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University Students’ Notion of Autism Spectrum Conditions: A Cross-Cultural Study (2020)
Journal Article
Yasdiman, M. B., Tan, Y. J., de Vries, M., Cader, S., Colleer, L., Batteux, E., …Sheppard, E. (2020). University Students’ Notion of Autism Spectrum Conditions: A Cross-Cultural Study. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-04343-z

Cultural background might influence knowledge and attitudes regarding autism, influencing willingness to interact. We studied whether beliefs, knowledge, contact, and attitude differed between the UK and Malaysia. With mediation analyses, we studied... Read More about University Students’ Notion of Autism Spectrum Conditions: A Cross-Cultural Study.

Interpreting signals in other people's behavior to sense things about them and to infer things about their world (2019)
Journal Article
Wu, W., Sheppard, E., & Mitchell, P. (2019). Interpreting signals in other people's behavior to sense things about them and to infer things about their world. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 13(12), https://doi.org/10.1111/spc3.12513

© 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd In this article, we propose a new framework for investigating how accurately and by what process people read others' minds—a process that requires perceivers to make a retrodictive inference. In this context, we discuss... Read More about Interpreting signals in other people's behavior to sense things about them and to infer things about their world.

Can cartoons which depict autistic characters improve attitudes towards autistic peers? (2019)
Journal Article
Engel, C. S., & Sheppard, E. (2019). Can cartoons which depict autistic characters improve attitudes towards autistic peers?. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-04318-0

This study aimed to assess the efficacy of two cartoons which depict autistic characters in improving attitudes towards autistic peers in two separate studies. Forty-six children participated in study 1 (4–7 years), and 47 children participated in st... Read More about Can cartoons which depict autistic characters improve attitudes towards autistic peers?.

How accurately can other people infer your thoughts -- and does culture matter? (2017)
Journal Article
Valanides, C., Sheppard, E., & Mitchell, P. (in press). How accurately can other people infer your thoughts -- and does culture matter?. PLoS ONE, 12(11), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0187586

This research investigated how accurately people infer what others are thinking after observing a brief sample of their behaviour and whether culture/similarity is a relevant factor. Target participants (14 British and 14 Mediterraneans) were cued to... Read More about How accurately can other people infer your thoughts -- and does culture matter?.

Judging personality from a brief sample of behaviour: detecting where others stand on trait continua (2017)
Journal Article
Wu, W., Sheppard, E., & Mitchell, P. (in press). Judging personality from a brief sample of behaviour: detecting where others stand on trait continua. European Journal of Personality, 31(6), doi:10.1002/per.2116

Trait inferences occur routinely and rapidly during social interaction, sometimes based on scant or fleeting information. In this research, participants (perceivers) made inferences of targets’ big-five traits after briefly watching or listening to a... Read More about Judging personality from a brief sample of behaviour: detecting where others stand on trait continua.

The effect of lighting conditions and use of headlights on drivers’ perception and appraisal of approaching vehicles at junctions (2017)
Journal Article
Lee, Y. M., & Sheppard, E. (2018). The effect of lighting conditions and use of headlights on drivers’ perception and appraisal of approaching vehicles at junctions. Ergonomics, 61(3), doi:10.1080/00140139.2017.1364790

Use of Daytime Running Lights (DRL) is mandatory in many countries for motorcycles, and in some for cars. However, in developing countries DRLs may be optional or compliance low. The effect of car or motorcycle headlights and lighting conditions on M... Read More about The effect of lighting conditions and use of headlights on drivers’ perception and appraisal of approaching vehicles at junctions.

Attentional differences in a driving hazard perception task in adults with autism spectrum disorders (2016)
Journal Article
Sheppard, E., van Loon, E., Underwood, G., & Ropar, D. (in press). Attentional differences in a driving hazard perception task in adults with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-016-2965-4

The current study explored attentional processing of social and non social stimuli in ASD within the context of a driving hazard perception task. Participants watched videos of road scenes and detected hazards while their eye movements were recorded.... Read More about Attentional differences in a driving hazard perception task in adults with autism spectrum disorders.

Difficulties predicting time-to-arrival in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (2016)
Journal Article
Sheppard, E., van Loon, E., Underwood, G., & Ropar, D. (2016). Difficulties predicting time-to-arrival in individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 28, doi:10.1016/j.rasd.2016.05.001

Background: Previous research suggests people with ASD may have various difficulties in processing and interacting with motion in the environment. We investigated whether individuals with ASD have difficulty judging the location of moving objects i... Read More about Difficulties predicting time-to-arrival in individuals with autism spectrum disorders.

How easy is it to read the minds of people with autism spectrum disorder (2015)
Journal Article
Sheppard, E., Pillai, D., Tze-Lynn Wong, G., Mitchell, P., & Ropar, D. (2016). How easy is it to read the minds of people with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 46(4), 1247–1254. doi:10.1007/s10803-015-2662-8

How well can neurotypical adults’ interpret mental states in people with ASD? ‘Targets’ (ASD and neurotypical) reactions to four events were video-recorded then shown to neurotypical participants whose task was to identify which event the target had... Read More about How easy is it to read the minds of people with autism spectrum disorder.

Being Sherlock Holmes: Can we sense empathy from a brief sample of behaviour? (2015)
Journal Article
Wu, W., Sheppard, E., & Mitchell, P. (in press). Being Sherlock Holmes: Can we sense empathy from a brief sample of behaviour?. British Journal of Psychology, 107(1), doi:10.1111/bjop.12157

Mentalizing (otherwise known as ‘theory of mind’) involves a special process that is adapted for predicting and explaining the behaviour of others (targets) based on inferences about targets’ beliefs and character. This research investigated how well... Read More about Being Sherlock Holmes: Can we sense empathy from a brief sample of behaviour?.

Using other minds as a window onto the world: guessing what happened from clues in behaviour (2014)
Journal Article
Pillai, D., Sheppard, E., Ropar, D., Marsh, L., Pearson, A., & Mitchell, P. (2014). Using other minds as a window onto the world: guessing what happened from clues in behaviour. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44(10), 2430-2439. doi:10.1007/s10803-014-2106-x

It has been proposed that mentalising involves retrodicting as well as predicting behaviour, by inferring previous mental states of a target. This study investigated whether retrodiction is impaired in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD)... Read More about Using other minds as a window onto the world: guessing what happened from clues in behaviour.