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Did hardening occur among smokers in England from 2000 to 2010?

Docherty, Graeme; McNeill, Ann; Gartner, Coral; Szatkowski, Lisa

Authors

Graeme Docherty

Ann McNeill

Coral Gartner

Lisa Szatkowski



Abstract

Aims

To assess trends in the prevalence of ‘hardcore’ smoking in England between 2000 and 2010, and to examine associations between hardcore smoking and socio-demographic variables.

Design

Secondary analysis of data from the United Kingdom's General Lifestyle Survey (GLF) and the Health Survey for England (HSE).

Setting

Households in England.

Participants

Self-reported adult current smokers resident in England aged 26 years and over.

Measurements

Hardcore smokers were defined in three ways: smokers who do not want to quit (D1), those who ‘usually’ smoke their first cigarette of the day within 30 minutes of waking (D2) and a combination of D1 and D2, termed D3. Multivariable logistic regression was used to explore associations between these variables and calendar year, age, sex and socio-economic status, and P-values for trends in odds were calculated.

Findings

The odds of smokers being defined as hardcore according to D3 increased over time in both the GLF (P 

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2014
Journal Addiction
Print ISSN 0965-2140
Electronic ISSN 0965-2140
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 109
Issue 1
APA6 Citation Docherty, G., McNeill, A., Gartner, C., & Szatkowski, L. (2014). Did hardening occur among smokers in England from 2000 to 2010?. Addiction, 109(1), doi:10.1111/add.12359
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/add.12359
Keywords Cessation, Dependence, Hardening, Inequalities, Population
Publisher URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/add.12359/abstract
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0





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