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Coping and posttraumatic growth: a longitudinal comparison of two alternative views

Kunz, Simon; Joseph, Stephen; Geyh, Szilvia; Peter, Claudio

Authors

Simon Kunz

Szilvia Geyh

Claudio Peter



Abstract

Purpose: The current study aimed to examine two possible explanations for why higher levels of posttraumatic growth (PTG) were repeatedly found to be predicted by both approach - and avoidance - oriented coping, focusing on individuals recently diagnosed with a spinal cord injury (SCI). First, negative changes (posttraumatic depreciation, PTD) may moderate the association between PTG and the two types of coping indicating that PTG reflects avoidance of PTD for some individuals, but a constructive view on posttraumatic life changes for others. Second, it may be that a flexible use of different types of coping strategies (coping flexibility) enables the experience of PTG. Method: A sample consisting of 122 patients admitted to one of the four national SCI rehabilitation centers was examined in a longitudinal study. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted to test the two competing explanations. Results: Both approach - (β = .30, p = .001) and avoidance - oriented coping (β = .23, p = .011) measured three months after SCI diagnosis predicted higher PTG levels at discharge from clinical rehabilitation. PTD did not moderate the relationship between approach - (β = .03, p = .743) and avoidance – oriented coping (β = - .04, p = .656) and PTG. However, coping flexibility (β = .23, p= .012) predicted higher PTG levels. Conclusion: These results suggest that a flexible use of different types of coping strategies potentially according to situational demands may explain findings that PTG was predicted by both approach-and avoidance-oriented coping.

Citation

Kunz, S., Joseph, S., Geyh, S., & Peter, C. (2018). Coping and posttraumatic growth: a longitudinal comparison of two alternative views. Rehabilitation Psychology, 63(2), https://doi.org/10.1037/rep0000205

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 17, 2017
Publication Date 2018
Deposit Date Dec 20, 2017
Publicly Available Date Dec 31, 2018
Journal Rehabilitation Psychology
Print ISSN 0090-5550
Electronic ISSN 1939-1544
Publisher American Psychological Association
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 63
Issue 2
DOI https://doi.org/10.1037/rep0000205
Keywords spinal cord injuries ; posttraumatic growth; coping flexibility; posttraumatic depreciation; psychological adaptation
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/48832
Publisher URL http://psycnet.apa.org/record/2018-26104-006
Related Public URLs http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/rep/
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information ©American Psychological Association, 2018. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at: doi:10.1037/rep0000205.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf






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