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Non-tariff and overall protection: evidence across countries and over time

Niu, Zhaohui; Liu, Chang; Gunessee, Saileshsingh; Milner, Chris

Authors

Zhaohui Niu zhaohui.NIU@nottingham.edu.cn

Chang Liu

Saileshsingh Gunessee

Chris Milner chris.milner@nottingham.ac.uk



Abstract

This paper analyzes the evolution of the incidence and intensity of non-tariff measures (NTMs). It extends earlier work by measuring protection from NTMs over time from a newly available database and provides evidence on the evolution of NTMs. In particular, building on Kee, Nicita and Olarreaga (2009), this paper estimates the ad valorem equivalents (AVEs) of NTMs for 97 countries at the product level over the period 1997 to 2015. We show that the incidence and the intensity of NTMs were both increasing over this period, with NTMs becoming an even more dominant source of trade protection. We are also able to investigate the evolution of overall protection derived jointly fromtariffs and NTMs. The results show that the overall protection level, for most countries and products, has not decreased despite the fall in tariffs associated with multilateral, regional and bilateral trade agreements in recent decades. We also document an increase in overall trade protection during the recent 2008 financial crisis. Overall, this study sheds light on an under-researched aspect of trade liberalization: the proliferation and increase of NTMs.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2018-11
Journal Review of World Economics
Print ISSN 1610-2878
Electronic ISSN 1610-2886
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 154
Issue 4
Pages 675–703
APA6 Citation Niu, Z., Liu, C., Gunessee, S., & Milner, C. (2018). Non-tariff and overall protection: evidence across countries and over time. Review of World Economics, 154(4), 675–703. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10290-018-0317-5
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s10290-018-0317-5
Keywords Non-tariff barriers, tariff equivalents, protection
Publisher URL https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10290-018-0317-5
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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