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Gender and school-stage associations with health-related behaviours and health-related quality of life in Spanish children

Knox, Emily; Muros Molina, Jose Joaquin

Authors

Emily Knox

Jose Joaquin Muros Molina



Abstract

During adolescence individuals experience a number of cognitive, physical, psychological and emotional changes which can impinge on their health and wellbeing. The aim of this study was to identify associations with five components of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children. Data were collected from 456 children attending one of five schools in Granada, Spain in a cross-sectional design. Females reported engaging in less physical activity than males. Females reported lower HRQoL in terms of lower physical wellbeing, family relationships and autonomy and perceived school environment in secondary school. Males only reported lower perceptions of their school environment in secondary school. Physical activity was strongly associated with HRQoL, whereas Mediterranean diet was not. Physical activity interventions should be prioritised when positive HRQoL of children is a main target. Special consideration should be given to support the positive development of females, especially during the early years of secondary school.

Journal Article Type Article
Journal International Journal of Mental Health Promotion
Print ISSN 1462-3730
Electronic ISSN 2049-8543
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 19
Issue 5
APA6 Citation Knox, E., & Muros Molina, J. J. (in press). Gender and school-stage associations with health-related behaviours and health-related quality of life in Spanish children. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 19(5), doi:10.1080/14623730.2017.1345689
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/14623730.2017.1345689
Keywords Mediterranean diet, physical activity, childhood, health-related quality of life, mental health, school
Publisher URL http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14623730.2017.1345689
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Mental Health Promotion on 3 July 2017, available online: http://www.tandfonline..../14623730.2017.1345689.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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