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Discovery of novel antitumor nitric oxide-donating β-elemene hybrids through inhibiting the PI3K/Akt pathway

Chen, Jichao; Wang, Tianyu; Xu, Shengtao; Zhang, Pengfei; Lin, Aijun; Wu, Liang; Yao, Hequan; Xie, Weijia; Zhu, Zheying; Xu, Jinyi

Authors

Jichao Chen

Tianyu Wang

Shengtao Xu

Pengfei Zhang

Aijun Lin

Liang Wu

Hequan Yao

Weijia Xie

Zheying Zhu zheying.zhu@nottingham.ac.uk

Jinyi Xu



Abstract

A series of novel furoxan-based NO-donating b-elemene hybrids were designed and synthesized to improve the anticancer efficacy of natural b-elemene. The bioassay results indicated that all of the target compounds exhibited significantly improved antiproliferative activities against three cancer cell lines (SGC-7901, HeLa and U87) compared to parent compound b-elemene. Interestingly, these compounds displayed excellent sensitivity to U87 cells with IC50 values ranging from 173 to 2 nM. Moreover, most compounds produced high levels of NO in vitro, and the antitumor activity of 11a in U87 cells was markedly attenuated by an NO scavenger (hemoglobin or carboxy-PTIO). Further mechanism studies revealed that 11a caused the G2 phase arrest of the cell cycle and induced apoptosis of U87 cells by preventing the activation of the PI3K/Akt pathway. Moreover, 11a significantly suppressed the tumor growth in H22 liver cancer xenograft mouse model with a tumor inhibitory ratio (TIR) of 64.8%, which
was superior to that of b-elemene (TIR, 49.6%) at the same dose of 60 mg/kg. Together, the remarkable biological profiles of these novel NO-donating b-elemene derivatives may make them promising candidates for the intervention of human cancers.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jul 28, 2017
Journal European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Print ISSN 0223-5234
Electronic ISSN 1768-3254
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 135
APA6 Citation Chen, J., Wang, T., Xu, S., Zhang, P., Lin, A., Wu, L., …Xu, J. (2017). Discovery of novel antitumor nitric oxide-donating β-elemene hybrids through inhibiting the PI3K/Akt pathway. European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 135, doi:10.1016/j.ejmech.2017.04.045
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmech.2017.04.045
Keywords β-Elemene; Furoxan; Antitumor activity; Apoptosis; PI3K/Akt pathway
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0223523417303112
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0





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