Research Repository

See what's under the surface


Elevation patterns of plant diversity and recent altitudinal range shifts in Sinai’s high mountain flora (2018)
Journal Article
Coals, P., Shmida, A., Vasl, A., Mansour, N., & Gilbert, F. (in press). Elevation patterns of plant diversity and recent altitudinal range shifts in Sinai’s high mountain flora. Journal of Vegetation Science, 29(2), doi:10.1111/jvs.12618. ISSN 1100-9233

Questions: Is there evidence of recent altitudinal range shifts in a hyper-arid Middle Eastern desert mountain flora? How do the directions of shift for upper and lower altitudinal range limits of plants vary? Location: Hyper-arid mountain desert,... Read More

Alien honeybees increase pollination risks for range-restricted plants (2018)
Journal Article
Norfolk, O., Gilbert, F., & Eichhorn, M. P. (2018). Alien honeybees increase pollination risks for range-restricted plants. Diversity and Distributions, 24(5), doi:10.1111/ddi.12715. ISSN 1366-9516

Aim:Range-restricted species are of high conservation concern and the way in which they interact with more widespread species has implications for their persistence. Here we determine how the specialisation of mutualistic interactions varies with res... Read More

Laws in ecology: diverse modes of explanation for a holistic science? (2017)
Journal Article
Gunton, R., & Gilbert, F. (2017). Laws in ecology: diverse modes of explanation for a holistic science?. Zygon, 52(2), doi:10.1111/zygo.12334. ISSN 0591-2385

Ecology’s reputation as a holistic and soft science is partly due to widespread misconceptions of its nature as well as shortcomings in its methodology. We show how the pursuit of empirical laws of ecology can foster the emergence of a more unified a... Read More

A pilot study to survey the carnivore community in the hyper-arid environment of South Sinai Mountains (2017)
Journal Article
Gecchele, L. V., Bremner-Harrison, S., Gilbert, F., Soultan, A. E., Davison, A., & Durrant, K. L. (2017). A pilot study to survey the carnivore community in the hyper-arid environment of South Sinai Mountains. Journal of Arid Environments, 141, doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2017.01.009. ISSN 0140-1963

Carnivores are one of the taxa most affected by habitat fragmentation and human persecution; as a result, most carnivore species are declining; for this reason monitoring changes in carnivore population is paramount to plan effective conservation pro... Read More

Detecting intratumoral heterogeneity of EGFR activity by liposome-based in vivo transfection of a fluorescent biosensor (2017)
Journal Article
Weitsman, G., Mitchell, N. J., Evans, R., Cheung, A., Kalber, T. L., Bofinger, R., …Ng, T. (in press). Detecting intratumoral heterogeneity of EGFR activity by liposome-based in vivo transfection of a fluorescent biosensor. Oncogene, doi:10.1038/onc.2016.522. ISSN 0950-9232

Despite decades of research in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signalling field, and many targeted anti-cancer drugs that have been tested clinically, the success rate for these agents in the clinic is low, particularly in terms of the im... Read More

RORγt+ innate lymphoid cells promote lymph node metastasis of breast cancers (2017)
Journal Article
Irshad, S., Flores-Borja, F., Lawler, K., Monypenny, J., Evans, R., Male, V., …Martin, S. G. (2017). RORγt+ innate lymphoid cells promote lymph node metastasis of breast cancers. Cancer Research, 77(5), doi:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-16-0598

Cancer cells tend to metastasize first to tumor-draining lymph nodes, but the mechanisms mediating cancer cell invasion into the lymphatic vasculature remain little understood. Here, we show that in the human breast tumor microenvironment (TME), the... Read More

Which traits do observers use to distinguish Batesian mimics from their models? (2016)
Journal Article
Taylor, C. H., Warrin, J., Gilbert, F., & Reader, T. (in press). Which traits do observers use to distinguish Batesian mimics from their models?. Behavioral Ecology, 28(2), doi:10.1093/beheco/arw166. ISSN 1045-2249

Batesian mimicry, in which a harmless mimic resembles a more aversive model, can encompass a wide range of morphological traits, but the resemblance is never perfect. Previous studies have used abstract “prey” designs to show that differences in cert... Read More

Why many Batesian mimics are inaccurate: evidence from hoverfly colour patterns (2016)
Journal Article
Taylor, C. H., Reader, T., & Gilbert, F. (2016). Why many Batesian mimics are inaccurate: evidence from hoverfly colour patterns. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 283(1842), doi:10.1098/rspb.2016.1585. ISSN 0962-8452

Mimicry is considered a classic example of the elaborate adaptations that natural selection can produce, yet often similarity between Batesian (harmless) mimics and their unpalatable models is far from perfect. Variation in mimetic accuracy is a puzz... Read More

Using species distribution models to assess the importance of Egypt’s Protected Areas for the conservation of medicinal plants (2016)
Journal Article
Kaky, E., & Gilbert, F. (in press). Using species distribution models to assess the importance of Egypt’s Protected Areas for the conservation of medicinal plants. Journal of Arid Environments, 135, doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2016.09.001. ISSN 0140-1963

Human activities affect the distribution and abundance of plants, with impacts on ecosystem services and human well-being; it is thus vital that a network of Protected Areas is capable of conserving plants that are useful. Using the species distribut... Read More

Phenological shifts in hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae): linking measurement and mechanism (2016)
Journal Article
Hassall, C., Owen, J., & Gilbert, F. (in press). Phenological shifts in hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae): linking measurement and mechanism. Ecography, 40(7), doi:10.1111/ecog.02623. ISSN 0906-7590

An understanding of ecological and evolutionary responses to global environmental change requires both a robust measurement of the change that is occurring and a mechanistic framework for understanding the drivers of that change. Such a requirement p... Read More

Hoverflies are imperfect mimics of wasp colouration (2016)
Journal Article
Taylor, C. H., Reader, T., & Gilbert, F. (2016). Hoverflies are imperfect mimics of wasp colouration. Evolutionary Ecology, 30(3), 567-581. doi:10.1007/s10682-016-9824-9

Many Batesian mimics are considered to be inaccurate copies of their models, including a number of hoverfly species which appear to be poor mimics of bees and wasps. This inaccuracy is surprising since more similar mimics are expected to deceive pred... Read More

Flowering ground vegetation benefits wild pollinators and fruit set of almond within arid smallholder orchards (2016)
Journal Article
Norfolk, O., Eichhorn, M. P., & Gilbert, F. (2016). Flowering ground vegetation benefits wild pollinators and fruit set of almond within arid smallholder orchards. Insect Conservation and Diversity, 9(3), doi:10.1111/icad.12162. ISSN 1752-458X

Pollination studies tend to focus on the conventional agriculture associated with Europe and the USA, leaving a gap in our understanding of how pollination services are maintained in smallholder agricultural systems that dominate much of the developi... Read More

Contrasting patterns of turnover between plants, pollinators and their interactions (2014)
Journal Article
Norfolk, O., Eichhorn, M. P., & Gilbert, F. S. (2015). Contrasting patterns of turnover between plants, pollinators and their interactions. Diversity and Distributions, 21(4), doi:10.1111/ddi.12295

Aim: Biogeographers typically assess patterns of diversity across landscapes. As interacting groups often exhibit contrasting trends, this leads to variation in the structure of interaction networks and thereby influences ecosystem processes. Here we... Read More

Migratory bird species benefit from traditional agricultural gardens in arid South Sinai (2014)
Journal Article
Norfolk, O., Power, A., Eichhorn, M. P., & Gilbert, F. (2015). Migratory bird species benefit from traditional agricultural gardens in arid South Sinai. Journal of Arid Environments, 114, doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2014.12.004. ISSN 0140-1963

In temperate and tropical regions agricultural conversion of natural habitat typically has negative impacts upon the diversity and functional complexity of bird communities. In arid environments however, the irrigation associated with agricultural ca... Read More

Culturally valuable minority crops provide a succession of floral resources for flower visitors in traditional orchard gardens (2014)
Journal Article
orchard gardens. Biodiversity and Conservation, 23(13), doi:10.1007/s10531-014-0775-6. ISSN 0960-3115

Agricultural intensification typically has detrimental effects on pollinator communities, but diverse cropping systems that contain sequentially-flowering crops have the potential to benefit pollinators through the provision of additional floral reso... Read More

Spatiotemporal variation in the endangered Thymus decussatus in a hyper-arid environment (2014)
Journal Article
Thompson, K., & Gilbert, F. (2015). Spatiotemporal variation in the endangered Thymus decussatus in a hyper-arid environment. Journal of Plant Ecology, 8(1), doi:10.1093/jpe/rtu004. ISSN 1752-9921

Aims: Arid environments are resource limited, with scarcity of water the key limiting factor, but hyper-arid environments are rarely studied. We test for spatial and temporal variation in ecologically important characteristics to deduce plant adaptat... Read More

Distance transform: a tool for the study of animal colour patterns (2013)
Journal Article
Taylor, C. H., Gilbert, F., & Reader, T. (2013). Distance transform: a tool for the study of animal colour patterns. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 4(8), doi:10.1111/2041-210X.12063. ISSN 2041-210X

Summary The information in animal colour patterns plays a key role in many ecological interactions; quantification would help us to study them, but this is problematic. Comparing patterns using human judgement is subjective and inconsistent. Traditi... Read More