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Vascular endothelial growth factor-A165b ameliorates outer-retinal barrier and vascular dysfunction in the diabetic retina

Ved, Nikita; Hulse, Richard P.; Bestall, Samuel M.; Donaldson, Lucy F.; Bainbridge, James W.; Bates, David O.

Authors

Nikita Ved

Richard P. Hulse

Samuel M. Bestall

Lucy F. Donaldson

James W. Bainbridge

David O. Bates David.bates@nottingham.ac.uk



Abstract

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the leading causes of blindness in the developed world. Characteristic features of DR are retinal neurodegeneration, pathological angiogenesis and breakdown of both the inner and outer retinal barriers of the retinal vasculature and RPE-choroid respectively. Vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF), a key regulator of angiogenesis and permeability, is the target of most pharmacological interventions of DR. VEGF-A can be alternatively spliced at exon 8 to form 2 families of isoforms, pro- and anti-angiogenic. VEGF-A165a is the most abundant pro-angiogenic isoform, is pro-inflammatory and a potent inducer of permeability. VEGF-A165b is anti-angiogenic, anti-inflammatory, cytoprotective and neuroprotective. In the diabetic eye, pro-angiogenic VEGF-A isoforms are up-regulated such that they overpower VEGF-A165b. We hypothesized that this imbalance may contribute to increased breakdown of the retinal barriers and by redressing this imbalance, the pathological angiogenesis, fluid extravasation and retinal neurodegeneration could be ameliorated. VEGF-A165b prevented VEGF-A165a and hyperglycaemia-induced tight junction breakdown and subsequent increase in solute flux in RPE cells. In streptozotocin-induced diabetes, there was an increase in Evans’ blue extravasation after both 1 and 8 weeks of diabetes, which was reduced upon intravitreal and systemic delivery of rhVEGF-A165b. 8-weeks diabetic rats also showed an increase in retinal vessel density, which was prevented by VEGF-A165b. These results show rhVEGF-A165b reduce DR-associated BRB dysfunction, angiogenesis and neurodegeneration and may be a suitable therapeutic in treating DR.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jun 1, 2017
Journal Clinical Science
Print ISSN 0143-5221
Electronic ISSN 1470-8736
Publisher Portland Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 131
Issue 12
Pages 1225-1243
APA6 Citation Ved, N., Hulse, R. P., Bestall, S. M., Donaldson, L. F., Bainbridge, J. W., & Bates, D. O. (2017). Vascular endothelial growth factor-A165b ameliorates outer-retinal barrier and vascular dysfunction in the diabetic retina. Clinical Science, 131(12), 1225-1243. https://doi.org/10.1042/CS20170102
DOI https://doi.org/10.1042/CS20170102
Publisher URL http://www.clinsci.org/content/131/12/1225
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
Additional Information PMID 28341661

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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