Research Repository

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Investigating measurements of fine particle (PM2.5) emissions from the cooking of meals and mitigating exposure using a cooker hood (2019)
Journal Article
O 'Leary, C., Kluizenaar, Y., Jacobs, P., Borsboom, W., Hall, I., & Jones, B. (2019). Investigating measurements of fine particle (PM2.5) emissions from the cooking of meals and mitigating exposure using a cooker hood. Indoor Air, doi:10.1111/ina.12542

There is growing awareness that indoor exposure to particulate matter with diameter ≤ 2.5μm (PM2.5) is associated with an increased risk of adverse health effects. Cooking is a key indoor source of PM2.5 and an activity conducted daily in most homes.... Read More

Moderate-to-severe asthma in individuals of European ancestry: a genome-wide association study (2018)
Journal Article
Shrine, N., Portelli, M. A., John, C., Soler Artigas, M., Bennett, N., Hall, R., …Sayers, I. (2018). Moderate-to-severe asthma in individuals of European ancestry: a genome-wide association study. Lancet Respiratory Medicine, 7(1), 20-34. doi:10.1016/S2213-2600(18)30389-8

Background Few genetic studies that focus on moderate-to-severe asthma exist. We aimed to identity novel genetic variants associated with moderate-to-severe asthma, see whether previously identified genetic variants for all types of asthma contribut... Read More

Genetic risk factors for the development of pulmonary disease identified by genome-wide association (2018)
Journal Article
Hall, R., Hall, I. P., & Sayers, I. (2018). Genetic risk factors for the development of pulmonary disease identified by genome-wide association. Respirology, doi:10.1111/resp.13436

Chronic respiratory diseases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) combined affect over 500 million people worldwide. While environmental factors are important in disease progression, as... Read More

Clinical and molecular features of thiazide-induced hyponatremia (2018)
Journal Article
Nadal, J., Channavajjhala, S. K., Jia, W., Clayton, J., Hall, I. P., & Glover, M. (2018). Clinical and molecular features of thiazide-induced hyponatremia. Current Hypertension Reports, 20(4), ISSN 1522-6417

Hypertension affects more than 30% of the world’s adult population and thiazide (and thiazide-like) diuretics are amongst the most widely used, effective and least costly treatments available, with all-cause mortality benefits equivalent to ACE inhib... Read More

Targeted inhibition of Gq signaling induces airway relaxation in mouse models of asthma (2017)
Journal Article
Matthey, M., Roberts, R., Seidinger, A., Simon, A., Schröder, R., Kuschak, M., …Wenzel, D. (in press). Targeted inhibition of Gq signaling induces airway relaxation in mouse models of asthma. Science Translational Medicine, 9(407), doi:10.1126/scitranslmed.aag2288. ISSN 1946-6234

Obstructive lung diseases are common causes of disability and death worldwide. A hallmark feature is aberrant activation of Gq protein–dependent signaling cascades. Currently, drugs targeting single G protein (heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide–bindin... Read More

Azithromycin for treatment of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome in adult lung transplant recipients (2017)
Journal Article
Safavi, S., Prayle, A. P., Hall, I. P., & Parmar, J. (in press). Azithromycin for treatment of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome in adult lung transplant recipients. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2017(9), doi:10.1002/14651858.CD012782. ISSN 1469-493X

This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: This review aims to look at the benefits and harms of azithromycin for the treatment of BOS in adult lung transplant recipients.

Phenotypic and pharmacogenetic evaluation of patients with thiazide-induced hyponatremia (2017)
Journal Article
Ware, J. S., Wain, L. V., Channavajjhala, S. K., Jackson, V. E., Edwards, E., Lu, R., …Glover, M. (2017). Phenotypic and pharmacogenetic evaluation of patients with thiazide-induced hyponatremia. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 127(9), doi:10.1172/JCI89812. ISSN 0021-9738

Thiazide diuretics are among the most widely used treatments for hypertension, but thiazide-induced hyponatremia (TIH), a clinically significant adverse effect, is poorly understood. Here, we have studied the phenotypic and genetic characteristics of... Read More

Age at menarche and lung function: a Mendelian randomization study (2017)
Journal Article
Gill, D., Sheehan, N. A., Wielscher, M., Shrine, N., Amaral, A. F. S., Thompson, J. R., …Minelli, C. (in press). Age at menarche and lung function: a Mendelian randomization study. European Journal of Epidemiology, doi:10.1007/s10654-017-0272-9. ISSN 0393-2990

A trend towards earlier menarche in women has been associated with childhood factors (e.g. obesity) and hypothesised environmental exposures (e.g. endocrine disruptors present in household products). Observational evidence has shown detrimental effec... Read More

Defining the inflammatory signature of human lung explant tissue in the presence and absence of glucocorticoid (2017)
Journal Article
Rimington, T. L., Hodge, E., Billington, C. K., Bhaker, S., K C, B., Kilty, I., …Sayers, I. (2017). Defining the inflammatory signature of human lung explant tissue in the presence and absence of glucocorticoid. F1000Research, 6, doi:10.12688/f1000research.10961.1. ISSN 2046-1402

Background: Airway inflammation is a feature of many respiratory diseases and there is a need for newer, more effective anti-inflammatory compounds. The aim of this study was to develop an ex vivo human lung explant model which can be used to help st... Read More

Lung function associated gene Integrator Complex subunit 12 regulates protein synthesis pathways (2017)
Journal Article
Kheirallah, A. K., de Moor, C. H., Faiz, A., Sayers, I., & Hall, I. P. (in press). Lung function associated gene Integrator Complex subunit 12 regulates protein synthesis pathways. BMC Genomics, 18(1), doi:10.1186/s12864-017-3628-3. ISSN 1471-2164

Background Genetic studies of human lung function and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease have identified a highly significant and reproducible signal on 4q24. It remains unclear which of the two candidate genes within this locus may regulate lung... Read More

Targeted sequencing of lung function loci in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease cases and controls (2017)
Journal Article
Artigas, M. S., Wain, L. V., Shrine, N., McKeever, T. M., Sayers, I., Hall, I. P., & Tobin, M. D. (2017). Targeted sequencing of lung function loci in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease cases and controls. PLoS ONE, 12(1), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0170222. ISSN 1932-6203

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death worldwide; smoking is the main risk factor for COPD, but genetic factors are also relevant contributors. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of the lung function meas... Read More

Evidence for large-scale gene-by-smoking interaction effects on pulmonary function (2017)
Journal Article
Aschard, H., Tobin, M. D., Hancock, D. B., Skurnik, D., Sood, A., James, A., …Kraft, P. (in press). Evidence for large-scale gene-by-smoking interaction effects on pulmonary function. International Journal of Epidemiology, doi:10.1093/ije/dyw318. ISSN 0300-5771

Background: Smoking is the strongest environmental risk factor for reduced pulmonary function. The genetic component of various pulmonary traits has also been demonstrated, and at least 26 loci have been reproducibly associated with either FEV1 (forc... Read More

The Ser82 RAGE variant affects lung function and serum RAGE in smokers and sRAGE production in vitro (2016)
Journal Article
Miller, S., Henry, A. P., Hodge, E., Kheirallah, A. K., Billington, C. K., Rimington, T. L., …Sayers, I. (2016). The Ser82 RAGE variant affects lung function and serum RAGE in smokers and sRAGE production in vitro. PLoS ONE, 11(10), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0164041. ISSN 1932-6203

Introduction Genome-Wide Association Studies have identified associations between lung function measures and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and chromosome region 6p21 containing the gene for the Advanced Glycation End Product Recepto... Read More