traumatic growth claims that, in the struggle to overcome difficult experiences, individuals may identify positive ways in which the experience has changed them. There is extensive evidence of survivors of extreme adversities repor... Read More

Wisdom gained?: assessing relationships between adversity, personality and well-being among a late adolescent sample (2017)
Journal Article
Jayawickreme, E., Brocato, N. W., & Blackie, L. E. (in press). Wisdom gained?: assessing relationships between adversity, personality and well-being among a late adolescent sample. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, doi:10.1007/s10964-017-0648-x. ISSN 0047-2891

How do late adolescents make sense of stressful life events they have experienced in their lives? College students (N = 1225) reported the stressful events they had experienced in their lifetime up until the present survey, and indicated whether they... Read More

Validation of the Parental Facilitation of Mastery Scale – II (2016)
Journal Article
Zalta, A. K., Allred, K. M., Jayawickreme, E., Blackie, L. E., & Chambless, D. L. (2017). Validation of the Parental Facilitation of Mastery Scale – II. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 73(10), doi:10.1002/jclp.22416. ISSN 0021-9762

Objective: To develop a more reliable and comprehensive version of the Parental Facilitation of Mastery Scale (PFMS). Method: In Study 1, 387 undergraduates completed an expanded PFMS (PFMS-II) and measures of parenting, perceived control, responses... Read More

Can people experience post-traumatic growth after committing violent acts? (2016)
Journal Article
Blackie, L. E., Roepke, A. M., Hitchcott, N., & Joseph, S. (2016). Can people experience post-traumatic growth after committing violent acts?. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 22(4), doi:10.1037/pac0000218. ISSN 1078-1919

The concept of post-traumatic growth refers to the positive psychological changes that some people experience as a result of their struggle with highly stressful and often traumatic circumstances. Research into post-traumatic growth has typically foc... Read More

Specific and individuated death reflection fosters identity integration (2016)
Journal Article
Blackie, L. E., Cozzolino, P. J., & Sedikides, C. (2016). Specific and individuated death reflection fosters identity integration. PLoS ONE, 11(5), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0154873. ISSN 1932-6203

Identity integration is the process wherein a person assimilates multiple or conflicting identities (e.g., beliefs, values, needs) into a coherent, unified self-concept. Three experiments examined whether contemplating mortality in a specific and ind... Read More

Personality science, resilience, and posttraumatic growth (2015)
Journal Article
Jayawickreme, E., Forgeard, M. J., & Blackie, L. E. (in press). Personality science, resilience, and posttraumatic growth. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 38(e105), doi:10.1017/S0140525X14001551. ISSN 0140-525X

PASTOR represents an innovative development in the study of resilience. This commentary highlights how PASTOR can help both clarify critical questions in and benefit from engaging with new research in personality science on behavioral flexibility acr... Read More

The protective function of personal growth initiative among a genocide-affected population in Rwanda (2015)
Journal Article
Blackie, L. E., Jayawickreme, E., Forgeard, M. J., & Jayawickreme, N. (2015). The protective function of personal growth initiative among a genocide-affected population in Rwanda. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 7(4), doi:10.1037/tra0000010.search. ISSN 1942-9681

The aim of the current study was to investigate the extent to which individual differences in personal growth initiative (PGI) were associated with lower reports of functional impairment of daily activities among a genocide-affected population in Rwa... Read More

Investigating the veracity of self-reported post-traumatic growth: a profile analysis approach (2015)
Journal Article
Blackie, L. E., Jayawickreme, E., Helzer, E. G., Forgeard, M. J., & Roepke, A. M. (in press). Investigating the veracity of self-reported post-traumatic growth: a profile analysis approach. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 6(7), doi:10.1177/1948550615587986. ISSN 1948-5506

Research into posttraumatic growth—positive psychological change that people report in their relationships, priorities in life, and self-perception after experiences of adversity—has been severely critiqued. We investigated the degree to which commun... Read More

Agreement on the perception of moral character (2014)
Journal Article
Helzer, E. G., Furr, R. M., Hawkins, A., Barranti, M., Blackie, L. E., & Fleeson, W. (2014). Agreement on the perception of moral character. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40(12), doi:10.1177/0146167214554957. ISSN 0146-1672

This study tested for inter-judge agreement on moral character. A sample of students and community members rated their own moral character using a measure that tapped six moral character traits. Friends, family members, and/or acquaintances rated the... Read More

Posttraumatic growth as positive personality change: evidence, controversies and future directions (2014)
Journal Article
Jayawickreme, E., & Blackie, L. E. (in press). Posttraumatic growth as positive personality change: evidence, controversies and future directions. European Journal of Personality, 28(4), doi:10.1002/per.1963. ISSN 0890-2070

This target article focuses on the construct of post-traumatic growth—positive psychological change experienced as a result of the struggle with highly challenging life circumstances. Prominent theories of post-traumatic growth define it in terms of... Read More

Finding character strengths through loss: an extension of Peterson and Seligman (2003) (2014)
Journal Article
Schueller, S. M., Jayawickreme, E., Blackie, L. E., Forgeard, M. J., & Roepke, A. M. (2014). Finding character strengths through loss: an extension of Peterson and Seligman (2003). Journal of Positive Psychology, 10(1), doi:10.1080/17439760.2014.920405. ISSN 1743-9760

People can experience positive changes even in the midst of adversity and loss. We investigated character strengths following three recent shooting tragedies. Using an Internet database of respondents to the Values in Action Inventory of Strengths (V... Read More