Research Repository

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Assessing plain and intelligible language in the Consumer Rights Act: a role for reading scores? (2019)
Journal Article
Conklin, K., Hyde, R., & Parente, F. (2019). Assessing plain and intelligible language in the Consumer Rights Act: a role for reading scores?. Legal Studies, doi:10.1017/lst.2018.25

Under the Consumer Rights Act 2015 consumer contracts and consumer notices are required to be expressed in plain and intelligible language. This is a difficult concept to capture. Determining whether a contract is expressed in plain and intelligible... Read More

“What are you talking about?” An analysis of lexical bundles in Japanese junior high school textbooks (2018)
Journal Article
Northbrook, J., & Conklin, K. (2018). “What are you talking about?” An analysis of lexical bundles in Japanese junior high school textbooks. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 23(3), 311-334

In a communicative approach to language teaching, students are presented with ‘authentic’ language, which is thought to allow them to produce it in a nativelike way. The current study explores whether the lexical bundles in communicative Japanese jun... Read More

Is what you put in what you get out? Textbook-derived lexical bundle processing in beginner English learners (2018)
Journal Article
Northbrook, J., & Conklin, K. (2018). Is what you put in what you get out? Textbook-derived lexical bundle processing in beginner English learners. Applied Linguistics, doi:10.1093/applin/amy027

Usage-based approaches to second language acquisition put a premium on the linguistic input that learners receive and predict that any sequences of words that learners encounter frequently will experience a processing advantage. The current study exp... Read More

Consumer behaviour and ICSS: exploring how consumers respond to Information, Connection and Signposting Services (2018)
Book
Conklin, K., Hyde, R., Parente, F., & Snowley, K. (2018). Consumer behaviour and ICSS: exploring how consumers respond to Information, Connection and Signposting Services. Linguistic Profiling for Professionals, University of Nottingham

This research examines consumer behaviour when presented with search results and websites containing Information, Connection and Signposting Services ('ICSS') and provides policy recommendations aimed at ensuring that consumers are able to identify I... Read More

Representation and processing of multi-word expressions in the brain (2017)
Journal Article
Siyanova-Chanturia, A., Conklin, K., Caffarra, S., Kaan, E., & van Heuven, W. J. (2017). Representation and processing of multi-word expressions in the brain. Brain and Language, 175, doi:10.1016/j.bandl.2017.10.004. ISSN 0093-934X

Language comprehension is sensitive to the predictability of the upcoming information. Prediction allows for smooth, expedient and successful communication. While general discourse-based constraints have been investigated in detail, more specific phr... Read More

Naturalistic reading in the L2 and the impact of word frequency and cross-linguistic similarity (2017)
Journal Article
Allen, D., & Conklin, K. (2017). Naturalistic reading in the L2 and the impact of word frequency and cross-linguistic similarity. 00 Journal not listed, 7(3), 41-57

While psycholinguistic studies of first language (L1) reading have identified multiple factors that predict the speed of lexical access, there are few studies investigating whether such factors influence second language (L2) reading. For usage-based... Read More

Challenges in editing late nineteenth-and early twentieth-century prose fiction: what is editorial “completeness”? (2016)
Journal Article
Guy, J., Scott, R., Conklin, K., & Carrol, G. (2016). Challenges in editing late nineteenth-and early twentieth-century prose fiction: what is editorial “completeness”?. 00 Journal not listed, 59(4), 435-455

Guy, Scott, Conklin, and Carrol join forces to analyze controversial questions about multi-volume variorum editions of late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century writers such as Wilde, Conrad, Woolf, James, and Wyndam Lewis. What prompted such ambi... Read More

How gender-expectancy affects the processing of “them” (2016)
Journal Article
Doherty, A., & Conklin, K. (2016). How gender-expectancy affects the processing of “them”. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 70(4), doi:10.1080/17470218.2016.1154582. ISSN 1747-0218

How sensitive is pronoun processing to expectancies based on real-world knowledge and language usage? The current study links research on the integration of gender stereotypes and number-mismatch to explore this question. It focuses on the use of the... Read More

Using eye-tracking in applied linguistics and second language research (2016)
Journal Article
Conklin, K., & Pellicer-Sánchez, A. (2016). Using eye-tracking in applied linguistics and second language research. Second Language Research, 32(3), doi:10.1177/02676583166 37401. ISSN 0267-6583

With eye-tracking technology the eye is thought to give researchers a window into the mind. Importantly, eye-tracking has significant advantages over traditional online processing measures: chiefly that it allows for more ‘natural’ processing as it d... Read More

Found in translation: the influence of the L1 on the reading of idioms in a L2 (2016)
Journal Article
Carrol, G., Conklin, K., & Gyllstad, H. (2016). Found in translation: the influence of the L1 on the reading of idioms in a L2. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, doi:10.1017/S0272263115000492. ISSN 0272-2631

Formulaic language represents a challenge to even the most proficient of language learners. Evidence is mixed as to whether native and nonnative speakers process it in a fundamentally dif- ferent way, whether exposure can lead to more nativelike pro... Read More

The impact of Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP) on reading by nonnative speakers (2015)
Journal Article
Boo, Z., & Conklin, K. (2015). The impact of Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP) on reading by nonnative speakers. ISSN 2045-4031

With the proliferation of cell phones and other small handheld electronic devices, more and more people are using software that presents texts one word at a time. This trend can be attributed to the small screen sizes afforded by these modern electro... Read More

Cross language priming extends to formulaic units: evidence from eye-tracking suggests that this idea “has legs” (2015)
Journal Article
Carrol, G., & Conklin, K. (2017). Cross language priming extends to formulaic units: evidence from eye-tracking suggests that this idea “has legs”. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 20(2), doi:10.1017/S1366728915000103. ISSN 1366-7289

Idiom priming effects (faster processing compared to novel phrases) are generally robust in native speakers but not non-native speakers. This leads to the question of how idioms and other multiword units are represented and accessed in a first (L1) a... Read More

Processing punctuation and word changes in different editions of prose fiction (2015)
Journal Article
Carrol, G., Conklin, K., Guy, J., & Scott, R. (2015). Processing punctuation and word changes in different editions of prose fiction. Scientific Study of Literature, 5(2), doi:10.1075/ssol.5.2.05con. ISSN 2210-4372

The digital era has brought with it a shift in the field of literary editing in terms of the amount and kind of textual variation that can reasonably be annotated by editors. However, questions remain about how far readers engage with textual variant... Read More

Eye-tracking multi-word units: some methodological questions (2015)
Journal Article
Carrol, G., & Conklin, K. (2015). Eye-tracking multi-word units: some methodological questions. Journal of Eye Movement Research, 7(5), doi:10.16910/jemr.7.5.5. ISSN 1995-8692

Eye-tracking in linguistics has focused mainly on reading at the level of the word or sentence. In this paper we discuss how the phenomenon of formulaic language might best be examined using this methodology. Formulaic language is fundamentally multi... Read More

Making sense of the Sense Model: translation priming with Japanese-English bilinguals (2015)
Journal Article
Allen, D., Conklin, K., & van Heuven, W. J. (2015). Making sense of the Sense Model: translation priming with Japanese-English bilinguals. Mental Lexicon, 10(1), doi:10.1075/ml.10.1.02all. ISSN 1871-1340

Many studies have reported that first language (L1) translation primes speed responses to second language (L2) targets, whereas L2 translation primes generally do not speed up responses to L1 targets in lexical decision. According to the Sense Model... Read More

The role of verbal and pictorial information in multimodal incidental acquisition of foreign language vocabulary (2014)
Journal Article
Bisson, M., van Heuven, W. J., Conklin, K., & Tunney, R. J. (2014). The role of verbal and pictorial information in multimodal incidental acquisition of foreign language vocabulary. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, doi:10.1080/17470218.2014.979211. ISSN 1747-0218

This study used eye tracking to investigate the allocation of attention to multimodal stimuli during an incidental learning situation, as well as its impact on subsequent explicit learning. Participants were exposed to foreign language (FL) auditory... Read More

Reading Dickens’s characters: employing psycholinguistic methods to investigate the cognitive reality of patterns in texts (2014)
Journal Article
Mahlberg, M., Conklin, K., & Bisson, M. (2014). Reading Dickens’s characters: employing psycholinguistic methods to investigate the cognitive reality of patterns in texts. Language and Literature, 23(4), doi:10.1177/0963947014543887. ISSN 0963-9470

This article reports the findings of an empirical study that uses eye-tracking and follow-up interviews as methods to investigate how participants read body language clusters in novels by Charles Dickens. The study builds on previous corpus stylistic... Read More

The role of repeated exposure to multimodal input in incidental acquisition of foreign language vocabulary (2014)
Journal Article
Bisson, M., van Heuven, W. J., Conklin, K., & Tunney, R. J. (2014). The role of repeated exposure to multimodal input in incidental acquisition of foreign language vocabulary. Language Learning, 64(4), doi:10.1111/lang.12085. ISSN 0023-8333

Prior research has reported incidental vocabulary acquisition with complete beginners in a foreign language (FL), within 8 exposures to auditory and written FL word forms presented with a picture depicting their meaning. However, important questions... Read More

Getting your wires crossed: evidence for fast processing of L1 idioms in an L2 (2014)
Journal Article
Carrol, G., & Conklin, K. (2014). Getting your wires crossed: evidence for fast processing of L1 idioms in an L2. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 17(4), doi:10.1017/S1366728913000795. ISSN 1366-7289

Monolingual speakers show priming for idiomatic sequences (e.g. a pain in the neck) relative to matched controls (e.g. a pain in the foot); single word translation equivalents show cross-language activation (e.g. dog–chien) for bilinguals. If the lex... Read More

Short- and long-term effects of rote rehearsal on ESL learners’ processing of L2 collocations (2014)
Journal Article
Szudarski, P., & Conklin, K. (2014). Short- and long-term effects of rote rehearsal on ESL learners’ processing of L2 collocations. TESOL Quarterly, 48(4), doi:10.1002/tesq.201. ISSN 0039-8322

Worldwide there is thought to be around 750 million people who speak English as a foreign language (Crystal, 2003, p. 69). For these speakers the difference between make a picture and take a picture may seem arbitrary. However, use of the former is l... Read More