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Overexpression of the cancer stem cell marker CD133 confers a poor prognosis in invasive breast cancer (2018)
Journal Article
Joseph, C., Arshad, M., Kurozomi, S., Althobiti, M., Miligy, I. M., Al-Izzi, S., …Rakha, E. A. (2019). Overexpression of the cancer stem cell marker CD133 confers a poor prognosis in invasive breast cancer. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 174(2), 387-399. doi:10.1007/s10549-018-05085-9

Purpose CD133/ prominin 1 is a cancer stem cell marker associated with cancer progression and patient outcome in a variety of solid tumours, but its role in invasive breast cancer (BC) remains obscure. The current study aims to assess the prognostic... Read More about Overexpression of the cancer stem cell marker CD133 confers a poor prognosis in invasive breast cancer.

Connexin 43 is an independent predictor of patient outcome in breast cancer patients (2018)
Journal Article
Chasampalioti, M., Green, A. R., Ellis, I. O., Rakha, E. A., Jackson, A. M., Spendlove, I., & Ramage, J. M. (2018). Connexin 43 is an independent predictor of patient outcome in breast cancer patients. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, doi:10.1007/s10549-018-5063-9

Purpose Gap junctions are specialized membrane structures that form channels between adjacent cells allowing cell communication. Gap junctions and specifically Connexin 43 (Cx43) are down-regulated in cancer; however, there are contrasting reports... Read More about Connexin 43 is an independent predictor of patient outcome in breast cancer patients.

Glutamate dehydrogenase (GLUD1) expression in breast cancer (2018)
Journal Article
Craze, M. L., El-Ansari, R., Aleskandarany, M. A., Cheng, K. W., Al-Farsi, L., Masisi, B., …Green, A. R. (2019). Glutamate dehydrogenase (GLUD1) expression in breast cancer. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 174(1), 79–91

Dysregulated cellular metabolism is regarded as one of the hallmarks of cancer with some tumours utilising the glutamine metabolism pathway for their sustained proliferation and survival. Glutamate dehydrogenase (GLUD1) is a key enzyme in glutaminoly... Read More about Glutamate dehydrogenase (GLUD1) expression in breast cancer.

Legumain is an independent predictor for invasive recurrence in breast ductal carcinoma in situ (2018)
Journal Article
Toss, M. S., Miligy, I. M., Gorringe, K. L., McCaffrey, L., Alkawaz, A., Abidi, A., …Rakha, E. A. (2018). Legumain is an independent predictor for invasive recurrence in breast ductal carcinoma in situ. Modern Pathology, 32, 639–649. doi:10.1038/s41379-018-0180-x

Legumain is a proteolytic enzyme and playing a role in the regulation of cell proliferation in invasive breast cancer. Studies evaluating its role in ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) are lacking. Here, we aimed to characterise legumain protein express... Read More about Legumain is an independent predictor for invasive recurrence in breast ductal carcinoma in situ.

Prolyl-4-hydroxylase Α subunit 2 (P4HA2) expression is a predictor of poor outcome in breast ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) (2018)
Journal Article
Toss, M. S., Miligy, I. M., Gorringe, K. L., Alkawaz, A., Khout, H., Ellis, I. O., …Rakha, E. (2018). Prolyl-4-hydroxylase Α subunit 2 (P4HA2) expression is a predictor of poor outcome in breast ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). British Journal of Cancer, 119, 1518–1526. doi:10.1038/s41416-018-0337-x

Background: Extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a crucial role in tumour behaviour. Prolyl-4-hydroxlase-A2 (P4HA2) is a key enzyme in ECM remodelling. This study aims to evaluate the prognostic significance of P4HA2 in breast ductal carcinoma in situ (D... Read More about Prolyl-4-hydroxylase Α subunit 2 (P4HA2) expression is a predictor of poor outcome in breast ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS).

Kinesin family member-18A (KIF18A) is a predictive biomarker of poor benefit from endocrine therapy in early ER+ breast cancer (2018)
Journal Article
Alfarsi, L. H., Elansari, R., Toss, M. S., Diez-Rodriguez, M., Nolan, C. C., Ellis, I. O., …Green, A. R. (2018). Kinesin family member-18A (KIF18A) is a predictive biomarker of poor benefit from endocrine therapy in early ER+ breast cancer. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, doi:10.1007/s10549-018-4978-5

PURPOSE: Identification of effective and reliable biomarkers that could be used to predict the efficacy of endocrine therapy is of crucial importance to the management of oestrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer (BC). KIF18A, a key regulator o... Read More about Kinesin family member-18A (KIF18A) is a predictive biomarker of poor benefit from endocrine therapy in early ER+ breast cancer.

The role of PIP5K1α/pAKT and targeted inhibition of growth of subtypes of breast cancer using PIP5K1α inhibitor (2018)
Journal Article
Sarwar, M., Syed Khaja, A. S., Aleskandarany, M., Karlsson, R., Althobiti, M., Ødum, N., …Persson, J. L. (2018). The role of PIP5K1α/pAKT and targeted inhibition of growth of subtypes of breast cancer using PIP5K1α inhibitor. Oncogene, doi:10.1038/s41388-018-0438-2

Despite recent improvement in adjuvant therapies, triple-negative, and ER+ subtypes of breast cancer (BC) with metastatic potentials remain the leading cause of BC-related deaths. We investigated the role of phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase... Read More about The role of PIP5K1α/pAKT and targeted inhibition of growth of subtypes of breast cancer using PIP5K1α inhibitor.

Clinicopathological and prognostic significance of Ras association and pleckstrin homology domains 1 (RAPH1) in breast cancer (2018)
Journal Article
Kurozumi, S., Joseph, C., Sonbul, S., Aleskandarany, M. A., Pigera, M., Alsaleem, M., …Rakha, E. A. (2018). Clinicopathological and prognostic significance of Ras association and pleckstrin homology domains 1 (RAPH1) in breast cancer. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 172(1), 61–68. doi:10.1007/s10549-018-4891-y

BACKGROUND: Ras association and pleckstrin homology domains 1 (RAPH1) is involved in cytoskeleton regulation and re-epithelialisation in invasive carcinoma and therefore may play a key role in carcinogenesis and metastasis. We herein investigated the... Read More about Clinicopathological and prognostic significance of Ras association and pleckstrin homology domains 1 (RAPH1) in breast cancer.

Impact of breast cancer grade discordance on prediction of outcome (2018)
Journal Article
Rakha, E. A., Aleskandarany, M. A., Toss, M. S., Mongan, N., El-Sayed, M. E., Green, A. R., …Dalton, L. W. (in press). Impact of breast cancer grade discordance on prediction of outcome. Histopathology, doi:10.1111/his.13709

BACKGROUND: Histological grade is an independent prognostic variable in breast cancer (BC). Previous concordance studies of BC grade have reported moderate levels of agreement; a typical finding in morphological assessment of biological variables. Th... Read More about Impact of breast cancer grade discordance on prediction of outcome.

Intra-operative spectroscopic assessment of surgical margins during breast conserving surgery (2018)
Journal Article
Shipp, D. W., Rakha, E. A., Koloydenko, A. A., Macmillan, R. D., Ellis, I. O., & Notingher, I. (2018). Intra-operative spectroscopic assessment of surgical margins during breast conserving surgery. Breast Cancer Research, 20, doi:10.1186/s13058-018-1002-2. ISSN 1465-5411

Background: In over 20% of breast conserving operations, postoperative pathological assessment of the excised tissue reveals positive margins, requiring additional surgery. Current techniques for intra-operative assessment of tumor margins are insuff... Read More about Intra-operative spectroscopic assessment of surgical margins during breast conserving surgery.

Thioredoxin-interacting protein is an independent risk stratifier for breast ductal carcinoma in situ (2018)
Journal Article
Rakha, E. A., Al-Kawaz, A. A., Miligy, I. M., Miligy, I., Gorringe, K. L., Toss, M. S., …Rakha, E. (2018). Thioredoxin-interacting protein is an independent risk stratifier for breast ductal carcinoma in situ. Modern Pathology, 31(12), 1807-1815. doi:10.1038/s41379-018-0086-7

Current clinicopathological parameters are useful predictors of breast ductal carcinoma in situ behaviour, but they are insufficient to define high risk patients for disease progression precisely. Thioredoxin interacting protein (TXNIP) is a key play... Read More about Thioredoxin-interacting protein is an independent risk stratifier for breast ductal carcinoma in situ.

Saccharomyces cerevisiae-like 1 (SEC14L1) is a prognostic factor in breast cancer associated with lymphovascular invasion (2018)
Journal Article
Sonbul, S. N., Aleskandarany, M. A., Kurozumi, S., Joseph, C., Toss, M. S., Diez-Rodriguez, M., …Rakha, E. A. (in press). Saccharomyces cerevisiae-like 1 (SEC14L1) is a prognostic factor in breast cancer associated with lymphovascular invasion. Modern Pathology, doi:10.1038/s41379-018-0092-9

Lymphovascular invasion is strongly related to breast cancer metastasis. However, the underlying mechanisms of lymphovascular invasion and its driver molecules in breast cancer remain to be defined. In this study, we explore differential expression o... Read More about Saccharomyces cerevisiae-like 1 (SEC14L1) is a prognostic factor in breast cancer associated with lymphovascular invasion.

Heterogeneity of Tumour Infiltrating Lymphocytes (TILs) in breast cancer and its prognostic significance (2018)
Journal Article
Althobiti, M., Aleskandarany, M. A., Joseph, C., Toss, M., Mongan, N., Diez-Rodriguez, M., …Rakha, E. A. (2018). Heterogeneity of Tumour Infiltrating Lymphocytes (TILs) in breast cancer and its prognostic significance. Histopathology, 73(6), 887-896. doi:10.1111/his.13695

Background: Tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in breast cancer (BC) confer prognostic and predictive information. This study aims to assess the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of TILs in BC and its relationship with immune cell subtypes. Met... Read More about Heterogeneity of Tumour Infiltrating Lymphocytes (TILs) in breast cancer and its prognostic significance.

Low expression of G protein-coupled oestrogen receptor 1 (GPER) is associated with adverse survival of breast cancer patients (2018)
Journal Article
Martin, S. G., Lebot, M. N., Sukkarn, B., Ball, G., Green, A. R., Rakha, E. A., …Storr, S. J. (2018). Low expression of G protein-coupled oestrogen receptor 1 (GPER) is associated with adverse survival of breast cancer patients. Oncotarget, 9(40), 25946-25956. doi:10.18632/oncotarget.25408

G protein-coupled oestrogen receptor 1 (GPER), also called G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30), is attracting considerable attention for its potential role in breast cancer development and progression. Activation by oestrogen (17β-oestradiol; E2) i... Read More about Low expression of G protein-coupled oestrogen receptor 1 (GPER) is associated with adverse survival of breast cancer patients.

Clinical and biological roles of Kelch-like family member 7 in breast cancer: a marker of poor prognosis (2018)
Journal Article
Kurozumi, S., Joseph, C., Sonbul, S., Gorringe, K. L., Pigera, M., Aleskandarany, M. A., …Rakha, E. A. (in press). Clinical and biological roles of Kelch-like family member 7 in breast cancer: a marker of poor prognosis. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 170(3), doi:10.1007/s10549-018-4777-z

Background: The functions of many proteins are tightly regulated with a complex array of cellular functions including ubiquitination. In cancer cells, aberrant ubiquitination may promote the activity of oncogenic pathways with subsequent tumour progr... Read More about Clinical and biological roles of Kelch-like family member 7 in breast cancer: a marker of poor prognosis.

Mediator complex (MED) 7: a biomarker associated with good prognosis in invasive breast cancer, especially ER+ luminal subtypes (2018)
Journal Article
Joseph, C., Macnamara, O., Craze, M., Russell, R., Provenzano, E., Nolan, C. C., …Mukherjee, A. (in press). Mediator complex (MED) 7: a biomarker associated with good prognosis in invasive breast cancer, especially ER+ luminal subtypes. British Journal of Cancer, doi:10.1038/s41416-018-0041-x

Background: Mediator complex (MED) proteins have a key role in transcriptional regulation, some interacting with the oestrogen receptor (ER). Interrogation of the METABRIC cohort suggested that MED7 may regulate lymphovascular invasion (LVI). Thus ME... Read More about Mediator complex (MED) 7: a biomarker associated with good prognosis in invasive breast cancer, especially ER+ luminal subtypes.

The amino acid transporter SLC7A5 confers a poor prognosis in the highly proliferative breast cancer subtypes and is a key therapeutic target in luminal B tumours (2018)
Journal Article
El Ansari, R., Craze, M. L., Miligy, I., Diez-Rodriguez, M., Nolan, C. C., Ellis, I. O., …Green, A. R. (in press). The amino acid transporter SLC7A5 confers a poor prognosis in the highly proliferative breast cancer subtypes and is a key therapeutic target in luminal B tumours. Breast Cancer Research, 20(21), doi:10.1186/s13058-018-0946-6

Background: Breast cancer (BC) is a heterogeneous disease characterised by variant biology and patient outcome. The amino acid transporter, SLC7A5, plays a role in BC although its impact on patient outcome in different BC subtypes remains to be valid... Read More about The amino acid transporter SLC7A5 confers a poor prognosis in the highly proliferative breast cancer subtypes and is a key therapeutic target in luminal B tumours.

The multifunctional solute carrier 3A2 (SLC3A2) confers a poor prognosis in the highly proliferative breast cancer subtypes (2018)
Journal Article
El Ansari, R., Craze, M. L., Diez-Rodriguez, M., Nolan, C. C., Ellis, I. O., Rakha, E. A., & Green, A. R. (2018). The multifunctional solute carrier 3A2 (SLC3A2) confers a poor prognosis in the highly proliferative breast cancer subtypes. British Journal of Cancer, 118(8), 1115-1122. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41416-018-0038-5

Background: Breast cancer (BC) is a heterogeneous disease characterised by variant biology, metabolic activity and patient outcome. This study aimed to evaluate the biological and prognostic value of the membrane solute carrier, SLC3A2 in BC with emp... Read More about The multifunctional solute carrier 3A2 (SLC3A2) confers a poor prognosis in the highly proliferative breast cancer subtypes.

Breast cancer histologic grading using digital microscopy: concordance and outcome association (2018)
Journal Article
Rakha, E. A., Aleskandarani, M., Toss, M. S., Green, A. R., Ball, G., Ellis, I. O., & Dalton, L. W. (2018). Breast cancer histologic grading using digital microscopy: concordance and outcome association. Journal of Clinical Pathology, 71(8), 680-686. doi:10.1136/jclinpath-2017-204979

AIMS: Virtual microscopy utilising digital whole slide imaging (WSI) is increasingly used in breast pathology. Histologic grade is one of the strongest prognostic factors in breast cancer (BC). This study aims at investigating the agreement between B... Read More about Breast cancer histologic grading using digital microscopy: concordance and outcome association.

Associations between genomic stratification of breast cancer and centrally reviewed tumour pathology in the METABRIC cohort (2018)
Journal Article
Mukherjee, A., Russell, R., Chin, S., Liu, B., Rueda, O., Ali, H., …Provenzano, E. (2018). Associations between genomic stratification of breast cancer and centrally reviewed tumour pathology in the METABRIC cohort. npj Breast Cancer, 4(1), doi:10.1038/s41523-018-0056-8

The integration of genomic and transcriptomic profiles of 2000 breast tumours from the METABRIC [Molecular Taxonomy of Breast Cancer International Consortium] cohort revealed ten subtypes, termed integrative clusters (IntClust/s), characterised by di... Read More about Associations between genomic stratification of breast cancer and centrally reviewed tumour pathology in the METABRIC cohort.