Research Repository

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Mucosal injury following short term tracheal intubation: a novel animal model and composite injury score (2018)
Journal Article
Sinha, R., Correia, R., Gardner, D., Grau-Roma, L., de Brot, S., Hardman, J., …Norris, A. (2018). Mucosal injury following short term tracheal intubation: a novel animal model and composite injury score. Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology, doi:10.1002/lio2.168. ISSN 2378-8038

Objectives: Postintubation laryngotracheal injury is common. Assessment of histopathological changes currently requires animal models. We set about developing a viable, resource effective animal model to study these effects and to develop a detailed... Read More

The dog as an animal model for bladder and urethral urothelial carcinoma: comparative epidemiology and histology (2018)
Journal Article
de Brot, S., Robinson, B. D., Scase, T., Grau‑Roma, L., Wilkinson, E., Boorjian, S. A., …Mongan, N. P. (2018). The dog as an animal model for bladder and urethral urothelial carcinoma: comparative epidemiology and histology. Oncology Letters, 16(2), doi:10.3892/ol.2018.8837. ISSN 1792-1074

Despite the recent approval of several novel agents for patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma (UC), survival in this setting remains poor. As such, continued investigation into novel therapeutic options remains warranted. Pre clinical develop... Read More

Ultrasonographic scoring system for superficial digital flexor tendon injuries in horses: intra- and inter-rater variability (2017)
Journal Article
Alzola Domingo, R., Riggs, C. M., Gardner, D. S., & Freeman, S. (2017). Ultrasonographic scoring system for superficial digital flexor tendon injuries in horses: intra- and inter-rater variability. Veterinary Record, 181(24), doi:10.1136/vr.104233. ISSN 0042-4900

Superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) tendinopathy is an important musculoskeletal problem in horses. The study objective was to validate an ultrasonographic scoring system for SDFT injuries. Ultrasonographic images from 14 Thoroughbred racehorses... Read More

Radiographic assessment of the skeletons of Dolly and other clones finds no abnormal osteoarthritis (2017)
Journal Article
Corr, S. A., Gardner, D. S., Langley-Hobbs, S., Ness, M. G., Kitchener, A. C., & Sinclair, K. D. (2017). Radiographic assessment of the skeletons of Dolly and other clones finds no abnormal osteoarthritis. Scientific Reports, 7, doi:10.1038/s41598-017-15902-8. ISSN 2045-2322

Our recent report detailing the health status of cloned sheep concluded that the animals had aged normally. This is in stark contrast to reports on Dolly (first animal cloned from adult cells) whose diagnoses of osteoarthritis (OA) at 5½ years of age... Read More

Tissue cell stress response to obesity and its interaction with late gestational diet (2017)
Journal Article
Saroha, V., Dellschaft, N. S., Keisler, D. H., Gardner, D. S., Budge, H., Sebert, S. P., & Symonds, M. E. (2018). Tissue cell stress response to obesity and its interaction with late gestational diet. Reproduction, Fertility and Development, 30, doi:10.1071/RD16494. ISSN 1031-3613

Intra-uterine growth restriction in late pregnancy can contribute to adverse long term metabolic health in the offspring. We utilised an animal (sheep) model of maternal dietary manipulation in late pregnancy, combined with exposure of the offspring... Read More

The detection of great crested newts year round via environmental DNA analysis (2017)
Journal Article
Rees, H. C., Baker, C. A., Gardner, D. S., Maddison, B. C., & Gough, K. C. (2017). The detection of great crested newts year round via environmental DNA analysis. BMC Research Notes, 10(1), doi:10.1186/s13104-017-2657-y. ISSN 1756-0500

Objective Analysis of environmental DNA (eDNA) is a method that has been used for the detection of various species within water bodies. The great crested newt (Triturus cristatus) has a short eDNA survey season (mid-April to June). Here we investi... Read More

Androgen dependent mechanisms of pro-angiogenic networks in placental and tumor development (2017)
Journal Article
Metzler, V. M., de Brot, S., Robinson, R. S., Jeyapalan, J. N., Rakha, E., Walton, T., …Mongan, N. P. (2017). Androgen dependent mechanisms of pro-angiogenic networks in placental and tumor development. Placenta, 56, 79-85. doi:10.1016/j.placenta.2017.02.018

The placenta and tumors share important characteristics, including a requirement to establish effective angiogenesis. In the case of the placenta, optimal angiogenesis is required to sustain the blood flow required to maintain a successful pregnancy,... Read More

Mineral status in canine medial coronoid process disease: a cohort study using analysis of hair by mass spectrometry (2017)
Journal Article
Davies, M., West, J., Williams, C., & Gardner, D. S. (in press). Mineral status in canine medial coronoid process disease: a cohort study using analysis of hair by mass spectrometry. Veterinary Record, 180(18), doi:10.1136/vr.103953. ISSN 0042-4900

In several species, developmental skeletal diseases involving abnormal endochondral ossification have been associated with imbalanced mineral intake. Hair analysis reflects long-term mineral status. To determine the mineral content of hair from dogs... Read More

Acetylsalicylic acid interferes with embryonic kidney growth and development by a prostaglandin-independent mechanism (2017)
Journal Article
Welham, S. J., Sparrow, A. J., Gardner, D. S., & Elmes, M. J. (2017). Acetylsalicylic acid interferes with embryonic kidney growth and development by a prostaglandin-independent mechanism. World Journal of Nephrology, 6(1), doi:10.5527/WJN.v6.i1.21. ISSN 2220-6124

AIM: To evaluate the effects of the non-selective, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), on ex vivo embryonic kidney growth and development. METHODS: Pairs of fetal mouse kidneys at embryonic day 12.5 were cultured... Read More

Healthy ageing of cloned sheep (2016)
Journal Article
Sinclair, K. D., Corr, S. A., Gutierrez, C. G., Fisher, P. A., Lee, J., Rathbone, A. J., …Gardner, D. S. (in press). Healthy ageing of cloned sheep. Nature Communications, 7, doi:10.1038/ncomms12359. ISSN 2041-1723

The health of cloned animals generated by somatic-cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) has been of concern since its inception; however, there are no detailed assessments of late-onset, non-communicable diseases. Here we report that SCNT has no obvious detri... Read More

Epigenetics and developmental programming of welfare and production traits in farm animals (2016)
Journal Article
Sinclair, K. D., Rutherford, K., Wallace, J., Brameld, J., Stöger, R., Alberio, R., …Dwyer, C. (in press). Epigenetics and developmental programming of welfare and production traits in farm animals. Reproduction, Fertility and Development, 28(10), doi:10.1071/RD16102. ISSN 1031-3613

The concept that postnatal health and development can be influenced by events that occur in utero originated from epidemiological studies in humans supported by numerous mechanistic (including epigenetic) studies in a variety of model species. Referr... Read More

Remote effects of acute kidney injury in a porcine model (2016)
Journal Article
Gardner, D. S., de Brot, S., Dunford, L. J., Grau-Roma, L., Welham, S. J., Fallman, R., …Devonald, M. A. (2016). Remote effects of acute kidney injury in a porcine model. AJP - Renal Physiology, 310, doi:10.1152/ajprenal.00389.2015. ISSN 1931-857X

Background: Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is a common and serious disease with no specific treatment. An episode of AKI may affect organs distant to the kidney, further increasing the morbidity associated with AKI. The mechanism of organ cross-talk after... Read More

Excess maternal salt or fructose intake programmes sex-specific, stress and fructose-sensitive hypertension in offspring (2015)
Journal Article
Gardiner, S. M., Gardner, D., Elmes, M., & Gray, C. (2016). Excess maternal salt or fructose intake programmes sex-specific, stress and fructose-sensitive hypertension in offspring. British Journal of Nutrition, 115(4), doi:10.1017/S0007114515004936

The Western diet is typically high in salt and fructose, which have pressor activity. Maternal diet can affect offspring blood pressure, but the extent to which maternal intake of excess salt and fructose may influence cardiovascular function of the... Read More

Micronutrient and amino acid losses in acute renal replacement therapy (2015)
Journal Article
Oh, W. C., Gardner, D. S., & Devonald, M. A. (2015). Micronutrient and amino acid losses in acute renal replacement therapy. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, 18(6), doi:10.1097/MCO.0000000000000220. ISSN 1363-1950

A wide range of renal replacement therapies is now available to support patients with acute kidney injury. These treatments utilize diffusion, convection or a combination of these mechanisms to remove metabolic waste products from the bloodstream. It... Read More

Effect of pre- and postnatal growth and post-weaning activity on glucose metabolism in the offspring (2015)
Journal Article
Dellschaft, N. S., Alexandre-Gouabau, M., Gardner, D. S., Antignac, J., Keisler, D. H., Budge, H., …Sebert, S. P. (2015). Effect of pre- and postnatal growth and post-weaning activity on glucose metabolism in the offspring. Journal of Endocrinology, 224(2), doi:10.1530/JOE-14-0600. ISSN 0022-0795

Maternal caloric restriction during late gestation reduces birth weight, but whether long-term adverse metabolic outcomes of intra-uterine growth retardation (IUGR) are dependent on either accelerated postnatal growth or exposure to an obesogenic env... Read More