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The Impact of Maternal Pre-Pregnancy Body Weight and Gestational Diabetes on Markers of Folate Metabolism in the Placenta (2018)
Journal Article
Martino, J., Segura, M., García-Valdés, L., Padilla, M., Rueda, R., McArdle, H., …Campoy, C. (2018). The Impact of Maternal Pre-Pregnancy Body Weight and Gestational Diabetes on Markers of Folate Metabolism in the Placenta. Nutrients, 10(11), doi:10.3390/nu10111750

Dietary methyl donors, including folate, may modify the placenta and size at birth but the influence of maternal body weight has not been widely investigated. We therefore examined whether maternal or fetal folate status, together with indices of pla... Read More

Cognitive predictors of parent-rated inattention in very preterm children: the role of working memory and processing speed (2018)
Journal Article
Retzler, J., Johnson, S., Groom, M., Hollis, C., Budge, H., & Cragg, L. (2018). Cognitive predictors of parent-rated inattention in very preterm children: the role of working memory and processing speed. Child Neuropsychology, doi:10.1080/09297049.2018.1510908. ISSN 0929-7049

Background: Inattention is one of the most common neurobehavioural problems following very preterm birth. Attention problems can persist into adulthood and are associated with negative socio-emotional and educational outcomes. This study aimed to det... Read More

Tissue cell stress response to obesity and its interaction with late gestational diet (2017)
Journal Article
Saroha, V., Dellschaft, N. S., Keisler, D. H., Gardner, D. S., Budge, H., Sebert, S. P., & Symonds, M. E. (2018). Tissue cell stress response to obesity and its interaction with late gestational diet. Reproduction, Fertility and Development, 30, doi:10.1071/RD16494. ISSN 1031-3613

Intra-uterine growth restriction in late pregnancy can contribute to adverse long term metabolic health in the offspring. We utilised an animal (sheep) model of maternal dietary manipulation in late pregnancy, combined with exposure of the offspring... Read More

Beyond obesity - thermogenic adipocytes and cardiometabolic health (2017)
Journal Article
Aldiss, P., Dellschaft, N. S., Sacks, H., Budge, H., & Symonds, M. E. (in press). Beyond obesity - thermogenic adipocytes and cardiometabolic health. Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation, 31(2), doi:10.1515/hmbci-2017-0007. ISSN 1868-1883

The global prevalence of obesity and related cardiometabolic disease continues to increase through the 21st century. Whilst multi-factorial, obesity is ultimately caused by chronic caloric excess. However, despite numerous interventions focussing on... Read More

Newborn infants with bilious vomiting: a national audit of neonatal transport services (2017)
Journal Article
Ojha, S., Sand, L., Ratnavel, N., Kempley, S., Sinha, A., Mohinuddin, S., …Leslie, A. (2017). Newborn infants with bilious vomiting: a national audit of neonatal transport services. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 102(6), doi:10.1136/archdischild-2016-312208. ISSN 0003-9888

Objective: The precautionary approach to urgently investigate infants with bilious vomiting has increased the numbers referred to transport teams and tertiary surgical centres. The aim of this national UK audit was to quantify referrals, determine th... Read More

Ontogeny and thermogenic role for sternal fat in female sheep (2017)
Journal Article
Henry, B. A., Pope, M., Birtwistle, M., Loughnan, R., Alagal, R., Fuller-Jackson, J., …Symonds, M. E. (in press). Ontogeny and thermogenic role for sternal fat in female sheep. Endocrinology, 158(7), doi:10.1210/en.2017-00081. ISSN 0013-7227

Brown adipose tissue acting through a unique uncoupling protein (UCP1) has a critical role in preventing hypothermia in new-born sheep but is then considered to rapidly disappear during postnatal life. The extent to which the anatomical location of f... Read More

The placenta, maternal diet and adipose tissue development in the newborn (2017)
Journal Article
Symonds, M. E., Bloor, I., Ojha, S., & Budge, H. (2017). The placenta, maternal diet and adipose tissue development in the newborn. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 70(3), doi:10.1159/000464301. ISSN 0250-6807

Background: A majority of adipose tissue present in the newborn possess the unique mitochondrial protein, uncoupling protein (UCP1). It is thus highly metabolically active and capable of producing 300 times more heat per unit mass than any other orga... Read More

Glucocorticoids modulate human brown adipose tissue thermogenesis in vivo (2017)
Journal Article
Scotney, H., Symonds, M. E., Law, J., Budge, H., Sharkey, D., & Manolopoulos, K. N. (in press). Glucocorticoids modulate human brown adipose tissue thermogenesis in vivo. Metabolism, doi:10.1016/j.metabol.2017.01.024. ISSN 0026-0495

Introduction: Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a thermogenic organ with substantial metabolic capacity and has important roles in the maintenance of body weight and metabolism. Regulation of BAT is primarily mediated through the ß-adrenoceptor (ß-AR) pa... Read More

Is a reduction in brown adipose thermogenesis responsible for the change in core body temperature at menopause? (2016)
Journal Article
Aldiss, P., Budge, H., & Symonds, M. E. (2016). Is a reduction in brown adipose thermogenesis responsible for the change in core body temperature at menopause?. Cardiovascular Endocrinology, 5(4), doi:10.1097/XCE.0000000000000089. ISSN 2162-688X

Maintenance of thermal homeostasis within a tight range is regulated not only by a variety of internal and external cues but also by sex and biological age. The major organ responsible for adaptive thermogenesis is brown adipose tissue (BAT) and the... Read More

‘Browning’ the cardiac and peri-vascular adipose tissues to modulate cardiovascular risk (2016)
Journal Article
Aldiss, P., Davies, G., Woods, R., Budge, H., Sacks, H. S., & Symonds, M. E. (2017). ‘Browning’ the cardiac and peri-vascular adipose tissues to modulate cardiovascular risk. International Journal of Cardiology, 228, doi:10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.11.074. ISSN 0167-5273

Excess visceral adiposity, in particular that located adjacent to the heart and coronary arteries is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. In the pathophysiological state, dysfunctional adipose tissue secretes an array of factors modulating... Read More

Gene pathway development in human epicardial adipose tissue during early life (2016)
Journal Article
Ojha, S., Fainberg, H. P., Wilson, V., Pelella, G., Castellanos, M., May, S., …Budge, H. (in press). Gene pathway development in human epicardial adipose tissue during early life. JCI insight, 1(13), doi:10.1172/jci.insight.87460. ISSN 2379-3708

Studies in rodents and newborn humans demonstrate the influence of brown adipose tissue (BAT) in temperature control and energy balance and a critical role in the regulation of body weight. Here, we obtained samples of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT)... Read More

Brown adipose tissue activation as measured by infrared thermography by mild anticipatory psychological stress in lean healthy females (2016)
Journal Article
Robinson, L. J., Law, J., Symonds, M. E., & Budge, H. (2016). Brown adipose tissue activation as measured by infrared thermography by mild anticipatory psychological stress in lean healthy females. Experimental Physiology, 101(4), doi:10.1113/EP085642. ISSN 0958-0670

Brown adipose tissue (BAT) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of obesity, type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome and is a potential therapeutic target. Brown adipose tissue can have a significant impact on energy balance and glucose homeosta... Read More

Glucagon increases energy expenditure independently of brown adipose tissue activation in humans (2015)
Journal Article
Salem, V., Izzi‐Engbeaya, C., Coello, C., Thomas, D., Chambers, E., Comninos, A., …Dhillo, W. (2016). Glucagon increases energy expenditure independently of brown adipose tissue activation in humans. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 18(1), 72-81. doi:10.1111/dom.12585

Aims: To investigate, for a given energy expenditure (EE) rise, the differential effects of glucagon infusion and cold exposure on brown adipose tissue (BAT) activation in humans. Methods: Indirect calorimetry and supraclavicular thermography was pe... Read More

Effect of pre- and postnatal growth and post-weaning activity on glucose metabolism in the offspring (2015)
Journal Article
Dellschaft, N. S., Alexandre-Gouabau, M., Gardner, D. S., Antignac, J., Keisler, D. H., Budge, H., …Sebert, S. P. (2015). Effect of pre- and postnatal growth and post-weaning activity on glucose metabolism in the offspring. Journal of Endocrinology, 224(2), doi:10.1530/JOE-14-0600. ISSN 0022-0795

Maternal caloric restriction during late gestation reduces birth weight, but whether long-term adverse metabolic outcomes of intra-uterine growth retardation (IUGR) are dependent on either accelerated postnatal growth or exposure to an obesogenic env... Read More

Sex differences in metabolic and adipose tissue responses to juvenile-onset obesity in sheep (2013)
Journal Article
Bloor, I. D., Sébert, S. P., Saroha, V., Gardner, D. S., Keisler, D. H., Budge, H., …Mahajan, R. P. (2013). Sex differences in metabolic and adipose tissue responses to juvenile-onset obesity in sheep. Endocrinology, 154(10), doi:10.1210/en.2013-1207. ISSN 0013-7227

Sex is a major factor determining adipose tissue distribution and the subsequent adverse effects of obesity-related disease including type 2 diabetes. The role of gender on juvenile obesity and the accompanying metabolic and inflammatory responses is... Read More

Ontogeny and nutritional programming of mitochondrial proteins in the ovine kidney, liver and lung (2007)
Journal Article
Yakubu, D., Mostyn, A., Hyatt, M., Kurlak, L., Budge, H., Stephenson, T., & Symonds, M. E. (2007). Ontogeny and nutritional programming of mitochondrial proteins in the ovine kidney, liver and lung. Reproduction, 134, doi:10.1530/REP-07-0155. ISSN 1470-1626

This study investigated the developmental and nutritional programming of two important mitochondrial proteins, namely voltage dependent anion channel (VDAC) and cytochrome c in the sheep kidney, liver and lung. The effect of maternal nutrient restric... Read More