Isatou K. Jallow
Prevalence and determinants of susceptibility to tobacco smoking among students in the Gambia
Jallow, Isatou K.; Britton, John; Langley, Tessa
TESSA LANGLEY TESSA.LANGLEY@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Introduction: Smoking is the biggest preventable cause of death, and kills about 7 million people annually. As smoking prevalence is falling in developed countries, tobacco businesses are turning to low and middle-income countries (LMICs) to generate new tobacco markets. To prevent young people from initiating smoking and becoming regular smokers it is important to understand the causes of susceptibility to smoking. In this study we report a nationwide survey of the prevalence and risk factors of smoking susceptibility among students aged 12-20 in The Gambia.
Methods: We used two-stage cluster random sampling to select students in secondary schools throughout The Gambia, and questionnaire to collect data on demographic characteristics and indicators on susceptibility to initiating smoking.
Results: Among the total sample of 10,289 students, 9831(96%; 55.6% girls and 44.4% boys, (aged 12-20 years) non-smokers were included in the analysis. Of these, 3,333 (33.9%) were found to be susceptible to smoking. Smoking susceptibility was more common among students attending grant-aided schools, non-Muslims, who had smoking allowed at home, had family members or friends who smoke, were sent to purchase cigarettes, had poor knowledge of the harmful effects of smoking, noticed point-of-sale tobacco advertisements and who had positive attitudes towards smoking.
Conclusions This study shows that susceptibility to smoking is common among students and associated with preventable exposures. Although based on cross-sectional data these findings suggest that raising students’ awareness of the harmful effects of smoking and reducing the prevalence of adult smoking, extending tobacco advertising restrictions to include point-of-sale, are all important to preventing the uptake of smoking among students.
Jallow, I. K., Britton, J., & Langley, T. (2019). Prevalence and determinants of susceptibility to tobacco smoking among students in the Gambia. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 21(8), 1113–1121. https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/nty128
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Jun 15, 2018|
|Online Publication Date||Jun 20, 2018|
|Publication Date||Aug 1, 2019|
|Deposit Date||Jun 21, 2018|
|Publicly Available Date||Sep 28, 2018|
|Journal||Nicotine and Tobacco Research|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Susceptibility; Smoking; Tobacco; Students; Gambia|
Prevalence and Determinants of Susceptibility to Tobacco Smoking Among Students in The Gambia
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Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0