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Multiple Cosmic Sources for Meteorite Macromolecules?

Sephton, Mark A.; Watson, Jonathan S.; Meredith, William; Love, Gordon D.; Gilmour, Iain; Snape, Colin E.

Authors

Mark A. Sephton

Jonathan S. Watson

Gordon D. Love

Iain Gilmour

COLIN SNAPE COLIN.SNAPE@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Professor of Chemical Technology & Chemical Eng



Abstract

The major organic component in carbonaceous meteorites is an organic macromolecular material. The Murchison macromolecular material comprises aromatic units connected by aliphatic and heteroatom-containing linkages or occluded within the wider structure. The macromolecular material source environment remains elusive. Traditionally, attempts to determine source have strived to identify a single environment. Here, we apply a highly efficient hydrogenolysis method to liberate units from the macromolecular material and use mass spectrometric techniques to determine their chemical structures and individual stable carbon isotope ratios. We confirm that the macromolecular material comprises a labile fraction with small aromatic units enriched in 13C and a refractory fraction made up of large aromatic units depleted in 13C. Our findings suggest that the macromolecular material may be derived from at least two separate environments. Compound-specific carbon isotope trends for aromatic compounds with carbon number may reflect mixing of the two sources. The story of the quantitatively dominant macromolecular material in meteorites appears to be made up of more than one chapter.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Oct 23, 2015
Journal Astrobiology
Print ISSN 1531-1074
Electronic ISSN 1557-8070
Publisher Mary Ann Liebert
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 15
Issue 10
Pages 779-786
APA6 Citation Sephton, M. A., Watson, J. S., Meredith, W., Love, G. D., Gilmour, I., & Snape, C. E. (2015). Multiple Cosmic Sources for Meteorite Macromolecules?. Astrobiology, 15(10), 779-786. https://doi.org/10.1089/ast.2015.1331
DOI https://doi.org/10.1089/ast.2015.1331
Keywords Abiotic organic synthesis; Carbonaceous chondrite; Cosmochemistry; Meteorites
Publisher URL http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/ast.2015.1331
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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