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The individual experience of ageing prisoners: systematic review and meta-synthesis through a Good Lives Model framework

Di Lorito, Claudio; Völlm, Birgit; Dening, Tom

Authors

Birgit Völlm birgit.vollm@nottingham.ac.uk

TOM DENING Tom.Dening@nottingham.ac.uk
Clinical Professor in Dementia Research



Abstract

Objective: The existing literature on ageing prisoners tends to focus on such aspects as diagnosis and physical ill-health. In contrast, the experience of imprisonment from the perspective of ageing prisoners has received less attention. Grounded in a Good Lives Model theoretical framework, we reviewed and meta-synthesised literature around their experience of life in prison, its impact on their wellbeing and how prison services are currently addressing their complex needs. We further identify potential areas of improvement.
Methods: 1. Systematic search on Assia, PsycInfo, MedLine, Embase, Web of Science, Google and Gov.uk. 2. Extraction and categorisation of data on NVivo. 3. Development of themes through thematic analysis and meta-synthesis. 4. Identification of potential areas of improvement.
Results: We selected 25 studies for our review, of which thirteen were from the USA, seven from the UK, two from Australia and one each from Ireland, Switzerland and Israel. We identified three themes: The hardship of imprisonment, addressing health and social care needs, and the route out of prison.
Conclusions: Ageing prisoners have unique and complex health and social care needs which, to varying degree across different countries, are mostly unmet. Promising initiatives to address their needs are emerging but, at present time, the overall experience of incarceration for the ageing prisoner is quite poor, given the inconsistent physical, emotional and social care support offered from prison intake to release and beyond.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Feb 1, 2018
Journal International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Print ISSN 0885-6230
Electronic ISSN 0885-6230
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 33
Issue 2
APA6 Citation Di Lorito, C., Völlm, B., & Dening, T. (2018). The individual experience of ageing prisoners: systematic review and meta-synthesis through a Good Lives Model framework. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 33(2), https://doi.org/10.1002/gps.4762
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/gps.4762
Keywords Prison, Ageing prisoners, Mental health, Physical health, Systematic review, Meta-synthesis.
Publisher URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/gps.4762/full
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
Additional Information This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Di Lorito, C., Völlm, B., and Dening, T. (2017) The individual experience of ageing prisoners: systematic review and meta-synthesis through a Good Lives Model framework. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry, doi: 10.1002/gps.4762 which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wi.../10.1002/gps.4762/full. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

Main points
• The experience of imprisonment from the perspective of ageing prisoners has received little attention in research.
• We adopted a prisoner-centred approach grounded in the Good Lives Model, to explore the experience of ageing prisoners, the elements of life in prison impacting on their wellbeing and the current service provision.
• We reviewed 25 international studies and developed through meta-synthesis three themes: The hardship of imprisonment, addressing health and social care needs and the route out of prison.
• We found that, despite initiatives to address their needs, the experience of incarceration for ageing prisoners is quite poor, which reflects the inconsistent support that they are usually offered.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0





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