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Ensembles of climate change models for risk assessment of nuclear power plants

Vagnoli, Matteo; Di Maio, Francesco; Zio, Enrico

Authors

Matteo Vagnoli

Francesco Di Maio

Enrico Zio



Abstract

Climate change affects technical Systems, Structures and Infrastructures (SSIs), changing the environmental context for which SSI were originally designed. In order to prevent any risk growth beyond acceptable levels, the climate change effects must be accounted for into risk assessment models. Climate models can provide future climate data, such as air temperature and pressure. However, the reliability of climate models is a major concern due to the uncertainty in the temperature and pressure future projections. In this work, we consider five climate change models (individually unable to accurately provide historical recorded temperatures and, thus, also future projections), and ensemble their projections for integration in a probabilistic safety assessment, conditional on climate projections. As case study, we consider the Passive Containment Cooling System (PCCS) of two AP1000 Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs). Results provided by the different ensembles are compared. Finally, a risk-based classification approach is performed to identify critical future temperatures, which may lead to PCCS risks beyond acceptable levels.

Journal Article Type Article
Journal Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part O: Journal of Risk and Reliability
Print ISSN 1748-006X
Electronic ISSN 1748-006X
Publisher SAGE Publications (UK and US)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
APA6 Citation Vagnoli, M., Di Maio, F., & Zio, E. (in press). Ensembles of climate change models for risk assessment of nuclear power plants. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part O: Journal of Risk and Reliability, doi:10.1177/1748006X17734946
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/1748006X17734946
Publisher URL http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1748006X17734946
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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