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Salt impregnated desiccant matrices for ‘open’ thermochemical energy conversion and storage: improving energy density utilisation through hygrodynamic & thermodynamic reactor design

Casey, Sean P.; Aydin, Devrim; Elvins, Jon; Riffat, Saffa

Authors

Sean P. Casey

Devrim Aydin

Jon Elvins

Saffa Riffat



Abstract

In this study, the performance of three nano-composite energy storage absorbents; Vermiculite-CaCl2 (SIM-3a), Vermiculite-CaCl2-LiNO3 (SIM-3f), and the desiccant Zeolite 13X were experimentally investigated for suitability to domestic scale thermal energy storage. A novel 3 kWh open thermochemical reactor consisting of new meshed tube air diffusers was built to experimentally examine performance. The results were compared to those obtained using a previously developed flatbed experimental reactor.
SIM-3a has the best cyclic behaviour and thermal performance. It was found that 0.01 m3 of SIM-3a can provide an average temperature lift of room air, ΔT = 20 °C over 180 min whereas for SIM-3f, ΔT < 15 °C was achieved. Zeolite provided high sorption heat in close approximation with SIM-3a, however, the higher desorption temperature requirements coupled with poor cyclic ability remain as obstacles to the roll out this material commercially.
The study results clearly show that the concept of using perforated tubes embedded inside the heat storage material significantly improves performance by enhancing the contact surface area between air → absorbent whilst increasing vapour diffusion. The results suggest a linear correlation between thermal performance and moisture uptake, ΔT–Δw. Determining these operating lines will prove useful for predicting achievable temperature lift and also for effective design and control of thermochemical heat storage systems.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jun 15, 2017
Journal Energy Conversion and Management
Print ISSN 0196-8904
Electronic ISSN 0196-8904
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 142
APA6 Citation Casey, S. P., Aydin, D., Elvins, J., & Riffat, S. (2017). Salt impregnated desiccant matrices for ‘open’ thermochemical energy conversion and storage: improving energy density utilisation through hygrodynamic & thermodynamic reactor design. Energy Conversion and Management, 142, doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2017.03.066
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2017.03.066
Keywords Salt In Matrix; Open Thermal Energy Storage; Vermiculite; Hygrothermal, Thermochemical
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0196890417302777
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0





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