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Green and lean sustainable development path in China: Guanxi, practices and performance

Zhan, Yuanzhu; Tan, Kim Hua; Ji, Guojun; Chung, Leanne; Chiu, Anthony S.F.


Yuanzhu Zhan

Professor of Operations and Innovation Management

Guojun Ji

Leanne Chung

Anthony S.F. Chiu


Globalisation has created both drivers and pressure for Chinese organisations to enhance their business performance as well as environmental performance. Green and lean practice is emerging as a critical approach for Chinese organisations to achieve sustainable development and improve organisational performance. By conducting empirical studies from 172 respondents on green and lean practice in different Chinese organisations, this research shows how green and lean practice affects organisational performance and how this association is affected by guanxi. The findings explain that guanxi between organisational partners improves the positive effect of green and lean practice on organisational performance. The results of this paper offer helpful insights into how managers should enhance their guanxi initiatives, in order to improve environmental and business performance over their supply chains. The paper also suggests the limitations of this research, as well as directions for future research.


Zhan, Y., Tan, K. H., Ji, G., Chung, L., & Chiu, A. S. (2018). Green and lean sustainable development path in China: Guanxi, practices and performance. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 128, 240-249.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 10, 2016
Online Publication Date Feb 24, 2016
Publication Date 2018-01
Deposit Date Feb 9, 2017
Publicly Available Date Feb 9, 2017
Journal Resources, Conservation and Recycling
Print ISSN 0921-3449
Electronic ISSN 0921-3449
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 128
Pages 240-249
Keywords Green and lean practice; Environmental performance; Guanxi; Business performance; Chinese organisations; Sustainable development
Public URL
Publisher URL


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