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Endotoxin testing of a wound debridement device containing medicinal Lucilia sericata larvae

Pickles, S.F.; Pritchard, David I.

Authors

S.F. Pickles samantha.pickles@nottingham.ac.uk

David I. Pritchard david.pritchard@nottingham.ac.uk



Abstract

Alimentary products of medicinal Lucilia sericata larvae are studied to determine their mechanisms of action, particularly in the contexts of wound debridement and disinfection. Furthermore, the larvae can be applied to patients in contained devices, such as the BioBag (BioMonde). Here, we tested the materials and larval content of the most commonly used BioBag (the “BB-50”) to explore the possibility that endotoxins may be contributing to the bio-activity of the product, given that endotoxins are potent stimulants of cellular activation. Using standardised protocols to collect larval alimentary products (LAP), we proceeded to determine residual endotoxin levels in LAP derived from the BioBag, before and after the neutralisation of interfering enzymatic activity. The BB-50 device and its associated larval content was not a significant source of LPS activity. However, it is clear from these experiments that a failure to remove the confounding serine proteinase activity would have resulted in spuriously high and erroneous results. The residual LPS levels detected are unlikely to be active in wound healing assays, following cross-referencing to publications where LPS at much higher levels has been shown to have positive and negative effects on processes associated with wound repair and tissue regeneration.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Aug 21, 2017
Journal Wound Repair and Regeneration
Print ISSN 1067-1927
Electronic ISSN 1524-475X
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Not Peer Reviewed
Volume 25
Issue 3
APA6 Citation Pickles, S., & Pritchard, D. I. (2017). Endotoxin testing of a wound debridement device containing medicinal Lucilia sericata larvae. Wound Repair and Regeneration, 25(3), doi:10.1111/wrr.12539
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/wrr.12539.
Keywords Endotoxins; Enzyme; Medical device; Debridement therapy; Larval alimentary products
Publisher URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/wrr.12539/abstract
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: Pickles, S. F. and Pritchard, D. I. (2017), Endotoxin testing of a wound debridement device containing medicinal Lucilia sericata larvae. Wound Rep and Reg, 25: 498–501. doi:10.1111/wrr.12539, which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wi...111/wrr.12539/abstract. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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