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Costless and costly prosociality: correspondence among personality traits, economic preferences, and real world prosociality

Ferguson, Eamonn; Zhao, Kun; O'Carroll, Ronan; Smillie, Luke

Authors

Kun Zhao

Ronan O'Carroll

Luke Smillie



Abstract

Prosociality can either be costly (e.g., donating to charity) or costless (e.g. posthumous organ donation). Whereas links between personality and costly prosociality and have been explored, links with costless prosociality and personality are at present unknown. We address this in two studies. Study 1 (N = 200) confirms the distinction between costless and costly prosociality based on willingness to engage with health and non-health prosociality. Study 2, using data from 4 samples (student and community; N = 733) shows that across incentivized and hypothetical economic games to assess costless (generosity game; GG) and costly (dictator game; DG) prosociality, that organ donor behavior was linked to greater allocations in the GG and charity/volunteering behavior in the DG. Costless and costly prosocialities are associated with different personality traits (e.g., costly with politeness and compassion, and costless with intellect). Implications for cooperative phenotypes and recruiting organ donors are discussed.

Citation

Ferguson, E., Zhao, K., O'Carroll, R., & Smillie, L. (2019). Costless and costly prosociality: correspondence among personality traits, economic preferences, and real world prosociality. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 10(4), 461-471. doi:10.1177/1948550618765071

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 8, 2018
Online Publication Date Sep 5, 2018
Publication Date 2019-05
Deposit Date Feb 13, 2018
Publicly Available Date Sep 5, 2018
Journal Social Psychological & Personality Science
Print ISSN 1948-5506
Electronic ISSN 1948-5514
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 10
Issue 4
Pages 461-471
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550618765071
Keywords Altruism, Costly, Personality, Organ Donation. Dictator Game
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/49758
Publisher URL http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1948550618765071
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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