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Randomized controlled trial of SecondStory, an intervention targeting posttraumatic growth, with bereaved adults

Roepke, Ann Marie; Tsukayama, Eli; Forgeard, Marie; Blackie, Laura; Jayawickreme, Eranda

Authors

Ann Marie Roepke

Eli Tsukayama

Marie Forgeard

Eranda Jayawickreme



Abstract

Objective: People often report positive psychological changes after adversity, a phenomenon known as posttraumatic growth (PTG). Few PTG-focused interventions have been rigorously tested, and measurement strategies have had significant limitations. This study evaluated the effects of a new group-format psychosocial intervention, SecondStory, aimed at facilitating PTG by helping participants make meaning of the past and plan a purposeful future. Method: In a randomized controlled trial, adults (N = 112, 64% women) bereaved within 5 years were randomly assigned to SecondStory or an active control, expressive writing. The primary outcome, PTG, was measured using two contrasting methods: the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, which asks participants retrospectively how much they believe they have changed due to struggling with adversity, and the Current-Standing Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, which tracks quantifiable change in participants' standing in PTG domains over time. Secondary outcomes included depression symptoms, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and life satisfaction. Outcomes were measured at 2-week intervals: pretest, posttest, and three follow-up occasions. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to assess whether SecondStory participants experienced greater gains in primary and/or secondary outcomes over the 8-week trial. Results: Results indicated that SecondStory participants did not show significantly greater improvements than control participants on measures of PTG, posttraumatic stress, or life satisfaction, but they did show greater decreases in depression symptoms by the first follow-up. Conclusions: These findings suggest that SecondStory may not facilitate PTG more effectively than existing interventions but may be promising for addressing depression. Positive interventions may productively be refined to support people experiencing trauma and loss.

Citation

Roepke, A. M., Tsukayama, E., Forgeard, M., Blackie, L., & Jayawickreme, E. (2018). Randomized controlled trial of SecondStory, an intervention targeting posttraumatic growth, with bereaved adults. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 86(6), 518-532. https://doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000307

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 30, 2018
Online Publication Date Jun 30, 2018
Publication Date Jun 30, 2018
Deposit Date Mar 23, 2018
Journal Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Print ISSN 0022-006X
Electronic ISSN 1939-2117
Publisher American Psychological Association
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 86
Issue 6
Pages 518-532
DOI https://doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000307
Keywords posttraumatic growth; meaning-making; depression; bereavement
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/50632
Publisher URL https://psycnet.apa.org/doiLanding?doi=10.1037%2Fccp0000307
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information ©American Psychological Association, 2018. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at: https://doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000307

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SecondStory RCT accepted manuscript_ (002).pdf (729 Kb)
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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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