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Putting self-determination theory into practice: application of adaptive motivational principles in the exercise domain

Hancox, Jennie E.; Quested, Eleanor; Ntoumanis, Nikos; Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Cecile

Authors

Jennie E. Hancox

Eleanor Quested

Nikos Ntoumanis

Cecile Thøgersen-Ntoumani



Abstract

Grounded in self-determination theory (SDT), and in the group exercise context, this qualitative study explored: (1) instructors’ experiences of operationalising motivational strategies following participation in an SDT-based training programme, (2) exercisers’ views on instructors use of motivational strategies and any impact on exercisers’ basic psychological needs and motivation and (3) the challenges and facilitators reported by instructors when implementing motivation strategies in practice. Thirteen indoor group cycling instructors and 15 exercisers, who had been regularly attending a group cycling class taught by one of the instructors, participated in semi-structured interviews. Ten instructors also completed self-reflective diaries detailing their experiences of implementing the need-supportive strategies. Data were analysed using the Framework Method and coding was performed using an abductive reasoning approach. Analysis revealed specific examples of ‘how to’ operationalise motivation strategies within group exercise settings. Challenges to implementation included: the structured nature of the group exercise class, initiating meaningful one-to-one conversations, phrasing instructions in a need-supportive way, and breaking old habits. Facilitators to implementation included establishing a connection with exercisers and understanding SDT. Findings are discussed in relation to the theoretical, practical and research implications. The findings of the present study could potentially be used to improve the design and training content of SDT-based training programmes in group exercise contexts and other similar group activity settings within sport and healthcare settings.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jul 13, 2017
Journal Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health
Print ISSN 2159-676X
Electronic ISSN 2159-6778
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
APA6 Citation Hancox, J. E., Quested, E., Ntoumanis, N., & Th√łgersen-Ntoumani, C. (2017). Putting self-determination theory into practice: application of adaptive motivational principles in the exercise domain. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, doi:10.1080/2159676X.2017.1354059
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/2159676X.2017.1354059
Keywords Motivation, autonomy support, self-determination theory, psychological need satisfaction, exercise
Publisher URL http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/2159676X.2017.1354059
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Qualitative Research in Sport,Exercise and Health on 13/07/2017, available online: http://www.tandfonline..../2159676X.2017.1354059.

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FINAL_Accepted manuscript.pdf (423 Kb)
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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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