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Holocene-aged human footprints from the Cuatrocienegas Basin, NE Mexico

Felstead, Nicholas J.; Gonzalez, Silvia; Huddart, David; Noble, Stephen R.; Hoffmann, Dirk L.; Metcalfe, Sarah E.; Leng, Melanie J.; Albert, Bruce M.; Pike, Alistair W.G.; Gonzalez-Gonzalez, Arturo; Jimenez-Lopez, Jose Concepcion

Authors

Nicholas J. Felstead

Silvia Gonzalez

David Huddart

Stephen R. Noble

Dirk L. Hoffmann

Sarah E. Metcalfe sarah.metcalfe@nottingham.ac.uk

Melanie J. Leng

Bruce M. Albert

Alistair W.G. Pike

Arturo Gonzalez-Gonzalez

Jose Concepcion Jimenez-Lopez



Abstract

Two sets of well-preserved human footprints have been found in tufa sediments in the Cuatrociénegas Basin, NE Mexico, and here we present their U-series dates of 10.55 � 0.03 ka and 7.24 � 0.13 ka. The former are the oldest known footprints in Mexico, although their exact location is unknown, the latter form part of a trackway with eleven in situ human footprints. Oxygen (and to a lesser extent) carbon isotope data from the sediments suggest that the tufa with in situ footprints formed during a transition to a wetter (less arid) period, while pollen evidence indicates the basin floor presence of pecan (Carya) and willow (Salix sp.) before the onset of regional Chihuahuan Desert aridity. These footprints confirm the presence of humans, possibly nomadic hunteregatherer groups, which persisted until the 18th Century AD.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Feb 1, 2014
Journal Journal of Archaeological Science
Print ISSN 0305-4403
Electronic ISSN 0305-4403
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 42
APA6 Citation Felstead, N. J., Gonzalez, S., Huddart, D., Noble, S. R., Hoffmann, D. L., Metcalfe, S. E., …Jimenez-Lopez, J. C. (2014). Holocene-aged human footprints from the Cuatrocienegas Basin, NE Mexico. Journal of Archaeological Science, 42, doi:10.1016/j.jas.2013.11.010
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2013.11.010
Keywords human footprints, tufa, Cuatrociénegas, Palaeoindian, Mexico
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305440313003968
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0





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